Sunitha Raju, Professor and Chairperson, Indian

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Implications of RTAs on the
Competitiveness of Indian
Agricultural Exports
Sunitha Raju
Professor and Chairperson
Indian Institute of Foreign Trade
New Delhi.
Indian Export (Mil US$)
1960-61
1970-71
1980-81
199091
Agricultural and allied
products
596
644
2601
6317
6256
17768
17963
Ores and minerals
109
217
523
834
906
7917
8699
Manufactured goods
610
1021
4738
13229
35181
127646
120167
Mineral fuels and
lubricants
15
17
35
528
1931
27523
28800
Total
1330
1899
7897
20908
44274
180854
175629
Share of Agricultural
Products in total goods
export of India (%)
44.8
33.9
32.9
30.2
14.1
9.8
10.2
Year
Source: Economic Survey, 2010-2011
2000-01
2008-09
2009-10
India’s Agricultural Trade Surplus
(1990-2010)
US Million $
30
25
20
15
10
5
Export
Source: Comtrade Database
Import
20
08
20
06
20
04
20
02
20
00
19
98
19
96
19
94
19
92
19
90
0
Structure of India and World Export
(% Share)
Category
1990
1995
2000
2006
India
India
India
India
Primary
52.3
51.6
42.1
41.6
Semi-Processed
24.9
22.4
31.8
24.7
Processed
22.8
26
26.1
33.7
Total (million $)
3005.78
(100.0)
6234.53
(100.0)
6303.05
(100.0)
11510.1
(100.0)
Source: UN COMTRADE (WITS), HS 1988/92 classification
Trends in Major Agricultural Exports
(As % of World Exports)
Products
1990
1995
2000
2005
2007
Coffee/coffee substitute
3.1
3.1
2.3
2.3
1.9
1.9
Edible products
0.2
0.2
0.3
0.2
0.3
0.4
Fruit/nuts, fresh/dried
1.9
1.7
2.0
1.8
1.6
1.8
Milk/butter/cheese
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.6
0.5
0.5
Oil seeds/oil fruits
1.0
1.3
1.7
1.4
1.1
0.8
Rice
7.6
20.6
10.2
14.4
18.2
15.9
Spices
10.9
10.7
10.2
9.7
16.0
17.0
Sugar/molasses/honey
0.3
1.2
1.2
1.0
4.8
0.3
Tea and mate
27.6
17.6
17.4
9.6
9.0
9.9
Vegetables,frsh/chld/frz
0.6
0.8
1.3
1.7
1.3
1.8
Wheat products
0.1
0.6
0.7
0.7
0.0
0.0
Marine Products
0.3
0.7
1.3
1.2
2.1
2.0
Cashew nuts, fresh/dried
59.9
55.9
42.7
28.3
28.5
39.5
Tobacco, raw and wastes
2.5
2.3
2.7
3.4
3.8
6.7
Cotton
11.2
5.25
7.67
6.6
16.9
13.2
Source: Calculations based on SITC rev 3, UN Comtrade database
2009
Direction of India’s Exports
(Share %)
Partner Regions
1991
1995
2000
2002
2005
2009
Africa
1.83
1.79
3.30
5.01
7.31
8.55
America
9.08
10.80 14.26 12.84 11.42 10.19
Asia (excl. Middle
East)
24.02 29.52 26.81 33.58 30.97 32.64
Middle East
15.67 14.75 13.34 14.48 15.58 14.27
Europe
25.53 24.62 24.04 18.90 18.39 18.20
Oceania
0.67
Source: India Trades, CMIE
0.80
0.75
0.82
0.96
1.17
India’s Export Competitive Products
1.
2.
3.
Share of competitive products share increasing

