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ACT - Beef Cattle Breeds
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ANGUS
British breed
Scotland
Polled
Small calves
Early maturing
Black
Red (Recessive)
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Hereford
Hereford County England
Red/Brown Body
White face & white underline
Imported 1817
Polled developed in Iowa 1902
Horned
Polled
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SHORTHORN
NE coast of England
Red – White – Roan
Imported 1870
Horned or Polled
Milking Shorthorn (Dairy Breed)
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MURRAY GREY
Developed in Australia from Angus bull plus Shorthorn
cow
Light silver to chocolate or dun grey
Dark skin helps prevent cancer eye
Polled - easy calving - docile
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TEXAS LONGHORN
Texas from Spanish cattle
Variations of colors and patterns
Lanky bodies with long legs and feet built for speed
Small calves at birth
Horns 6 feet or more
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pinzgauer
Austria 1600’s
Horned or Polled
Hardy – Docile
Easy calving ability
Pigmented skin under a chestnut red coat and white
markings on the back, tail and barrel
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BELGIAN BLUE
Heavy muscled
Calving problems
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OTHER BREEDS
White Park
Scotch Highland
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OTHER BREEDS
Red Poll
Watusi
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CHARLOIS
France – imported 1960’s
White
Horned or Poll
Large frames
Heavy muscle
Calving problems
Crossbreeding programs
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LIMOUSIN
France
Wheat – Rust – Black
Horned or Poll
Good carcass quality
Reproduction good
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MAINE-ANJOU
France (Mancelle X Shorhorn)
1969 Nebraska
Red coats spotted with white and some black
Large, well-muscled with good feed efficiency
Heat and cold tolerant
B&B Cattle Co. Normangee, TX
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BLONDE D’AQUITAINE
France
United States in 1972
Wheat colored and Horned
Lean muscling - High growth rate
Docile – Easy calving
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simmental
Simmen Valley in Berner Oberland, Switzerland.
Pale gold to dark reddish brown – Head usually white
Very docile - Easy to manage
High fertility – Hardy - Good mothering/milking ability
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CHiAnina
One of the oldest breeds - Central Italy
United States; 1971
White to steel gray with black pigmented skin
Well-defined muscling used for draft - meat
Not noted for their milk
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OTHER BREEDS
Piedmontese
Marchigiana
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AMERICAN BRAHMAN
Developed in U.S. from India cattle
Light gray or red to almost black
Long productivity life
Resists many diseases & insects
Temperature tolerant
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OTHERS
Gur Cow
Indu-Brazil Bulls
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Beefmaster
South Texas 1931
¼ Hereford ¼ Shorthorn ½
Brahman (Composite breed)
Strong maternal traits
Heat, drought and insect
resistant
No set color pattern but are
generally light red to dark
red and some will have white
mottle on their faces.
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brangus
USDA Experiment Station at Jeanerette, Louisiana 1912
3/8 Brahman by 5/8 Angus
Black - Poll - Heat Tolerance
Docility – Muscularity - Early Puberty
Maternal Strengths - Mothering Ability
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RED brangus
3/8 Brahman by 5/8 Angus
Solid red – Polled
Other characteristics similar to the (Black) Brangus
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SANTA GERTRUDIS
King Ranch – Kingsville, TX
5/8ths Shorthorn and 3/8ths Brahman
Red – Horned or Polled
Harsh ranching climates
Mr. Double TT 79/2 Intimidator
National Champion Bull Calf
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OTHER 5/8 – 3/8 Brahman crosses
Brahmousin
Brayford
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OTHER 5/8 – 3/8 Brahman crosses
Charbray
Simbrah
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Commercial CATTLE
Black Baldies
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Phone:
Toll Free (800) 357-3182 or (940) 380-8858
Address:
2701 Hartlee Field Road, Denton, TX 76208
Fax:
(940) 381-1847
E-Mail:
[email protected]
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