Beef Industry

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BEEF
INDUSTRY
NEXT
What is natural beef?
 A



USDA Prime
B.
B USDA choice
C Yield Grade 1
C.
D Antibiotic free beef
D.
NEXT
Kentucky produces the most
feeder cattle of any state this side
of the Mississippi river.
A
 A.

True
B.
B False
NEXT
Yield grade is determined by
evaluating ______ and ______.
A
 A.



Feet and legs
B.
B Head and Shoulders
C Muscle and Fat
C.
D Growth and Performance
D.
NEXT
A feeder steer grading USDA
medium frame will finish
between _____.
A
 A.



900 - 1000 pounds
B 1000 - 1100 pounds
B.
C 1100 - 1250 pounds
C.
D 1250 - 1400 pounds
D.
NEXT
What is the highest possible
quality grade?
 A.
A



Prime
B.
B Choice
C Select
C.
D Standard
D.
NEXT
How is Quality grade
determined?
A
 A.



Degree of external fat
B.
B Degree of intra-muscular fat
C Ribeye area
C.
D Carcass size
D.
NEXT
A fat cull cow is classified as a
_____.
A
 A.



Boner
B.
B Breaker
C Lean
C.
D Canner
D.
NEXT
A USDA small framed feeder
steer will finish at a weight less
than ____.
A
 A.



1100 pounds
B 1200 pounds
B.
C 1300 pounds
C.
D 1000 pounds
D.
NEXT
A Yield Grade 1 steer is
extremely ______.
A
 A.



Fat
B.
B Sound
C Heavy
C.
D Lean
D.
NEXT
How many upper front teeth are
baby calves born with?
A
 A.



6
B.
B 8
C 10
C.
D 0
D.
NEXT
Cattle are ruminants which
means ...
A
 A.



They have a single stomach
B.
B Stomach has 4 compartments
C They are meat eaters
C.
D They can eat grass and grain
D.
NEXT
The loin is broken between which
2 ribs to measure ribeye area?
A
 A.



9th and 10th
B.
B 10th and 11th
C 11th and 12th
C.
D 12th and 13th
D.
NEXT
A USDA muscle grade of #1
means the feeder calf is ______.
A
 A.



Light muscled
B.
B Average muscled
C Thick muscled
C.
D Double muscled
D.
NEXT
Who is the largest buyer of
feeder cattle in the eastern United
States?
A
 A.



Trapp enterprises
B.
B Background cattle Co.
C Eastern livestock
C.
D Feeder supply
D.
NEXT
A feeder heifer grading USDA
small framed means she will
finish under ______.
A
 A.



700 pounds
B 900 pounds
B.
C 1000 pounds
C.
D 1250 pounds
D.
NEXT
Animal rights activists believe ...
 A
A



Animals should have no rights
B
B Animals should have same rights as
people
C Animals are delicious
C
D Animals are best raised in large
D
confinement facilities.
NEXT
Animal welfarists believe ...
A
 A.



Animals should not be raised in the
USA
B Animals should not be sold for
B.
human consumption
C Animals should have special rights
C.
D Animals should be fairly treated
D.
NEXT
How many pounds of cattle make
a load lot?
A
 A.



100,000 pounds
B.
B
50,000 pounds
C
C.
20,000 pounds
D
D.
5,000 pounds
NEXT
CAB is an abbreviation for ...
A
 A.



Cow and Bull
B.
B Certified Angus Beef
C Contact animal breeders
C.
D Blackleg
D.
NEXT
How many acres are used for
grazing in the USA?
A
 A.



1,000,000
B 10,000,000
B.
C
C.
800,000
D
D.
550,000
NEXT
What % of the world’s beef
supply is produced by the US.
A
 A.
 B.
B
C
 C.
D
 D.
10
25
35
50
NEXT
BQA refers to ...
A
 A.



High quality beef
B.
B Prime beef
C Beef Quality Assurance
C.
D Beef Quality Alliance
D.
NEXT
A severely thin cull cow is
classified as a ________ cow.
A
 A.



