# 5.2 direct variation ```5.2 direct variation
Write and graph a direct variation
equation.
The time it takes to hear thunder varies directly with
the distance from the lightning.
Direct Variation:
A function represented by the equation:
y = kx where k≠ 0
a. The coefficient of x.
Constant of variation: b. 𝑘 = 𝑦
𝑥
Determine whether each equation represents a direct
variation? If so, find the constant of variation.
B). 3y + 4x = 8
-4x - 4x
A). 7y = 2x
7
7
3y
3
y = 2x
7
Is the equation in the form of y = kx?
yes
The constant of
variation is:
Or k = 2
7
2
7
= 8 - 4x
3 3
y = 8 – 4x
3 3
Is the equation in the form of y = kx?
No, so it’s not a
direct variation.
Suppose y varies directly with x, and y = 35 when x = 5. Write a direct
variation equation that relates x and y. What is the value of y when x = 9?
Direction variation equation form:
Solve for k:
Use y = 35 and x = 5
What is the value of y when x = 9?
(substitute and solve)
y = kx
35 = k(5)
7=k
y = 7x
y = 7x
y = 7(9)
y = 63
Weight on Mars y varies directly with weight on Earth x. The weights of the science
instruments onboard the Phoenix Mars Lander weigh 50 lbs on Mars and 130 lbs on Earth.
What is an equation that relates weight, in pounds, on Earth x and weight on Mars y?
y = kx
50 = k(130)
.38 = k
Solve for k:
Substitute
x = 130
y = 50
y = .38x
Make a table and graph the equation.
x
0
50
100
150
y
0
19
38
57
Graphs of direct variations:
1. Equation: y= kx
2. Line passes through (0,0)
3. The slope of the line = k.
k&gt;0
k&lt;0
Does y vary directly with x? If it does, write an
equation for the direct variation.
How?
x
4
8
10
y
6
12
15
Find k
𝑦
𝑥
6
=
4
x
1.5
12
=
8
1.5
15
=
10
1.5
Yes. It is a direct variation
equation because the ratio
𝑦
is the same.
𝑥
y = 1.5x
y
-2
1
4
3.2
2.4
1.6
𝑦
𝑥
3.2
=
−2
-1.6
2.4
=
1
2.4
1.6
=
4
.4
No. It isn’t a direct
variation equation
because the ratio
𝑦
isn′ t the same.
𝑥
Assignment: pg 304
10-38 even.
```