Livestock Management

advertisement
NEGP-A (MMP)
राष्ट्रीय ई-गवर्नेंस योजर्ना- कृषि
(मिशन िोड परियोजना)
Service -12
PROVIDING INFORMATION ON
LIVESTOCK MANAGEMENT
(पशध
ु र्न प्रबंधर्न)
NOTE: THIS SERVICE WAS NOT INCLUDED IN THE ORIGINAL DPR SUBMITTED BY NISG TO DEPARTMENT
OF AGRICULTURE AND COOPERATION (DAC). THIS HAS BEEN INCLUDED BY DAC AS A NEW SERVICE.
NEGP-A : SERVICE 12 - LIVESTOCK MANAGEMENT
Why is Livestock Sector so important?
•
It contributes about ` 3,40,473 crore to our GDP for the year 2009-10;
•
Its share of contribution is nearly 24.7 % of the total Agricultural & allied sector
output ;
•
India continues to be the largest producer of Milk in the world and the estimate of
the milk production for 2009-10 was 112.5 million tonnes.
•
It confers an immense contribution to the rural livelihood and food security of the
masses;
•
It provides employment to millions of livestock farmers;
•
It acts as a supplementary source of income to many agricultural farmers;
•
It serves a great contribution to economic and social well being of women, as
women involvement is more than 80% in this sector;
•
Large scope for Dairy and Food Industries to grow, in view of globalisation and
increasing purchasing power of consumers;
NEGP-A
PROVIDING INFORMATION ON LIVESTOCK MANAGEMENT
Service aims to provide
• Information on Livestock Management related activities at the State
level, through
• Central level Agencies
• State level Agencies
• District level Agencies
• Block level Agencies
• Panchayat level Agencies
• Non-government organization
• Private participant
• Information and expert advisory on livestock (management) during
• Normal circumstances
• Drought circumstances
• Flood circumstance(During &post flood)
• Epidemic circumstance
• Information on availability of fodder in the nearest region of farmer
Feed and Fodder Management Practices
3
NEGP-A : SERVICE 12 - LIVESTOCK MANAGEMENT

While we introduce NeGP-Agriculture service-12 on Livestock Management in a mission
mode project, we envisage ICT based technology solution , by strategically planning
Information & Services at the Centre and State levels separately and then together
integrating them with various service delivery channels (CSC, Government Department,
KCC, SCC, Private Kiosk, Mass Mobile, IVRS, Agri Clinics/Business Centres).

Providing a transparent
and a close interface to
livestock farmer, to initiate service
requests which would be processed at the Central Agriculture Portal (CAP) & State
Agriculture Portals(SAP), depending upon the level of service request generated and its
processing location ultimately delivering
an efficient
and reliable
information and
services to livestock farmers.

