Name______________________________________ Date________ Class ______ Victorian Literature 1837-1901 Literary History: Victorian Notes Essential Questions I. Romanticism The Romantics ______________ Victorian writing. Many Early Victorian novels blend ____________ and ______________. II. Realism Realism sought to capture ________________ life as it really was lived. Realism focused on the effects of the __________________ Revolution, which often brought _______________ _____________. ________________ ___________ focused on the inner realities of the mind. III. Naturalism Viewed nature and society as forces _____________ to human suffering. Naturalism created characters who are _____________ of their environment and internal drives beyond their control. It is an extreme and _________________ offshoot of realism that believes everything is explainable by natural and physical causes. IV. Storytellers ____________ ___________ was the era’s most popular storyteller. He wrote entertaining novels with farfetched plots that nevertheless exposed real __________ problems. The Bronte sisters wrote __________________ plots with Byronic heroes set against real and wild British landscapes. Popular writers created a pleasing sense of ___________ and worked to inspire change or _____________ behavior. Summary Essential Questions Summary Essential Questions V. VI. Novels Novels were VERY ____________ and often published as a series in magazines for the growing ______________ class. Victorian emphasis on family life created a popularity in _________ literature like Lewis Carroll’s Alice in Wonderland and Through the Looking Glass. Sir Author Doyle created detective Sherlock Holmes. Rudyard Kipling made the __________ story popular with his tales of British Imperialism in India. Poetry Poetry ____________ during the Victorian age. Lord Alfred Tennyson became poet laureate with musical public verse. Elizabeth Barrett Browning produced a bestseller with a volume ________ poems to her husband. Pre-Raphaelite poets such as Dante Rossetti and his sister Christina wrote against Victorian _________ and worked to bring back the clarity of medieval __________ style. Later in the era, Thomas Hardy and A.E. Houseman wrote with ___________ while Gerald Manley Hopkins experimented with rhythm. VII. Drama The Victorian Era is not known for its drama. Oscar Wilde wrote ________________ in the late 1890’s often associated with the time and its middle class. Most popular stage works of the period are really _________ _________ that ridicule social pretense. Summary of Victorian Literature Victorian Reading Extension: Use the information about “The Growth and Development of Fiction on pages 868-869 of your purple literature textbook to fill in the following information. Be sure to read carefully and completely fill in each statement. 1. The ___________ was compared to the Internet as a new medium of ________________ that could benefit society. 2. English writers began to see the novel as a form of ______________________ that had the ability to affect the lives of people from all works of life. 3. At one time, the novel was viewed primarily as a form of _______________. 4. In the mid-18th century, the novel saw the development of both ______________ and ____________________. 5. The Victorian period is also called “ the _____________________”. 6. Victorians wanted to document the lives and the _______________________. 7. The novel became a tool for exposing ____________________. 8. ______________________ works detailed the troubling state of England’s lower classes.-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------19th Century’s sub-genres 1. Historical Novels: combined historical facts with __________________ to re-create the spirit of a past age. 2. _________________________ was based on historical accounts of the _______________. 3. Gothic Novels: horror tales became ______________ in England near the turn of the 19th century. 4. ____________________ represents the best example of _______________. 5. Detective Novels: mystery is a major ingredient of __________________. 6. __________________ was the world’s most famous detective. 7. Newgate Novels: stories that focused on ____________ and their motives. 8. These novels explored the nature of crime and _________________. 9. _________________ was about the effects of ________ unrest and riot on the lives of a host of characters. 10. Naturalism replaced _______________ in or around 1880. 11. Naturalistic writing attempted to depict the human condition as objectively as ____________________ depicted the process of nature. 12. Thomas Hardy portrayed a hostile world in which only the “________________________”. A Victorian Glossary Directions: After reading about the British Victorian Period, use a dictionary and your textbook to define all of the bold faced terms for your notes. Looking for a challenge? Take it to the next level by creating a research paper about one of them.