High Impact Research - UM

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THE SUSTAINABILITY OF QUALITY
RESEARCH IN MALAYSIAN RUs
Ghauth Jasmon
Vice Chancellor
4/13/2015 - 01
English Will
Become the
Main Medium
Universities
Compete to
Attract the
Best Talents
High
Mobility of
Students
and Staff
Centre of Education
Shifting to the East
Budget Size Will
Determine Quality
and Success
GLOBAL
TRENDS IN
HIGHER
EDUCATION
High
International
Connectivity
Entrepreneurial
and Innovative
Heavy
Investments
in R&D
Rapid Rise of
Global Universities
in the East &
Emergence of Many
More Univs
Heavy Investments in R & D
-
-
Scientific world changing: new players (Example: South-East Asia,
Middle East, North Africa)
Global R&D Spending increased from 790b to 1.145b (2002-2007)
No of researchers increased from 5.7m to 7.1m (2002-2007)
Tunisia in 1999 had zero science budget, now 0.7% of GDP into
science.
Turkey’s R&D expenditure increased six times(1995-2007), the
number of scientists jumped by 43% and four times as many papers
with Turkish authors published (1996-2008).
Iran’s research papers rose from 736 in 1996 to 13,238 in 2008. Its
government is targetting to increase R&D to 4% of GDP by 2030.
www.guardian.co.uk/science/2011/mar/28/china-us-publisher-scientific-papers
# 34
Ranking by Citations per Document
(1996-2009)
Malaysia is ranked 40th on
cites per document
China, India, South Korea and Brazil are rising powers in Science
Gross Domestic Expenditure on R&D, Asia and the Pacific,
PPP$ per capita
Expenditure on R&D is expressed in
billion Purchasing Power Parity
Dollars (PPP$).
Data sources: UNESCO Institute for Statistics – Statistical Yearbook for 2011
Annual Research Funding for
Top Asian Universities
Institution
Annual Research Funding
Tokyo University
US 700 million
Seoul National University
US 300 million
Peking University
US 300 million
National Taiwan University
US 250 million
National University Singapore
US 203 million
National Cheng Kung University
US 150 million
Nanyang Tech
US 125 million
Univ Malaya
US 70 million
www.um.edu.my
Martin Jacques : Understanding The Rise of China (2010)
Martin Jacques : Understanding The Rise of China (2010)
MEGA PROJECT 1 :
Project 985
•
On May 4, 1998, President Jiang Zemin
declared that “China must have a number of
first-rate universities of international
advanced level”, so Project 985 was
launched.
•
Project 985 is a project for funding worldclass universities in the 21st century
conducted by the government of the
People’s Republic of China.
•
In the initial phase, 9 universities were
included in the project. The second phase,
launched in 2004, expanded the program
until it has now reached
40 universities.
•
TOTAL FUNDING = USD 4.3 billion
No
Institution
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
Beihang University, 900 mill CNY
Beijing Institute of Technology, 1.0 bill CNY
Beijing Normal University, 1.2 bill CNY
Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics
Central South University, 400 mill CNY
Central University for Nationalities, unknown
China Agricultural University, unknown
Chongqing University, 540 mill CNY
Dalian University of Technology, 400 mill CNY
East China Normal University, 600 mill CNY
Fudan University, 1.2 bill CNY
Harbin Institute of Technology, 1.0 bill CNY
Huazhong University of Science and Technology, 600 mill CNY
Hunan University, 400 mill CNY
Jilin University, 700 mill CNY
Lanzhou University, 450 mill CNY
Nanjing University, 1.2 bill CNY
Nankai University, 750 mill CNY
National University of Defense Technology, unknown
Northeastern University, 400 mill CNY
Northwest A&F University, unknown
Northwestern Polytechnical University, 900 mill CNY
Ocean University of China, 300 mill CNY
Peking University, 1.8 bill CNY
Renmin University of China, unknown
Shandong University, 1.2 bill CNY
Shanghai Jiaotong University, 1.2 bill CNY
Sichuan University, 720 mill CNY
South China University of Technology, 400 mill CNY
Southeast University, 600 mill CNY
Sun Yat-sen University, 1.2 bill CNY
Tianjin University, 700 mill CNY
Tongji University, 600 mill CNY
Tsinghua University, 1.8 bill CNY
University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, 360 mill CNY
University of Science and Technology of China, 900 mill CNY
Wuhan University, 800 mill CNY
Xiamen University, 800 mill CNY
Xian Jiaotong University, 900 mill CNY
Zhejiang University, 1.4 bill CNY
MEGA PROJECT 2 :
Project 211
•
Project 211 initiated in 1995 by the
Ministry of Education of the People's
Republic of China.
