Detailed Project Report

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The Impact the Girl Effect Funds Have Made to High school girls and Head teachers in
Mutune, Kitui
Kitui high school students and head teachers’ workshops held on 18th to 19th January 2012 Report
1. Introduction
The Girl Effect funds supported the ICT based workshops for teachers and students held in Mutune, Kitui
at St. Columba’s Vocational Center. Kitui is 86.2 % rural which is higher than the country’s average,
67.7%1. The students in the area face many challenges both social and economic. For example, Kitui has
46 schools2 and in Mutune area, only 4 have computer labs. The students have very limited access to
computers. In addition to this, most of them do not complete their studies as they are married off at an
early age to elderly men.
The Girl effect funds greatly contributed to solving these challenges. Workshops were held for high
school girls to train them on ICT, leadership and life skills; and also for head teachers to educate them on
the importance of investing in ICT in their schools. These workshops aimed at changing the
perceptions of girls on ICT and boosting their self esteem. The workshops drew out their
perceptions on ICT, the challenges they faced and the solutions or the way forward.
These workshops were conducted from 18th to 19th January 2012 and were implemented by
@iLabAfrica staff members. Students and headteachers from surrounding schools partcipated and
St. Columba’s Vocational Center was used as the focal training point. 116 students from 8 schools
participated in the workshops on 18th January, they were accompanied by 9 teachers. On 19th
January, the head teachers workshop was held and 9 headteachers from the surrounding schools
participated.
a) What were the workshop goals and objectives?
i.
1
Workshop objectives for High school students
a) To identify the girls level of computer skills
b) To elicit the girls’ perceptions and attitude towards ICT in order to challenge and change their
way of thinking.
c) To equip the girls with basic computer skills that would make them computer literate.
d) To educate girls on the importance of learning ICT and how they can use ICT to better their
lives.
e) To challenge the girls to change their attitude towards ICT through interactive sessions with
@iLabAfrica Master students who are ladies.
f) To increase the girls’ level of interest in learning computer studies.
http://opendata.go.ke/facet/counties/Kitui?tags=schools
2 http://www.kenyaplex.com/schools/schools-by-location.aspx?Location=KITUI
1
High school girls and head teachers workshop at St. Columba’s Vocational Training
Center held in Kitui, Kenya
ii.
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
f)
Workshop objectives for Teachers
To find out the level of computer literacy among the headteachers
To equip the headteachers with basic but essential computer skills like sending e-mails
To educate teachers and head teachers on the importance of teaching ICT in schools
To inform the teachers on how to improve the student learning experience through in
co-operating online material in their classes.
To educate the teachers on how to save on costs through accessing e-learning materials
To find solutions to the challenges that teachers and head teachers face in regards to ICT
b) How long was the workshop?
The students and head teachers’ workshops were held consecutively for 2 days at St. Columba’s
Vocational Centre in Mutune, Kitui on Wednesday 18th and Thursday 19th January, 2012.
Please see Appendix A for a detailed agenda.
c) Briefly describe the format. (for example, discussion groups, lectures, panels, etc.)
Day 1
i. Interactive sessions
Interactive sessions were held which began by a presentation. @iLabAfrica staff members coordinated this event which was attended by 116 students and 9 teachers all from 9 schools. The
students were taught on the history, emergence and adoption of ICT in Kenya. They were also
informed about the statistics of the boys to girl ratio who studied ICT. It was interesting to note that,
in the past, there were more girls than boys studying ICT. The girls were challenged to take up ICT as
they could be anything they wanted to be.
The students were then shown a video clip of prisoners performing as a dance group. This was to
show them that their surroundings (rural areas) where there are scarce resources such as
computers should not determine their attitude and their future plans are. All they need to do is be
focused and positive towards life.
The challenges of ICT adoption in rural areas and especially girls were also discussed. Some students
noted that they thought science subjects were difficult and therefore they did not want to further
their studies in ICT. Their teachers also acknowledged that boys tend to do well in sciences than the
girls. After a short discussion on why this might be so, the teachers agreed that they had a role to
play. They promised to encourage the girls to think big and believe in themselves. After all, what a
man can do, a woman can do better.