To achieve our goal and to realize the basic need of the livestock farmer availing
information & core services, we are primarily concerned with, among the others,
the
following livestock management activities.
4
LIVESTOCK MANAGEMENT ACTIVITIES
(IN BROAD CATEGORIES)
A. Infrastructure Availability for improving Livestock & Poultry Productivity
(Infrastructure available for handling, processing and marketing of Dairy milk & milk products, Poultry
and Meat products)
•
Production &Marketing service of semen.
•
Distribution & Management of A.I. services
•
Storage facility for poultry and meat products
B. Livestock and Poultry Health Management Activities/Practices
C. Disease Surveillance and Control
D. Feed & Fodder Management Practices
E. Livestock and Poultry Insurance (Risk Management)
F.
•
No. of Insurance companies available
•
various insurance schemes ( types and terms of insurance)
Management Services /Practices (e.g. to Small and Marginal Livestock farmers)
•
Extension Services /Practices
•
Expert Advisory Services /Practices
•
Grievance Redressal
•
Housing management Practices
•
Breeding Management Practices
G. Waste Management Practices
H. Research-Extension-Livestock Farmer Institutional linkages
I.
Market-led Extension programme
( DADF) Annexure-A
(Pilot States) Annexure-10
5
INFORMATION AND EXPERT ADVISORY ON LIVESTOCK
(MANAGEMENT) DURING :
A. Normal circumstances (to be provided by the Nodal
officer of DADF and States – HP, Assam, Jharkhand, MP,
Maharashtra, Karnataka and Kerala) :
i.
ii.
iii.
iv.
v.
vi.
B. Drought circumstances (to be provided by the Nodal officer
of DADF and States – HP, Assam, Jharkhand, MP,
Maharashtra, Karnataka and Kerala)
i.
ii.
iii.
iv.
v.
vi.
Note: Please refer to Annexure -1 for detail inputs from DADF and Pilot States
6
INFORMATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FODDER IN THE NEAREST REGION OF
FARMER (I.E. PROXIMITY TO PANCHAYAT) FEED AND FODDER MANAGEMENT PRACTICES
(to be provided by the Nodal officer of DADF and States – HP, Assam,
Jharkhand, MP, Maharashtra, Karnataka and Kerala)
i.
ii.
iii.
iv.
v.
vi.
vii.
Note: Please refer to Annexure -2 for detail inputs from DADF and Pilot States
7
STAKEHOLDERS
Central Government
• Department of Animal Husbandry , Dairying and Fisheries (DADF)
(http://www.dadf.gov.in)
• Attached Subordinate/Field Offices – 34
• Central Cattle Development Organisations (CCDO) -12
1
2.
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
Central Cattle Breeding Farm, Surat, Gujarat.
Central Cattle Breeding Farm, Lakhimpur, UP
Central Cattle Breeding Farm, Sunabada (Koraput) Orissa.
Central Cattle Breeding Farm, Suratgarh (Rajasthan).
Central Cattle Breeding Farm, Chiplima. Basantpur, District Samalpur, (Orissa).
Central Cattle Breeding Farm, Avadi, Alamadhi (Madras).
Central Cattle Breeding Farm,P.O. Hessarghatta, Bangalore North.
Central Frozen Semen Production and Training Institute, Hessarghatta, Bangalore North.
Central Herd Registration Unit, Rohtak (Haryana).
Central Herd Registration Unit, Ajmer.
Central Herd Registration Unit, Ahmedabad Gujarat
Central Herd Registration Unit, Ongole, A.P.
• Central Fodder Development Organisations(CFDO) - 8
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
Regional Station for Forage Production & Demonstration, Distt Nadia (W Bengal).
Regional Station for Forage Production & Demonstration, Srinagar (J&K).
Regional Station for Forage Production & Demonstration, Suratgarh (Rajasthan).
Regional Station for Forage Production & Demonstration, Textile Mill Hissar (Haryana)_.
Regional Station for Forage Production & Demonstration, Gandhinagar, (Gujarat).
Regional Station For Forage Production & Demonstration, Avadi, Alamadhi, (Madras)Regional Station for Forage Production & Demonstration, Hyderabad
Central Fodder Seed Production Farm, Hessarghatta, Bangalore
8
STAKEHOLDERS
• Central Poultry Development Organisations (CFDO) - 5
Central Poultry Development Organization, Southern Region, Hessarghatta, Bangalore North
22 Central Poultry Development Organization, Eastern Region, Bhubaneshwar.
23 Central Poultry Development Organization, Western Region, Aarey Milk Colony, Mumbai.
24 Central Poultry Development Organization, Northern Region, Industial Area Chandigarh.
25 Random Sample Poultry Performance Testing Centre, Gurgaon (Haryana).
• Animal Quarantine and Certification Centres (AQCC)- 6
26
27
28
29
30.
31
Animal Quarantine & Certification Service Station, New Delhi.
Animal Quarantine & Certification Service Station, Madras
Animal Quarantine & Certification Service Station. Gopalpur, (W Bengal).
Animal Quarantine & Certification Service Station, Bombay
Animal Quarantine & Certification Service Station, Hyderabad.
Animal Quarantine & Certification Service Station, Bangalore
• Other Subordinate Offices
32 Central Sheep Breeding Farm, Hissar - Haryana.
33 Delhi Milk Scheme (DMS), New Delhi
34 National Institute of Animal Health, Baghpat, Uttar Pradesh
• National Dairy Development Board (NDDB)
9
STAKEHOLDERS
• Department of Agriculture & Cooperation (DAC) (http://www.dac.gov.in)
• Climate Change cell
• Drought Management Cell
• Indian Council of Agriculture Research Institute (ICAR)(http://www.icar.org.in)
• Ministry of Science & Technology
• Department of Science & Technology (DST)
• Department of Scientific & Industrial Research (DSIR)
• Department of Biotechnology (DBT)
• Ministry of Earth Sciences
• Indian Meteorological Department-Weather Forecast and Agro-met Advisory
Services.
• Ministry of Rural Development (MRD)
• Drought Prone Area Development Programme
• Mahatma Gandhi NREGA Scheme
• Ministry of Defence
•
•
•
•
• Indian Military Livestock Farms
.....
....
....
....
10
STAKEHOLDERS
ICAR Institutions (Animal Science Division) URL: http://www.icar.org.in
•
National Research Institutes -2
•
Central Research Institutes –5
• National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal
• Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Directorate
Directorate
Directorate
Directorate
on Cattle, Meerut
on Foot & Mouth Disease, Mukteshwar
on Poultry, Hyderabad
on Animal Disease Monitoring and Surveillance, Hebbal, Bangalore
National
National
National
National
National
National
Research Centre
Research Centre
Research Centre
Research Centre
Research Centre
Research Centre
on
on
on
on
on
on
Camel, Bikaner.
Equines, Hisar.
Meat, Hyderabad
Pig, Guwahati
Yak, West Kemang.
Mithun, Medziphema, Nagaland
All India Coordinated Research Projects (AICRPs)
AICRP on Goat Improvement, Mathura
AICRP- Improvement of Feed Sources & Nutrient Utilization for raising animal production, Bangalore
AICRP on Cattle Research, Meerut
AICRP on Poultry, Hyderabad
AICRP-Pig, Izzatnagar
AICRP Foot and Mouth Disease, Mukteshwar
AICRP ADMAS, Bangalore
Krishi Vigyan Kendra (KVK)
11
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Project
Project
Project
Project
National Research Centers- 6
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Central Sheep and Wool Research Institute, Avikanagar, Rajasthan.
Central Institute for Research on Goats, Makhdoom.
Central Institute for Research on Buffaloes, Hissar.
National Institute of Animal Nutrition and Physiology, Bangalore.
Central Avian Research Institute, Izatnagar
National Bureau of Animal Genetic Resources (NBAGR), Karnal
Project Directorates- 4
•
•
•
•
•
(Working as Deemed Universities )
STAKEHOLDERS
State Government – Livestock Institutions (partial list..)
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Department of Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Services / Department of Animal
Resources
Department of Dairy Development
Milk Cooperative Societies
Livestock Public Sector Undertakings (e.g. State Livestock Development Board, Assam
livestock Development Agency etc)
NABARD
State Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Assam Agricultural University
• University Departments
• Colleges
of
Veterinary
and
Animal
Sciences,College
of
Veterinary
Science,Khanapara,Ghy-22
• Technology Information Centres
• University Farms
• Extension Training Centres
Veterinary Hospitals, Clinics and Animal Health Centres
• Mobile Farm Aid Units, Mobile Vet Dispensaries
• District Veterinary Centres
• Regional Disease Diagnostic Labs
• Research Centres
• State veterinary Hospital
• State veterinary Dispensaries
• District Disease Diagnostic Laboratories
• Veterinary Sub-centres
• North East Regional Disease Diagnostic Laboratories
12
State Government – Livestock Institutions (partial list..)
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Livestock Produce Marketing – Value Chain
Extension Agencies – NGOs, SHGs, Farmers Clubs etc
Public Sector Banks
Livestock Insurance Companies (Government, Private etc)
AI Centres
Livestock Farms (cattle, buffalo, goat, sheep, pig, camel etc)
Poultry Farms
Duck farms
Fodder farm ,Regional feed Testing Laboratory
Feed mill
Livestock Management Training Centres(Kerala)
Rinderpest Check posts, RP Vigilance units(Kerala)
13
AS-IS SITUATION
IN DEPARTMENT OF ANIMAL HUSBANDRY, DAIRYING AND FISHERIES, NEW
DELHI
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
Databases
•
•
•
•
Applications Software Products (URL .. )
•
•
Workflow based System
•
•
Decision Support System (for advisories, etc)
•
•
Analytics System using BI Tools (if any)
•
•
•
F.
Content Management (portals development .. URL …)
•
•
•
G. Public Grievances System
H.
GIS Based Information System (if any)
Note: Please refer to Annexure - 3 for detail inputs from DADF
14
AS-IS SITUATION (STATE LEVEL)
Pilot States
(Assam, Himachal Pradesh, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Karnataka and Kerala)
A. Databases
G.
•
•
•
•
Applications Software Products (URL .. )
•
•
Workflow based System
•
•
Decision Support System (for advisories, etc)
•
•
Analytics System using BI Tools (if any)
•
•
Content Management (portals development .. URL …)
•
•
Public Grievances System
H.
GIS Based Information System (if any)
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
Note: Please refer to Annexure – 4 for detail inputs from Pilot States
15
NeGP-A
 MIS and Workflow Based Applications
MIS
•Slaughter House and Meat Inspection.
•Artificial Insemination and Natural Bull Service of Cattle & Buffaloes.
•Castration & Vaccination
•Animal Health Camp organization & collection of user’s fees for various diagnostic tests
•Implementation of various schemes of the Department of Animal Husbandry,
• Dairying and Fisheries.
•Block Level Portal for each Block like National Level Panchayat Raj Portal
•Welfare Camps & Training Organization Programme on control & prevention of
economically important diseases.
Workflow Based Applications
•Supply and Distribution of Medicines
•Supply and Distributions of Fodder Seeds
•Analysing and Testing of Samples for Bird Flu
•Livestock Insurance and Claim
 Analytical System Using Business Intelligence Tools
 GIS Based Decision Support System
•Buffalo Farming System (BFS),
•Sheep Farming System (SFS),
•Cattle Farming System (CFS),
•Goat farming System (GFS)
Note: Please refer to Annexure – 5 for detail inputs for MIS and Workflow Based Applications
16
NeGP-A
DATABASE REQUIREMENTS
Livestock & Poultry (source : Computerization of 18th Livestock Census,2007-2011
•
Website: http://www.dahd.gov.in/livestock census)
• Livestock Health and Disease Control
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Cattle and Buffaloes Development (Indigenous,Crossbred and Exotic)
Poultry Development (Poultry/Duck Farms, Rural Backyard poultry, Poultry Estates)
Production & Development
Central Herd Registration (CHRS Software Operational,demonstrated and Training
given to CHR Unit at Rohtak)( http://www.chrs,gov.in) or http://164.100.72.137
Livestock Infrastructure
Livestock Marketing & Extensions
Major Livestock Products (Meat, Eggs, Milk, Skin & Hides,Wool))
Breeding & Artificial Insemination
Genetic characterization of Animal genetic resources
Livestock Healthcare & Vaccination
Livestock Waste Management
Animal Disease Diagnostic Laboratories
Animal Nutrition & Physiology
Semen stations.
Feed and Fodder Development
Sheep and Goat development
Piggery development
Note: Please refer to Annexure -6 for detail inputs for DATABASE REQUIREMENTS
17
CONTENT MANAGEMENT

