Chapter 7 and 8 Review

advertisement
Chapter 7 and 8 Celebration of
Knowledge Review 2014
#1 All of the following were things
that Americans expected from their
government EXCEPT?
A monitor the economy and pay off the debt
B monitor and control trade of both imports and exports
C pass fair tax laws, help small businesses and not
interfere in daily life
D institute the right to settle western lands
B monitor and control trade of
both imports and exports
#2 The new federal government in
America took actions that would set an
example for the future. In Washington’s
words, these exemplary actions “will
serve to establish a
A procedure”
B precursor”
C policy”
D precedent”
D precedent”
#3 All of the following issues divided
Alexander Hamilton and Thomas
Jefferson EXCEPT?
A how to address the national debt
B how to repay the value of bonds
C whether or not to move the capital
D whether or not to limit the federal government
C whether or not to move the
capital
#4 The national debt can best be
defined as the amount of money
owed
A to the nation by the nation’s citizens and
foreign countries
B by the nation to the foreign countries and the
nation’s citizens
C to the federal government by individual states
D by the federal government to domestic
debtors
B by the nation to the foreign
countries and the nation’s citizens
#5 Alexander Hamilton stood for a
flexible reading of the Constitution,
but Thomas Jefferson stood for
A loose construction
B soft construction
C strict construction
D tight construction
C strict construction
#6 According to Thomas Jefferson and
James Madison, what was the most
serious flaw in Alexander Hamilton’s plan
for a national bank?
A The federal government lacked the authority to create
a national bank making the bank unconstitutional.
B Keeping the nation’s money in one place would create
and unnecessary risk endangering the economy in case
of foreign attack
C A national bank would put private money lenders out
of business giving the federal government a monopoly
on granting loans
D A national bank would rob the states of power, leading
to friction between the states and the federal
government.
A The federal government lacked
the authority to create a national
bank making the bank
unconstitutional.
#7 All of the following were reasons
why Alexander Hamilton wanted a
national bank for the United States
EXCEPT?
A to secure the national economy
B to have the money to pay for a national health
plan for all its citizens
C to provide for a place for the government to
keep its money
D to make loans to businesses and citizens
B to have the money to pay for a
national health plan for all its
citizens
#8 A “protective tariff” adds a tax to
the price of imported goods to protect
domestic products from foreign
A contamination
B competition
C theft
D boycott
B competition
#9 Alexander Hamilton changed
Southerners’ minds about paying war
debt by convincing northern members of
Congress to move the capital to where?
A Boston
B New York City
C Philadelphia
D Washington D.C.
D Washington D.C.
#10 Alexander Hamilton’s vision of a robust
economy depended on the contributions of
business people and manufacturers but
Thomas Jefferson's vision put greater
emphasis on
A teachers and education
B farmers and agriculture
C merchants and small business
D doctors and healthcare
B farmers and agriculture
#11 George Washington’s statement
that America would not take sides in
disputes between warring European
countries was called?
A the Swiss Pact
B the Neutrality Proclamation
C the Peace Treaty of 1793
D Pinckney’s Treaty
B the Neutrality Proclamation
#12 Why did some members of
Congress criticize George Washington’s
pronouncement about staying out of
disputes between European Countries?
A They felt the president was overstepping the bounds of
his authority and wanted to enforce the separation of
powers.
B They felt there was a clear favorite in the disputes
between France and Great Britain and wanted to express
their sympathies.
C They felt it would be best for national security if the
United States forged clear alliances with foreign countries.
D They felt that the president’s idea was sensible, but that
the executive branch should have to answer to the
legislative branch.
A They felt the president was
overstepping the bounds of his
authority and wanted to enforce
the separation of powers.
#13 Why did Thomas Jefferson
criticize the U.S. policy towards
France?
A He disagreed with George Washington’s stand on
foreign alliances because he believed the new U.S. should
use its military power whenever it could
B He believed the U.S. owed France support because
France had backed the U.S. during the Revolutionary War.
C He wanted to undermine Alexander Hamilton’s proBritish stance and reduce his rivals in influence on the
president’s foreign policy
D He was eager to quit his position in George
Washington’s cabinet and saw the French issue as a
convenient excuse.
