TPT 11 12A CR - Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation

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Project Completion Report
SECTION A: Project profile
Project number & title:
Project time period:
Committee / WG / Fora:
Project Overseer Name /
Organization / Economy:
TPT 11 2012A – Study on the Reduction of Energy Consumption
and Prevention of Harmful Exhaust Emissions from International
Shipping in the APEC Region
December 2013-August 2014
Date submitted:
TPTWG
Mr. Daniel Haché
Transport Canada
Canada
SECTION B: Project report and reflection
1. Project description: In 3-4 sentences, please describe the project and its main objectives.
The key objectives of the project are to share experiences and best practices on the reduction of
harmful exhaust emissions from ships among APEC member economies; to provide policy
recommendations to member economies on the prevention of air pollution from ships; and to assist
member economies to develop green growth strategies in transportation sector.
2. Meeting objectives: Describe how the project met each of its proposed objectives. Please
outline any challenges you may have encountered in delivering the activity.
The key objectives have been achieved mainly through the delivery of a project report. The project
report developed a methodology for calculating and assessing the harmful emissions by ships in the
APEC region, and proposed legal, technical and operational measures and recommendations for
member economies to address the air pollution from harmful emissions by ships.
3. Evaluation: Describe the process undertaken to evaluate the project upon completion. (e.g.
evaluation through participant surveys, peer reviews of outputs, assessments against
indicators, statistics demonstrating use of outputs etc.). Provide analysis of results of
evaluations conducted and where possible include information on impacts on gender.
Evaluation data needs to be included as an appendix.
An outreach workshop was organized with participants from 7 member economies and experts from
Inha University; DNV; the Natural Resources Defense Council and the Energy Foundation. The
workshop conducted in-depth discussions on the project findings, the participants’ feedback survey
results suggested that the participants were satisfied with the outcomes and recommendations
proposed in the project report. The participants thought that the project has met its objectives to improve
the understanding of member economies to address the harmful emission from ships; and to propose
regulatory, technical and economic measures to assist member economies to develop policies and tools
to deal with the harmful emission from ships. The participants also suggested that further studies on this
subject, if conducted, should focus on the development of the emission inventory, the impact analysis of
the use of the new energy, the possible development of economic tools and the establishment of ECAs
in the APEC region.
In addition, the proposed calculation methodology has been applied on a trial basis to the selected ports
in China to assess the emission scenarios of ships calling at those ports.
4. Output indicators: Describe the main project outputs below. This may include workshops,
tools, research papers, reports, recommendations, best practices, action plans.
Indicators
(Edit or Insert rows as needed)
# workshops / events
# planned
# actual
Details or notes
1
1
Project workshop
20
20
12 male, 8 female
9
7
6
6
# other organizations engaged
4
3
China, Hong Kong, China, the Republic of
Korea; Malaysia; the Philippines; Singapore;
Thailand
Inha University; DNV; NRDC; Environmental
Protection Department of Hong Kong, China;
WTI
DNV; NRDC; Energy Foundation
# publications distributed
1
1
Project report
# participants (M/F)
# economies attending
# speakers engaged
# recommendations agreed on
Other:
5. Outcomes: Describe any specific medium-term changes to policy, processes or behaviour
that can be attributed to result from this activity. Please include details on:
 What indicators were used to measure medium-term impact? (Example indicators:
type/number of policies/ regulations/processes changed, % of businesses conforming to new
standards, change in sector’s commercial activity, # individual action plans developed, #
agencies using resource or tools etc.)
 Monitoring plans in place and proposed indicators to measure impacts, including any
impacts on gender. Please summarise relevant information.
The project has been monitored against its objectives and the work plan during the entire process. The
medium-term findings of the project were also carefully evaluated in accordance with the planned
outputs.
6. Participants (compulsory for events): Must be gender-aggregated. May be included as appendix.
Economy
(Insert rows as needed)
# male
# female
Details
Other:
(see Appendix 1)
Comments: What was the approach undertaken for participant nomination/selection and
targeting? Please provide details. What follow-up actions are expected? How will
participants/beneficiaries continue to be engaged and supported to progress this work?
The participant nomination was open to all member economies, in particular, member economies were
encouraged to nominate appropriate female participants to attend the workshop. The participants made
presentations at the workshop to share experiences in dealing with air pollution from ships within their
respective economies. The participants will continue to be engaged during the application of the project
findings in selected ports, and a proposal on further studies on this subject will seek inputs from these
participants.
7. Key findings: Describe 1-3 examples of key findings, challenges or success stories arising
from the project (e.g. research or case studies results, policy recommendations, roadblocks to
progress on an issue, impacts on gender).