•
The project aims at:
[1] strengthening 107 institutions of
higher education and key disciplinary
areas as a national priority for the
21st century.
[2] improving their quality of
education, scientific research,
management and institutional
efficiency.
[2] cultivating high-level elite for
national economic and social
development strategies.
•
TOTAL FUNDING = USD 2.2 billion
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
Anhui University
Beihang University
Beijing Foreign Studies University
Beijing Forestry University
Beijing Institute of Technology
Beijing Jiao Tong University
Beijing Normal University
Beijing Sport University
Beijing University of Chemical Technology
Beijing University of Chinese Medicine
Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications
Beijing University of Technology
Central Conservatory of Music
Central South University
Central University of Finance and Economic
Changan University
China Agricultural University
China Pharmaceutical University
China University of Geosciences
China University of Mining and Technology
China University of Petroleum
China University of Political Science and Law
Chongqing University
Communication University of China
Dalian Maritime University
Dalian University of Technology
Donghua University
East China Normal University
East China University of Science and Technology
Fourth Military Medical University
Fudan University
Fuzhou University
Guangxi University
Guizhou University
Hainan University
Harbin Engineering University
Harbin Institute of Technology
Hebei University of Technology
Hefei University of Technology
Hohai University
Huazhong Agricultural University
Huazhong Normal University
Huazhong University of Science and Technology
Hunan Normal University
Hunan University
Inner Mongolia University
Jiangnan University
Jilin University
Jinan University
Lanzhou University
Liaoning University
Minzu University of China
Nanchang University
Nanjing Agricultural University
Nanjing Normal University
Nanjing University
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics
Nanjing University of Science and Technology
Nankai University
National University of Defense Technology
Ningxia University
North China Electric Power University
Northeast Agricultural University
Northeast Forestry University
Northeast Normal University
Northeastern University
Northwest A&F University
Northwest University
Northwestern Polytechnical University
Ocean University of China
Peking University
Qinghai University
Renmin University of China
Second Military Medical University
Shaanxi Normal University
Shandong University
Shanghai International Studies University
Shanghai Jiao Tong University
Shanghai University
Shanghai University of Finance and Economics
Shihezi University
Sichuan Agricultural University
Sichuan University
Soochow University
South China Normal University
South China University of Technology
Southeast University
Southwest Jiao Tong University
Southwest University
Southwestern University of Finance and Economics
Sun Yat-sen University
Taiyuan University of Technology
Tianjin Medical University
Tianjin University
Tongji University
Tsinghua University
University of Electronic Science and Technology of China
University of International Business and Economics
University of Science and Technology Beijing
University of Science and Technology of China
Wuhan University
Wuhan University of Technology
Xiamen University
Xian Jiao Tong University
Xidian University
Xinjiang University
Xizang University
Yanbian University
Yunnan University
Zhejiang University
Zhengzhou University
Zhongnan University of Economics and Law
MEGA PROJECT 3 :
5Y50B Project Taiwan
www.um.edu.my
www.um.edu.my
Since the inception of Taiwan’s Ministry of Education’s (MOE) project “Promoting
Academic Excellence and Developing Wo r l d C l a s s R e s e a r c h Centres” in
2005, National Ch e n g Ku n g Un i ve r s i t y (NCKU) and National Taiwan
University (NTU) have been chosen as the top two main schools for “promoting top
tier universities”.