Package of Practices




Extension and training for beneficiaries in improved cropping packages,
use of high yielding varieties,
fodder enrichment techniques,
compressing and bailing techniques for feed blocks etc
Results of Frontline Demonstrations
 Scientific feeding practices,
 Micronutrient based fodder

18
GIS REQUIREMENTS








Spatial Database on Animal Diseases
Spatial database on Cattle & Buffalo Breeding Farms
Spatial Database on Animal Disease Diagnostic Testing
Labs profile
Spatial Database on Veterinary Dispensaries/Hospitals
profile
Spatial Database for livestock Pasture land for Fodder
Spatial Database on Dairy Cooperartives & Milk Collection
Centres
Spatial Database on Artificial Insemination(AI) Centres
Spatial Database on Stockman Centres
19
NeGP-A
SERVICE DELIVERY CHANNELS
Common Service Centers (CSC)
Krishi Vigyan Kendra (KVKs), MVK
Agri clinics / Agri Business Centers
Private kiosks
SUWIDHA Centrea
Departmental Offices
Extension workers
State Agricultural Universities
Agricultural Colleges
Reseach Organisations
NGOs active in Agricultural Sector
SMS (pull/Push) on Mobile Phones
Email alerts
State Veterinary University,
Government Touch screens
Interactive Voice Recognition System
(IVRS)
Kisan Call Centres (KCC)
State Call Centres (SCC)
Online (web based service)
Mass media(TV, Radio, News Papers)
Print Media (Pamphlets, Gazettes,
Notifications etc.)
Advertisement
Postal Services
Gram Panchayats
Dashboard / Digital Notice Board
Farmers Training Centres
Livestock Management Training Centres,
ATIS
Agricultural Informatics Division
8-Apr-15
Submit Final
SRS &
Prototype
Review SRS
& Prototype
Stakeholder
Identification
Analyze
Requirements
Gather
Requirements
Implement
Review
Feedback in
SRS &
Prototype
Prepare SRS
& Prototype
Freeze
Requirements
Final
Approval of
SRS &
Prototype
21
7 PILOT STATES
Assam
Himachal Pradesh
Jharkhand
Madhya Pradesh
Maharashtra
Karnataka and
Kerala
22
Central Agricultural Portal
De
Ch
Information and Expert Advisory
Poultry
Dairy Development
Development
Animal Disease Diagnostics
Artificial Insemination
Livestock Insurance
State Agricultural Portal
Feed & Fodder
Animal Health Care Vaccination & First Aid
Veterinarian Resource Development
23
Work Flow
Animal Farmer
Request for
Information/Service
Grievances
Redressal
System
Livestock
Health care
Management
Livestock
disease
diagnostics
LiveStock Management
Service Delivery Outlets
Livestock
Breeding and
Artificial
Insemination
Livestock
Production &
Development
Software Applications
KVK
Livestock
Census
CAP
Central
Herd
KCC
SAU
Registratio
n
Livestock
Insurance
National
Animal
Disease
Reporting
System
(NADRS)
SAP
ICAR
Expert Advisory
System
Livestock Infrastructure
Livestock feed
and fodder
Development
Livestock
Management
Training for
Block/District
Veterinariy
Officers
24
LIVESTOCK MANAGEMENT SERVICES FACILITATORS
Central
Government
Department
ICAR /
CAU/SAU
KVK/KCC
LIVESTOCK
MANAGEMENT
State Govt
Department
Expert
Advice/
Knowledge
Managemen
t
Animal
Farmer
25
26
Livestock portal as conceived in AgRIS
27
REFERENCES