The students were then split into groups. One group was involved in the lab session as they could
not all fit in the computer lab. Another group was involved in an open discussion of ICT. The
students who participated in the latter were engaged in conversation with @iLabAfrica staff
members. They got a chance to ask questions in regards to ICT. They also interacted with the
smartphones and laptops which the @iLabAfrica team had. They got to see how far technology has
2
High school girls and head teachers workshop at St. Columba’s Vocational Training
Center held in Kitui, Kenya
evolved and how much it is able to achieve. Please find more photos at:
https://plus.google.com/photos/104264411316670407551/albums/5700738155785208577?authke
y=CPmoycf2y83X9wE
Figure 1.1 shows Ms. Grace Kihumba giving a talk on the importance of ICT.
(Please note that most the girls cut their hair).
Figure 1.2 shows the students attentively listening to the presentation made by Ms. Grace Kihumba from
@iLabAfrica Strathmore University.
3
High school girls and head teachers workshop at St. Columba’s Vocational Training
Center held in Kitui, Kenya
ii.
Lab session
During this session, the girls were oriented on computers. Of the 36 students who attended, only 4
had ever interacted with a computer. For many, this was their first encounter. The session began by
showing them the basic parts of a computer, and each of their functions.
They were then taught on how to use the mouse. In order to achieve this, they were shown how to
change the desktop background. They had to know when to left click, right click and scroll. Most of
the students managed to do this in a short time, while some struggled to understand.
The students were then shown how to open Microsoft Office Word and use the keyboard to type a
letter. Most of them managed to write at least 1 paragraph. They were taught on how to format a
document and align text to the right like in the letter. Finally, the students were taught how to save
their work in ‘My Documents’ on the windows operating system.
Figure 1.3 shows the students in a practical lab session
4
High school girls and head teachers workshop at St. Columba’s Vocational Training
Center held in Kitui, Kenya
Figure 1.4 shows a group photo of students after the practical lab session.
Please see Appendix B for the lab exercise.
iii. Interviews
After the lab sessions there were interviews held and this involved asking the students how their
experience was. Please see Appendix C for the interview guide. They said that they were now more
aware about the importance of using computers in their day to day lives. They added that before
the sessions they thought that computer is a very hard subject but with the lab sessions the
@iLabAfrica team had changed their perceptions towards the subject. Some of the challenges they
said that they faced included lack of resources such as computers. They also expressed their desire
to have more training sessions and practise in order to perfect their skills.
Some students were also asked their attitude toward entrepreneurship and ICT. Most of the
students who hoped to start-up businesses in the future said that they would need computers.
Some of the students also stated that computer skills widen the probability of getting a decent job.
All in all, most wanted to perfect their skills in computing.
5
High school girls and head teachers workshop at St. Columba’s Vocational Training
Center held in Kitui, Kenya
DAY 2
i. Interactive session
The objectives of this session were as follows:
1.
To investigate the number of head teachers who are computer literate.
2.
To find out the number of schools with computer labs and how many computers they have
from the head teachers.
3.
To discuss on the importance of using ICT.
4.
To train the head teachers on using computers and introduce them to basic computer skills.
The head teachers’ workshop was more interactive; Dr.Everlyn Makhanu who led the workshop
explained to them how technology would save on costs the importance of adopting ICT in their
schools. She also explained the importance of the internet in education and how it would save on
both time and money as well as enable the teachers to teach effectively. The teachers in turn asked
questions on which ICT terms they had heard of but had difficulty in understanding.
The head teachers were shown a video clip that talked about computers .This was to demonstrate
to them how they can use video clips to teach their students instead of only using books which are
not as interactive.
During the session the head teachers discussed on why most of them had not taken up on ICT and
98% of them said that it was due to ignorance and some did not have the time. One of them
however mentioned the fact that they had never had a chance to meet someone who would tell
them on the benefits of using ICT. With the workshop that they just had however their attitude had
changed and said they would do their best to embrace on ICT.
The head teachers were then told on how they could use you tube, the internet to carry out their
research and how they could use email accounts to communicate with the outside world instead of
using mail boxes which is now out-dated. They were also told on the importance of having a website
for their schools where they would post their school events, fee structures and even post job or
school vacancies. This would be cheaper for them instead of using newspaper adverts and word of
mouth which is not usually effective.
