Midterm Review Jeopardy

advertisement
Midterm Review Jeopardy
Control
Metabolism
Gene
Expression
$100
$100
$100
$200
$200
$300
Microbial
Growth
Chemistry
Cells
$100
$100
$100
$200
$200
$200
$200
$300
$300
$300
$300
$300
$400
$400
$400
$400
$400
$400
$500
$500
$500
$500
$500
$500
Chapter 5: Control:
$100 Question
Which of these control methods destroys
DNA?
a. Alcohols.
b. Washing.
c. UV light.
d. Silver Nitrate.
ANSWER
BACK TO GAME
Chapter 5: Control:
$100 Answer
Which of these control methods destroys
DNA?
a. Alcohols.
b. Washing.
c. UV light.
d. Silver Nitrate.
BACK TO GAME
Chapter 5: Control:
$200 Question
Chlorine bleach:
a. Becomes inactivated by large quantities of
organic compounds
b. Is unable to destroy endospores
c. Is ineffective when it is diluted
d. Is expensive relative to other chemical
control methods
ANSWER
BACK TO GAME
Chapter 5: Control:
$200 Answer
Chlorine bleach:
a. Becomes inactivated by large quantities of
organic compounds
b. Is unable to destroy endospores
c. Is ineffective when it is diluted
d. Is expensive relative to other chemical
control methods
BACK TO GAME
Chapter 5: Control:
$300 Question
Typical conditions used for sterilization in
an autoclave are:
a.
100°C for 10 minutes.
b.
121°C at 15 psi for 15 minutes.
c.
80°C for 15 minutes.
d.
72°C for 15 seconds.
ANSWER
BACK TO GAME
Chapter 5: Control :
$300 Answer
Typical conditions used for sterilization in
an autoclave are:
a.
100°C for 10 minutes.
b.
121°C at 15 psi for 15 minutes.
c.
80°C for 15 minutes.
d.
72°C for 15 seconds.
BACK TO GAME
Chapter 5: Control :
$400 Question
Preserving meat with salt kills microbes
by:
a. Causing plasmolysis
b. Lysing cells
c. Preventing protein synthesis
d. Oxidizing DNA
ANSWER
BACK TO GAME
Chapter 5: Control :
$400 Answer
Preserving meat with salt kills microbes
by:
a. Causing plasmolysis
b. Lysing cells
c. Preventing protein synthesis
d. Oxidizing DNA
BACK TO GAME
Chapter 5: Control :
$500 Question
Which type of electromagnetic radiation
has the most energy?
a. X rays
b. Gamma rays
c. UV rays
d. Microwaves
ANSWER
BACK TO GAME
Chapter 5: Control :
$500 Answer
Which type of electromagnetic radiation
has the most energy?
a. X rays
b. Gamma rays
c. UV rays
d. Microwaves
BACK TO GAME
Chapter 6: Metabolism:
$100 Question
Which of these would be an anabolic
process?
a. Glycolysis.
b. Fermentation.
c. DNA replication.
d. Digestion.
ANSWER
BACK TO GAME
Chapter 6: Metabolism:
$100 Answer
Which of these would be an anabolic
process?
a. Glycolysis.
b. Fermentation.
c. DNA replication.
d. Digestion.
BACK TO GAME
Chapter 6: Metabolism:
$200 Question
In this reaction, tell whether NAD+ is
oxidized or reduced.
NAD+ + Pyruvate  NADH + Lactate
ANSWER
BACK TO GAME
Chapter 6: Metabolism:
$200 Answer
NAD+ is getting reduced.
BACK TO GAME
Chapter 6: Metabolism:
$300 Question
Which of these processes generates the
most reducing power?
a. Glycolysis
b. Intermediate step
c. Pentose Phosphate pathway
d. TCA cycle
ANSWER
BACK TO GAME
Chapter 6: Metabolism:
$300 Answer
Which of these processes generates the
most reducing power?
a. Glycolysis
b. Intermediate step
c. Pentose Phosphate pathway
d. TCA cycle
BACK TO GAME
Chapter 6: Metabolism:
$400 Question
Which of these would generate the most
ATP?
a. Aerobic cellular respiration in a
prokaryote
b. Aerobic cellular respiration in a
eukaryote
c. Anaerobic cellular respiration in a
prokaryote
ANSWER
d. Fermentation
BACK TO GAME