B He believed the U.S. owed
France support because France
had backed the U.S. during the
Revolutionary War.
#14 Which statement best expresses
George Washington’s attitude toward
Jay’s Treaty?
A He did not like it but believed it was the most
that could be done.
B He urged the Senate not to approve it in
hopes of a better compromise.
C He felt it was the best possible solution to the
British threat to U.S. neutrality.
D He was glad to pay off the country’s preRevolutionary debts to the British
A He did not like it but believed it
was the most that could be done.
#15 Pinckney’s Treaty addressed
American settlers’ disputes over the
Florida border with which country?
A France
B Britain
C Spain
D Mexico
C Spain
#16 The greatest threat to American
expansion into the Northwest
Territories was
A diseases, such as smallpox and influenza,
spread by American Indians
B American Indian tribes supplied with guns
and ammunition by the British
C Americans’ inability to counter attacks on
supply lines into the territories
D Americans’ inability to cope with harsh winter
conditions and inadequate forts
B American Indian tribes supplied
with guns and ammunition by the
British
#17 On their march to the western
frontier to fight the American Indians,
many of General Wayne’s troops were
unable to fight effectively, because
a.
they had been up all night due to a full
moon and no clouds to block the bright
moonlight
b.
they were ill from influenza and smallpox
c.
the quality of their weapons was not as
good as the Native American alliance
d.
it of the heavy snow and blizzard
conditions that existed at the time of the fight
b. they were ill from influenza
and smallpox
#18 How did the Whiskey Rebellion
end?
A Tax collectors tarred and feathered the rebels
before Washington’s army arrived
B The rebels hid their stores of whiskey before
Washington’s army arrived.
C Most of the rebels fled before Washington’s
army arrived.
D Most of the rebels formed a militia and battled
Washington’s Army.
C Most of the rebels fled before
Washington’s army arrived.
#19 President Washington personally
led the militia against the westerners
in the Whiskey Rebellion because ?
A he felt individual farmers should have to pay off the
national debt trough taxes
B he felt the federal government was owed taxes for
providing settlers with protection and opportunities for
trade
C he felt people needed to understand the Constitutional
right of Congress to institute tax laws
D he felt the rebellion might spark similar incidents of
violence
C he felt people needed to understand
the Constitutional right of Congress to
institute tax laws
#20 During George Washington’s
farewell address, he warned Americans
against all of the following dangers
EXCEPT
A
B
C
D
making foreign alliances
burdening future generations with debt
increasing political conflicts at home
maintaining the institution of slavery
D maintaining the institution of
slavery
#21 Which of these slogans might a
Federalist have shouted at a party
rally?
A
B
C
D
Central Government over All!
States Rule!
Power to the People!
Jefferson for President!
A Central Government over All
#22 The presidential election of 1796
differed from prior American
elections because there were what?
A
B
C
D
conventions.
debates.
multiple candidates.
Democrats and Republicans.
C multiple candidates.
#23 The first political party division in
the United States was between who?
A
B
C
D
Democrats and Republicans
Liberal and Conservatives
Democrat-Republicans and Federalist
Federalist and Royalist
C Democrat-Republicans and
Federalist
#24 How was a vice president
chosen in 1796?
A He ran alongside the presidential candidate
B He was elected by popular vote
C He was the presidential candidate who came
in second
D He was appointed by the president-elect
C He was the presidential
candidate who came in second
#25 Who became vice president as a
result of the 1796 election?
A
B
C
D
Jefferson
Adams
Madison
Hamilton
A Jefferson
#26 Alexander Hamilton helped
found the Federalist Party, which
wanted to limit what?
A
B
C
D
industry
trade
federal government power
state government power
D state government power
#27 The Republicans took control from the
Federalist in 1800 as a result of popular
distaste for the Alien and Sedition Acts, which
limited all EXECPT which of the following
freedom?