EFC Memo on Agriculture Mission Mode Project
Annual Report of DADF for the year 2010-11
Livestock Census :http://dahd.nic.in/dahd/statistics/livestock-census
DADF website: http://dadf.gov.in
DARE website: http://dare.gov.in
ICAR website : http://www.icar.org.in/
28
Agricultural Informatics Division
Livestock
Management
8-Apr-15
Pesticides,
Fertilizers &
Seeds
Soil Health
Crops,
Machinery,
Training & GAPs
Drought Relief &
Management
NeGP
(A)
Irrigation
Infrastructure
Weather
Forecast & AgroMet Advisory
Prices, Arrivals,
Procurement
Points
Fisheries
Monitoring of
Schemes &
Programs
Marketing
Infrastructure
29
E-Certifications
for Imports &
Exports
Agricultural Informatics Division
Address
Needs
•Farmers
•Central Government
•State Governments
•Private Sector
Central
Segment
•Process Improvement
•Holistic ICT Strategy
•Capacity Building
•Monitoring & Evaluation
State
Segment
Private
Segment
8-Apr-15
•Guidelines For MMP Implementation
•Business Models, Services, Service Levels etc.
•Design of Standards & Protocols to be used to link with the MMP
•Business Model Options for PPP
30
Agricultural Informatics Division
8-Apr-15
31
Agricultural Informatics Division
8-Apr-15
Device
Level/Browser
Security
Content Level
Security
Network
Security
Security
Secure
Message
Traffic
Portal Server
Security
Web Server
Security
32
Annexure – A
Information on Livestock Management related
activities at the State level, through
Central level Agencies (DADF)
back to slide#5
34
Production &Marketing service of semen.
•Mentioned the Fields/ Parameters like Quantity, Usage, Location, Species
Wise availability, Cost .
•Manual Work Flow at present.
Distribution & Management of A.I. services.
• Work flow for Vety. Distributer(Block Level) to State Implementing Agency, also
Referred the some formats for A.I Services.
Information on availability of emergency Vety. services:
•All Services Will be G.I.S. Based
•Fields / Parameters like List of Vety. Officers which occupy fields like Name, Place of
Posting, Name Of District, Mobile No., Office No,
•Name of the Vety. Hospital/Dispensary having fields like Name , In charge Doctor, Staff,
Others, Location , Livestock Asst.
Carcass Disposal Facilities:• Number Of Disposals,
• Type Of Livestock(Big /Small).
• Capacity
Documents helpful from the Different states:•A.I. Register, O.P.D. Register, List of Progressive Farmer, Data Recording, Vaccination
Register.
back to slide#5
35
Present Diseases in the Country till now:
•Format Available in the Annual report 2010-11
Disease Surveillance & Control :
•
Format Available have some fields and parameter like Type of Disease, Symptoms,
Prevention, Controlling Measure, Bi-Security Measures, Vaccination Certificate/ health
Card(State wise).
Type of Disease:
• Format Available
Zoonotic Diseases:
•Described it and also mentioned some fields like Name , Species, Impacts on human,
Prevention and control.
back to slide#5
36
Annexure – 1
Information and expert advisory on livestock
(management) during :
A. Normal circumstances
B. Drought circumstances
C. Flood circumstance(During &post flood)
D. Epidemic circumstance
back to page # 6
37
INPUT ON GIVEN BY DADF
A. Normal circumstances (to be provided by the Nodal
officer of DADF and States – HP, Assam, Jharkhand, MP,
Maharashtra, Karnataka and Kerala) :
i.
ii.
iii.
iv.
v.
vi.
Information about fodder seeds to farmer
information about infertility treatment
B. Drought circumstances (to be provided by the Nodal officer
of DADF and States – HP, Assam, Jharkhand, MP,
Maharashtra, Karnataka and Kerala)
i.
ii.
iii.
iv.
v.
vi.
back to page # 6
38
Annexure - I
INFORMATION AND EXPERT ADVISORY ON
LIVESTOCK MANAGEMENT
(in Normal Circumstances) --- Assam
1)
Providing information on Animal Diseases
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
2)
3)
Diseases of cattle
Diseases of pigs
Diseases of Sheep and Goat
Diseases of wild animals
Diseases of pet animals
Providing information on Poultry & Duck Diseases
Providing information on Superior breed of
Livestock/Poultry
1.
2.
3.
4.
Superior breeds of Livestock
Breeds of poultry and duck
Choices of breed as per location &environment
Sources of breed(livestock poultry)
contd…
back to page # 6
INFORMATION AND EXPERT ADVISORY ON LIVESTOCK
MANAGEMENT (in Normal Circumstances) …continued
Providing information on Livestock Management Practices
4)



Different farming system (Dairy ,Piggery, Goatery, Rabbit).
Scientific Management Practices of farms.
Different schemes for credit linkage.
Providing information on poultry management practices
5)




System of rearing
Housing and sanitation
Feeding Schedule
Different schemes for credit linkage.
Providing information on feeds , fodder , fodder seeds,
cuttings and saplings
6)
•
•




Locally available feeds and fodder
Computation of feed
Sources & prices of feeds & Fodder
Information on Feed testing laboratories
Availablity of Area specific mineral supplement, fodder seeds,
cuttings and saplings
Information on seasonal fodder
back to page # 6
INFORMATION AND EXPERT ADVISORY ON LIVESTOCK
MANAGEMENT (in Normal Circumstances) …continued
Providing Information on Market & Marketing of Farm products
7)



Providing Information on Registered farmer, Hatchery unit, Feed mills
etc& Marketing of product
8)