This project proposed solutions to member economies for optimizing fuel consumption, using clean
energy and reducing harmful exhaust emissions from ships while maintaining the sound and sustainable
development of shipping, so as to achieve green growth and to promote the development of clean and
efficient transportation system in the APEC.
Through studying the ship SO X and NOX emissions scenario in the port of Incheon and the port of
Ningbo, this project examines the existing regulatory, technical, operational and market-based
measures addressing the air pollution from ships, and summarizes best practices and proposes
recommendation for member economies to develop strategies to deal with the harmful emissions from
ships and protect the environment of the entire APEC region. The project proposed a methodology for
calculating the SOX and NOX emission from ships, and recommendations to be taken by the
Administration, the shipping company and the port to reduce harmful emissions from ships. The specific
solutions include: 1) the Administration should adopt regulations to encourage the use of quality fuels
and establish monitoring and reporting mechanisms; 2) the shipping company should apply new
techniques to retrofit the main and auxiliary engines, to optimize voyage by slowing steaming and
keeping constant speed; and to use new and clean energy such as liquefied natural gases; and 3) the
port should take incentive measures to encourage ships to switch to low-sulphur fuels.
8. Next steps: Describe any planned follow-up steps or projects, such as workshops, postactivity evaluations, or research to assess the impact of this activity. How will the indicators
from Question 5 be tracked? How will this activity inform any future APEC activities?
As a follow-up step, the main findings of the project will be applied to selected ports in member
economies on a trial and voluntary basis. It is also expected that a new project concept note would be
put forward to the TPTWG to further study the social-economic impact of using the low-sulphur fuels
and the application of economic measures to address the harmful emission from ships in the APEC
region.
The outcomes of the trail application and the new project concept note will be submitted to member
economies and the TPTWG for consideration and endorsement in accordance with the APEC practices
and procedures.
9. Feedback for the Secretariat: Do you have suggestions for more effective support by APEC
fora or the Secretariat? Any assessment of consultants, experts or other stakeholders to share?
The Secretariat examines feedback trends to identify ways to improve our systems.
The project did not encounter any difficulties as the Secretariat provided efficient and effective support
where necessary.
SECTION C: Budget
Attach a detailed breakdown of the APEC- provided project budget, including:
 Planned costs: (using most recently approved budget figures)
 Actual expenditures
 Variance notes: An explanation of any budget line under- or over-spent by 20% or more.
All figures in USD
Unit
Unit Rate
APEC Funding
Variance
notes
Planned
cost
Actual
expenditure
Direct Labor
Contractor (consultancy
and administrative
support fees)
Senior researchers
90 days
$300
$27,000
$27,000
Researchers
105 days
$200
$21,000
$21,000
Translator’s fee
40 days
$60
$2,400
$2,400
short-term clerical fees
40 days
$50
$2,000
$2,000
$52,400
$52,400
Sub-total
All figures in USD
Unit
Unit Rate
APEC Funding
Variance
notes
Planned
cost
Actual
expenditure
$2000/day
$4,000
$4,000
$500/day
$1,000
$1,000
$5,000
$5,000
Workshop
room rent
2 days
equipment rent and
other hosting fees
Sub-total
Other items
Publication/distribution
of report (hard copy and
CDs)
100 copies
$20/copy
$2,000
$2,000
Photocopying (papers
and documents for
research)
200 copies
$8/copy
$1,600
$1,600
Communications fee
(telephone, fax, courier)
$660
$660
Sub-total
$4,260
$4,260
Total
$61,660
$61,660
SECTION D: Appendices
Please attach the following documentation to the report as required. Note that the participant contact
list is a mandatory requirement for all Project completion reports.

Appendices
Participant contact list: contact info, gender, job titles (mandatory)
Notes
Appendix 1
Experts / consultants list: contact info, job titles, roles, gender
Appendix 2
Event Agenda
Appendix 3
Reports, websites or resources created: links or soft copies
Full project report weblink:
http://publications.apec.org/
publication-detail.php?
pub_id=1553
Post activity survey or other evaluation data (raw and/or aggregated)
Other information or resources
FOR APEC SECRETARIAT USE ONLY APEC comments: Were APEC project guidelines followed?
Could the project have been managed more effectively or easily by the PO?
Appendix 1 List of Participants
Member
economy
Name
Position
Mr.
Yang Dong
Senior
Researcher
Ms.
Ma Yanyan
Ms.
Sun Ting
Ms.
Fang Ying
Mr.
Wu Chao
Mr.
Subestheran
Suparmaniam
Mr.
Arumugam VS
Subramaniam
Philippines
Mr.
Ramon
Hernandez
Singapore
Mr.
TAN Suan Jow
Mr.
ONG Soon Huat
Mr.