A
B
C
D
speech
press
expression
religion
D religion
#28 The Alien and Sedition Acts
were supported by the Federalist as
a way to
A protect the country from Republican critics
B limit the government power over foreigners
and criticize the government
C imprison foreigners and journalist
D punish French speakers
A protect the country from
Republican critics
#29 Republicans’ main criticism of
the Alien and Seditions Acts was that
they
A gave too much power to the national
government and interfered with state
government
B took too many rights, such as freedom of
speech, away from foreigners
C went against the American policy of neutrality
D forced the press to publish falsehoods
A gave too much power to the
national government and
interfered with state government
#30 During the presidency of John
Adams, three French agents would
discuss a treaty with the U.S. only in
exchange for a bribe. The incident came
to be known as the
A
B
C
D
TGIF Talks
ABC Incident
RST Event
XYZ Affair
D XYZ Affair
#31 Which best describes President
John Adams’s attitude toward going
to war with France?
A He was eager to go to war despite the cost.
B He wanted war, but would not declare it
without congressional approval.
C He thought war might be unavoidable and
gave up hope for a treaty.
D He refused to go to war despite protests by
members of his own party.
D He refused to go to war
despite protests by members
of his own party.
#32 The Kentucky and Virginia
Resolutions were put forward by
which leaders?
A
B
C
D
Hamilton and Madison
Adams and Jefferson
Jefferson and Madison
Adams and Hamilton
C Jefferson and Madison
#33 “Loose construction” is best
defined as
A the idea that the parts of the Constitution need not be
interpreted in the context of the whole.
B the interpretation that says the federal government can
take reasonable actions in special cases as long as they are
not specifically forbidden by the Constitution.
C the notion that there is an elasticity to the Constitution that
allows politicians to stretch it in order to deal with any new
situation.
D the position that says the Constitution allows only
necessary means to deal with new situations and should not
be stretched merely because politicians find it convenient.
B the interpretation that says the
federal government can take
reasonable actions in special cases
as long as they are not specifically
forbidden by the Constitution.
#34 The Judiciary Act of 1789 was passed by
President George Washington to set up a
system of federal courts because he believed
that
A the stability and success of the national government depends on
the interpretation and execution of its laws by an independent
judicial branch.
B the problems of crime and violence caused by a growing
population could be prevented by extending the reach of the judicial
branch.
C with the executive and legislative branches securely in place, the
judiciary branch was the last piece needed to complete the puzzle of
a new government.
D when cases of constitutional interpretation arose the executive
and legislative branches would not have time to make good
judgments.
A the stability and success of the
national government depends on the
interpretation and execution of its
laws by an independent judicial
branch.
#35 What is the Electoral College?
A a body of delegates from each state that
casts the deciding votes for president
B a school for the advanced study of
voting practices and political campaigning
C a group of voters hand-picked for
cabinet positions by the president-elect
D a name given to all voters who cast
ballots in presidential elections
A a body of delegates from
each state that casts the
deciding votes for president
#36 Which statement best answers the
question of whether or not there were
political divisions in America in 1789?
A The fact that George Washington was selected
unanimously showed that there were probably no political
divisions.
B Public debates over who would serve in George
Washington’s cabinet showed that tension surrounded
political appointments.
C George Washington’s passage of the Judiciary Act of
1789 showed that the greatest struggle was between
presidential and legislative authority.
D The splitting of the executive branch into departments
showed that social issues divided the country.
A The fact that George Washington
was selected unanimously showed
that there were probably no political
divisions.
#37 What is one way that Abigail Adams
and Judith Sargent Murray were different
from Martha Washington?
A Martha Washington strongly supported the idea
of Republican Motherhood
B They believed that it was up to the men in the
family to raise children to be good citizens.
C They wanted women to play a more important
role in the new nation than Martha Washington did.
D They believed that the First Lady should just
entertain guests and attend social functions.
C They wanted women to play
a more important role in the
new nation than Martha
Washington did.
#38 In general, Congress created
departments in the executive branch to
address what type of policy?
A national policy
B foreign policy
C economic policy
D tax policy
A national policy
#39 In 1790, how did Americans feel about
the future of their new government?
A Their expectations were high because they trusted
their leaders to protect their economic and security
interests.
B They were uncertain because they had experienced
only monarchy and didn’t know whether the democratic
experiment would succeed.