In 2008, the Ministry of Education has once again recognized NCKU and NTU as one
of the best universities in southern and northern Taiwan respectively.
TOTAL FUNDING = USD 1.7 billion
Additional
Research Funding
(per year)
Total Research
Funding
No
Institution
World THE
Rank 2009
1
NTU
180
US 114 million
USD 570
2
NCKU
283
US 57 million
USD 285
UM’s INTERNATIONAL TARGET
1)
2)
3)
4)
Research Output – 40%
Quality of Faculty – 40%
Quality of Education – 10%
Size of Institution – 10%
THE World
University Ranking (QS)
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
Academic Peer Review – 40%
Research Excellence – 20%
Teaching Excellence – 20%
Employer Survey – 10%
International Students – 5%
International Faculty – 5%
QS World
4/13/2015
University
Ranking (QS)
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
Academic Peer Review – 40%
Citations per faculty – 20%
Student faculty ratio – 20%
Employer/Recruiter review – 10%
International Students – 5%
International Faculty – 5%
SHANGHAI JIAO TUNG
UNIVERSITY RANKING (SJTU)
2025
2020
2015
4/13/2015 - 19
OVERALL BUDGET PER CYCLE
Year
Cycle 1
Cycle 2
Cycle 3
Total
2011
80,000,000
-
-
80,000,000
2012
110,166,980
53,122,460
-
163,289,440
2013
49,414,114
25,389,349
95,639,831
170,443,294
2014
41,119,437
17,768,206
40,843,374
99,731,017
2015
36,063,479
12,088,706
28,540,524
76,692,709
316,764,010 108,368,721
165,023,729
590,156,460
Total Per Cycle
UM in the ASEAN Web of Universities
UM in the National Web of Universities
UM Publications Indexed in Web of Science 2008th
2012 As of 17 April 2012
Year Published
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012 #
No. of Articles indexed No. of Tier 1
(excluded journals
Article
banned by MOHE)
594
1074
1481
1955
414
102
174
279
430
--
%
17.17%
16.20%
18.84%
21.99%
# 2012 publications is based on JCR2011; and it will only be released in July 2012
Source : UM Library
THE NOBEL WINNERS
LABORATORIES
UM RYOJI NOYORI
Chemistry/Materials Science
UM COLWELL CENTRE
Systems Biology/Bioinformatics
UM MARSHALL CENTRE
Helicobacter/Tropical Diseases
Ryoji Noyori
Rita Colwell
HIR RESEARCH COLLABORATORS
UM BALTIMORE CENTRE
Epigenetics
Patents
TOTAL NUMBER OF PATENTS (incl. copyright & trademark) = 427
TOTAL NUMBER OF PATENTS (excl. copyright & trademark) = 354
NUMBER OF PATENTS GRANTED = 49
NUMBER OF PATENTS PENDING = 305
NUMBER OF INTERNATIONAL PATENTS = 48
NUMBER OF INTERNATIONAL (PCT) PATENTS = 23
NUMBER OF COPYRIGHTS = 46
NUMBER OF TRADEMARKS = 28
EXPENSES ON IPR (AVERAGE) = 1.1 MILLION/ YEAR
TOTAL NO OF INCUBATORS = 10
EXPECTED NO OF INCUBATORS IN 2014 = 25
Commercialization
TOTAL NUMBER OF COMMERCIALISED PATENTS/ PRODUCTS = 27
LICENSING = 18
OUTRIGHT SALE = 1
SPIN-OFF COMPANIES = 8
integrated transportation solutions sdn bhd (871380-d)
semio technology sdn bhd (860504-w)
nanobio sdn bhd (868240-a)
zecttron sdn bhd (868236-d)
my-ezfuel sdn bhd (881966-w)
cbmti sdn bhd (943300-h)
global insignia sdn bhd (972591-w)
oleopharmasdn bhd (863999-k)
TOTAL SALE OF COMMERCIALIZED PATENTS/ PRODUCTS =
RM 2,396,799.00
UM: Student Exchange 2007 - 2011
2164
1536
756
1426
858
469
72
144
256
13
