Immune

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Immune Deficiencies and Hypersensitivity
Allergens cause which of the following types of hypersensitivity?
A. Type II
B. Type I
C. Type III
D. Type IV
All of the following types of immune cells can produce the effects of allergy EXCEPT:
A. eosinophils.
B. mast cells.
C. neutrophils.
D. basophils.
All of the following are associated with type I hypersensitivity EXCEPT:
A. glomerulonephritis.
B. hay fever.
C. asthma.
D. urticaria.
All of the following might be used to treat type I hypersensitivity EXCEPT:
A. Rhogam.
B. epinephrine.
C. corticosteroids.
D. antihistamines.
A person with type B blood will have which of the following types of antibodies present?
A. anti-A
B. anti-B
C. Both anti-A and anti-B
D. Neither anti-A nor anti-B
Which of the following is caused by differences in Rh antigens?
A. systemic lupus erythematosus
B. hemolytic disease of the newborn
C. anaphylactic shock
D. allergic contact dermatitis
Hypersensitivity pneumonitis is which of the following types of hypersensitivity?
A. Type I
B. Type II
C. Type III
D. Type IV
What accounts for the time-delayed nature of type IV hypersensitivity?
A. the slow destruction of platelets
B. the formation and deposition of immune complexes
C. the production of antibodies
D. the migration and proliferation of macrophages and T cells
All of the following are examples of type IV hypersensitivity EXCEPT:
A. transfusion reactions.
B. graft rejection.
C. the tuberculin response.
D. allergic contact dermatitis.
Which of the following is the least useful type of graft in humans?
A. an autograft
B. an isograft
C. a xenograft
D. an allograft
Which of the following types of graft would provoke a type IV hypersensitivity reaction?
A. isograft
B. xenograft
C. autograft
D. None of these would provoke a type IV reaction.
All of the following are privileged sites in the body EXCEPT:
A. the uterus.
B. the thymus.
C. the testes.
D. the brain.
Which of the following can result from a bone marrow transplant?
A. Graves' disease
B. systemic lupus erythematosus
C. severe combined immunodeficiency disease
D. graft-versus-host disease
Which of the following immunosuppressive drugs is a folic acid antagonist?
A. cyclophosphamide
B. methotrexate
C. azathioprine
D. cyclosporine
All of the following are possible explanations of the causes of autoimmune diseases EXCEPT:
A. the effects of estrogen on cytotoxic T cells
B. maternal or fetal cells that accidentally cross the placenta
C. molecular mimicry
D. clonal deletion of T cells in the thymus
Type I diabetes mellitus is a result of
A. type IV hypersensitivity.
B. immunosuppression.
C. immunodeficiency.
D. autoimmunity.
Which of the following is an autoimmune disease affecting nervous tissue?
A. DiGeorge anomaly
B. Graves' disease
C. multiple sclerosis
D. lupus
Which of the following autoimmune diseases results from a type III hypersensitivity reaction?
A. rheumatoid arthritis
B. chronic granulomatous disease
C. systemic lupus erythematosus
D. Both A and B are correct.
E. Both A and C are correct.
Which of the following is an example of a secondary immunodeficiency disease?
A. AIDS
B. DiGeorge anomaly
C. SCID
D. Bruton-type agammaglobulinemia
A. AIDS
B. Bruton-type agammaglobulinemia
C. SCID
D. DiGeorge anomaly
Bruton-type agammaglobulinemia is an immunodeficiency in which individuals lack
A. T cells.
B. neutrophils.
C. antibodies.
D. a thymus.
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