Chapter 6: Metabolism:
$400 Answer
Which of these would generate the most
ATP?
a. Aerobic cellular respiration in a
prokaryote
b. Aerobic cellular respiration in a
eukaryote
c. Anaerobic cellular respiration in a
prokaryote
d. Fermentation
BACK TO GAME
Chapter 6: Metabolism:
$500 Question
Which of these statements about photosynthesis is
FALSE?
a. The light reactions produce ATP and NADPH
b. The Calvin Cycle produces G3P, which can be
used to synthesize fructose
c. After the reaction center chlorophyll in
Photosystem I loses electrons, it splits water to
get new electrons
d. When light hits chlorophyll, it causes electrons to
become excited and then fall back to ground
ANSWER
state, releasing energy
BACK TO GAME
Chapter 6: Metabolism:
$500 Answer
Which of these statements about photosynthesis is
FALSE?
a. The light reactions produce ATP and NADPH
b. The Calvin Cycle produces G3P, which can be
used to synthesize fructose
c. After the reaction center chlorophyll in
Photosystem I loses electrons, it splits water to
get new electrons
d. When light hits chlorophyll, it causes electrons to
become excited and then fall back to ground
state, releasing energy
BACK TO GAME
Chapter 7: Gene Expression:
$100 Question
Which of these is NOT a difference
between DNA and RNA?
a. DNA has T, RNA has U
b. DNA is made of nucleotides with 3
phosphates, RNA nucleotides have
1 phosphate.
c. DNA usually has 2 strands, RNA
has 1.
d. They have different sugars.
ANSWER
BACK TO GAME
Chapter 7: Gene Expression:
$100 Answer
Which of these is NOT a difference
between DNA and RNA?
a. DNA has T, RNA has U
b. DNA is made of nucleotides with 3
phosphates, RNA nucleotides have
1 phosphate.
c. DNA usually has 2 strands, RNA
has 1.
d. They have different sugars.
BACK TO GAME
Chapter 7: Gene Expression:
$200 Question
Which of these would only be found in
eukaryotes?
a. Repressors and activators
b. Polycistronic transcripts
c. 5’ caps and poly A tails
d. Operons
ANSWER
BACK TO GAME
Chapter 7: Gene Expression:
$200 Answer
Which of these would only be found in
eukaryotes?
a. Repressors and activators
b. Polycistronic transcripts
c. 5’ caps and poly A tails
d. Operons
BACK TO GAME
Chapter 7: Gene Expression :
$300 Question
The mRNA transcript reads:
5’ AUGUAUAACGAG 3’
What would the – strand of DNA read?
a. 5’ ATGTATAACGAG 3’
b. 3’ TACATATTGCTC 5’
c. 5’ TACATATTGCTC 3’
d. 3’ UACAUAUUGCUC 5’
ANSWER
BACK TO GAME
Chapter 7: Gene Expression :
$300 Answer
The mRNA transcript reads:
5’ AUGUAUAACGAG 3’
What would the – strand of DNA read?
a. 5’ ATGTATAACGAG 3’
b. 3’ TACATATTGCTC 5’
c. 5’ TACATATTGCTC 3’
d. 3’ UACAUAUUGCUC 5’
BACK TO GAME
Chapter 7: Gene Expression:
$400 Question
In order for the lac operon to be
transcribed, what has to happen?
a. Lactose levels must be low and
glucose must be high
b. Glucose induces an activator and
lactose bonds to a phosphate group
c. Lactose removes a repressor and
cAMP induces an activator
d. cAMP removes a repressor and
glucose removes an activator
ANSWER
BACK TO GAME
Chapter 7: Gene Expression:
$400 Answer
In order for the lac operon to be
transcribed, what has to happen?
a. Lactose levels must be low and
glucose must be high
b. Glucose induces an activator and
lactose bonds to a phosphate group
c. Lactose removes a repressor and
cAMP induces an activator
d. cAMP removes a repressor and
glucose removes an activator
BACK TO GAME
Chapter 7: Gene Expression:
$500 Question
