Social impacts of using Internet among the adults Group Members: 1. 2. 3. 4. Wednesday, 15th Dec'10 Md. Habibur Rahman Md. Shahriar Shaon Md. Mahmudul Hasan Md. Rayhan Hossain Social impacts of using Internet among the adults BIT 02 16 BIT 02 19 BIT 02 23 BIT 02 26 1 of 49 Topics to be discussed: What is SPSS? About our topic About Variables Case Analysis and Interpretation Conclusion Wednesday, 15th Dec'10 Social impacts of using Internet among the adults 2 of 49 What is SPSS? SPSS (Statistical Package for the Social Science) SPSS is a computer program used for statistical analysis SPSS for windows is a computer package that will perform a wide variety of statistical procedures. Data management and analysis can be handled well with SPSS. Using SPSS we can manipulate data, make graphs and perform statistical techniques varying from means to regression Wednesday, 15th Dec'10 Social impacts of using Internet among the adults 3 of 49 Working procedure for Analysis: Taking raw data Summarizing the data Presenting the data Taking the data to SPSS format file Analyzing the data Getting output Wednesday, 15th Dec'10 Social impacts of using Internet among the adults 4 of 49 About our topic GSSNET – Study of use of internet and its effects on adults Wednesday, 15th Dec'10 Social impacts of using Internet among the adults 5 of 49 Why this topic -This is an era of internet & information technology -In order to have statistically analyzed data about the use of internet -In order to analyze the impacts for using internet with different statistical test. Wednesday, 15th Dec'10 Social impacts of using Internet among the adults 6 of 49 Variable Analysis And Interpretation Wednesday, 15th Dec'10 Social impacts of using Internet among the adults 7 of 49 Name of the variables and their types Variable Name Type Age Quantitative Age category Categorical Sex Qualitative Search engine name Categorical Hours of TV Watching Quantitative Usenet? Categorical Happiness of marriage Qualitative General happiness Qualitative Respondents income Categorical Marital status Categorical Belief in post life Categorical Vote in election in 1996 Categorical Educational status Qualitative Wednesday, 15th Dec'10 Social impacts of using Internet among the adults 8 of 49 Univariate Analysis Wednesday, 15th Dec'10 Social impacts of using Internet among the adults 9 of 49 Age of the respondents(age) Statistics Age of respondent N Valid Missing 1417 2 Case Processing Summary Case Summaries Age of respondent N 1417 Mean 46.56 Wednesday, 15th Dec'10 Median 44.00 Minimum 18 Maximum 89 Social impacts of using Internet among the adults Std. Deviation 17.330 Variance 300.341 10 of 49 Age categories(agecat) Missing .1% 18-29 60-89 17.7% 23.7% 30-39 50-59 21.9% 14.9% 40-49 21.6% Wednesday, 15th Dec'10 Social impacts of using Internet among the adults 11 of 49 Respondent’s Gender(sex) Male 43.8% F emale 56.2% Wednesday, 15th Dec'10 Social impacts of using Internet among the adults 12 of 49 Educational level(degree) Missing G raduate .6% Less than HS 7.5% 17.1% Bachelor 16.6% Junior college 7.1% High school 51.1% Wednesday, 15th Dec'10 Social impacts of using Internet among the adults 13 of 49 Internet Usage Category 60 50 40 30 Percent 20 10 0 Missing 1+ to 4 hours O ne hour or less More than 10 4+ to 10 hours Internet usage category Wednesday, 15th Dec'10 Social impacts of using Internet among the adults 14 of 49 Uses Internet or not? Yes 46.1% Missing 2.2% No 51.7% Wednesday, 15th Dec'10 Social impacts of using Internet among the adults 15 of 49 Search Engines Name(srch2) O t her 5. 8% Excit e 1. 1% Alt avist a 1. 