C Their expectations were low because they questioned
the president’s honesty and disliked the First Lady.
D They worried because they knew the nation was deep
in debt from the Revolutionary War.
A Their expectations were high
because they trusted their leaders
to protect their economic and
security interests.
#40 Which statement best characterizes
American farmers in 1790?
A They were independent people who didn’t want
government interfering in their daily lives.
B They were civic-minded people who took every
opportunity to organize and participate in community
events.
C They were hard working and generous people who
wanted to have their tax money distributed to those less
fortunate.
D They were extremely competitive people and refused
to accept any law designed to protect them from foreign
rivals.
A They were independent people
who didn’t want government
interfering in their daily lives.
#41 Why did Alexander Hamilton take measures
to limit the national bank’s power?
A He believed in strict construction of the
Constitution and didn't believe in the bank.
B He did not want to create a banking
monopoly that lasted indefinitely.
C He was not a Federalist.
D He believed in states’ rights, and wanted
the states to have banks of their own.
B He did not want to create
a banking monopoly that
lasted indefinitely.
# 42 According to George Washington’s
Farewell Address, all of the following
were key’s to national success EXCEPT?
A political unity
B neutrality in foreign policy
C economic security
D checks and balances
D checks and balances
#43. According to Thomas Jefferson, the
primary role of the federal government
includes all of the following EXCEPT
A protecting the nation from foreign
threats.
B delivering the mail.
C collecting customs duties.
D expanding domestic taxes.
D expanding domestic
taxes.
#44 In the hotly contested election of 1800,
whose supporters claimed that a Thomas
Jefferson presidency would bring to America
the chaos of the French Revolution?
A Aaron Burr’s
B John Marshall’s
C John Adams’
D James Madison’s
C John Adams’
****#45 What was the significance of the Battle
of the Thames River??
a.
It broke both the British and American
Indian power in the Northwest.
b.
It forced the British to withdraw from Lake
Erie and gave the Americans new hope.
c.
It led the way for an American invasion of
Canada.
d.
It inspired the writing of the national
anthem, “The Star-Spangled Banner.”
a. It broke both the British and
American Indian power in the
Northwest.
#46 Which of the following was a major theme
of Thomas Jefferson’s inaugural address?
A uniting Republicans and Federalists
B increasing the size of government
C improving the capital’s infrastructure
D repaying the national debt
A uniting Republicans and
Federalists
#47 All of the following statements
reflect the significance of Marbury
v. Madison EXCEPT?
A It confirmed the Supreme Court’s power to
declare acts of Congress unconstitutional.
B It established the power of judicial review.
C It meant the Supreme Court had to hear every
case brought before it.
D It helped make the judicial branch equal to the
other two branches.
C It meant the Supreme Court
had to hear every case brought
before it.
#48 The Louisiana Purchase was
significant to the United States
because
A it nearly doubled the size of the country.
B it helped the United States challenge British
power in North America
C it set a precedent regarding the purchase of
territory without congressional approval.
D it took New Orleans out of Spain’s control.
A it nearly doubled the size of
the country.
#49 In the early 1800s, the
Mississippi River was crucial to
settlers in all but which of the
following states?
A Georgia
B Kentucky
C Ohio
D Tennessee
A Georgia
#50 French leader Napoleon Bonaparte was so
eager to get rid of his American territories that when
America’s ambassador tried to buy New Orleans, the
French offered to sell all of Louisiana for $15 million.
All of the following statements describes Napoleon's
strategic reasoning behind this move EXCEPT?
A France was at war with the British and thought that an expanded
U.S. would humble England’s pride sooner or later.
B Napoleon needed the $15 million from the sale to reinforce his
military in the fight against the British, France’s greatest enemy.
C A slave revolt on the island of Hispaniola had dashed Napoleon’s
hopes of rebuilding France’s empire in North America, so he didn’t
mind giving up the Louisiana territory.
D Napoleon wanted to show that Jefferson was a hypocrite about
“strict construction” by making an offer he couldn’t refuse, even
without congressional approval.
