Mental Disorders

Mental Disorders
Ch. 5
Lesson 2
Pages 118-121
Mental Disorders
 Objective 1: Name the different types of
mental disorders.
 Objective 2: Identify situations requiring
professional mental health services.
Open book quiz
 Lesson #2
 pages 118-121
 Name: Write your first AND last name
 Subject: CH. 5 Quiz
 Class: write the period
Mental Disorder
 Mental Disorder: An illness of the mind that can affect
the thoughts, feelings and behaviors of a person,
preventing a person from leading a happy, healthful,
and productive life.
 Stigma: Is a mark of shame or disapproval that results
in an individual being shunned or rejected by others.
 Mental disorders are medical conditions, and require
diagnosis and treatment just like any physical illness or
 Many times, mental & emotional problems cannot be
solved without professional help
Types of mental disorders
 Anxiety Disorder: Are disorders in which real
or imagined fears prevent a person from
enjoying life
Five types of anxiety disorders
 Phobia: When a person goes to extreme
measures to avoid a fear and reacts in a way
that limits normal functioning.
 Ex. Arachnophobia: fear of spiders
 Ex. Acrophobia: fear of being in high places
 Ex. Claustrophobia: fear of being in small,
closed spaces.
 More examples listed on page 115
 Dr. OZ phobia video.
 Part 1:
 Part 2:
Types of anxiety disorders
 Obsessive-compulsive: A person who has
an uncontrollable need to perform repetitive
 Ex. Wash their hands every 2 minutes
 Ex. Make sure door is locked every 30
 Video: Howie Mandel Talks About Living With OCD
Types of anxiety disorders
 Panic Disorder: has sudden, unexplained
feelings of terror. They are accompanied by
symptoms such as trembling, a pounding
heart, shortness of breath, or dizziness.
This is a condition in which fear and anxiety
get in the way of a persons ability to function
and enjoy life.
They may be triggered by a particular object,
condition, or situation
Video clip: Iron Man 3
Types of anxiety disorders
 Post traumatic stress disorder: A condition
in which a person who has experienced a
traumatic event feels severe and long-lasting
 Ex. War vets
 Ex. Rape survivors
 Ex. Tornado
 Video: War vet & his therapy
Types of anxiety disorders
 Generalized anxiety disorder: Exaggerated
worry and tension for no reason. People with
this disorder startle easily and have difficulty
concentrating, relaxing, and sleeping.
 Video clip:
Impulse Control Disorders
 Impulse Control Disorder: People cannot
resist the urge to hurt themselves or others.
They may also cause financial harm by
overspending and gambling.
 Examples
1. Kleptomania: unplanned theft of objects
2. Cutting: Repetitive cutting parts of the body
that can be hidden
3. Excessive Gambling: Can’t stop gambling
4. Compulsive Shopping: Buying things they
can’t afford and don’t need.
Somatoform Disorders
 Somatoform disorders: Describes a condition
in which a person complains of disease
symptoms, but no physical symptoms can be
 Hypochondria: A preoccupation with the body
and fear of presumed disease.
 Ex. Cancer
 Ex. Heart attack
 Video: Seinfeld
Part 1:
Part 2:
 Video: Scrubs
Mood Disorders
 Mood disorders: Is an illness that involves
mood extremes that interfere with everyday
Mood Disorders
 Clinical depression: If feelings of sadness or
hopelessness last for more than a few weeks
and interfere with daily activities and
 Bipolar: (Manic-Depressive) Is marked by
extreme mood changes, energy levels, and
 Dr. Phil Video Clip (show 1st 5 minutes:
Conduct Disorders
 A pattern of behavior in which the rights of
others or basic social rules are violated.
Examples: Stealing, cruelty, lying, aggression,
violence, truancy, arson, and vandalism.
 A condition of losing touch with reality
accompanied by reduced ability to function.
They gradually lose the ability to distinguish
fantasy from reality. This illness tends to run in
families. Causes may be a combination of
genetic factors and chemical and structural
changes in the brain.
EX. The movie Trailer: “A Beautiful Mind”
Video: Inside the World of Childhood Schizophrenia
Personality Disorders
 Antisocial: A person’s constant conflict with
society. They may display behavior that is
cruel, impulsive and violent. In many cases
are unable to show remorse for their
 Passive-aggressive: A person is often
uncooperative with others. They don’t like
being told what to do, but show anger
indirectly. Example: If they don’t want to take
part in an activity, they may not show up or
they may show up late and leave early.
Practice Quiz
Name the mental disorder.
1. Every 2 weeks Shirley complains of having a particular disease/ailment but
doctors can not find anything wrong with her.
When Billy was younger, lightning struck a tree he was standing next to.
Now, whenever a thunderstorm approaches, he get very anxious and
scared and runs to the basement shaking.
Beth is in an extremely good mood. She came to class skipping through
the doorway and giving everyone hugs (even people who she doesn’t
know). Later in the class period, she asks the teacher a question and a
couple of kids roll their eyes at her. Her mood drastically shift and she
begins crying and keeps calling herself stupid. 15 minutes later she doesn’t
say a word the rest of class.
Nick is on crutches and has to go to the 4th floor for his doctors
appointment. He looks at the elevator and begins to sweat. He tells his
family he is going to crutch up 4 flights of stairs because he refuses to ride
in the elevator.
Mr. Pagani hands his class a worksheet and tells them to complete the
worksheet as they watch the video. Martha does not like being told what to
do and decides to sleep during the video. After class, when Mr. Pagani
talks to her, she said she is tired from doing homework last night.
Practice Quiz
Answers to the mental disorders
1. Hypochondria
2. Post traumatic stress disorder
3. Manic-depressive: (AKA bi polar)
4. Phobia
5. Passive-aggressive
Memory Game Activity
1. Open iSwifter APP
2. Open the bookmarks tab and choose
“Glencoe chapter activities”
Drop Down: “Chapter Activities”
Go to: Chapter 5
Next, Open: “Interactive Health Tutor”
Open: “Chapter 5a”
Interactive Study Guide
1. Open iSwifter APP
2. Open the bookmarks tab and choose “Glencoe
chapter activities”
Drop Down: “Chapter Activities”
Go to: Chapter 5
Next, Open: “Interactive Study Guides”
Open: “Lesson #2”
Awake Trailer:
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