2% Lycos 1. 8% Yahoo 16. 2% Missing 73. 9% Wednesday, 15th Dec'10 Social impacts of using Internet among the adults 16 of 49 Hours per day watching TV?(tvhrs) 500 Statistics Hours per day watching TV N Valid Missing Mean Median Mode Minimum Maximum 400 906 513 3.00 2.00 2 0 24 300 200 100 Std. Dev = 2.56 Mean = 3.0 N = 906.00 0 0.0 2.5 5.0 7.5 10.0 12.5 15.0 17.5 20.0 22.5 25.0 Hours per day watching T V Wednesday, 15th Dec'10 Social impacts of using Internet among the adults 17 of 49 Respondent’s income for last year(rincome) Missing 30.0% O ther 45.9% $25000 T O 29999 5.1% $30000 T O 34999 REF USED 6.6% $40000 T O 49999 5.1% 7.3% Wednesday, 15th Dec'10 Social impacts of using Internet among the adults 18 of 49 Marital status(marital) NEVER MARRIED 25.4% MARRIED 44.5% SEPARAT ED 4.0% DIVO RCED 16.2% W IDO W ED 9.9% Wednesday, 15th Dec'10 Social impacts of using Internet among the adults 19 of 49 Belief in life after death(postlife) NO Missing YES Wednesday, 15th Dec'10 Social impacts of using Internet among the adults 20 of 49 Voted in 1996 or not?(vote96) O ther 3.2% INELIG IBLE 6.5% DID NO T VO T E 27.8% VO T ED 62.5% Wednesday, 15th Dec'10 Social impacts of using Internet among the adults 21 of 49 Bivariate Analyses Wednesday, 15th Dec'10 Social impacts of using Internet among the adults 22 of 49 Any relationship between Age category and using net Both the variables are categorical. Cross tabs Chi-Square Tests Age category * Use Internet? Crosstabulation 4 4 Asymp. Sig. (2-sided) .000 .000 1 .000 Count Age category Total 18-29 30-39 40-49 50-59 60-89 Use Internet? No Yes 100 144 121 186 133 162 105 104 275 57 734 653 Wednesday, 15th Dec'10 Total 244 307 295 209 332 1387 Pearson Chi-Square Likelihood Ratio Linear-by-Linear Association N of Valid Cases Value 163.524a 175.744 122.059 df 1387 a. 0 cells (.0%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count is 98.40. Social impacts of using Internet among the adults 23 of 49 Any relationship between education and using internet Both the variables are categorical. Chi-Square Tests 4 4 Asymp. Sig. (2-sided) .000 .000 1 .000 Respondent's highest degree * Use Internet? Crosstabulation Count Respondent's highest degree Total Less than HS High school Junior college Bachelor Graduate Use Internet? No Yes 208 31 409 298 36 62 53 181 24 78 730 650 Wednesday, 15th Dec'10 Total 239 707 98 234 102 1380 Pearson Chi-Square Likelihood Ratio Linear-by-Linear Association N of Valid Cases Value 250.217a 270.848 228.190 df 1380 a. 0 cells (.0%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count is 46.16. Social impacts of using Internet among the adults 24 of 49 Pearson’s Chi square test’s p-value is less than level of significance(0.025). So there exists significant relationship between them. Wednesday, 15th Dec'10 Social impacts of using Internet among the adults 25 of 49 Relationship between Gender and using net Both the variables are categorical. CrosstabsRespondent's sex * Use Internet? Crosstabulation Count Respondent's sex Total Wednesday, 15th Dec'10 Male Female Use Internet? No Yes 303 306 431 348 734 654 Social impacts of using Internet among the adults Total 609 779 1388 26 of 49 (Continued) Chi-Square Tests Pearson Chi-Square Continuity Correction Likelihood Ratio Fisher's Exact Test Linear-by-Linear Association N of Valid Cases a Value 4.261b 4.041 4.261 df 1 1 1 Asymp. Sig. (2-sided) .039 .044 .039 Exact Sig. (2-sided) .040 4.258 1 Exact Sig. (1-sided) .022 .039 1388 a. Computed only for a 2x2 table b. 0 cells (.0%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count is 286.95. Wednesday, 