9)
10)
Information about market
Market price of various product
Area specific Demand and supply of different product.
Dairy breeder
Poultry breeder
Broiler farmer
Goat breeder
Piggery farmer
Duckery farmer
Providing Information on Government of India(GOI) Sponsored Schemes
on Dairy , piggery, goatery, poultry, rabbit in collaboration with NABARD.
Providing Information on State Government Sponsored Schemes on Dairy
, piggery, goatery, poultry, rabbit.
back to page # 6
INFORMATION AND EXPERT ADVISORY ON LIVESTOCK
MANAGEMENT (in Normal Circumstances) …continued
Providing Information on Centrally Sponsored Schemes
11)
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
Centrally Sponsored Fodder and Feed Development Schemes for 2010-11.
Centrally Sponsored Scheme Poultry Development(Rural backyard poultry
Development Component
Poultry Project under (100% Assistance to the state poultry farms by GOI.
Commercial Broiler Raising Programme with Entrepreneurship Development in
the Jorhat Township Periphery.
National Agricultural Development Programme(NADP).
Rastriya Krishi Vigyan Yojna(RKVY).
Assistance to State for Control of Animal Diseases( ASCAD).
National Project on Cattle and Buffalo Breeding, Govt of India(under Assam
Livestock.
Development Agency (ALDA).
National Animal Disease Reporting System (NADRS).
Providing Information on Zoonotic Diseases.
12)
1.
2.
3.
Information about disease and its causative factor.
Information on impact on human health.
Information about control measure.
back to page # 6...
INFORMATION AND EXPERT ADVISORY ON LIVESTOCK
(MANAGEMENT)
--- KERALA
Information Provided by the Nodal officer of Directorate of AH&V :
During :
A. Normal circumstances
i. Calf Management Practices
ii.
iii.
iv.
v.
vi.
Housing Management Practices
Feeding Management Practices
Breeding Management Practices
Health Management Practices
Waste Management Practices
B. Drought circumstances
i. Disaster management Activities
ii. Information on availability of emergency vety. service
iii. Information on feed, fodder and medicines
iv. Information of Carcass disposal facilities
v. Rehabilitation of affected livestock
back to page # 6
43
Annexure – 2
Information on availability of fodder in the
nearest region of farmer (i.e. Proximity to Panchayat)
Note: As per discussion with Nodal Officer during presentation Only information
about fodder and fodder seeds ( category & quality of fodder and fodder seeds)
should be provided
back to slide#7
44
INFORMATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FODDER IN THE NEAREST REGION OF
FARMER (I.E. PROXIMITY TO PANCHAYAT) INPUT ON FEED AND FODDER MANAGEMENT PRACTICES GIVEN BY DADF
i.
Information on fodder seeds
- Free distribution to farmer
- Purchase of fodder seeds
- period of sowing and harvesting
ii. Information on fodder
- seasonal fodder
- variety of fodder
- cultivation practices in States
- availability of transportation facility fodder blocks
- silage making and hey making
- silage bags avilability
- home made fodder
iii.
iv.
v.
vi.
vii.
viii.
back to slide # 7
45
INFORMATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FODDER IN THE NEAREST REGION OF
FARMER (I.E. PROXIMITY TO PANCHAYAT)
FEED AND FODDER MANAGEMENT, ASSAM
i. Fodder Demonstration Farm, Kaliapani ,Jorhat
ii. Fodder Demonstration Farm,Sonapur,Kamrup
iii. Fodder Demonstration Farm ,Sariahtoli,Nalbari
iv. Fodder Demonstration Farm,Borborijhar,Barpeta
v. Fodder Demonstration Farm,Barhampur, Nagaon
vi. Livestock Farm,Khanikar,Dibrugarh
vii. Livestock Farm,Ghoongoor,Silchar
viii.Livestock Farm,Khanapara,Guwahati
ix. Institute of Farm Management,Rani, Kamrup
x. Bull Mother Farm, Barapetta
xi. Fodder Demonstration Farm,Manja,Lambajong,Karbi-Anglong
xii. Bull Rearing Farm,Kathiatoli,
xiii.Duck Breeding cum Fodder Farm,Kaliabor, Nagaon
xiv.Goat cum Fodder Farm, Panbari, Kokrajhar
back to slide # 7
46
INFORMATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FODDER IN THE NEAREST REGION OF
FARMER (I.E. PROXIMITY TO PANCHAYAT)
FEED AND FODDER MANAGEMENT Activitiew in Himachal Pradesh
Information on Feed & Fodder
During Normal Circumstances
 Establishment of Fodder Block Making Units.
 Grassland Development including Grass Reserves.
 Fodder Seed Production and Distribution.
 Strengthening of Feed Testing Laboratories.
 Introduction of hand driven and power driven chaff cutters;
 Establishment of silage making Units.
 Demonstration of Azolla cultivation and production units.
 Establishment of by-pass protein production units and
 Establishment of Area Specific Mineral Mixture / Feed
 Pelleting/ Feed manufacturing Units.
back to page # 7
47
During Drought Circumstances
 Preserve feed and fodder.
 Adopt improved method of feeding.
 Adopt silage making.
 Adopt hay making.
 Adopt water harvesting.
 Adopt concentrate feeding practice.
 Utilisation of tree leaves e.g.bamboo, banyan, ohi, karal,
 Feeding of root crops
 Grazing in pastures.
 Cultivate fodder crops.
 Cultivate perennial grasses.
 Enrichment of Wheat Straw With Urea and Molasses
 Preparation of feed at home with available resources
(grain)at home.
back to page # 7
48
INFORMATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FODDER IN THE NEAREST REGION OF
FARMER (I.E. PROXIMITY TO PANCHAYAT) -
FEED AND FODDER MANAGEMENT Practices, KERALA
i. Fodder available in the State Animal Husbandry Department
farms in different districts.
ii. Fodder available in the private farms – to be identified in
consultation with the local Veterinary Surgeon
iii. Fodder available from the farms of KLD Board
iv. Fodder available from the Dairy Development Department
v. Fodder available with the farmers – as a result of Fodder Minikit
Demonstration programme
vi. Fodder cultivated in the veterinary institution where land
isInformation on availability of fodder in the nearest regio...
available for fodder cultivation
back to page # 7
49
Annexure – 3
Inputs from DADF
on
As – IS SITUATION
back to slide#14
50
AS-IS SITUATION
1. Dairy Development
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
Databases
•
•
•
•
Applications Software Products (URL .. )
•
•
Workflow based System
•
•
Decision Support System (for advisories, etc)
•
•
Analytics System using BI Tools (if any)
•
•
•
F.
Content Management (portals development .. URL …)
•
•
•
G. Public Grievances System
H.
GIS Based Information System (if any)
back to slide#14
51
AS-IS SITUATION
2. Livestock Health
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
Databases
•
•
•
•
Applications Software Products (URL .. )
•
•
Workflow based System
•
•
Decision Support System (for advisories, etc)
•
•
Analytics System using BI Tools (if any)
•
•
•
F.
Content Management (portals development .. URL …)
•
•
•
G. Public Grievances System
H.
GIS Based Information System (if any)
back to slide#14
52
AS-IS SITUATION
3. Poultry
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
Databases
•
•
•
•
Applications Software Products (URL .. )
•
•
Workflow based System
•
•
Decision Support System (for advisories, etc)
•
•
Analytics System using BI Tools (if any)
•
•
•
G.
Content Management (portals development .. URL …)
•
•
•
Public Grievances System
H.
GIS Based Information System (if any)
back to slide#14
53
AS-IS SITUATION
4. Fodder
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
Databases
•
•
•
•
Applications Software Products (URL .. )
•
•
Workflow based System
•
•
Decision Support System (for advisories, etc)
•
•
Analytics System using BI Tools (if any)
•
•
•
G.
Content Management (portals development .. URL …)
•
•
•
Public Grievances System
H.
GIS Based Information System (if any)
back to slide#14
54
AS-IS SITUATION
5. Animal Husbandry Statistics
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
Databases
•
•
•
•
Applications Software Products (URL .. )
•
•
Workflow based System
•
•
Decision Support System (for advisories, etc)
•
•
Analytics System using BI Tools (if any)
•
•
•
F.
Content Management (portals development .. URL …)
•
•
•
G. Public Grievances System
H.
GIS Based Information System (if any)
back to slide#14 55
Annexure – 4
Inputs from Pilot States
on
As – IS SITUATION
56
AS-IS SITUATION – STATE LEVEL
Pilot States:
(Assam)
A.
B.
C.
D.
Databases (data available in manual form)
•
A.I. , Treatment,Vaccination &castration data Register
•
Fodder seed procurement and fodder distribution
•
Beneficiary lists of different schemes.
•
Medicine procurement and distribution data.
Applications Software Products (URL ..
•
•
Workflow based System
•
•
Decision Support System (for advisories, etc)
•
•
•
E.
Analytics System using BI Tools (if any)
•
•
•
F.
Content Management (portals development .. URL …)
•
•
•
F.
Public Grievances System
G. GIS Based Information System (if any)
57
AS-IS SITUATION – STATE LEVEL
Pilot States:
( Kerala)
A.
Databases
•
Livestock Census
B. Applications Software Products (URL ..
•
AHEAD (Animal Husbandry Enterprise Administrative Depository)
www.ahd.kerala.gov.in/ahead
•
GIS for AHD
•
ADCP software (Animal Disease Control project)
•
BUDMOS
•
CPMU
RKVY (Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana)
•
SPARK
•
RFD
C. Workflow based System
•
IAH & VB, Palode. Work flow based system is being developed
D. Decision Support System (for advisories, etc)
•
GIS for AHD
E. Analytics System using BI Tools (if any)
F. Content Management (portals development .. URL …)
•
Department website www.ahd.kerala.gov.in
F.
Public Grievances System
CMCC – Chief Ministers Call Centre www.cmcc.kerala.gov.in
F. GIS Based Information System (if any)
GIS for AHD
58
AS-IS SITUATION (STATE LEVEL)
Pilot States:
(Himachal Pradesh)
A. Databases
•
Nil
B.
Applications Software Products (URL .. )
•
Nil
C.
Workflow based System
•
Nil
D.
Decision Support System (for advisories, etc)
•
Nil
E.
Analytics System using BI Tools (if any)
•
Nil
F.
Content Management (portals development .. URL …)
•
Nil
G.
Public Grievances System
•
E-Samadhan
H.
GIS Based Information System (if any)
•
Nill
59
Annexure – 5
Inputs from DADF and the Pilot States
on
MIS and Workflow Based Applications
Analytical System Using Business Intelligence
Tools
GIS Based Decision Support System
60
 MIS and Workflow Based Applications Operational in the
Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying & Fisheries (DADF)
• Computerization of 18th Livestock Census 2007
(http://dahd.nic.in/dahd/standard-updates/18th-livestock-census-2007-software.aspx)
• Central Herd Registration System (CHRS) (http://chrs.gov.in) (http://164.100.72.137/)
• Monitoring System for Preparedness , Control & Containment of Avian Influenza
(Bird Flu) (http://avianflumonitoring.nic.in)
 MIS and Workflow Based Applications being Developed under NADRS
Project of Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying & Fisheries(DADF)
• Web Based and Mobile Based SMS System for Animal Disease Reporting
• NADRS Web Portal
• Centralized Scheme Monitoring System
Contd…
61
NeGP-A
•MIS and Workflow Based Applications
(Green Font for Assam : MIS & Applications are in manual form)
MIS
•Slaughter House and Meat Inspection, and marketing of meat.
•Artificial Insemination and Natural Bull Service of Cattle & Buffaloes.
•Castration & Vaccination
•Animal Health Camp organization & collection of user’s fees for various diagnostic tests
•Implementation of various schemes of the Department of Animal Husbandry,
Dairying and Fisheries.
•Block Level Portal for each Block like National Level Panchayat Raj Portal
•Welfare Camps & Training Organization Programme on control & prevention of economically important
diseases.
•Information on commercially viable breeds of poultry, duck, pig and goat
•Information on registered farmer ,hatchery unit, feed mills
•Information on zoonotic diseases
•Information on diseases (livestock, bird &pet animal)
•Information on market &marketing of live livestock and bird
Workflow Based Applications
•
Artificial insemination
•Supply and Distribution of Medicines
•Supply and Distributions of Fodder Seeds, and roots
•Analysing and Testing of Samples for Bird Flu and other emerging contagious diseases of
birds & livestocks
•Livestock Insurance and Claim
• Farmers training , Treatment camp, Testing of feed samples
Analytical System Using Business Intelligence Tools
 GIS Based Decision Support System