accounted for 76.2% of export value in 2006 as against
69.3% in 2003
Concentration of competitive products in the following
products:
meat (02), Fish (03), Edible Fruits & nuts (08), Tea & Pepper
(09), Cereals (10), Oil seeds (12), Food residues (23) &
Tobacco (24)
Competitive products share low or non existent : cut flowers,
edible vegetables, sugar, dairy, preparation of cereals
These trends imply that India is able to maintain export
competitiveness in primary and semi processed products
Sustaining Export Markets
1. Traditional markets are declining or stagnant . (Fish, Cereals
Coffee, Tea and Black pepper).
2. Export markets expanding for products diversified into value
added exports. (Fish, Coffee, Black Pepper, Oil Seeds and
Processed Food).
3. In traditional markets, India is loosing market share to competing
suppliers.
 China (Fish, Ground Nut, Liquour, Vegetable)
 Vietnam (Vegetables, Cashew Nut, Pepper)
 Sri Lanka (Tea)
 EU and USA (Tobacco Products)
ASEAN-India Agricultural Trade
Characteristics
(US Mil $)
Year
Exports
Imports
Total Trade
(Export+ Import)
Trade
Balance
Export/Import
Ratio
1. India's Trade with ASEAN
2000
880.00
1101.10
1981.10
-221.10
0.80
2003
1208.60
2264.90
3473.50
-1056.30
0.53
2006
1853.70
2040.57
3894.30
-186.90
0.91
2008
3811.09
3740.00
7552.00
71
1.02
2. ASEAN's Trade with India
2000
1296.60
832.15
2128.75
464.45
1.56
2003
1852.00
1049.35
2901.39
802.69
1.76
2006
1769.80
1623.38
3393.19
146.42
1.09
2008
1135.45
2056.14
3191.59
-920.69
0.55
Source : WITS Comtrade Database
Note : Agricultural products includes HS chapter 1-24, 40 and 52
India’s Export to ASEAN having
Increasing Shares
(US Mill. $)
India’s Export to ASEAN
India’s Export to World
Code
2000
2006
2000
2006
Dairy Products (04)
2.49
(5.39)
14.89
(8.36)
46.27
178.11
Edible Vegetables (07)
29.65
(11.02)
80.34
(12.91)
269.09
622.35
Edible fruit (08)
8.91
(1.46)
21.08
(2.40)
608.54
878.45
Tea, spices and coffee(09)
23.26
(2.67)
138.61
(11.64)
870.84
1190.98
Oilseed (12)
82.60
(24.40)
176.35
(33.14)
338.58
532.20
Vegetable preparations (14)
0.25
(1.35)
1.32
(5.02)
18.66
26.30
Cereal preparations(19)
3.10
(7.80)
12.22
(9.22)
39.78
132.47
Edible Preparations(21)
6.09
(4.84)
12.94
(6.60)
125.89
195.96
Tobacco(24)
10.93
(5.65)
56.20
(15.12)
193.60
371.74
Natural Rubber (40)
41.8
(11.33)
115.7
(9.72)
368.7
1190
Cotton (52)
130.05
(5.2)
287
(7.8 )
2445.50
3916.82
Source : WITS Database
