Intestinal Parasites

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are Ascaris lumbricoides (roundworm)
Trichuris trichiura (whipworm)
Necator americanus (hookworm).
Tapeworm
pinworm
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ingestion of undercooked foods
drinking infected water
and skin absorption
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Abdominal pain
Diarrhea
Nausea and vomiting
Gas or bloating
Dramatic weight loss
Feeling tired
Passing worms in their stool
Immune supression
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The larva mature in the lungs.
The adult worms produce eggs which are
shed in the feces.
Most infections produce no symptoms.
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Shaped like a whip, the thin
end is embedded in the
mucosa while the thin end
extends into the bowel
lumen.
Colitis, dysentery and rectal
prolapsed may occur in those
with heavy infection.
Eggs are shed into the stool.
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human nematode infection
The worms are about 1/2 inch long.
Produces anemia
treatment consists of iron replacement
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Caused by eating raw or undercooked meat
of animals infected with tapeworms
Grow in the intestines
Segmented
Eggs also be spread by infected individuals
with poor hygiene
No major symptoms, but abdominal pain
may occur.
Can be diagnosed by passing segments
through stool
Very small
The most common intestinal worm infection in
the US
 Most common in school-age children
 Spread by direct contact
 The cycle
 Symptoms:
intense itching
difficulty sleeping
 Treatment:
antivirus medication
intense cleaning to kill eggs
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http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=baaq7Y5l
oZo
A
form of malnutrition that occurs when there is not
enough protein in the diet
 Most common in areas where there is limited food
supply.
 Symptoms:
Changes in skin pigment
Fatigue
*Large belly that sticks out
Swelling (edema)
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malnutrition
impaired growth.
mental retardation
death
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fiber-rich ingredients
taking antibiotics
Daily multivitamins
Albendazole ( what we prescribe at clinics)
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Wash all fruits and vegetables in clean water before eating
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Wear shoes or slippers
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Water from septic tanks or other potentially contaminated
sources should not be used for watering vegetables.
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Using a latrine, rather than in the bush or around the home or
school.
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Young children should be taught to use chamber pots, which can
then be emptied into a latrine.
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Children should be taught to wash their hands after using the
latrine, after playing in dirty soil, after farming or gardening and
before preparing or eating food.
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Bὸn nuit………….………...……………Good Night
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