Contd…
62
MIS and Workflow Based Applications Operational
in
Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying & Fisheries
(DADF)
63
1. COMPUTERIZATION OF 18TH LIVESTOCK CENSUS
OBJECTIVES:
To computerize 18th Livestock
Census Data for providing better
access of information to facilitate
efficient planning and evaluation
of programs/schemes in Animal
Husbandry Sector at different
administrative and geographic
levels.
 The Livestock census, conducted
once in every five year, with
reference date 15th October,
comprise of three schedules.

Contd…
Features:

Building a comprehensive database from each household level in a village at All India basis
related to socio economic data of families having livestock, Poultry, Agriculture Implements and
Machinery and Fisheries.
 Generation of reports regarding Village / Ward profiles, Breed wise data , species wise
data , Poultry etc
 Web enabled data of Livestock Census, on-line accessing of the derived tables at
National, State, District and Tehsil level, for wider dissemination. http://dahd.nic.in)
 Empowering the State Livestock Census Officials in States/UTs with ICT Tools and provide
adequate Training
Contd…
Impact:
Road ahead:

Strengthening the decision-making in the
Management.


Efficient planning and decision making for
development of Livestock sector holdings
resources through consistent and
consolidated information.
Integration of Livestock Census data
with Irrigation Census, Agriculture
Census , Input survey Data

Utilization of Census data for Grassroots
level planning through the programmesDISNIC-PLAN, AgRIS, etc.
Empowering end users to perform in-depth
Analysis

Spatial-Temporal Analysis of Time series
data

Reconstruction of Tables based on
several spatial topologies like AgroClimatic regions, Agro-ecological regions
and backwardness etc.,

Utilizing the GIS tools, the requirement
of additional infrastructure like markets,
storage etc. can be identified in tehsils
linking the existing parameters

Beneficiaries (Stakeholders):

Department of Animal Husbandry , Dairying and
Fisheries.