Note : Figures in the brackets are ASEAN’s share in India’s export to the World
India’s Major Export to ASEAN
Product
Categories
Product Codes
Product Description
India’s Export to ASEAN
(Million $)
2003
2006
Meat
Products (02)
20210, 20220, 20230
Carcasses, Bovine Animals, Fresh Or
Chilled, and Others
134.95
194.74
Fish
Products (03)
30374, 30379, 30613, 30614,
30624
Flat Fishes, Tunas, Livers, Mussels,
Not Frozen and Others
75.02
59.56
Edible
vegetables (07)
70310, 70320
Chickpeas, Beans, Cassava and Sweet
Potatoes
37.89
73.68
Coffee and Tea Products
(09)
90411, 90412, 90420, 90920,
90930,
90950
Tea, Spices, Coffee Roasted
19.21
107.22
Cereals (10)
100510,100590, 100610, 100630
Maize seed, Rice in the husk,
milled rice
38.39
55.43
Oil Seeds (12)
120210, 120220, 120740
Lin Seed, Palm Nuts, Mustard, Castor
Oil, Seaweeds and Others
76.14
161.06
Sugar Products (17)
170111, 170191, 170199
Raw Sugar and Others
74.94
45.31
Residues and waste from
the food industries (23)
230400, 230630, 230640, 230670
Of Maize, Wheat, Oil Seeds, Cotton
Seeds, Sunflower Seeds
306.92
560.96
Cotton (52)
520100, 520511, 520521, 520522,
520523, 520524, 520541, 520548,
520710, 520790, 20811, 520821,
520831, 520911, 520942
Dyed Cotton, Bleached Cotton,
Unbleached Cotton, Fabrics
110.91
267.11
Source: UNCTAD Comtrade Database
India's Potential Export to ASEAN
(US Mil. $)
Product
Group
Product Code
(6 Digit)
Product
Description
ASEAN Import from
World
2003
2006
Fish Products (03)
030374, 030379, 030613,
030624
Frozen Fish, Crabs, Frozen
Mackerel, Anchovies
613.3
(11.8)
806.3
(7.6)
Edible vegetables (07)
070310, 070320
Onions and Shallots, Fresh or
Chilled Garlic
195.3
(21.6)
401.1
(16.5)
Coffee, tea and spice
products (09)
090411, 090920
Dried Pepper, Seeds Of
Coriander
73.6
(10.1)
70.1
(13.6)
Cereals (10)
100510, 100590, 100610,
100630
Maize Seed, Rice in The Husk,
Milled Rice
1060.1
(2.6)
1831.6
(2.3)
Sugars Products (17)
170111, 170191, 170199
Raw Cane Sugar, Cane Or
Beet Sugar
590.6
(3.0)
1214.2
(1.7)
Residues and waste
from the food industries
(23)
230400, 230670
Soya-Bean and Maize
Residue.
1449.3
(11.3)
1924.0
(25.0)
Cotton Products (52)
520100, 520522, 520524,
520811, 520812, 520819,
520832, 520839, 520852,
520859, 520911, 520929
Carded or Combed Cotton,
Single Yarn, Plain Wave,
Other Fabrics
1711.4
(0.9)
2048.4
(7.5)
Source : UNCTAD Comtrade Database
Note : Figures in brackets represent India’s share in total import of ASEAN
India’s Major Imports from ASEAN