Please find more photos at
https://plus.google.com/photos/104264411316670407551/albums/5700732211368784353
6
High school girls and head teachers workshop at St. Columba’s Vocational Training
Center held in Kitui, Kenya
Figure 2.1 shows Dr. Evelyn Makhanu conducting a lab session for the head teachers.
Figure 2.2 shows Mr. Onesmus Munyoki learning how to use the Google to search for e learning material
7
High school girls and head teachers workshop at St. Columba’s Vocational Training
Center held in Kitui, Kenya
ii. Interviews
After the lab sessions there were interviews held and this involved asking the head teachers how
their experience was. They confessed that some were just ignorant and that with interest, one could
learn easily. Previously, some had e-mail accounts which were managed by their assistants. This
posed a security threat as the latter knew their passwords and could easily impersonate them. Most
of them were happy that they could send and receive e-mail and search for online content. In
particular, Mr. Anderson Musuli was overjoyed to see his Gmail profile picture uploaded on his
profile.
In conclusion, the head teachers were thankful and desired more training sessions and learnt the
following:
 The head teachers learnt how to power a computer on and off.
 The head teachers promised that they would each take an imitative to learn more about
computers
 The head teachers said that they would definitely educate students and teachers in their
schools so that they would change their attitude towards the subject.
 All the head teachers opened an email account.
 The head teachers were now more aware of using the internet and how they would use
Google to search on more things.
d) What worked?
Day one



The student’s workshop received a good response in terms of a turn up of 116 girls.
The students responded positively during the lab sessions and said they would have liked to
learn even more.
During the interview with some of the students they said that the @iLabAfrica Team had
changed their attitude towards computers and they would like to learn more about the
subject.
Day two



8
The workshop received a good response in terms of a turn up of 9 head teachers.
The head teachers were taught on the effects of using IT and during the interview they said
that they would definitely start using the skills acquired.
After the sessions the head teachers requested to have more learning sessions in the future
and that the one they just had should even have been longer.
High school girls and head teachers workshop at St. Columba’s Vocational Training
Center held in Kitui, Kenya
g) What didn’t work?
Day one


9
The @iLabAfrica team arrived late on the 1st day as Kitui is quite far from Nairobi. To solve
this, the team will be travelling a day before the workshops begin.
The interactive sessions which involved the students did not successfully elicit their
responses. They were from different schools and perhaps the unfamiliarity of the new
surrounding made them shy away from answering questions. In the future, after a
presentation, the students should be divided into small groups for them to openly discuss
their ideas.
High school girls and head teachers workshop at St. Columba’s Vocational Training
Center held in Kitui, Kenya
2. Participants:
a) How many participants attended your workshop?
116 girls attended the workshop accompanied by 9 of their teachers on the first day and during the
head teachers workshop which was held on the second day 8 head teachers were present from the
different schools around Kitui.
b) Demographics of students present at the workshop
i.
Percentage breakdown of student ages
The ages of the girls who attended the workshop were between the ages of 15(Form one) and
17(Form two).Please refer Appendix D.
ii.
Percentage breakdown of students taking computer studies
30 out of 116 students were studying the subject.
c) Demographics of head teachers present at the workshop:
i. Breakdown of subjects currently taught by head teachers
The head teachers in the workshops taught different subjects such as History, Kiswahili, Physics,
Mathematics, CRE and English.
It was noted however that none taught Computer studies in their schools.
ii. Percentage breakdown of head teachers with computers in their offices
Only one female head teacher had a computer (personal laptop).
iii.
Percentage breakdown of computer knowledge.
Activity
Starting a computer
Saving a document
Opening
a
word
document
Browsing
Sending an email
10
Male
1
0
1
Female
0
2
2
total
9
9
9
0
0
1
1
9
9
High school girls and head teachers workshop at St. Columba’s Vocational Training
Center held in Kitui, Kenya
Table 1: Comparison between the breakdown of computer knowledge among Male and
Female head teachers.
9
8
7
6
5
Male
4
Female
3
2
1
0
Starting a
computer
Saving a
document
Opening a word
document
Browsing
Sending an email
Table 2: The cumulative breakdown of computer knowledge among Male and Female head
teachers.