State Animal Husbandry and Fisheries
Directorates

Planning Commission / State Planning Boards

Research Scholars and Scientists
2. CENTRAL HERD REGISTRATION SCHEME (CHRS)
(Software Already Developed)
OBJECTIVES:
A. To locate superior germplasm in the farms and breeding tracts through milk
recording and registration of animals.
B.
To introduce systematic milk recording in the breeding tracts and arrange
breeding of selected cows with superior bulls.
C. To study production records collected through the organization set up in the
breeding tracts and organized cattle farms and to lay down standards for
selection.
D. To collect and publish production and breeding data of all registered animals
for general guidance and inter-farm, inter-breeder exchange of animals.
E.
To regulate sale/ purchase and import/ export of cattle and buffaloes in order
to ensure and enforce quality control.
F.
To propagate and awaken consciousness amongst breeders to improve their
economy through livestock improvement by constant publicity and incentives.
67
3. Monitoring System for Preparedness , Control &
Containment of Avian Influenza (Bird Flu)
OBJECTIVES:
• A web-based application System for Preparedness, control
and Containment of Avian Influenza
• To monitor the outbreak and action taken plan for notifying
the occurrence of the Avian Influenza in the country
• It is a workflow based monitoring application starting from
captured details of unusual sickness of the birds received
from the Disease Investigation officer.
• Tests conducted on received samples by the Animal Disease
Diagnostic Laboratories and the test results obtained from
Animal Disease Diagnostic laboratories in the country
Contd…
68
Monitoring System for Preparedness , Control &
Containment of Avian Influenza (Bird Flu)
• This application will also help to monitor the sample received,
samples tested, positive results obtained and samples pending
for test at various laboratories of DADF.
• The software application titled “Monitoring System for
Preparedness, Control and Containment of Avian Influenza”
has been Designed and developed and hosted on the Server
(http://avianflumonitoring.nic.in) for use of all Central and
Regional Animal Disease Diagnostic laboratories and Animal
Quarantine Certification Service Stations in the Country.
Contd
69
Data Management and Networking on Preparedness,
Control and Containment of Avian Influenza
S
T
A
G
E
S
O
F
S
A
M
P
L
E
S
Sample
Identification
2
Sample
Received
1
Final
Test Results
5
Sample
Verification
3
Sample
Test Results
4
1. Sample details entered by received laboratory.
2. Details of Identification of the samples.
3. Verification details of the samples are entered.
4. Test results of the samples are entered.
5. Final test can be done by source lab.
Annexure – 6
Inputs from DADF and the Pilot States
on
DATABASE REQUIREMENTS
71
Annexure – 7
Central Sector and Centrally Sponsored
Schemes
72
SCHEMES
Central Cattle Breeding Farms
Regional Stations For Forage Production & Demonstration
Central Fodder Seed Production Farm, Hesserghatta (Bangalore)
Livestock Health & Insurance
 Central Minikit Testing Programme on Fodder Crops
 Central Sheep Breeding Farm, Hissar Haryana
 Central Frozen Semen Production & Training Institute
 Intensive Dairy Development Programme (IDDP)
 Strengthening infrastructure for quality & clean milk production
 National Project for Cattle and Buffalo Breeding
Compendium of Pig Development
73
SCHEMES
National Project on Cattle & Buffalo Breeding (Rs. 554 Crores)
Objectives:

To arrange delivery of improved artificial insemination service at the farmers doorstep.

To bring breedable females among cattle and buffalo under organized breeding through
artificial insemination or natural service by high quality bulls

To undertake breed improvement programme for indigenous cattle and buffalo breeds
so as to improve their genetic qualities as well as their availability.

Online requirement, availability and distribution of Artificial Insemination (AI)

To Improve monitoring of scheme components

To facilitate generation of analytical reports for decision support
74
SCHEMES
National Livestock Disease Control Programme (Rs.1300 Crores)
Objectives
•

For ensuring the maintenance of disease free status and to be compatible with the
standards laid by the Office International des Epizooties (OIE) - World Animal Health
Organization, major health schemes have been initiated to support the animal health
programmes in the states.
National Animal Disease Reporting System (NADRS)
•
•
•
•
•
•




‘National Animal Disease Reporting System’ (NADRS), a centrally sponsored scheme of
Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying and Fisheries is being executed through National
Informatics Centre.
This will enable the Block, District and State animal health officials to report the disease
information and render reports and returns prescribed reports via internet.
The system is being designed as to assure secure data transfer and confidentiality of
information.
At the apex level, NADRS will compile and generate animal disease information for the
country as a whole.
The users will have access to the information as per permissions in consonance with their
role and responsibilities envisaged under the system.
This computerized system will enable fuller and timely reporting of the animal disease
situation in the country, enabling its effective management.
National Control Programme on Peste de Petits Ruminants (NCPPPR)
Establishment and Strengthening of Veterinary Hospitals and Dispensaries (ESVHD)
National Control Programme on Brucellosis (NCPB)
Extending coverage of Foot & Mouth Disease Control Programme (FMD-CP)
•
•
To prevent economic losses due to FMD
To develop herd immunity in cloven-footed animals
75
SCHEMES
Poultry Development ( Rs. 150 Crores ) http://dadf.gov.in/dahd/statistics/poultry
Objectives
•To assist State Poultry/ Duck Farms for strengthening them in terms of hatching, brooding and rearing
of the birds with provision for feed mill and their quality monitoring and in-house disease diagnostic
facilities.
•These farms will strictly maintain the parent stock of low input technology birds duly identified by
this department.
•To strengthen technical support, a component of consultancy is also provided under the scheme.
• Revolving fund for purchase of breeding stock, feed ingredients, transportation, medicines and
vaccines is provided to enable sustenance of the farm.
strengthened is now being focused upon by promoting backyard poultry
Mandate
•Improved delivery of services for Poultry Development
•Improved dissemination of information
•Baseline database of beneficiaries
•Timely availability of information
•To facilitate generation of analytical reports for decision support
76
SCHEMES
Project for Feed and Fodder Development
(Rs.141.40 Crores)
Objectives
•
To provide assistance to the States for augmenting fodder availability
The scheme provides central assistance to States to supplement their efforts in feed and
fodder development
•
Assistance for establishment of fodder banks Enrichment of straw/Cellulosic waste