Lean
B Boner
B.
C Bone rack
C.
D Breaker
D.
NEXT
Cattle cannot be infected by Foot
and Mouth disease.
A
 A.

True
B.
B False
NEXT
A feeder steer classified as large
framed will finish over ______.
A
 A.



1050 pounds
B.
B 1150 pounds
C 1250 pounds
C.
D 1350 pounds
D.
NEXT
KCA represents what
organization?
A
 A.



Katie Cattle Association
B.
B Kentucky Cattleman's Association
C Keep Cattle Alive
C.
D Kentucky Beef Producers
D.
NEXT
Beef is consumed at a rate of
______ pounds per person per
year in the USA.
A
 A.



67
B 51
B.
C 20
C.
D 97
D.
NEXT
There are _________ beef cattle
in the USA.
A
 A.



51 million
B.
B 73 million
C 84 million
C.
D 96 million
D.
NEXT
There are approximately ______
beef cattle in Kentucky.
A
 A.



2 million
B.
B 800,000
C 1 million
C.
D 4 million
D.
NEXT
The Standard Quality grade
requires _______ degrees of
marbling.
A
 A.



Small
B Moderate
B.
C Practically devoid
C.
D Modest
D.
NEXT
What is the age limit for a steer
being quality graded?
A
 A.



30 months
B.
B 36 months
C 42 months
C.
D 48 months
D.
NEXT
What is KPH?
A
 A.



A nervous disorder
B.
B A bone disease
C Kidney, Pelvic and Heart Fat
C.
D Connective tissue
D.
NEXT
The value of beef cattle in
Kentucky is over ______.
A
 A.



$100 million
B.
B $500 million
C $1 billion
C.
D $3 billion
D.
NEXT
There are over 100 medications
used for humans from cattle or
cattle by-products.
A
 A.

True
B.
B False
NEXT
KBN represents what group?
A
 A.



Kentucky Beef Network
B.
B Kentucky Beef News
C Kroger Beef Net
C.
D Keep Beef Natural
D.
NEXT
Which of these breeds is not a
Continental breed of cattle?

A

B
C


D
Simmental
Charolais
Chianina
Angus
NEXT
Which of these breeds is not a British
breed of cattle?

A

B
C


D
Angus
Hereford
Brangus
Shorthorn
NEXT
Which of these is not a Zebu breed of
cattle?

A
B

C


D
Brahman
Simmental
Brangus
Beefmaster
NEXT
Which of these is an “eared” breed of
cattle?

A
B

C


D
Angus
Brahman
Charolais
Shorthorn
NEXT
Which of these breeds was developed in
the United States?

A

B
C


D
Santa Gertrudis
Angus
Hereford
Brahman
NEXT
Which of these is a “horned” breed of
cattle?

A
B

C


D
Brangus
Shorthorn
Charolais
Chianina
NEXT
Which of these is a polled breed of
cattle?

A

B
C


D
Angus
Shorthorn
Maine Anjou
Horned Hereford
NEXT
Which of these breeds is a dual-purpose
breed of cattle?

A

B
C


D
Angus
Hereford
Brahman
Simmental
NEXT
Where do you measure back fat
thickness on a steer?
1st and 2nd rib
th and 8th rib

7
B
 13th and 14th rib
C
th and 13th rib

12
D

A
NEXT
How are quality grades determined on
beef carcasses?

A
B

C


D
Yield Grade and Backfat
Marbling and Maturity
Ribeye Area and Framesize
Muscle Volume and Weight
NEXT
All of these are marbling scores used to
determine quality grades on beef
carcasses except _____________.

A

B

C

D
Practically Devoid
Modest
Slightly Abundant
Elite
NEXT
What is a dark cutter?
 A stress related situation where meat
A
is darker than the normal color.
 A situation where the meat gets
B
bruised by bad handling methods.
 Meat that comes from a dark colored
C
animal.
D
 A cutter blade for shears that is used
to cut dark hair fibers.
NEXT
Which of these factors does not play a
part in determining beef yield grades?