Imports required to meet domestic supply deficit


Imports with potential threat


vegetable fats, chickpeas, natural rubber
Tea, Pepper, Turmeric & Tobacco
Other rising imports (cereal & vegetable products,
cocoa)
India’s Major Import from ASEAN
Product
Categories
Product Codes
Product Description
India’s Import from
ASEAN
(000’ $ )
2003
2006
Fish
Products (03)
30379, 30612, 30613, 30741,
30749
Shrimps , prawns, cut fish, Lobsters
and other frozen fish
1,865.554
964.514
Products of animal origin (05)
50800, 51199
Coral and similar materials
1,291.584
186.905
Edible
vegetables (07)
71310, 71320, 71331, 71332,
71333, 71339, 71390
Chickpeas, Beans and other beans
215279
456735
Edible Fruit (08)
080131
Cashew nuts :-- In shell
37009
35151
Coffee and Tea Products (09)
90111,90240, 90411, 90610
90700,90810, 90820, 90910,
91030
Coffee, not roasted, Other black tea,
Pepper, Cloves, Nutmeg, Mace,
Turmeric
43,705.014
74,089.184
Milling Products (11)
110812, 110814, 110819
Starches, Maize, Manioc, other
starches
1,558.573
2,817.059
Oil Seeds (12)
120890, 120930, 120991, 121190
Seeds of herbaceous, Vegetable seeds,
other
6,050.213
8,082.133
Lac and Gum (13)
130110, 130190, 130232
Lac , Vegetable saps, other
6164
22107
Vegetable Fats (15)
150710, 150790, 151110,
151190,151211, 151319,
151321, 151329, 151620, 152000
Crude oil, Sunflower-seed, Coconut oil,
Palm kernel, Vegetable fats, Glycerol
1740406
1249590
Cocoa (18)
180100, 180400,
180500,180620, 180690
Cocoa beans, Cocoa powder,
Other preparations in blocks,
Cocoa butter
9366
6378
Contd….
India’s Major Import from ASEAN
Product
Categories
Product Codes
Product Description
India’s Import from
ASEAN
(000’ $ )
2003
2006
Cereal Preparation (19)
190110, 190300, 190530, 190590
Preparations for infant use, Tapioca,
Sweet biscuits
1,029.530
3,275.702
Vegetable Preparation
(20)
200410, 200799, 200919, 200940
Potatoes, Orange juice, Pineapple
juice, Extracts
1,077.862
1,787.708
Miscellaneous
Preparation (21)
210111, 210390, 210690
Extracts, and others
940.217
4,605.822
Residues and waste
from the food industries
(23)
230120, 230650, 230660, 230890
Flours, coconut or copra, Other, palm
nuts
11096
17851
Tobacco (24)
240120, 240220
Cigarettes containing tobacco,
Tobacco, partly or wholly stemmed
2,135.277
4,716.975
Natural Rubber (40)
400121, 400122, 400129, 400219,
400220,400299,400700,400811
400910, 401029, 401110
Natural Rubber, Styrene, Transmission
belts, rubber used on aircraft, Gaskets,
washers, Vulcanized rubber, rubber
thread
51584
116684
Cotton (52)
520100 , 520299, 520829, 520833
520839, 520859, 520942, 521031
Bleached, Plain weave, yarns of
different colors, Printed, Unbleached
5,871.528
7,165.482
Source: UNCTAD Comtrade Database
India’s Potential Import from ASEAN
Product
Categories
Product Codes
Product Description
India’s Import from ASEAN
(000’ $ )
2003
2006
Edible
vegetables (07)
71310, 71320, 71331, 71332,
71333, 71339, 71390
