Second Generation Biodiesel

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September 2012
Technology for the production of fully synthetic aviation
fuels, diesel and gasoline
Professor Angelica Hull
Swedish Biofuels AB
Swedish Biofuels technology
• New pathway based on well establish industrial processes through an
alcohol intermediate: C2-C5 as single alcohol or multicomponent mixture
• High quality products
• Technology proven at pilot scale
• Wide range of non food feedstock
• Fuel types
• Gasoline
• Diesel
• Fully synthetic aviation fuel, 100 % replacement - under ASTM
certification
Swedish Biofuels AB Proprietary Information cannot be copied or modified
SB Market
Swedish Biofuels AB Confidential and Proprietary Information
position
Sustainable resources
Fossil
resources
Pathways to drop in fuels
Petroleum
Treating
Hydrocracking
Fractionation
Natural gas
Synthesis gas
purification
FT synthesis
Conversion &
upgrading
Coal
Gasification
Biomass
Alcohol
fermentation
Chemical
synthesis
Fractionation
Off gases
Alcohol
production
Biomass
Gasification
Plant oils &
animal fats
Treating
Hydrocracking
Fractionation
Swedish Biofuels AB Proprietary Information cannot be copied or modified
Sustainable resources
Fossil
resources
Pathways to drop in fuels – Under R&D
Petroleum
Coal
Natural gas
FT
Fully synthetic
Lignocellulose
Pyrolysis
Hydrocarbons
Lignocellulose
Sugars
Plant oils &
animal fats
HRJ
Swedish Biofuels AB Proprietary Information cannot be copied or modified
Fully synthetic
CO2 to jet
Swedish Biofuels
Technology
description
Swedish Biofuels AB Confidential and Proprietary Information
Swedish Biofuels patented technology – Biomass to jet
fuel via alcohols
BTA – Biomass to alcohol
ATJ – Alcohol to jet
Swedish Biofuels AB Proprietary Information cannot be copied or modified
Alcohol production by hydrolysis
Swedish Biofuels AB Proprietary Information cannot be copied or modified
Alcohol production by thermolysis
Swedish Biofuels AB Proprietary Information cannot be copied or modified
Swedish Biofuels – alcohol downstream synthesis
Feedstock: C2-C5 alcohols as single alcohol eg ethanol or multicomponent mixture
Swedish Biofuels AB Proprietary Information cannot be copied or modified
Swedish Biofuels Pilot Plant @ Royal Institute of
Technology, Stockholm
• In operation: 15 months at full
capacity
• Operating hours: 6600 h/y
• Biological fuel capacity: 10 t/y
(3300 USG/y)
• Jet 4.8 t/y
• Gasoline 3.5 t/y
• Diesel 1.7 t/y
• Feedstock: C2-C5 alcohols as
single alcohol or
multicomponent mixture
• Quality: commercial fuel
specification
• Reproducibility: confirmed
33
Swedish Biofuels AB Proprietary Information cannot be copied or modified
List of fuel samples for following test result slides
Tests performed at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base research laboratories (AFRL).
Production of the fuel samples was been funded by DARPA under contract
W911NF-08-C-0001. Data has been approved for public release by DARPA.
Test data in this presentation forms part of the data submitted to ASTM Committee
by Swedish Biofuels AB.
Swedish Biofuels AB Proprietary Information cannot be copied or modified
Results of specification testing
Data on Swedish Biofuels fuel produced by Wright-Patterson USAF. Public release approved by DARPA
Swedish Biofuels AB Proprietary Information cannot be copied or modified
Results of specification testing - continued
Data on Swedish Biofuels fuel produced by Wright-Patterson USAF. Public release approved by DARPA
Swedish Biofuels AB Proprietary Information cannot be copied or modified
Results of specification testing - continued
Data on Swedish Biofuels fuel produced by Wright-Patterson USAF. Public release approved by DARPA
Swedish Biofuels AB Proprietary Information cannot be copied or modified
Results of specification testing - continued
Data on Swedish Biofuels fuel produced by Wright-Patterson USAF. Public release approved by DARPA
Swedish Biofuels AB Proprietary Information cannot be copied or modified
Aromatic species analysis by D6379 for biofuels and
JP-8 fuel
Data on Swedish Biofuels fuel produced by Wright-Patterson USAF. Public release approved by DARPA
Swedish Biofuels AB Proprietary Information cannot be copied or modified
Hydrocarbon type analysis by D2425 for biofuels and
JP-8 fuel
Data on Swedish Biofuels fuel produced by Wright-Patterson USAF. Public release approved by DARPA
Swedish Biofuels AB Proprietary Information cannot be copied or modified
Chromatograms of biofuels and JP-8 fuel
Data on Swedish Biofuels fuel produced by Wright-Patterson USAF. Public release approved by DARPA
Swedish Biofuels AB Proprietary Information cannot be copied or modified
Scanning Brookfield viscosity curves of biofuel and JP-8
fuel
Data on Swedish Biofuels fuel produced by Wright-Patterson USAF. Public release approved by DARPA
Swedish Biofuels AB Proprietary Information cannot be copied or modified
Data from QCM thermal stability analysis
Data on Swedish Biofuels fuel produced by Wright-Patterson USAF. Public release approved by DARPA
Swedish Biofuels AB Proprietary Information cannot be copied or modified
Metals analysis by ICP-MS
Data on Swedish Biofuels fuel produced by Wright-Patterson USAF. Public release approved by DARPA
Swedish Biofuels AB Proprietary Information cannot be copied or modified
Metals analysis by ICP-MS- continued
Data on Swedish Biofuels fuel produced by Wright-Patterson USAF. Public release approved by DARPA
Swedish Biofuels AB Proprietary Information cannot be copied or modified
Summary of volume swell of selected O-rings
aged in biofuels and average values for JP-8
Data on Swedish Biofuels fuel produced by Wright-Patterson USAF. Public release approved by DARPA
Swedish Biofuels AB Proprietary Information cannot be copied or modified
Biobased determination test
Mean Biobased Result: 100 %
Proportions Biobased vs. Fossil Based
Indicated by 14C content
Fossil Content
0%
Biobased Content
100%
Data on Swedish Biofuels fuel produced by Wright-Patterson USAF. Public release approved by DARPA
Swedish Biofuels AB Confidential and Proprietary Information
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