Sittisak Choomura
Ms.
Mayuree
Deeroop
Scientist 8
NRDC
Ms.
ZHU Zhixi
Project
Manager
Energy
Foundation
Ms.
Xin Yan
Project
Manager
China
Title
Malaysia
Thailand
C.
Assistant
Researcher
Assistant
Researcher
Assistant
Researche
Research
Fellow
Principal
Assistant
Secretary
Principle
Assistant
Director
Executive
Assistant III
Director
of
Shipping
Division
Principal
Marine
Surveyor
Engineer,
Professional
Level
Institute
Contact info
China
Waterborne
Transport
Research
Institute
[email protected]
[email protected]
[email protected]
[email protected]
[email protected]
Ministry
Transport
of
Marine
Department
Malaysia
Maritime
Industry
Authority
Maritime and
Port Authority
of Singapore
Maritime and
Port Authority
of Singapore
Marine
Department
Port Authority
of Thailand
Natural
Resources
Defense
Council
Energy
Foundation
[email protected]
[email protected]
[email protected]
[email protected]
[email protected]
[email protected]
[email protected]
[email protected]
Appendix 2 List of Experts
Member
economy
Title
Name
Position
Senior
Researcher/Dep
uty Chief
Engineer
Institute
China
Waterborne
Transport
Research
Institute
Environmental
Protection
Department
Asia-Pacific
School
of
Logistics
(APSL), Inha
University
Graduate
School
of
Logistics, Inha
University
Contact info
China
Ms.
Qiao Bing
Hong
Kong,
China
Mr.
Billy
CHEUNG
Mr.
Young-Tae
CHANG
Professor
Mr.
Jose
L.
TONGZON
Fellow
Professor
Mr.
Arjen Kersing
Principal
Consultant
Shipping
Advisory
DNV GL China
[email protected]
Ms.
FUNG
Shuk
Wai Freda
Consultant
Natural
Resources
Defense
Council
[email protected]
KH
Environmental
Protection
Officer
Korea
DNV GL
NRDC
[email protected]
[email protected]
hk
[email protected]
[email protected]
Appendix 3 Workshop Agenda
Workshop on “Study on the Reduction of Energy Consumption and Prevention of
Harmful Exhaust Emissions from International Shipping in the APEC Region”
24 July, 2014 Beijing, China
TIME
ACTIVITY
THURSDAY JULY 24, 2014
0800-0900
Registration
0900-0910
Workshop Opening
Director, China Waterborne Transport Research Institute
0910-1030
SESSION 1: Economies Presentation: Case Studies of Prevention of Air
Pollution from Ships in selected APEC economics
1. Malaysia: Mr. Subestheran Suparmaniam, Principal Assistant
Secretary, Ministry of Transport
2. Philippines: Mr.
Ramon C. Hernandez, Executive
Assistant
III,
Maritime Industry Authority
3. Singapore: Maritime Singapore Green Initiatives and A Study on IMO
Technical & Operational Energy Efficiency Measures
Mr. TAN Suan Jow, Director, Shipping Division, Maritime and Port
Authority of Singapore
4. Thailand: Prevention of air pollution from ships under MARPOL
Annex VI
Mr. Sittisak Choom-ura, Engineer, Professional Level, Marine
Department Thailand
1030-1100
Coffee break
1100-1200
SESSION 2: Experts Presentation: Best Practice and Recommendations of
Prevention of Air Pollution from Ships
1. Analysis of Shipping Emissions in the APEC Region: Legal and
Regulatory Aspects
Mr. Jose L. Tongzon, Fellow Professor, Graduate School of Logistics,
Inha University
2. Hong Kong’s Efforts to Address Ship-source Emissions
Mr. Billy KH Cheung, Environmental Protection Officer, Environmental
Protection Department, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region
Government
3. Marginal Abatement Cost Analyses Of Air Pollutant Emission
Reduction Measures From Ships
Dr. QIAO Bing, Researcher, Deputy Chief Engineer, China Waterborne
Transport Research Institute
1200-1400
Lunch
1400-1500
SESSION 2: Experts Presentation: Best Practice and Recommendations of
Prevention of Air Pollution from Ships
4. Prof. Young-Tae Chang, Asia-Pacific School of Logistics, Inha University
5. Ms. Freda Fung, Consultant, Natural Resources Defense Council
6. Energy efficiency Programs at Global Shipping Companies and
Contributions from Governments
Mr. Arjen Kersing, Principal Consultant Shipping Advisory, DNV GL
China
1500-1530
Coffee break
1530-1630
SESSION 3: Project Presentation: Outcomes of the Project Studies
1630-1730
SESSION 4: Panel Discussion: Inputs to the Draft Project Study Report
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