Chickpeas, Beans and other beans
215279
(38)
456735
(54)
Edible Fruit (08)
080131
Cashew nuts :-- In shell
37009
(13)
35151
(9)
Coffee and Tea
Products (09)
90111, 90240, 90411, 90610
90700, 90810, 90820, 90910,
91030
Coffee, not roasted, Other black tea, Pepper,
Cloves, Nutmeg, Mace, Turmeric
31838
(43)
74759
(52)
Lac and Gum (13)
130110, 130190, 130232
Lac , Vegetable saps, other
6164
(34)
22107
(52)
Animal Products (15)
150710, 150790, 151110,
151190, 151211, 151319,
151321, 151329, 151620,
152000
Crude oil, Sunflower-seed, Coconut oil, Palm
kernel, Vegetable fats, Glycerol
1740406
(71)
1249590
(55)
Cocoa (18)
180100, 180400,
180500, 180620, 180690
Cocoa beans, Cocoa powder, Other
preparations in blocks, Cocoa butter
9366
(61)
6378
(23)
Residues and waste
from the food
industries (23)
230120, 230650, 230660,
230890
Flours, coconut or copra, Other, palm nuts
11096
(26)
17851
(57)
Natural Rubber (40)
400121, 400122, 400129,
400219,
400220,400299,400700,400811
400910, 401029, 401110
Natural Rubber, Styrene, Transmission belts,
rubber used on aircraft, Gaskets, washers,
Vulcanized rubber, rubber thread
51584
(38)
116684
(34)
Source : UNCTAD Comtrade Database
Duty Categories: Import Trends of the
Listed Products (2000-2008)
(000’ $)
Normal Track 1
Normal Track 2
Sensitive List
2000-04 2004-08
2000-04 2004-08
2000-04 2004-08
Indonesia
10954
(13.72)
61173
(24.55)
7398
(9.27)
8942
(3.59)
8330
(10.4)
11171
(4.48)
Philippines
171
(12.6)
1154
(28.3)
114
(8.4)
394
(9.6)
-
-
Vietnam
3752
(40.34)
12751
(53.31)
2122
(22.81)
1518
(6.35)
-
-
Malaysia
20475
(35.4)
25046
(32.25)
2057
(3.56)
3946
(5.08)
4856
(8.3)
Thailand
29783
(50.9)
101786
(50)
4043
(6.91)
11353
(5.58)
0
(0)
0
(0)
1775
(11.36)
65135
(5.03)
201910
(6.5)
17509
(1.35)
Singapore
Total (ASEAN)
Exclusion Lists
2000-04
2004-08
Total
2000-04 2004-08
167859
(67.37)
79826
249145
2528 (62)
1357
4076
3428
(36.8)
9648
(40.3)
9302
23917
7989
(10.28)
30458
(52.6)
40671
(52.3)
57846
77652
4371
(7.4)
15787
(7.7)
20301
(34.7)
74633
(36.7)
58498
203559
1354
(5.8)
7086
(46.4)
11958
(51.21)
6398
(41.9)
10038
(42.9)
15259
23350
27507
(0.89)
24643
(1.9)
46905
(1.51)
114801
(52)
305377
(52.5)
222088
581699
Source: UNCTAD Comtrade Database
Note: Figures in brackets are % share to the total imports
53144
(66.57)
1072
(79)
Duty Categories: A Comparison of NT & Exclusion
Products of ASEAN Member Countries with that of the
World Imports
(% share)
Normal Track 1 & 2
2000-04
2004-08
Exclusion (+ Sensitive)
2000-04
2004-08
1
Indonesia
2.78
2.96
5.09
5.69
2
Vietnam
1.16
1.06
0.36
0.56
3
Malaysia
2.1
1.23
2.9
1.77
4
Thailand
3.2
4.78
2.08
3.3
5
Singapore
1.85
0.89
1.1
0.94
Total
ASEAN
(US Mill. $)
93313
(2.47)
227869
(2.6)
138372
(2.4)
349754
(2.7)
Source: UNCTAD Comtrade Database
Note: Figures in brackets are share in world imports
Duty Structure Across Product Groups
1.
2.
3.
Tariff lines under Exclusion & Sensitive more than
Normal Track