A

B
C


D
Carcass Weight
REA
Marbling
KPH
NEXT
How is the age on a beef carcass
determined?

A
B

C


D
Ask the producer
Bone ossification
Darkness of the meat
Weight of the carcass
NEXT
Is there a difference between the term
dressing percentage and yield?
 Yes
A
 No
B
NEXT
What does the term monkey mouthed
mean?
 The bottom jaw is longer than the top
A
jaw
 The top jaw is longer than the bottom
B
jaw
 The steer likes to eat bananas
C
 The steer has big lips to eat more feed
D
with
NEXT
What does the term “staggy” mean?
A
 The steer has developed horns
 The steer has developed secondary
B
characteristics like a bull
 The calf has only one testicle that has
C
descended into scrotum.
 The steer was not castrated properly.
D
NEXT
What factors are used to evaluate feeder
calf grades?

A

B

C

D
Frame size and weight
Finish and muscle thickness
Frame size and finish
Frame size and muscle thickness
NEXT
All of these are designations for frame
size when feeder calf grading except
___________.

A

B

C

D
Large
Medium
Small
Average
NEXT
The four designations for muscle
thickness when feeder calf grading are
___________.
A
 1,2,3,4
B
 Heavy muscled, average muscle, light
muscle, no muscle
C
 Prime, Choice, Select, Standard
 Heavy muscled, moderately muscled,
D
modestly muscled, slightly muscled
NEXT
What is the first milk produced by a cow
called?

A
B

C


D
Good milk
Colostrum
Sour milk
Lactose Intolerant
NEXT
What does the term dystocia mean?

A

B
C


D
Difficulty calving
Easy calving
A dead calf birth
A term for a calf that has eaten toxic
feed
NEXT
What does the term parturition mean?
 The act of being pregnant and carrying
A
a calf for nine months
 The act of giving birth to a calf
B
C
 The act of weaning a calf from its
mother
 The act of feeding pregnant cows at
D
night
NEXT
What is meant by the term lactation?
 The period of time when the calf is
A
being removed from it’s mother
 The period of time when the animal is
B
carrying the calf
 The period of time that the calf begins
C
eating a grain diet
 The period of time that the cow is
D
producing milk for her calf
NEXT
What is undulant fever?

A

B
C


D
Brucellosis infection in humans
Black-leg infection in humans
Mad-cow disease infection in humans
Milk fever in cattle
NEXT
What do the letters BSE refer to in
regard to human health?

A

B
C


D
Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy
Breeding Soundness Exam
Breeding Soundness Evaluation
Big, Stupid, Energetic
NEXT
What do the letters BSE stand for in
regard to herd breeding management?

A
B

C


D
Breeding Soundness Evaluation
Breeding Soundness Exam
Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy
Breeding Season Ending
NEXT
What is an anthelmintic?

A

B

C

D
A Pneumonia vaccination
A Reproductive disease vaccination
A dewormer
A fungal treatment
NEXT
In regards to cattle, what does BCS stand for?

A
B

C


D
Bowl Championship Series
Body Condition Score
Bovine Catalytic Syndrome
Bovine Championship Series
NEXT
What is the top beef cattle producing
state?

A

B
C


D
Texas
Kentucky
Illinois
Montana
NEXT
All of these feeds are examples of
roughages except ________.

A

B
C


D
Corn Silage
Alfalfa Hay
Orchard Grass Hay
Oats
NEXT
What does the term terminal sire mean?
 This sire needs to be slaughtered for
A
meat.
 All offspring from this bull will be sold
B
for slaughter.
 Some offspring will be kept as
C
replacements and the rest will be
slaughtered.
D
 All offspring will be kept as
replacements.
NEXT
Which of these is not a maternal breed of
cattle?

A

B
C


D
Angus
Shorthorn
Hereford
Charolais
NEXT
What is the largest framed breed of
cattle?