D Napoleon wanted to show that Jefferson
was a hypocrite about “strict construction”
by making an offer he couldn’t refuse, even
without congressional approval.
#51 The Lewis and Clark expedition was
undertaken in order to explore the Louisiana
Purchase, learn about the plants and animals
of the West, and
A provide Americans with their first accounts of
the Northwest.
B establish the Corps of Discovery.
C form alliances with American Indian tribes
D attempt to find a river route to the Pacific
Ocean.
D attempt to find a river route
to the Pacific Ocean.
#52 Which mountains presented a
major obstacle to the Lewis and
Clarke expedition?
A the Appalachian Mountains
B the Sawtooth Mountains
C the Rocky Mountains
D the Blue Ridge Mountains
C the Rocky Mountains
#53 What was the significance of
Zebulon Pike’s exploration?
A It provided many Americans with their first
account of the Northwest
B It helped outline the Louisiana Territory’s
western border with New Spain
C It provided a full report of Spanish spying
activities in the Southwest.
D It inspired mountain climbers to explore the
peaks of the Cascade Range.
B It helped outline the
Louisiana Territory’s western
border with New Spain
#54 As the result of which activity did the
United States find itself involved in the war
between Britain and France when it broke out
in 1803?
A patrolling the English Channel with war
ships
B shipping goods and war supplies to
both countries
C negotiating the Louisiana Purchase
D protecting escaped British sailors from
impressment
B shipping goods and war
supplies to both countries
#55 After a British navy ship targeted an
American navy ship in 1807, Great Britain’s
violations of U.S. neutrality resulted in the
Embargo Act, which banned trade with
A Britain.
B France.
C Europe.
D all foreign countries.
D all foreign countries.
#56 The Embargo Act failed because
A the Non-Intercourse Act limited its scope.
B the Federalist Party rallied against it.
C it caused American merchants to lose money
and had little effect on Britain and France.
D Spain replaced the loss of U.S. trade with
increased trade in South America.
C it caused American
merchants to lose money and
had little effect on Britain and
France.
#57 In 1810, the Governor of the Indiana
Territory urged Tecumseh to follow the Treaty
of Greenville, signed in 1795. What was
Tecumseh’s reply?
A “The white people have no right to take the land from
the Indians, because the Indians had it first.”
B “If we submit, the independence of the Indians is
lost.”
C “With the signing of that treaty and the loss of that
land, I lost all hope.”
D “The chief who signed the white man’s treaty signed
away land that was not his. It cannot be yours.”
A “The white people have no right
to take the land from the Indians,
because the Indians had it first.”
#58 Why were U.S. officials
worried by Tecumseh’s actions?
A Tecumseh's actions broke the Treaty of
Greenville.
B Tecumseh's actions might have created an
Indian confederation.
C Tecumseh's actions may have been
supported by the British.
D Tecumseh's actions inflamed Americans.
C Tecumseh's actions may
have been supported by the
British.
#59 The first young members of
Congress to call for a trade war
against Britain were called
A
B
C
D
Battle Axes
Warlords
War Hawks
Redcoats
C War Hawks
#60 Who served as president of the
United States during the War of
1812?
A
B
C
D
George Washington
John Adams
Thomas Jefferson
James Madison
D James Madison
#61 All of the following help to
explain why the U.S. declared war
against Britain in 1812 EXCEPT?
A British trade restrictions hurt southern
planters and western farmers
B The British navy had aided the Barbary
pirates in the Mediterranean
C British impressments were hurting the U.S.
economy.
D The British had encouraged American Indians
to attack settlers in the West
B The British navy had aided
the Barbary pirates in the
Mediterranean
#62 Which of the following explains
why the U.S. Navy defeated the
British in the War of 1812?
A The U.S. Navy was larger than the British
Navy.
B The British Navy was more spread out than
the U.S. Navy
C The U.S. Navy had many new warships.
D U.S. sailors were more experienced than
British sailors
B The British Navy was more
spread out than the U.S. Navy
#63 Which of the following
assertions about the War of 1812
is false?
A It produced intense feelings of patriotism
among Americans.
B It strengthened American Indian resistance to
Americans.