Cereals, Vegetable fats, Beverage & Spirits,
Tobacco products
Tariff lines under Normal Track more than Exclusion &
Sensitive

Food residues, Cereal preparation, Sugar &
confectionary, Fish preparation
Equal distribution of tariff lines under Normal Track
and Exclusion & Sensitive

Natural rubber, Vegetable preparation, Oil seeds,
Edible fruits, Edible vegetables
Contd…..
Duty Structure Across Product Groups
4.
Coverage of tariff lines is more than what is being
imported

Implicit protection


Vegetable fats, Fish, Dairy, Edible fruits, Natural
rubber & vegetable preparation
Implicit disprotection

Meat products, Meat preparation, Edible
Vegetables, Cereal preparation, Food residue.
Product-wise Potential Imports under
Various Duty Categories
Country
Potential Imports under NT1
Potential Imports under
NT2
Potential import
protection under
Sensitive List
Potential import
protection under
Exclusion List
1
Indonesia
Fish, Edible vegetables,
Natural Rubber
Oilseeds, Lac & Gum
Tea & Spices, Natural
Rubber
Edible fruits, Tea & Spices,
Vegetable fats, Food
residues, Natural Rubber
2
Philippines
Edible vegetables, lac & gum,
and Natural Rubber
Lac & Gum, Beverages &
Spirits
_
_
3
Vietnam
Coffee, Tea & Spices,
Beverage spirits, Food Residue
& Natural Rubber
_
_
Coffee, Tea & Spices,
Edible fruits, Natural
Rubber
4
Malaysia
Edible Vegetables, Sugar &
Confectionary, Edible
Preparation, Natural Rubber
Cocoa products,
Beverages & spirits
Natural Rubber, Food
Residues
Dairy Products, Vegetable
Fats, Cocoa Products,
Food Residues, Tobacco,
Natural Rubber
5
Thailand
Edible Vegetables, Edible Fruit,
Sugar & Confectionary, Edible
Preparation, Food Residue
Flowers, Oilseeds, Lac &
Gum, Sugar &
Confectionary, Cereal
Preparation, Beverages &
Spirits
Food Residues,
Natural Rubber
Flowers, Milling industry,
Edible preparations, Natural
Rubber
6
Singapore
_
Cereal preparation
Beverages & Spirits
Natural Rubber
Vegetable fats, coca
products, Beverages &
spirits, Tobacco, Natural
Rubber
Source- Authors own calculations
India’s Potential Import from ASEAN
Product
Categories
Product Codes
Product Description
Share of India’s Import from ASEAN
between 2006-2008 (%)
NT1 and NT 2
EL and SL
Special
99.94
0.06
-
Edible
vegetables (07)
71310,71320,71331,71332,
71333, 71339,71390
Chickpeas, Beans and other beans
Edible Fruit (08)
080131
Cashew nuts :-- In shell
100
-
-
Coffee and Tea
Products (09)
90111,90240, 90411, 90610
90700,90810, 90820, 90910,
91030
Coffee, not roasted, Other black
tea, Pepper, Cloves, Nutmeg,
Mace, Turmeric
51
7
42
Lac and Gum (13)
130110, 130190, 130232
Lac , Vegetable saps, other
57
0
43
Animal Products (15)
150710, 150790, 151110,
151190 ,151211, 151319,
151321, 151329, 151620,
152000
Crude oil, Sunflower-seed, Coconut
oil, Palm kernel, Vegetable fats,
Glycerol
-
7
93
Cocoa (18)
180100, 180400,
180500,180620, 180690
Cocoa beans, Cocoa powder, Other
preparations in blocks, Cocoa butter
64
36
-
Residues and waste
from the food
industries (23)
230120, 230650, 230660,
230890
Flours, coconut or copra, Other,
palm nuts
66
34
-
Natural Rubber (40)
400121, 400122, 400129,
400219, 400220, 400299,
400700,400811, 400910,
401029, 401110
Natural Rubber, Styrene,
Transmission belts, rubber used on
aircraft, Gaskets, washers,
Vulcanized rubber, rubber thread
12
88
-
Source: - Calculation based UNCTAD Comtrade Database
Note- figures in the brackets are ASEAN’s share in India’s Import from the world. Products code in Bold are Sensitive and Exclusion listed, in normal
are NT1 and NT2, and Italic are other products
Is There an Import Threat

EL & SL account for 88% import of Rubber, 34% for Food
residues, 36% for Cocoa products, Coffee, Tea & Spices : 43%

NT1 & NT 2 account for 99% of imports of Edible Vegetables
and Fruits.

Tariff reduction nominal for Coffee, Tea & Spices; Oilseeds.

