NUTRACEUTICALS: Let Food be Your Medicine

Prebiotics and probiotics
• Prebiotics are food substances that promote the
growth of certain bacteria (generally beneficial)
in the intestines.
• prebiotics—nondigestible food ingredients that
selectively stimulate the growth and/or activity of
beneficial microorganisms already in people's
• When probiotics and prebiotics are mixed
together, they form a synbiotic
• PREBIOTICS Prebiotics are the substances, which
reach to colon in intact form i.e. without getting depleted
by the gastric pH and digestive acids.
• These prebiotics also selectively promote the growth of
colonel probiotic bacteria; hence they act as fertilizers for
these bacteria.
• These are collective term for non-digestive but a
fermentable dietary carbohydrate that may selectively
stimulates growth of certain bacterial groups’ resident in
the colon, such as Bifidobacteria, Lactobacilli considered
to be beneficial for the human host.
• inulin, which is soluble dietary fibres and resistant to
digestive enzyme and thus reaches to large intestine or
colon essentially intact, where it is fermented by resistant
bacteria, Lactobacilli and feed themselves on it.
• Prebiotics in the Diet:
• Prebiotics that feed the beneficial bacteria in your gut
mostly come from carbohydrate fibers called
• You don't digest them, so the oligosaccharides remain in
the digestive tract and stimulate the growth of beneficial
• Sources of oligosaccharides include fruits, legumes, and
whole grains.
• Fructo-oligosaccharides may be taken as a supplement
or added to foods.
• Yogurt made with bifidobacteria contain oligosaccharides
Traditional dietary sources of prebiotics include
soybeans, inulin source(such as chicory root), raw
oats, unrefined wheat and unrefined barley .
Some of the oligosaccharides that naturally occur in
breast milk are believed to play an important role in
the development of a healthy immune system in
No plant or food is a prebiotic: Wheat, honey and
many other foods contain prebiotics to a greater or
lesser extent, ranging from fairly large portions
(chicory root, Jerusalem artichoke) to only trace
quantities (thousands of other plant-based foods).
Top 10 Foods Containing Prebiotics
Food Prebiotic Fiber Content by Weight
Raw Chicory Root
Raw Jerusalem Artichoke 31.5%
Raw Dandelion Greens
Raw Garlic
Raw Leek
Raw Onion
Cooked Onion
Raw Asparagus
Raw Wheat bran
Whole Wheat flour, Cooked 4.8%
Raw Banana
• According to the currently adopted definition by
FAO/WHO (World Health Organization and the
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United
Nations),, probiotics are:
"live microorganisms, which, when
administered in adequate amounts, confer a
health benefit on the host." (Microorganisms
are tiny living organisms—such as bacteria,
viruses, and yeasts—that can be seen only
under a microscope.)
• Probiotics: Dietary supplements containing
potentially beneficial bacteria or yeast.
• Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) and bifidobacteria are
the most common types of microbes used as
probiotics; but certain yeasts and bacilli may
also be helpful.
• Probiotics are commonly consumed as part of
fermented foods with specially added active live
cultures; such as in yogurt, soy yogurt, or as
dietary supplements.
• Probiotics are thought to beneficially affect the
host by improving its intestinal microbial
balance, thus inhibiting pathogens and toxin
producing bacteria.
• Today, specific health effects are being
investigated and documented including
alleviation of chronic intestinal inflammatory
diseases, prevention and treatment of pathogeninduced diarrhea, urogenital infections,and
atopic diseases.
• Colon is the most densely populated region of
the gastrointestinal tract and harbors an
estimated 500 different bacterial species.
• The various types of bacteria that are having the
probiotics characteristics are• Lactobacilli
(Lactobacillus rhamnosus Lactobacillus reuteri
Lactobacillus casei )
• Bifidobacterium breve
• Streptococcus
Probiotics are available in foods and dietary supplements
• for example,
• capsules,
• tablets, and
• Powders
Examples of foods containing probiotics are
• yogurt,
• fermented and
• unfermented milk,
• some juices
• soy beverages.