C It produced a boom in American
manufacturing.
D It strengthened Americans’ faith in the
democratic experiment.
B It strengthened American
Indian resistance to Americans.
#64 The document that ended the
War of 1812 was called the ?
A
B
C
D
Treaty of Fort Jackson.
Treaty of Ghent.
Neutrality Proclamation.
Louisiana Purchase.
B Treaty of Ghent.
#65 The last major conflict of the
War of 1812 was the
A Battle of Baltimore
B Battle of Horseshoe Bend.
C Battle of New Orleans.
D Battle of Tippecanoe.
C Battle of New Orleans.
#66 The Treaty of Fort Jackson
did which of the following?
A forced the Creek Indians to give up 23 million
acres of land
B guaranteed American protection from
American Indians in the Northwest Territories
C gave the U.S. control of American Indian
lands along the Tallapoosa River
D forced Tecumseh to give up his plan to unite
American Indian nations
A forced the Creek Indians to
give up 23 million acres of land
#67 Why did Britain’s military
forces gain strength in April of
1814?
A The Queen ended an expedition to South
Africa and ordered the ships to the U.S. coast.
B Britain defeated France and could send more
troops to America.
C France released British war prisoners who
were soon added to the military ranks.
D There was a major decline in numbers of
American volunteers.
B Britain defeated France and
could send more troops to
America.
# 68 The first thing the British did
after their ranks were reinforced in
April of 1814 was attack the city of
A New Orleans.
B Baltimore.
C Washington.
D New York.
E San Francisco.
C Washington.
#69 American politicians’ fears that a foreign power
might take control of the Mississippi might have
come true during the Battle of New Orleans, if not for
the leadership of a commander who led a mix of
soldiers, free African Americans, and Choctaw
Indians against the British. What was his name?
A Oliver Hazard Perry
B Andrew Jackson
C Francis Scott Key
D Jean Lafitte
B Andrew Jackson
# 70 Which statement might a
Federalist have made in arguing
against war with Britain?
a.
“The U.S. Navy is far too weak in terms of manpower and the
size of its fleet to fight the British. Battles at sea would mean certain
death. We should avoid war.”
b.
“Good relations with the British are essential to the health of
New England’s economy. Better to forge friendly business ties than
to fight another war.”
c.
“The federal government has yet to pay off the national debt
caused by the Revolutionary War. Let’s not increase the debt by
fighting another.”
d.
“America is a democracy. If the majority of the American
people do not want war, we should not fight. And the majority do not
want war.”
b. “Good relations with the
British are essential to the
health of New England’s
economy. Better to forge
friendly business ties than to
fight another war.”
#71 Which of the following was a
failure of the Lewis and Clark
Expedition?
A collect adequate information about western
plants and animals.
B survey the Louisiana Purchase
C travel over the Cascade Range on horseback
D find an all river route across the West to the
Pacific Ocean
D find an all river route across
the West to the Pacific Ocean
# 72 Thomas Jefferson and his treasury secretary,
Albert Gallatin, reduced government spending in
order to repay the national debt. Arguably, this policy
weakened the United States’ position in relation to
the British because it
A abolished domestic taxes that could have
funded American troops.
B cut the navy to a very small number of active
ships.
C lowered military spending and reduced the
size of the Air Force.
D limited the national government to several
hundred people
B cut the navy to a very small
number of active ships.
#73 The Federalists’ plea to end the War of
1812 caused embarrassment to the party
despite the fact that it was never heard in
Washington. Why wasn’t it heard?
A The Federalist delegates elected at the Hartford Convention to
meet with Congress missed their appointment.
B When the Federalist delegates got to Washington it was engulfed
in fires the British had set, which made it politically unwise to argue
against war.
C Slow communications meant the Federalist delegates hadn’t
heard about the treaty that ended the war until they got to the
capital.
D Republican patriots accused the Federalists of loyalty to the
Queen of England, which caused them to give up and stay in
Connecticut.
C Slow communications meant the
Federalist delegates hadn’t heard
about the treaty that ended the war
until they got to the capital.
#74 Legislators Henry Clay, John C.
