AG 11.10 - Agronomy

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Ag Fact! 4/12
• The US plants about _________ acres of corn
each year!
• Have 3 color sticks!
Ag Fact! 4/12
• The US plants about 85 million acres of corn
each year!
Agronomy
Ag I: Introduction to Agricultural Sciences
Sutherlin AST
April 12, 2012
Agronomy
• Definition: science of
crop production
(typically the
grain/forage crops)
• Agronomy Involves – Soil science
– Pest management
– Genetics
United States and Oregon Crops
• Top US Crops:
–
–
–
–
Corn
Soybeans
Hay
Wheat
United States and Oregon Crops
Top Crops in Oregon in 2007–
• Grass seed (2nd agricultural commodity)
• Hay (4th agricultural commodity)
• Wheat (6th agricultural commodity)
• Potatoes (7th agricultural commodity)
A Changing Industry
• While growing crops
has been around a long
time, how that is done
has changed greatly
– Old Ways:
• Small farms, animal
drawn implements or
hand harvested
• Average farm size 1900:
146 acres
A Changing Industry
• New Ways:
– Technology: GPS, equipment, bioengineering
– Genetics: pest and pesticide resistant plants,
better yields
– Average farm size 2007: 449 acres
Grains and Feeds to Know
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
Alfalfa pellets
Rice bran
Beet pulp pellets
Soybean meal
Alfalfa cubes
Cottonseed meal
Chopped hay
Wheat bran
Whole oats
Iodized salt
Rolled oats
Trace mineral salt
Whole barley
14.Salt with selenium
15.Rolled barley
16.Rye
17.Whole corn
18.Wheat
19.Cracked corn
20.a COB (wet)
20.b COB (dry)
21.Rolled corn
22.Molasses
23.Linseed meal
24.Flax
25.Crimped oats
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