15th Dec'10 Social impacts of using Internet among the adults 27 of 49 (Continued) Logistic regression analysis Variables in the Equation Step a 1 SEX(1) Constant B -.224 .010 S.E. .108 .081 Wald 4.257 .015 df 1 1 Sig. .039 .903 Exp(B) .800 1.010 a. Variable(s) entered on step 1: SEX. We decide- the usage of internet among the male is .8 times than the female. Wednesday, 15th Dec'10 Social impacts of using Internet among the adults 28 of 49 Marital status vs. using internet Both the variables are categorical. Chi-Square Tests MARITAL STATUS * Use Internet? Crosstabulation Count MARITAL STATUS MARRIED WIDOWED DIVORCED SEPARATED NEVER MARRIED Total Wednesday, 15th Dec'10 Use Internet? No Yes 303 316 116 20 112 112 42 15 161 191 734 654 Total 619 136 224 57 352 1388 Pearson Chi-Square Likelihood Ratio Linear-by-Linear Association N of Valid Cases Value 79.036a 86.492 1.206 4 4 Asymp. Sig. (2-sided) .000 .000 1 .272 df 1388 a. 0 cells (.0%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count is 26.86. Social impacts of using Internet among the adults 29 of 49 (Continued) Variables in the Equation B Step a 1 MARRIED(1) Constant .285 -.243 S.E. .108 .073 Wald 6.920 11.192 df 1 1 Sig. .009 .001 Exp(B) 1.330 .784 a. Variable(s) entered on step 1: MARRIED. we decide- the internet use of unmarried guys are 33% more than the married. Wednesday, 15th Dec'10 Social impacts of using Internet among the adults 30 of 49 Age category vs. net usage category Chi-Square Tests Pearson Chi-Square Likelihood Ratio Linear-by-Linear Association N of Valid Cases Value 21.787a 22.024 .040 12 12 Asymp. Sig. (2-sided) .040 .037 1 .842 df 648 a. 0 cells (.0%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count is 9.24. Wednesday, 15th Dec'10 Social impacts of using Internet among the adults 31 of 49 Pearson’s Chi square test’s p-value is more than level of significance(0.025). So there exists no significant relationship between them. Wednesday, 15th Dec'10 Social impacts of using Internet among the adults 32 of 49 Respondent’s highest degree vs. net usage category Chi-Square Tests Pearson Chi-Square Likelihood Ratio Linear-by-Linear Association N of Valid Cases Value 22.208a 22.681 10.566 12 12 Asymp. Sig. (2-sided) .035 .031 1 .001 df 645 a. 1 cells (5.0%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count is 4.95. Wednesday, 15th Dec'10 Social impacts of using Internet among the adults 33 of 49 Pearson’s Chi square test’s p-value is more than level of significance(0.025). So there exists no significant relationship between them. Wednesday, 15th Dec'10 Social impacts of using Internet among the adults 34 of 49 Sex vs. net usage category Chi-Square Tests Pearson Chi-Square Likelihood Ratio Linear-by-Linear Association N of Valid Cases Value 8.716a 8.720 3 3 Asymp. Sig. (2-sided) .033 .033 1 .090 df 2.870 649 a. 0 cells (.0%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count is 49.65. Wednesday, 15th Dec'10 Social impacts of using Internet among the adults 35 of 49 Pearson’s Chi square test’s p-value is more than level of significance(0.025). So there exists no significant relationship between them. Wednesday, 15th Dec'10 Social impacts of using Internet among the adults 36 of 49 Using net vs. happiness of marriage Chi-Square Tests Pearson Chi-Square Likelihood Ratio Linear-by-Linear Association N of Valid Cases Value 7.055a 7.068 5.926 2 2 Asymp. Sig. (2-sided) .029 .029 1 .015 df 612 a. 0 cells (.0%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count is 11.80. Wednesday, 15th Dec'10 Social impacts of using Internet among the adults 37 of 49 Pearson’s Chi square