Annotated BiB - Natasha Weilert

Natasha Weilert
Alex Mudd
UL 100
April 22, 2013
Annotated Bibliography
How does the pre-workout C4 Extreme affect an athlete during a workout? I picked this
topic because I wan intrigued why I feel the way I do when I use C4 during my own workouts. I
was interested in how the pre-workout affected my body and thought I would enjoy this project
more if the topic was something I actually cared about. Throughout my research I saw positive
critics as well as negative ones as well. I found out that the creatine supplementation was
established for increasing maximal work output during short, high-intensity exercises (Balsom et
al., 1995; Casey and Greenhaff, 2000), and this happens because the creatine has the ability to
act as a rapid energy source in muscles, which supports rapid ATP resynthesis, and allows for the
continuation of muscular work at a high intensity for a longer period of time (Koh, 2008;
Rawson et al., 2001). Since I picked such a precise topic I had to do quite a bit of research to
pick through and figure out which ones were the good sources and bad sources. It was very time
consuming because of the numerous debates about if pre-workouts do more harm than good in
the fitness world. The debates and the different views that I encountered on my topic made
researching actually enjoyable. I did have to remember to keep an open mind and not be bias
when it came to reading the negative reviews. But I learned so much from both sides of the
Buell, Jackie L., et al. "National Athletic Trainers' Association position statement: evaluation of
dietary supplements for performance nutrition." Journal of Athletic Training 48.1 (2013):
124+. Health Reference Center Academic. Web. 26 Feb. 2013. This journal was written
to help athletic trainers understand and promote support health and performance, and to
give insight to the federal and sport governing body rules and regulations regarding
dietary supplements and banned substances. The journals purpose is to help uneducated
athletes gain a better understanding of the safety and concerns associated with choosing
which supplements are ok to take. This journal helped me to understand why some
supplements are banned. This was very up to date information on my topic and helped me
gain knowledge on the positives and negatives of taking supplements.
Center, Molly Kimball, R.D., Sports Nutritionist, Ochsner's Elmwood Fitness. "What Are The
Benefits And Risks Of Creatine Supplements?" ABC News. ABC News Network, 01 July
2009. Web. 23 Apr. 2013. The context of this article is to answer the question “What are
the benefits and risks of creatine supplements?” the purpose of this article is to show that
creatine can actually be a really great supplement to help with muscle growth, gaining
strength and also muscle recovery. This article is a tertiary source and is an up to date
reliable source. This information is current and provided me with lots of information that
help in my topic development. The scope of this article was very broad but it still helped
in aiding my understanding.
"Expert Guide: Pre-Workout Supplements." Muscle & Strength. © Copyright 2005-2013, Muscle
& Strength LLC, n.d. Web. 23 Apr. 2013. This article probably was the best source I
found while doing my research. It was in laymen’s terms which made it very easy to
comprehend. This was a secondary source that was packed full of information. The
website however did not show an author. Never the less this source helped me the most
when I needed to do my outline and flow chart. All in all, this entire article was
extremely helpful in developing my topic.
Gutié Rrez-Sancho, Oscar, José Moncada-Jiménez, Walter Salazar-Rojas, and Ellyn Robinson.
"The Effects of Creatine Supplementation on Biomechanical, Body Composition, and
Performance Outcomes in Humans: A Meta-analysis | José Moncada Jiménez" The Effects of Creatine Supplementation on Biomechanical, Body
Composition, and Performance Outcomes in Humans: A Meta-analysis | José Moncada
Jiménez - Korea Institute of Sport Science, 2006. Web. 23 Apr. 2013.
This article study shows creatine is effective but that there are some variables that require
some meat-analysis. The purpose of this study was to conduct such an analysis of
creatine supplementation on biochemical, body composition, and physical performance
variables. This was a very creditable primary source. The authors have high credentials
because they are doing research for the International journal of Applied Sport Science.
This article is pretty up to date with only being 7 years old. This was a very useful source
because it examined all of the body.
Mac, Brian. "Supplements." And Their Effect on the Body. © 1996-2013 BrianMac Sports
Coach, 14 Dec. 2012. Web. 23 Apr. 2013. This article was very helpful. The author has
long time experience in couching as well as working with athletes. This article is very up
to date and helps athletes understand how supplements affect their bodies. The purpose of
this article is to give readers helpful information when picking which supplement and
telling what that supplement will do to their body without having to try it if they are
questionable. This information was very useful and very easy to understand.
Maughan, Ron J. Nutrition In Sport. Oxford: Blackwell Science, 2000. eBook Collection
(EBSCOhost). Web. 23 Apr. 2013. This book tells of the importance of nutrition in
sports. The purpose of this book is to tell the readers that with training, yes it is important
to take care of your muscles but you need to make sure that you are feeding your muscles
the right food so that your body can use that energy to strengthen your muscle. This book
is a secondary source and the authors are very reliable with high credentials. This book is
ten years old so it is concerned to be pretty up to date. I found a lot of information but
unfortunately it was not very useful for my topic.
Mckinnon, Neal B., Mitchell T. Graham, and Peter M. Tiidus. "Effect of Creatine
Supplementation on Muscle Damage and Repair following Eccentrically-induced
Damage to the Elbow Flexor Muscles." ©Journal of Sports Science and Medicine 11
(2012): 653-59. Print. This journal was written to show the findings of an experiment that
was done to see if creatine had any effects on preexisting muscle damage. This journal is
pretty up to date it is only a couple months old, so it is very current. This journal was not
very useful for me in my research because it was only limited to the elbow muscle. I
would not use this source if I wrote a paper because I was looking for an all over body
effect not just the effect on a damaged elbow muscle.
Muzaffar, Hassan. "Creatine Supplementation For Athletic Performance." Predator Nutrition
Creatine Supplementation For Athletic Performance Comments. Predator Nutrition
Exclusive Sports Supplements, 2 Dec. 2011. Web. 23 Apr. 2013. This article was written
because of the increase in the physical demands and pressure of the sport, and how many
athletes are now turning and exploring any potential avenues that may give them a
competitive edge. The purpose of this article is to examine as well as evaluate the use of
oral creatine supplementation in improving athletic performance. This is a very reliable
and up to date secondary source. This article was very useful and provided lots of
information that is critical in understanding my topic.
Nelson, Arnold G., Randy Day, Ellen L. Glickman-Weiss, Maren Hegsted, Joke Kokkonen, and
B. Sampson. "Creatine Supplementation Alters the Responce to a Graded Cycle
Erometer Test." Eur J Appl Physiol 83 (2000): 89-94. Print. This article was very
confusing to me. The article was examining how creatine alters chemicals in your body.
This article was very hard to comprehend and follow because it was in very scientific
terms which I did not understand. This source is a little out of date but it is a primary
source. It was packed full of information but in all reality, this source was not useful
what so ever. It only left me confused and questioning what I read.
YeanSub Lim, Jon. "United States Sports Academy - "America's Sports University"" Effects of
Creatine Supplementation on Body Composition, Strength, and Power of Female
Volleyball Players. United States Sports Academy, 2003. Web. 23 Apr. 2013. The
purpose of this article is to examine the findings of a study investigated the effect of
creatine supplementation on the body composition, muscular strength, and power of 36
female collegiate volleyball players across 10 weeks of training. This is a reliable primary
source and the author is very credible. It is unfortunate this article is 10 years old so it is
not very up to date but the information is very accurate. This was a very good source
because it shows a variety of effects of how creatine affects the body over all. So all in
all, this entire source is very useful for my project.