Calhoun, and Felix Grundy fought for war
against the British because they were
A from the South and West, and wanted to put a stop to
British influence on Indian groups on the frontier.
B War Hawks, and wanted to prove their political
strength against the Federalists by opposing Federalist
claims
C from the North, and hoped to open more land for
settlement by invading Canada.
D Populists, and were angered by British trade
restrictions that hurt planters and farmers
A from the South and West, and
wanted to put a stop to British
influence on Indian groups on the
frontier.
#75 How is judicial review best
defined?
A the power of Congress to oversee
decisions made by the Supreme Court
B the power of Congress to review the
appointment of Supreme Court justices
C the power of the judiciary to declare an
act of Congress unconstitutional
D the power of the judiciary to monitor the
conduct of presidential elections
C the power of the judiciary
to declare an act of
Congress unconstitutional
#76 Which of the following finally
determined who would be President
of the United States in the Election of
1800?
A
B
C
D
The Electoral College
The United States Supreme Court
The United States House of Representatives
The United States Senate
C The United States House of
Representatives
#77 All of the following are true of
the Election of 1800 EXCEPT?
A The Constitution’s system of choosing the
president and vice president failed to work
properly
B The House of Representatives selected the
president and vice president
C The president and vice president were from
different political parties
D Alexander Hamilton threw his support behind
Thomas Jefferson and against Aaron Burr
C The president and vice
president were from different
political parties
#78 Which of the following was a
Shawnee leader that tried to convince
Native American peoples to unite in order
to save their remaining land from white
settlement?
A Crazy Horse
B Little Turtle
C Tecumseh
D Chief Powhatan
C Tecumseh
# 79 Who was the Chief Justice that
presided over the case that
established the principle of judicial
review for the Supreme Court?
A John Jay
B John Marshall
C John Roberts
D Thurgood Marshall
B John Marshall
# 80 Who wrote a poem that later
became the national anthem of the
United States, while watching the battle
for Fort McHenry?
A Francis Scott Key
B Oliver Hazard Perry
C Stephen Collins Foster
D George Wilkes Booth
A Francis Scott Key
#81 What was the purpose of the
Non-Intercourse Act?
A It kept any new immigrants from
moving into America
B It made it illegal to criticize the
government either by speech or by writing
C It made it illegal to tax a citizen without
first allowing representation
D It banned trade with Britain, France and
all of their colonies
D It banned trade with
Britain, France and all of
their colonies
#82 What impact did Sacagawea
have on American History?
A She helped a U.S. expedition to explore the
Louisiana Territory
B She tried to unite Native Americans against
westward expansion
C She led a slave revolt against white settlers in
Louisiana
D She led Native Americans against white
settlers in the Ohio Valley over fur trade
A She helped a U.S. expedition
to explore the Louisiana
Territory
#83 What battle in 1794, basically ended
the ability of the tribes in the Northwest
Territory to continue to wage war?
A Battle of Gettysburg
B Battle of Fallen Timbers
C Battle of Yorktown
D Battle of New Orleans
B Battle of Fallen Timbers
# 84 All of the following would have been
a beliefs of Thomas Jefferson and other
Democratic-Republicans during the
Election of 1800 EXCEPT?
A Believed in rule by the common man or
citizen
B Favored alliances to the French over the
British
C Wanted the economy to be based on
agriculture
D Believed that the Federal Government should
be more powerful than State Governments
D Believed that the Federal
Government should be more
powerful than State Governments
# 85 All of the following would have been
a beliefs of John Adams and other
Federalists during the Election of 1800
EXCEPT?
A Believed in rule by the wealthy, well-educated class
B Favored alliances to the British over the French
C Wanted an economy that put an emphasis on
manufacturing
D Believed that State Governments should have more
power than the Federal Government
E Believed in a loose or broad interpretation of the
United States Constitution
D Believed that State
Governments should have more
power than the Federal
Government
# 86 Which of the following Supreme
Court cases set the precedent of allowing
for judicial review?
A McCullough v. Maryland
B Marbury v. Madison
C Brown v. the Board of Education of
Topeka Kansas
D Roe v. Wade
B Marbury v. Madison
#87. All of the following contributed
to the rise of political parties
EXCEPT?