9
8
7
6
5
Female
4
Male
3
2
1
0
Starting a
computer
11
Saving a
document
Opening a word
document
Browsing
Sending an email
High school girls and head teachers workshop at St. Columba’s Vocational Training
Center held in Kitui, Kenya
Chart showing a comparison between the number of Male and Female head teachers who
attended the Lab session.
Male
Female
3. Funding:
a) How did you spend the funds? (for example, $X on venue, $Y on materials, etc.)
@iLabAfrica is grateful to Girl effect for the financial support in organizing this workshop. The
expenditure is as per the worksheet in Appendix E under workshop budget.
b) Were there any unanticipated expenses to keep in mind for the future?
No
4. Next steps:
a) What are some of the ways the head teachers can encourage teachers in their schools to take
up computers?
i.
Motivate the teachers on the importance of IT in their lives by telling them what they can
do once they have the technology e.g. they can access the Teachers service commission
website and check on the latest news or updates.
ii.
The teachers could also be trained on computer basics by students pursuing their
master’s degree in computer from Strathmore University at a fee.
iii.
Equip the schools with the right resources to enhance teaching of computer studies.
iv.
Encourage teachers to learn online after they have been taught on computer basics so
that they can keep up with technology that change every day.
v.
Motivate students to take up the course especially the girl child who thinks that
computer studies is something technical that can only be done by the boy child.
vi.
Improve resources in schools so that they can be easily accessible by the students.
vii.
The students can be mentored by young ladies who are pursuing a career in IT so that
they can also be motivated to take up on IT.
12
High school girls and head teachers workshop at St. Columba’s Vocational Training
Center held in Kitui, Kenya
viii.
Organise more training sessions for the girls so that they can learn more and this way
they will embrace the technology as during more and more sessions they will understand
the reasons why they are being sensitized on the importance of IT.
b) How do you envision this workshop will help students become more interested in Computer
Science?
The head teachers all agreed that one of the reasons that they do not take up ICT is because they do
not have the facilities and more so they think that it is something quite difficult to take up but if they
are motivated it will help a lot. They also agreed the girls having young lady mentors who have
pursued ICT courses will motivate the girls in schools and they will be encouraged on the
importance of ICT in their lives.
c) Suggestions for the future. What could we have done better?
i.
There is need to visit more schools in the area and also other areas in the country so that
more girls can benefit from the workshops. This will mean that more funding will be required
to support the venture.
ii. More resources need to be availed to schools so that the students and also teachers can be
able to access them with ease and be able to learn more.
iii. More workshops for teachers and also the school principals need to be held so that they are
more aware of the importance of IT in their lives and also to the lives of their students. This
way the students will be encouraged to take up the course.
iv. The sessions/workshops could be done for longer durations so that the students can benefit
more from the projects.
13
High school girls and head teachers workshop at St. Columba’s Vocational Training
Center held in Kitui, Kenya
Appendix A: Agenda for the student’s workshop
Program for Wednesday 18th January
We invite 10 students per school accompanied by a teacher – if possible the ICT teacher.
We request 100 per student
9:00 am Arrival and registration
10:00 am Introduction
10:15 am Benefits of acquiring IT skills and possibilities for girls in Kitui.
11:15 am TEA BREAK
11:30 am Group work
12:30 pm Feedback to large group
1:30 pm LUNCH
2:30 pm Practical lab sessions
4:30 pm Interviews
5:00 pm Departure
Program for the teachers conference
Program for Wednesday 19th January
We hold a half day meeting for Principal or Deputy of each school.
9:00 am Arrival and registration
10:00 am Talk presented by Dr. Evelyn Makhanu
11:00 am Lab session by Dr. Evelyn Makhanu
14
High school girls and head teachers workshop at St. Columba’s Vocational Training
Center held in Kitui, Kenya
Appendix B: Students Lab Exercise
Question one:
Please type the letter below.
The Rogers
255 Ditchburn Road
Charleston, SC 29414
January 12, 20xx
Dear Joanne,
I really want to thank you for all of the trouble you went to entertaining the entire
family over the past holiday season.