test’s p-value is more than level of significance(0.025). So there exists no significant relationship between them. Wednesday, 15th Dec'10 Social impacts of using Internet among the adults 38 of 49 Using net vs. happiness of life Chi-Square Tests Pearson Chi-Square Likelihood Ratio Linear-by-Linear Association N of Valid Cases Value 28.707a 29.898 14.668 2 2 Asymp. Sig. (2-sided) .000 .000 1 .000 df 1360 a. 0 cells (.0%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count is 73.41. Wednesday, 15th Dec'10 Social impacts of using Internet among the adults 39 of 49 Pearson’s Chi square test’s p-value is less than level of significance(0.025). So there exists significant relationship between them. Wednesday, 15th Dec'10 Social impacts of using Internet among the adults 40 of 49 (Continued) Variables in the Equation B Step a 1 USENET(1) Constant .167 -.881 S.E. .116 .081 Wald 2.075 118.066 df 1 1 Sig. .150 .000 Exp(B) 1.182 .414 a. Variable(s) entered on step 1: USENET. We get the life of not net user is 18% happier than the net users. Wednesday, 15th Dec'10 Social impacts of using Internet among the adults 41 of 49 Using net vs. belief in life after death Chi-Square Tests Pearson Chi-Square Continuity Correction Likelihood Ratio Fisher's Exact Test Linear-by-Linear Association N of Valid Cases a Value 1.800b 1.560 1.808 df 1 1 1 Asymp. Sig. (2-sided) .180 .212 .179 Exact Sig. (2-sided) .196 1.798 1 Exact Sig. (1-sided) .106 .180 815 a. Computed only for a 2x2 table b. 0 cells (.0%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count is 67.25. Wednesday, 15th Dec'10 Social impacts of using Internet among the adults 42 of 49 Pearson’s Chi square test’s p-value is more than level of significance(0.025). So there exists no significant relationship between them. Wednesday, 15th Dec'10 Social impacts of using Internet among the adults 43 of 49 Using net vs. voted in election in 1996 Chi-Square Tests Pearson Chi-Square Likelihood Ratio Linear-by-Linear Association N of Valid Cases Value 35.044a 35.495 11.538 3 3 Asymp. Sig. (2-sided) .000 .000 1 .001 df 1348 a. 2 cells (25.0%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count is 1.43. Wednesday, 15th Dec'10 Social impacts of using Internet among the adults 44 of 49 (Continued) Variables in the Equation B Step a 1 USENET(1) Constant .617 .224 S.E. .113 .074 Wald 29.792 9.122 df 1 1 Sig. .000 .003 Exp(B) 1.854 1.252 a. Variable(s) entered on step 1: USENET. We decide- those who don’t use net vote 85% more than the net user Wednesday, 15th Dec'10 Social impacts of using Internet among the adults 45 of 49 Using internet vs. TV watching hours per day Group Statistics Use Internet? No Yes Hours per day watching TV N 473 413 Mean 3.52 2.42 Std. Deviation 2.793 2.146 Std. Error Mean .128 .106 Independent Samples Test Levene's Test for Equality of Variances F Hours per day watching TV Equal variances assumed Equal variances not assumed Wednesday, 15th Dec'10 20.261 Sig. .000 t-test for Equality of Means t df Sig. (2-tailed) Mean Difference Std. Error Difference 95% Confidence Interval of the Difference Lower Upper 6.455 884 .000 1.09 .169 .760 1.424 6.569 870.228 .000 1.09 .166 .766 1.418 Social impacts of using Internet among the adults 46 of 49 We get- their exists difference of television watching between the net users and the not users. Wednesday, 15th Dec'10 Social impacts of using Internet among the adults 47 of 48 Any Question ??? Wednesday, 15th Dec'10 Social impacts of using Internet among the adults 48 of 49 Thank you all Wednesday, 15th Dec'10 Social impacts of using Internet among the adults 49 of 49