During quorum sensing, after signal molecules reach a
high concentration, what is likely to happen in the cell?
a. The cell is prevented from synthesizing new cell
walls
b. The cell attaches to a phosphate group and is
activated to do work
c. Signal molecules diffuse into the cell and cause
mutations in the DNA
d. Signal molecules attach to a sensor, which
phosphorylates a response regulator to turn on
genes
ANSWER
BACK TO GAME
Chapter 7: Gene Expression:
$500 Answer
During quorum sensing, after signal molecules reach a
high concentration, what is likely to happen in the cell?
a. The cell is prevented from synthesizing new cell
walls
b. The cell attaches to a phosphate group and is
activated to do work
c. Signal molecules diffuse into the cell and cause
mutations in the DNA
d. Signal molecules attach to a sensor, which
phosphorylates a response regulator to turn on
genes
BACK TO GAME
Chapter 4: Microbial Growth:
$100 Question
An agar plate is an example of:
a. Continous culture
b. A chemostat
c. Closed culture
d. Liquid medium
ANSWER
BACK TO GAME
Chapter 4: Microbial Growth:
$100 Answer
An agar plate is an example of:
a. Continous culture
b. A chemostat
c. Closed culture
d. Liquid medium
BACK TO GAME
Chapter 4: Microbial Growth:
$200 Question
On an agar plate, which part of a colony will be in the
latest stage of the growth curve?
a. The center
b. The edges
c. All areas of the colony are in the same stage of
the growth curve
ANSWER
BACK TO GAME
Chapter 4: Microbial Growth:
$200 Answer
On an agar plate, which part of a colony will be in the latest
stage of the growth curve?
a. The center
b. The edges
c. All areas of the colony are in the same stage of the
growth curve
BACK TO GAME
Chapter 4: Microbial Growth:
$300 Question
Bacteria that prefer to live in oxygen but can live in
environments with or without oxygen are called:
a. Aerotolerant anaerobes
b. Microaerophiles
c. Obligate anaerobes
d. Facultative anaerobes
ANSWER
BACK TO GAME
Chapter 4: Microbial Growth:
$300 Answer
Bacteria that prefer to live in oxygen but can live in
environments with or without oxygen are called:
a. Aerotolerant anaerobes
b. Microaerophiles
c. Obligate anaerobes
d. Facultative anaerobes
BACK TO GAME
Chapter 4: Microbial Growth:
$400 Question
A type of agar that included specific growth factors to
favor the growth of one species of microbe above all
others would be:
a. selective
b. differential
c. enrichment
d. chemically defined
ANSWER
BACK TO GAME
Chapter 4: Microbial Growth:
$400 Answer
A type of agar that included specific growth factors to
favor the growth of one species of microbe above all
others would be:
a. selective
b. differential
c. enrichment
d. chemically defined
BACK TO GAME
Chapter 4: Microbial Growth:
$500 Question
This type of organism can fix its own carbon and obtains
energy from chemicals found in its environment:
a. photoautotroph
b. photoheterotroph
c. chemoautotroph
d. chemoheterotroph
ANSWER
BACK TO GAME
Chapter 4: Microbial Growth:
$500 Answer
This type of organism can fix its own carbon and obtains
energy from chemicals found in its environment:
a. photoautotroph
b. photoheterotroph
c. chemoautotroph
d. chemoheterotroph
BACK TO GAME
Chapter 2: Chemistry:
$100 Question
ANSWER
BACK TO GAME
Chapter 2: Chemistry:
$100 Answer
BACK TO GAME
Chapter 2: Chemistry:
$200 Question
Which of these is NOT a type of lipid?
a. phospholipid
b. polypeptide
c. steroid