I know that you organize these holiday gatherings because you enjoy doing it and
you love to have everyone get together at your place. Nevertheless, I just want to
make sure that you understand how much the rest of us appreciate everything you
do to make these get-togethers happen.
Having helped Susan organize a few much smaller social gatherings over the years
I know how much work is involved. I realize how much planning and preparation
you must have to do each and every year so that the entire extended family and
assorted friends and acquaintances have a happy and fun holiday celebration. It's
amazing really, that you are able to do such a great job, year after year, in parallel
with your other duties, both as a mom and an active volunteer worker!
So Joanne, on behalf of everyone I want to express my sincere thanks to you for all
that you do to assemble and entertain us during the holiday season. You really are
the glue that holds our extended family together!
With love and admiration,
John
15
High school girls and head teachers workshop at St. Columba’s Vocational Training
Center held in Kitui, Kenya
Question 2
Create a PowerPoint presentation telling a story about your school. Make it interesting and fun to read.
Question 3
Parts of a computer:
List and explain the four parts of a computer and what they are used to do.
16
High school girls and head teachers workshop at St. Columba’s Vocational Training
Center held in Kitui, Kenya
Appendix C: Interview Guide
SECTION A
ICT Questions
1. Do u usually have computer classes?
2. Have you ever interacted with a computer before?
3. In your own words, describe a computer.
4. What do you think are some of its uses?
5. Do you think learning of computers is important? Why?
6. Would you like to study computers?
7. For what purposes /what do you mostly use computer for?
8. What are the benefits of ICT to an individual or community?
9. Would you like to further your ICT skills?
10. What are some of the challenges you think you would face?
SECTION B
Entrepreneurship
1. What do you know about entrepreneurship?
2. Would you like to be an entrepreneur? Which field would you venture in?
3. Which famous entrepreneurs do you know of?
4. Do you have a business idea? What challenges do you think you would face?
5. Are you planning to implement it?
6. How do you plan to start your business in terms of sourcing for capital?
17
High school girls and head teachers workshop at St. Columba’s Vocational Training
Center held in Kitui, Kenya
Appendix D: Explanation of Form One and Two
The current Kenyan 8-4-4 education curriculum recognizes four classes for High School that is Form one
to Form four. On average, Form One students range from 14 – 16 years and Form Two students range
from 16 – 17 years.
18
High school girls and head teachers workshop at St. Columba’s Vocational Training
Center held in Kitui, Kenya
Appendix E: Budget
Girl effect budget for January 2012
ACTIVITIES WITH RURAL HIGH SCHOOLS- 2012
KSHS.
Funding received from Global
100,000
*ACTIVITY ONE: Workshop for students to introduce them to ICT skills and Life Skills Mentorship
Location: Kitui
Date: Wed 18th Jan 2012
Number of students attending: 120
Number of teachers attending: 9
Kshs
kshs
Details
Qty
Cost qty
Total cost
iLab personnel allowance
3
3,000
9,000
Participant certificates
120
30
3,600
Miscelleneous costs
8,700
Total Cost
21,300
*ACTIVITY TWO: Workshop for Head Teachers to sensitize them on need for IT skills for their staff and students
Location: Kitui
Date:Thur 19th Jan 2012
Number of head teachers attending: 9
Kshs
19
Kshs
High school girls and head teachers workshop at St. Columba’s Vocational Training
Center held in Kitui, Kenya
Details
Qty
Cost/qty
Total cost
Facilitator fare
1
1,000
1,000
Facilitator remuneration
1
10,000
10,000
Teacher's certificates
9
30
270
Total Cost
11,270
Total cost of Kitui January activities that will use Girl Effect Funding
32,570
Summary of GlobaL Giving project budget
Kshs
TotaL Global Giving Girl Effect funding
Kshs
100,000
Total expenses Kitui workshops: students
21,300
Total expenses Kitui workshops: head teachers
11,270
*iLab administrative costs
30,000
Overall expenses
62,570
Balance
37,430
* This comprises 30% of the total funding received
*Notes
1. Accommodation and meals will be provided
for Activities one and two
20
High school girls and head teachers workshop at St. Columba’s Vocational Training
Center held in Kitui, Kenya
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