Current Agricultural Trends Including a Brief History Lesson Lisa Tronchetti & Ryan Steffensen Outline A Brief History Current Agricultural Trends (Including US Comparisons) – – – – – – Population and Expansion Machinery Row Crop Production Livestock Production Forestry Renewable Energy Future Outlooks A Brief History: 11th-14th Century Cultivation=Expansion – – 4 million to 12 million people New Settlements Three Field System – – More fruit and vegetable production More wine production! A Brief History: Land Ownership Issues Land Ownership – Manor Lords – Estate Owners – Western Germany More Freedoms Eastern Germany Closer ties to owners Inheritance Effects on farm size and growth A Brief History: The Liberation 1790-1850 Paved the way for market oriented agriculture 3 Things Occurred 1. 2. 3. Discharge Division and Coupling Eliminated barriers to land possession A Brief History: The Third Reich 1933-1945 Third Reich Policy – Joining the NS – Greatly influences agriculture After being in a economic decline for many years NSDAP – – – Agricultural pare of NS Designed to better represent farmer Used by the NS to reach own gains Current Trends: Population and Expansion Germany: 1 farmer = 75 people fed – Germany: 350,000 farms Decreasing the # of farms, Increasing Size – – U.S.: 1 farmer = 100 people fed Like trend in U.S. Avg. Farm Size (Germany) App. 300 acres Land Statistics Current Trends: Machinery Came into use after WW1 – – Tractor Combine (harvesting equipment) Lead to trend in larger farm size and fewer farms. Current Trends: Row Crop Production 5 Top Products 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Sugar Beets Wheat Potatoes Barley Rapeseed Other Crops – – – – – Maize (corn) Soybeans Rye Fruits Vegetables Trend is moving away from traditional goods to corn and value added products/organic (fruits and veggies). Current Trends: Livestock Production Top 4 Livestock 1. 2. 3. 4. Hogs Cattle Rabbits Sheep Average Herd Size – – – 70 cattle 40 dairy 300 hogs Current Trends: Forestry 30% of Land Mostly private ownership High pollution hurts forests Quota System Current Trends: Renewable Energy 6% Wind Energy Biodiesel Ethanol Wave Power (something new) Future Outlook Globalization Integration – Increasing farm size Off Farm Income Shift to Corn Production Wave Energy! Conclusion History has greatly affected today’s Agricultural practices Agriculture is still growing and changing in Germany Trends are much like in the United States The Future is Exciting!