A

B
C


D
Shorthorn
Limousin
Chianina
Red Angus
NEXT
Which of these breeds can never be
black in color?

A

B
C


D
Angus
Brangus
Shorthorn
Limousin
NEXT
Which of these breeds is not red in
color?

A
B

C


D
Hereford
Brangus
Tarentaise
Red Angus
NEXT
Which of these breeds is not white or
gray in color?

A
B

C


D
Charolais
Santa Gertrudis
Chianina
Murray Grey
NEXT
Which of these is considered the heaviest
muscled breed of beef cattle?

A

B
C


D
Belgian Blue
Texas Longhorn
Angus
Hereford
NEXT
Which of these is considered the lightest
muscled breed of beef cattle?

A

B
C


D
Limousin
Chianina
Texas Longhorn
Angus
NEXT
What breeds can be crossed to make a
blue roan?

A

B
C


D
Angus and Shorthorn
Charolais and Limousin
Angus and Hereford
Shorthorn and Hereford
NEXT
What percentage of Brahman blood are
the Brangus, Simbrah, and Santa
Gertrudis breeds of cattle?

A

B
C


D
1/8
5/8
3/8
7/8
NEXT
What breeds are crossed to make a
Beefmaster?
 Brahman, Shorthorn, and Hereford
A
 Santa Gertrudis, Shorthorn and
B
Braford
 Chianina, Hereford, and Angus
C
 Texas Longhorn, Simmental, and
D
Maine Anjou
NEXT
What breed of cattle is known for
producing the lightest calves at birth?

A
B

C


D
Angus
Texas Longhorn
Chianina
Gelbvieh
NEXT
What does MPPA stand for?

A

B
C


D
Most Probable Producing Ability
More People Produce Angus
Most Phenotypic Production Ability
Muscle, Performance, Production,
Accuracy
NEXT
All of these are factors to consider when
adjusting 205 day weights except
________.

A

B

C

D
Birth Weight
Age at Weaning
Age of Dam
Amount of Feed/Day
NEXT
Which of these traits is not evaluated
with EPD’s?

A

B
C


D
Birth Weight
Weaning Weight
Frame Size
Yearling Weight
NEXT
Horn tissue that never attaches to the
scull is called _________.

A
B

C


D
Longhorns
Scurs
Buds
Horn Cartilage
If a scurred cow has a bull calf sired by a
homozygous polled bull, what will be the
horn status of the calf?
 Horned
A
 Polled
B
 Scurred
C
NEXT
A genetic abnormality that causes muscle
hypertrophy is called __________.

A

B
C


D
Light muscled
Muscular atrophy
Double muscled
Super muscled
NEXT
As your calf gets fatter, will dressing
percentage increase or decrease?
 Increase
A
 Decrease
B
NEXT
The 2 top beef producing
countries are ______ and
_______.
A
 A.



China and Mexico
B.
B USA and Australia
C USA and Germany
C.
D Iran and Iraq
D.
NEXT
Cattle will use over _____ jaw
movements a day grazing and
chewing.
A
 A.



7,500
B 15,000
B.
C 25,000
C.
D 40,000
D.
NEXT
Sheep are ovine, pigs are porcine,
goats are caprine and horses are
equine. What are cattle?
A
 A.



Catnip
B Bovine
B.
C Moo-vine
C.
D Devin
D.
NEXT
Kentucky sold 30,000 feeder
cattle through CPH graded sales
in 2003. What is CPH?
A
 A.



Clean pure herd
B Certified purebred heifers
B.
C Certified precondition health
C.
D Checked performance herd
D.
NEXT
The largest Livestock market east
of the Mississippi river is ...
A
 A.



Mutola Stockyards, Fla
B.
B Columbus Stockyards, IN
C Bluegrass Stockyards, KY
C.
D Tifton Stockyards, GA
D.
What year did Angus cattle come
to the US?
A
 A.



1873
B.
B 1779
C 1902
C.
D 1492
D.
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