Exploring the Sheep & Goat Industry Lesson Interest Approach • Ask the students to come up with as many products as possible that are made with sheep and goats. • Write the examples on the board. • Encourage students to come up with meat, milk, chammy, clothing, and other items. Student Learning Objectives • Discuss terminology associated with sheep and goat production. • Describe sheep and goats as organisms and compare them externally. • Identify common breeds of sheep and goats. • Explain methods of producing sheep and goats. • List favorable and unfavorable factors. Terms • • • • • • • • Buck Cashmere Chammy Confinement Doe Ewe Kid Kidding • • • • • • • • Lamb Lambing Mohair Mutton Ram Wether Wool Yearling Discuss terminology associated with sheep and goat production. Objective #1 What are some specific terms used to describe sheep and goat production? • Doe - female goat or sheep. • Buck - male goat at any age. • Kid - goat of either sex under 1 year of age. • Yearling - goat of either sex over one year, but under 2 years of age. • Wether - male goat or sheep that has been castrated when young. • Ram - male sheep used for breeding purposes. What are some specific terms used to describe sheep and goat production? • Ewe - a female sheep. • Kidding - process of a goat giving birth. • Lambing - process of a sheep giving birth. • Lamb –sheep under one year old. –meat from a young sheep. What are some specific terms used to describe sheep and goat production? • Mutton - meat from a sheep that is over one year of age. • Chammy - leather made from sheep and goats. • Wool - a sheep’s coat that is used as a fiber for products such as clothing. Describe the sheep and goats as organisms and compare them externally. Objective #2 What are some comparisons between sheep and goats? Terms • Mohair – Hair taken from angora goats and used to make a wooly fabric. Sheep & Goat Similarities • • • • • Mammals. Ruminant digestive systems. Have divided hoofs. Raised for food and clothing. Important to economy. What are some comparisons between sheep and goats? • • • • Sheep Very efficient converters of feed to meat. Prefer broadleaf plants & grasses. Weigh between 100 to 225 pounds at maturity. Live from 7 to 13 years. • • • • • Goats Low importance to economy. Prefer to eat twigs & leaves. Weigh between 20 and 150 pounds. Live 8 – 10 years. Produce 60% of mohair. External Parts of a Goat External Parts of a Sheep Identify common breeds of sheep and goats Objective #3 What are common breeds of sheep and goats? • Over 200 breeds of sheep. • Over 300 breeds of goats. • Breed selection is based on personal needs and goals. • Animals should come from reputable producers and be free of diseases. Suffolk • Most popular sheep breed. • Medium wool breed. • Originated in England. • Large bodied. • Head, legs, ears are black. • Polled. • 8 – 10 lbs. fleece. • 150% lamb crop. United Suffolk Sheep Association PO Box 256 -17 West Main Newton, UT 84327 Phone 435-563-6105 Continental Dorset Club PO Box 506, North Scituate, RI (401) 647-4676 Dorset • Originated in England. • Medium-wool breed. • Polled or horned. • Completely white. • Medium sized body. • 7 – 8 lbs. fleece. • Ewes breed out of season for fall lambs. • Muscular carcasses. • Good milk producers. Hampshire • Originated in England. • Large sheep. • Polled. • Black faces, noses, ears, and legs. • Early maturing. • Good milkers. • 7 – 8 lbs. fleece. American Hampshire Sheep Association, 1557 173rd Ave. Milo,IA 50166 Phone: (515) 942-6402 American Oxford Sheep Association 1960 E 2100 North Road Stonington, Ill 62567 Oxford • Originated in England. • Medium-wool breed. • Very large breed. • Polled. • Face, ears, & legs gray to brown. • 10 – 12 lbs. fleece. • Lambs grow quickly. • Used in crossbreeding. Angora American Angora Goat Breeders PO Box 195 Rocksprings, TX 78880 • Originated in Turkey. • Well adapted to areas not fit for others. • Almost totally white at maturity. • Produce 7 lbs. mohair. • Horned. • Long droopy ears. • Buck weigh 125 – 175 lbs. • Does weigh 80 – 90 lbs. Dairy Goats LaMancha Saanen • Produce 5 lbs. of milk daily. • More minerals than cow’s milk. • Easier to digest. • Dairy breeds – French Alpine – LaMancha – Nubian – Saanen – Toggenburg Meat Goats • Known as Spanish goats. • Produce both milk and meat. • Sometimes called brush goats. • Largest meat goat population in Texas. Cashmere Goats • Developed by selective breeding. • Cashmere –Soft undercoat of fine down produced by goats. • Large demand for cashmere. • Solid colored goats are preferred in cashmere production. Pygmy National Pygmy Goat Association, 166 Blackstone St Mendon, MA 01756 • Originally exported from Africa. • Only 16 to 23 inches tall at withers. • Horned. • Any color or combination. • Research, pets, 4-H and FFA projects, zoos. Explain methods of producing sheep and goats. Objective #4 How do you produce sheep and goats? • Farm Flock – Can have 1 to 1,000 animals. – Located in midwestern, eastern and southern U.S. – Purpose are to produce market lambs and wool. • Purebred Flock – Sells rams and ewes of an ideal type. – High management requirements. – Knowledge of genetics. – 4-H & FFA members get their first animals from these producers. How do you produce sheep and goats? • Range band method • Confinement Method – Large bands of sheep between 1,000 and 1,500 being managed over a large area by a herder. – High vegetation area animals are used for meat. – Low vegetation animals are used for wool. – Confinement - raising animals completely indoors. – Less land. – Fewer parasite problems. – Ability to monitor animals. – Increased building costs. – Higher feed costs. – Intense management. How do you produce sheep and goats? • Lamb feeding production. –Involves weaning lambs and selling them to feedlots where the lambs are fed out to slaughter weight. List favorable and unfavorable production factors. Objective #5 What are some favorable and unfavorable production factors you may want to consider before starting a sheep or goat business? • Price for wool changes often. • Consumption of lamb & mutton are not as common. • Cotton & other material are used frequently and that decreases the demand for wool. • Predators can kill sheep. • Return on investment is usually fast. What are some favorable and unfavorable production factors you may want to consider before starting a sheep or goat business? • Sheep more susceptible to parasites and are less resistant to diseases. • Castrating & other health needs can be difficult. • Difficult to find knowledgeable help. • Easily raised on rough terrain with little feed. • Dual income for meat & wool. • Animals are easy to handle by young people. Review • What are some specific terms used to describe sheep and goat production? • What are some comparisons between sheep and goats? • What are common breeds of sheep and goats? • How do you produce sheep and goats? • What are some favorable and unfavorable production factors you may want to consider some facts before starting a sheep or goat business?