• In probiotic foods and supplements, the bacteria may
have been present originally or added during
• Most probiotics are bacteria similar to those
naturally found in people's guts, especially in
those of breastfed infants (who have natural
protection against many diseases). Most often,
the bacteria come from two groups,
Lactobacillus or Bifidobacterium. Within each
group, there are different species (for example,
Lactobacillus acidophilus and Bifidobacterium
bifidus), and within each species, different
strains (or varieties). A few common probiotics,
such as Saccharomyces boulardii, are yeasts,
which are different from bacteria.
• Uses for Health Purposes
• There are several reasons that people are interested in probiotics for
health purposes.
• Friendly bacteria are vital to proper development of the immune
system, to protection against microorganisms that could cause
disease, and to the digestion and absorption of food and nutrients.
• Each person's mix of bacteria varies. Interactions between a person
and the microorganisms in his body, and among the microorganisms
themselves, can be crucial to the person's health and well-being.
• This bacterial "balancing act" can be thrown off in two major ways:
• By antibiotics, when they kill friendly bacteria in the gut along with
unfriendly bacteria.
• Some people use probiotics to try to offset side effects from
antibiotics like gas, cramping, or diarrhea.
• Similarly, some use them to ease symptoms of lactose intolerance—
a condition in which the gut lacks the enzyme needed to digest
significant amounts of the major sugar in milk, and which also
causes gastrointestinal symptoms.
• "Unfriendly" microorganisms such as diseasecausing bacteria, yeasts, fungi, and parasites
can also upset the balance. Researchers are
exploring whether probiotics could halt these
unfriendly agents in the first place and/or
suppress their growth and activity in conditions
like: Irritable bowel syndrome
– Inflammatory bowel disease (e.g., ulcerative colitis
and Crohn's disease)
– Infection with Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori), a
bacterium that causes most ulcers and many types of
chronic stomach inflammation
– Tooth decay and periodontal disease
– Vaginal infections
– Stomach and respiratory infections that children
acquire in daycare
– Skin infections
• Another part of the interest in probiotics
stems from the fact there are cells in the
digestive tract connected with the immune
system. One theory is that if you alter the
microorganisms in a person's intestinal
tract (as by introducing probiotic bacteria),
you can affect the immune system's
• What is it?
• Kibow® Biotics is a proprietary and patented probiotics
dietary supplement that has been scientifically
formulated and clinically tested. Kibow® Biotics
metabolizes nitrogenous waste that has diffused from
the bloodstream into the bowel.
• Nitrogenous wastes are utilized by Kibow® Biotics as
nutrients. As probiotics grow and multiply, they consume
more nitrogenous waste and therefore effectively help
maintain healthy kidney function.
• Probiotics and Kidney Health
• When these waste products accumulate in high concentrations in
the blood, they become highly toxic and can cause severe damage
to many organ systems if they are not properly excreted.
• Due to the overloaded and impaired kidneys, a buildup of poisonous
wastes occurs in the bloodstream. Certain probiotic microorganisms
can utilize urea, uric acid and creatinine and other toxins as its
nutrients for growth. They then multiply, thereby creating a greater
diffusion of these uremic toxins from the circulating blood across the
lining of the intestinal walls into the bowel. This increased microbial
growth is excreted along with the feces (which is normally 50%
microbes by weight).
• Enteric toxin reduction technology uses probiotic organisms to
transform the colon into a blood cleansing agent, which, with the aid
of microbes, indirectly removes toxic wastes and helps eliminate
them as fecal matter. Consequently, it is possible to maintain a
healthy kidney function with the oral use of Kibow® Biotics.
• The patented, proprietary probiotics in Kibow® Biotics have been
clinically tested and shown to be safe, effective and free of serious
side effects when taken for as long as six months.