Tariff reduction for products which do not threaten food security
or Livelihood (Edible veg, Edible fruits, Beverages & spirits,
Sugar & Confectionery)
Conclusions
1. Most rising imports placed under EL. Thus, duty
2.
3.
4.
5.
concessions have no significant impact
Imports of Tea, Coffee, Spices are rising from World
and ASEAN because of Advance License scheme.
Will continue to rise in post-FTA period
For Natural Rubber, the duty structure does not
deviate from the existing trends
With respect to Edible Oils, there is a need to take
comprehensive view of imports under other FTA’s
particularly ISLFTA
Export potential opportunities exist but would require
developing export competitiveness
INDIA - SRI LANKA FTA
Duty Concessions under ISLFTA
Duty Concessions for Sri Lankan Exports to India
Tariff Reduction
Tariff Lines
Remarks
1998
2005
100%
1351
4150
50%
2799
0
To be made duty free from 2004
50%-Tea
5
5
50% fixed tariff concession for imports of tea from Sri Lanka
(Annual maximum quota of 15 million Kilograms)
50%-Garments
233
233
Garments covering Chapters 61 & 62 while remaining in the
negative list, will be given 50 percent tariff concessions on a fixed
basis, subject to an annual restriction of eight million pieces, of
which six million shall be extended the concession only if made of
Indian fabric. On utilization of the unrestricted quota, an additional
quota of 2 million pieces out of 8 million pieces is permitted. The
quota level per category is increased from 1.5 million to 2 million
pieces per category per year.
25%-Textiles
528
528
Concessions of Textile items restricted to 25 percent on Chapters
51-56, 58-60, & 63. Four Chapters under the Textile sector
retained in the negative list (Chapters 50, 57, 61, and 62)
0%
196
196
Negative List
Contd….
Duty Concessions under ISLFTA
Duty Concessions for Indian Exports to Sri Lanka
Tariff
Reduction
Tariff Lines
Remarks
1998
2005
100%
319
1208
50%
889
0
35%
2724
2724
Subject to 70% tariff reduction in 2006, and
100% in 2008
0%
1180
1180
Negative List
Source: Kelegama and Mukherji, 2007
ISLFTA: Comparison of Average
Agricultural Imports from Sri Lanka and
World
('000 US$)
Commodity Group
1993-94 to
1999-2000
Imports from
SL
I. Duty Free
173.3
(0.08%)
2000-2001 to
2005-06
1993-94 to
1999-2000
Imports from
SL
Imports from
World
207.5
(0.04%)
2000-2001 to
2005-06
Imports from
World
207741.4
490071.4
02 Meat & Edible Meat
0
0
112.5
161.4
06 Live Trees & Other Plants
0
0
4215.7
1900
07 Edible Vegetables
255
105
216825.7
460304.3
14 Vegetables Products
3.3
0
985.7
2240
12158.6
(0.88%)
63338.6
(1.81%)
1379944.2
3490882.8
Nil
56.7
5944.3
11247.1
05 Products of Animal Origin
367.1
518.6
5858.6
12201.4
08 Edible Fruits
1508
2011.4
321291.4
478380
3638.6
(12.5%)
24028.5
(21.6%)
29207.1
111067.1
5
82.9
Nil
9210
12 Oilseed & Oleaginan
227.1
768.6
14800
41775.71
13 Lac, gum
665.7
1085.7
24467.1
35225.71
II. Concessional List
03 Fish & Crusta
09 Coffee, Tea, Mate & Spices
11 Products of
Contd….
ISLFTA: Comparison of Average
Agricultural Imports from Sri Lanka and
World
('000 US$)
Commodity Group
1993-94 to
1999-2000
Imports from SL
2000-2001 to
2005-06
1993-94 to
1999-2000
Imports from SL
Imports from
World
2000-2001 to
2005-06
Imports from
World
15 Animal & Vegetable fats
1845.7
(0.3%)
29457.14
(1.5%)
666961.4
2020749
18 Cocoa & Cocoa Products
50
58.5
5521.4
14750
63.3
135.7
28324.2
19120
20 Preparation of Vegetable
Products
20
11.4
1192.8
14398.57
21 Miscellaneous edible
0
51.4
50201.4
34477.1
23 Residues & waste
from food indus.
16.6
(0.06)
804.2
(1.4%)
26747.1
58694.2
24 Tobacco products
40
15
3411.4
10901.43
40 Rubber Products
3360
4205.7
233877.1
445810
3380
(1.39%)
4247.1
(0.46%)
243382.9
924494.3
28
41.4
9505.7
68210
3360
4205.7
233877.1
445810
15612.9 (0.85%)
67645.7
(1.53%)
1845354.2