A. Jefferson’s and Hamilton’s differing goals for
the future of America
B. The war between Great Britain and France
C. Hamilton’s and Jefferson’s opposing views
on the Constitution
D. Jefferson’s and Madison’s differing opinions
about the Marbury v. Madison case
D. Jefferson’s and Madison’s
differing opinions about the
Marbury v. Madison case
#88. Who were the Federalists trying
to silence by instituting the Alien and
Sedition Acts?
A. The Whig Party
B. The Constitutional Union Party
C. The Democratic-Republican Party
D. The Communist Party
E. The American Reform Party
C. The Democratic-Republican
Party
#89. Which of the following was the
condition of the U.S. military at the
end of the War of 1812?
A. The army had a surplus of soldiers, they were
well trained and had a stockpile of weapons.
B. They had French and Prussian officers
leading the U.S. military
C. The army was small, not well trained and
lacked supplies
D. The army had new uniforms, rifles and large
cannons.
C. The army was small, not well
trained and lacked supplies
#90. Which amendment changed the
way the president and vice president
would be elected to avoid what
happened to the election of 1800?
A. 11th Amendment
B. 12th Amendment
C. 13th Amendment
D. 14th Amendment
E. 15th Amendment
B
91. What was the approximate
population of the United States in the
1790s?
A. 2 million
B. 4 million
C. 6 million
D. 8 million
E. 10 million
B. 4 million
92. All of the following people were in
President Washington’s first cabinet
EXCEPT?
A. Secretary of State – Thomas Jefferson
B. Secretary of Diplomacy – Benjamin Franklin
C. Attorney General – Edmund Randolph
D. Secretary of War – Henry Knox
E. Secretary of Treasury – Alexander Hamilton
B. Secretary of Diplomacy –
Benjamin Franklin
93. What set up the Federal Court
System?
A. The U.S. Constitution
B. The Bill of Rights
C. The Federal Judiciary Act of 1789
D. The United States Supreme Court
C. The Federal Judiciary Act of
1789
94. All of the following were reasons
why farmers made their grain into
whiskey EXCEPT?
A. Grain was very bulky to take to market
B. It was easier to make whiskey than to remove
the husks from the corn
C. They could get more money from customers
for whiskey than for corn
D. A farmer could trade whiskey for other
products
B. It was easier to make
whiskey than to remove the
husks from the corn
95. Which of the following terms is
used to explain a person who buys
an item at a very low price in the
hopes that the value will rise so they
can make a large profit?
a.
b.
c.
Visionary
Entrepreneur
Investor
d.
e.
Speculator
Broker
d. Speculator
96. Who was the Miami chief that led
many victories in the Northwest
Territory, and tried to convince the
other chiefs to negotiate once Anthony
Wayne took over the American troops
in the area?
a.
b.
c.
Tecumseh
Pocahontas
Crazy Horse
d.
e.
Sitting Bull
Little Turtle
e.
Little Turtle
97. Much of our nation’s economic
activity takes place at the New York
Stock Exchange which is found on
which of the following streets?
a.
b.
Wall Street
Front Street
c.
d.
Money Street
Boardwalk Street
a. Wall Street
98. Most of the fighting in the War of
1812 took place
a.
b.
in Europe
in Canada
c.
d.
in the United States
at Sea
c. in the United States
99. Why did President Jefferson agree
to buy Louisiana from France?
a.
He wanted to learn more about the lands
and peoples east of the Mississippi River
b.
He believed that the United States would
benefit from the purchase
c.
He wanted to end the French threat in
North America
d.
He hoped to increase the president’s
constitutional power
b. He believed that the United
States would benefit from the
purchase
100. In the 1790s, most Americans
a. lived in the countryside and worked on family
farms
b. lived in cities and worked as laborers,
craftspeople or merchants
c. lived in small towns and worked as laborers or
craftspeople
d. lived west of the Appalachian Mountains or
wanted to move West
a. lived in the countryside and
worked on family farms
GOOD JOB AND
GOOD LUCK
Download
Related flashcards
Create Flashcards