d. triglyceride
ANSWER
BACK TO GAME
Chapter 2: Chemistry:
$200 Answer
Which of these is NOT a type of lipid?
a. phospholipid
b. polypeptide
c. steroid
d. triglyceride
BACK TO GAME
Chapter 2: Chemistry:
$300 Question
A basic solution has a _____ concentration of H+ than
OH- and a pH _______ than 7.
a. greater, greater
b. lower, lower
c. greater, lower
d. lower, greater
ANSWER
BACK TO GAME
Chapter 2: Chemistry:
$300 Answer
A basic solution has a _____ concentration of H+ than
OH- and a pH _______ than 7.
a. greater, greater
b. lower, lower
c. greater, lower
d. lower, greater
BACK TO GAME
Chapter 2: Chemistry:
$400 Question
These structures are 3 different:
a. isomers
b. isotopes
c. glycerols
d. fatty acids
ANSWER
BACK TO GAME
Chapter 2: Chemistry:
$400 Answer
These structures are 3 different:
a. isomers
b. isotopes
c. glycerols
d. fatty acids
BACK TO GAME
Chapter 2: Chemistry:
$500 Question
Name 3 major parts of ATP.
ANSWER
BACK TO GAME
Chapter 2: Chemistry:
$500 Answer
Name 3 major parts of ATP.
A ribose sugar, adenine base, and 3 phosphate groups.
BACK TO GAME
Chapter 3: Cells:
$100 Question
If you wanted to see individual small molecules, which
microscope should you use?
a. bright field
b. Dark field
c. Scanning electron
d. Atomic force
ANSWER
BACK TO GAME
Chapter 3: Cells :
$100 Answer
If you wanted to see individual small molecules, which
microscope should you use?
a. bright field
b. Dark field
c. Scanning electron
d. Atomic force
BACK TO GAME
Chapter 3: Cells:
$200 Question
What happens to a cell placed in a hypertonic solution?
a. It swells
b. It shrinks
c. It stays the same size
ANSWER
BACK TO GAME
Chapter 3: Cells :
$200 Answer
What happens to a cell placed in a hypertonic solution?
a. It swells
b. It shrinks
c. It stays the same size
BACK TO GAME
Chapter 3: Cells:
$300 Question
In which condition would you expect endospores to
form?
a. Bacteria have just been streaked onto new agar
b. Bacteria have just been placed in the incubator
c. Bacteria have been living on the same agar for 2
weeks
d. Bacteria are living in a biofilm in their natural
habitat
ANSWER
BACK TO GAME
Chapter 3: Cells :
$300 Answer
In which condition would you expect endospores to
form?
a. Bacteria have just been streaked onto new agar
b. Bacteria have just been placed in the incubator
c. Bacteria have been living on the same agar for 2
weeks
d. Bacteria are living in a biofilm in their natural
habitat
BACK TO GAME
Chapter 3: Cells:
$400 Question
Lysozyme targets _____ bacteria by _______ cell walls.
a. Gram positive, inhibiting synthesis of
b. Gram negative, inhibiting synthesis of
c. Gram positive, breaking down
d. Gram negative, breaking down
ANSWER
BACK TO GAME
Chapter 3: Cells :
$400 Answer
Lysozyme targets _____ bacteria by _______ cell walls.
a. Gram positive, inhibiting synthesis of
b. Gram negative, inhibiting synthesis of
c. Gram positive, breaking down
d. Gram negative, breaking down
BACK TO GAME
Chapter 3: Cells:
$500 Question
What is a plasmid and why are they important?
ANSWER
BACK TO GAME
Chapter 3: Cells :
$500 Answer
What is a plasmid and why are they important?
A small, round piece of DNA that can be transferred
between bacteria, allowing them to share traits such as
antibiotic resistance.
BACK TO GAME
Download
Related flashcards

Disinfectants

41 cards

Alveolata

16 cards

German microbiologists

30 cards

Protista

20 cards

Antimicrobials

22 cards

Create Flashcards