4414125.7
19 Preparations of Cereal
III. Negative List
22. Beverages & Spirit
40 Rubber Products
IV All agricultural Products
Sri Lanka's Import from World and
India (Neg. list prepared by Sri Lanka
Code
2001
2003
2005
World
India
World
India
World
India
Meat Products (02)
3.15
0.02
3.46
0.00
3.25
0.00
Fish Products (03)
95.22
0.00
94.80
0.02
103.56
0.15
Dairy Products (04)
114.57
0.06
119.71
0.05
135.83
0.31
8.97
0.01
10.16
0.01
10.48
0.02
Edible Vegetables (07)
134.40
0.00
111.45
0.03
141.41
0.05
Edible Fruit (08)
54.19
0.06
65.07
0.57
66.13
1.33
Tea, Coffee and Spices (09)
820.78
18.87
831.13
18.96
994.07
32.99
Cereals (10)
127.52
0.00
229.69
0.00
216.03
0.00
Milling Products (11)
10.36
0.12
14.23
0.24
65.99
0.39
Oilseed (12)
13.82
0.00
15.11
0.09
18.03
0.45
Lac and Gums (13)
0.65
0.00
0.88
0.00
0.69
0.02
Vege. Plaiting
materials (14)
7.73
0.00
9.10
0.00
10.24
0.00
Animal and Vegetable
Fats (15)
32.65
0.00
99.79
0.00
451.77
0.00
Live Trees and Plants (06)
Contd..
Sri Lanka's Import from World and India
(Neg. list prepared by Sri Lanka
Code
2001
2003
2005
World
India
World
India
World
India
Meat and Seafood
Preparation (16)
17.42
1.30
19.24
5.68
27.48
14.29
Sugar and sugar
Confectionary (17)
179.78
0.03
190.99
0.17
148.87
0.29
Cocoa (18)
5.26
0.01
4.82
0.03
4.17
0.09
Cereal and flour
preparation (19)
17.38
0.23
23.51
0.10
24.19
0.04
Vegetable and Fruit Preparation
(20)
11.00
0.00
13.85
0.07
13.62
0.03
Miscellaneous (21)
26.58
0.22
36.53
0.11
33.66
0.06
Beverages (22)
16.50
0.00
21.37
0.03
22.36
0.04
Residues (23)
20.29
0.00
23.25
1.25
23.62
1.79
Tobacco (24)
90.70
0.00
91.15
0.00
105.43
0.05
Source: UNCTAD Comtrade Database
Sri Lanka’s Import from India and World
(Residue list Products)
Figs in 1000$
Product Description
World
India
World
India
World
India
2001
2001
2003
2003
2005
2005
Live Animals (01)
0.95
4.35
1.13
Meat Products (02)
48.26
58.51
51.55
Fish Products (03)
49,974.99
3,621.92
43,267.99
3,889.60
42,035.56
3,862.80
Products of animal
origin (05)
4,700.27
128.10
3,999.06
9.27
1,129.88
0.28
Edible Vegetables (07)
5,239.18
67.49
4,049.68
26.79
4,656.16
109.35
Edible Fruit (08)
2,138.95
106.05
1,931.70
128.39
1,374.20
137.11
13.12
16.32
0.00
8.35
0.80
Milling Products (11)
1,639.46
2,653.07
Oilseed (12)
2,764.38
623.00
3,441.84
522.97
4,955.52
905.09
Lac and Gums (13)
643.46
50.10
724.69
32.37
637.48
23.61
Vegetables. Plaiting materials
(14)
22.20
Animal and Vegetable
Fats (15)
227.62
99.64
575.07
91.17
1,351.95
199.84
Residues (23)
22,966.17
14,038.02
43,365.08
14,644.99
65,991.08
27,872.76
Cotton (52)
399,360.17
70,741.52
486,370.42
65,587.46
609,111.64
86,256.02
Cereals (10)
Source -UNCTAD Comtrade Database
2,752.52
29.03
65.55
India’s Major Export to Sri Lanka
Product
Categories
Product Codes
Product Description
India’s Export to Sri Lanka
(Million $)
2003
2006
Fish
Products (03)
030559, (RL)
Dry fish
1.37
3.70
Edible
vegetables (07)
070190,070310,
071320,071340,071390, (N.L.)
Chickpeas, Beans, Cassava and Sweet
Potatoes
21.22
40.13
Coffee and Tea
Products (09)
090240,090420, (N.L)
Tea , ,spices ,Coffee roasted
3.53
4.69
Cereals (10)
100190,100590, (N.L)
Durum wheat and others
33.37
12.82
Sugar Products (17)
170111, 170191, 170199, (N.L)
Raw sugar and others
53.32
74.90
Residues and waste
from the food
industries
(23)
230400,(RL) 230990,(NL)
Of Maize, Wheat, oil seeds, cotton
seeds, Sunflower seeds
26.70
28.07
Cereal and flour
Preparations(
19)
190110,190190, (N.L)
Preparations of infant and others
1.22
5.99
Cotton (52)
520511,520521,520535,
520710,520790, (RL)
520811,520831
Dyed cotton, Bleached cotton,
unbleached cotton, fabrics
31.96
50.84
Source- WITS Comtrade Database
Note- RL- Residual List, NL-Negative List (Both the lists are prepared by Sri Lanka)
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