2007
Outbound
2008
2009
2010
2011
Inbound
4/13/2015 - 26
Strengthening
Institutional Governance
systems and structures
Practice of
accountability,
transparency and
value for money in
all dealings
Government's
exposure limited
to the annual
OPEX and
Development
budget
Observe all Treasury
Directive on all Financial
Procedures >LPU
LPU to monitor and
protect the interests of
government
investment
Basic
Principles of
Autonomy
Income generation
activities MUST
insulate institution
from litigation
Separate Scheme of
Service if necessary
Observe all
Public Service
Directive on
HR>LPU
Disciplinary
proceedings for
Non Conformance
Projected Operating Cost
(Not including UMMC)
Year 2012: RM735 million
Year 2015: RM900 million
Year 2020: RM1.10 billion
KPI Set for All Autonomous Universities in Internal
Revenue Generation (Percentage of Operating
Cost):
Year 2012: 20%
Year 2015: 30%
Year 2020: 50%
Measuring Achievement Under
Autonomy (New KPIs)
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Increase in Graduate Employability
Increase in High Impact Research
Increase in Quality Academic staff
Increase in number of Experienced Professor
Efficiency of Financial Management
Increase in internally Generated Income
Effectiveness in Institutional Governance
Strengthening Networking and
Internationalization
• Increase in Number of Post-Graduates
Government Financial Support
To Public University’s OPEX
Country
Malaysia
Singapore
Australia
Jordan
Indonesia
Thailand
Philippines
Taiwan
United Kingdom
Percentage
80%
70%
20%
30%
30%
30%
40%
40%
20%
Year 2011-2013 Spending:
Budget Cut & Internal Funds
• Govt Wants to Reduce the Budget Deficit for year 2013
• All IPTA Will Experience Budget Cut in year 2013
• During Budget Review(9-4-2012), MOF Directed UM to
Provide RM100 million From Internal Funds in year
2013
• Since year 2010 - 2012, UM has to Provide RM167
million from Internal Funds
• Development Projects which use internal grants:
Gemas, Jelebu, Bachok, Fac Engineering, PPUM, Fac
Medicine, Sports Centre, Furniture, HIR, student’s
facility
• On 18 April 2012: KSN Directed Sharing of Resources
between Institutions, Cost Saving & Prudent Spending
What Are The Lessons Learned?
• Funding is the Fuel to Research Advancement
• Funding is the Fuel to Academic Progress
• The Sustainability and Progress of any Institution
is Highly Dependent on the Funding It Receives
Future Sources of Revenue
Project
Health Metropolis
Expecte
Chances
d Annual
of Success
Revenue
Success Factor
4
A
Business Expertise
4
A
Business Expertise
4
A
Investment Committee/
Fund Managers
1-3
D
HIR/Innovation/Business
Expertise
2
B-C
Bright Sparks, Academic
Icon
4
A
(Stage:Local Authorities)
Commercial Development
(Stage:Planning)
Endowment/Capital Investment
(Stage:Existing)
IP/Commercialization
(Stage:Academics to Handle)
External Research Funding
Sources
(Stage:Academics to Handle)
Agriculture/Plantation
Business Expertise
(Stage:Under Negotiation)
•Scale [1 (Low: Up to RM1mil) - 4 (High:>RM100mil/year)],
•[A (Very Certain) – D (Uncertain)]
Terima Kasih
Thank you
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