Mental Health First Aid - NH Alcohol and other Drug Service


A Collaborative Partnership

NATIONAL COUNCIL for Community Behavioral Healthcare Maryland State Department of Health and Mental Hygiene Missouri Department of Mental Health

What Is Mental Health First Aid?

The help provided to a person developing a mental health problem or experiencing a crisis until professional treatment is received or the crisis resolves.

What You Learn    Overview of mental health problems  Depressive/Mood disorders   Anxiety disorders Disorders in which psychosis occurs   Substance use disorders Eating disorders Mental Health First Aid for crisis situations Mental Health First Aid for non-crisis situations

Potential Audiences          Hospitals and health centers Employers Faith communities Schools/universities Law enforcement/first responders Nursing home staff Consumers, families and caring citizens Mental health authorities Policymakers

Program Origins  Created in Australia in 2001  Auspiced at the University of Melbourne  Expanded to 17 countries, including Scotland, China, Canada, Finland, Singapore, Ireland, Wales, England, Cambodia, Japan, South Africa, Thailand and New Zealand.

 Piloted in the U.S. in 2008

Evidenced Effectiveness  Four published randomized control trials and a qualitative study (in Australia)   Increases mental health literacy Expands individuals ’ knowledge of how to help someone in crisis  Connects individuals to needed services  Reduces stigma

People Are Saying . . .

 “ I now feel better prepared for what might happen.

Homeless Shelter Volunteer

 “ This info can help a person become more understanding, rather than judgmental, of someone with a mental illness ”

Community Member

People Are Saying . . .

 “ Just weeks after attending the training, I ’ ve already used the skills I learned in Mental Health First Aid… ”

Hospital Employee

 “ I think any professionals who deal with people should take this course, especially emergency personnel, teachers, . . .

Employment Services Professional

By the Numbers: 2008-2011  45,000+ Mental Health First Aiders  1,800+ instructors certified  45 states, the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico

Vision By 2020, Mental Health First Aid in the USA will be as common as CPR and First Aid.

How it Works Training Components  12-hour community program offered by instructors  5-day instructor certification training offered by the National Council, Missouri Department of Mental Health, and Maryland Department of Health & Mental Hygiene  Lets take a look at the 4 sessions.

Program Overview: Session 1

   What is Mental Health First Aid?

Mental Health Problems in the United States Mental Health First Aid Action Plan  Understanding Depression  Mental Health First Aid Action Plan 

Suicidal Behavior

Depressive Symptoms

 2

Session 2

 Mental Health First Aid Action Plan 

Nonsuicidal Self-Injury

 Understanding Anxiety Disorders  Mental Health First Aid Action Plan 

Panic Attacks

Traumatic Events

Anxiety Symptoms

 3

Session 3

  Understanding Psychosis Mental Health First Aid Action Plan   

Acute Psychosis Aggressive Behavior Psychotic Symptoms

  Understanding Substance Use Disorders Mental Health First Aid Action Plan   

Overdose Withdrawal Substance Use Disorders

 4

Session 4

 Understanding Eating Disorders  Mental Health First Aid Action Plan 

Acute Crisis

Eating Disorder Symptoms

 Using Your Mental Health First Aid Training  5

What Is Mental Health First Aid?

Mental Health First Aid

is the help offered to a person developing a mental health problem or experiencing a mental health crisis. The first aid is given until appropriate treatment and support are received or until the crisis resolves.


Why Mental Health First Aid?

 Mental health problems are common.

 Stigma is associated with mental health problems.

 Many people are not well informed about mental health problems.

 Professional help is not always on hand.

 People often do not know how to respond.

 People with mental health problems often do not seek help.


What Is a Mental Disorder?


mental disorder

illness that: or

mental illness

is a diagnosable   Affects a person ’ s thinking, emotional state, and behavior Disrupts the person ’ s ability to    Work Carry out daily activities Engage in satisfying relationships 8

U.S. Adults with a Mental Disorder in Any One Year Type of Mental Disorder

Anxiety disorder Major depressive disorder Substance use disorder Bipolar disorder Eating disorders Schizophrenia

Any mental disorder % Adults

19.1 .

6.8 .

8.0 .


2.1 .

.45 .

19.6 .


The Impact of Mental Illness

 Mental illnesses can be more disabling than many chronic physical illnesses. For example:   The disability from moderate depression is similar to the impact from relapsing multiple sclerosis, severe asthma, or chronic hepatitis B.

The disability from severe post-traumatic stress disorderis comparable to the disability from paraplegia.

 “


” refers to the amount of disruption a health problem causes to a person ’ s ability to:    Work Carry out daily activities Engage in satisfying relationships 10


Recovery from Mental Illness

“ Recovery is the process in which people are able to live, work, learn, and participate fully in their communities.

” “ For some, this is the ability to live a fulfilling and productive life despite a disability.

” “ For others, recovery implies the reduction or complete remission of symptoms.

” —


s New Freedom Commission on Mental Health, 2003


Spectrum of Mental Health Interventions


Mental Health First Aid A

ssess for risk of suicide or harm


isten nonjudgmentally


ive reassurance and information


ncourage self-help and other support strategies


ncourage appropriate professional help 14

For More Information

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