To establish Fodder banks to preserve fodder for use during drought and scarcity period

To provide assistance to the farmers to enrich the quality of straw used for livestock, by treatment
with urea and molasses helps in increasing productivity and reducing the cost of milk production

To encourage farmers to Cultivate of high yielding varieties of fodder/fodder seeds

Assistance for conservation of fodder through conversion of feed blocks
•
Extension and training for beneficiaries in improved cropping packages, use of high yielding
varieties, fodder enrichment techniques, compressing and bailing techniques for feed blocks etc.
scarcity
77
SCHEMES
Livestock Insurance
Salient Features
•
This policy is for protection of rural people of India against loss of life of their cattles which includes
MilchCows, Buffaloes, Calves / Heifers, Stud Bulls, Bullocks ( Castrated Bulls ) and Castrated Male
Buffaloes whether indigenous, exotic or cross-bred.
•
Crossbred and high yielding cattle and buffaloes were insured at maximum of their current market
value
•
To demonstrate the benefit of the insurance of livestock to the people and popularize it with the
ultimate goal of attaining qualitative improvement in livestock and their products.
•
Crossbred and high yielding cattle and buffaloes were insured at maximum of their current market
value
The funds under the scheme are utilized for payment of premium subsidy,
Payment of honorarium to the Veterinary Practitioners for their services under the scheme
and publicity campaign for creation of awareness among the target groups
50 percent of premium of the insurance is to be paid by the beneficiaries and the rest being born by the
Central Government.
Payment of claim amount to the beneficiaries.
•
•
•
•
•
Scope of Cover
•
Death due to disease & accident with some exclusions specified in the policy
78
Annexure – 8
Veterinary Institutions/Colleges/Research
Centres and Central & State Agriculture
Universities
in
Pilot States
79
LIVESTOCK MANAGEMENT – VETERINARY INSTITUTIONS – IN
PILOT STATES
States
Veterinary
Hospitals /
Polytechnics
Veterinary
Dispensaries
Veterinary Aid centres/
Stockmen centre/
Mobile dispensaries
Kerala
213
880
26
Karnataka
294
1451
2029
Maharashtra
43
1382
2056
Madhya Pradesh
565
1742
72
Jharkhand
405
3
---
Assam
29
428
1213
Himachal Pradesh
335
1721
14
Additional information about Kerala State
No. of ICDP sub centres – 1359, RAIC – 38, ICDP -9 ,DVC – 14, VPC – 48, VH – 214, VD –
856, MVH – 27
Networking of these Institutions are essential
•
•
•
Veterinary Hospitals / Polytechnics – Through Broadband
Connectivity and a NADRS Node
Veterinary Dispensaries - Through Broadband Connectivity and a
NADRS Node
Veterinary Aid Centres - Through Mobile Communication
Annexure – 9
Presentation of Livestock Management
Activities During Drought Circumstances
Dr. K. S. Ramachandra, Technical Expert, National
Rainfed Area Authority(NRAA), Ministry of
Agriculture, Government of India
81
LIVESTOCK MANAGEMENT IN DROUGHT
• Drought is normally associated with crop failure,
drinking water scarcity and out migration of people
• Livestock in drought prone areas are considered as
best coping mechanism against crop failure
• Provides regular income and much needed safety
net as they can be sold, pledged or traded
But
• Livestock are also considerably affected by drought
82
Source: CICERO (Centre for International Climate and Environmental
Research – Oslo) - Norway
83
EFFECTS OF DROUGHT ON LIVESTOCK
•
Decline in production of milk and eggs
•
Loss in body weight and body condition
•
Reduced immunity levels and thus increased susceptibility to diseases
•
Prolonged drought conditions lead to reduced reproductive efficiency
•
Crop failures leads to acute shortage of food and fodder adversely
affecting livestock health and nutrition.
•
Scarcity of drinking water due to deteriorating ground water quality and
declining water tables leading to large scale migration
84
DROUGHT AND LIVESTOCK PRODUCTION
Kind of Drought
Effect on Livestock Production
Meteorological
• No visible effect.
• Slight physiological adaptation
Agricultural
• Shortage of feed and fodder
• Reduced production
• Decline in sale price of animals
Hydrological
• Significant reduction in production
• Increased physiological stress
• Decreased immunity levels
• Effect on reproductive efficiency
• Out-migration of animals
• Distress sale
85
Available Options
Option
Advantages
Disadvantages
• Selling some
or all animals
• Immediate cash available
• Higher value if sold early
• Saving on feed and labour
• Pursue other activities
• Repurchasing may cost more
• Loss of steady income
• Loss of precious genetic material
• Feeding for
production
• No loss of Production
• No need for restocking
• Higher income through
sale of produce
• Maintenance
Feeding
• Longer the drought – higher the
• No need for restocking
costs
• Steady source of income
• Breeding cycle not disturbed • High labour input, lower production
• Shifting to
cattle camps
• No need for restocking
• Saving on feed and labour
• Savings on cost
• Higher costs/ uncertain markets
• High labour requirement
• Farmers hesitant to move animals
to camps
• Loss in production
86
MITIGATION STRATEGIES
Objective of drought mitigation strategies
• Ensuring survival of farm business
• Minimum loss of productivity
• Minimal number of animals for optimizing available
resources
• No loss of reproductive efficiency
• Recommencement of production after drought
•
Prompt Treatment of diseases
Objective of flood mitigation strategies
• Ensuring survival of farm management
• Minimum loss of productivity
87
Feeding Strategies
•
Critical loss of body weight in
•
Cattle / Buffalo – 20%
•
Sheep / goat / camel – 30 to 40%
•
For maintenance to ensure survival
•
To maintain minimum level of production / growth
•
To maintain full level of production / growth
•
Feeding Strategies (FLOOD CIRCUMSTANCE)
(full feeding strategy under Flood circumstances will be
made later)
88
Feeding Practices
• Focus to be on efficient utilization of existing feed Resources
• Supplementary feeding required for producing and young
Animals
• Choice of supplements critical. Feed ingredients high in
protein preferred
energy /
• Supplementary feeding of grains / oil cakes could be given twice in a
week
• Feeding of urea as nitrogen source to be avoided.
• Mineral mixture / Mineral – Molasses blocks to be provided to overcome
loss of reproductive efficiency
• Feeding Practices in flood (will be made fully later)
• Focus to be on efficient utilisation of existing feed resources
• Supplementary feed required for young and adult animals
89
Feeding Practices
•
Choice of supplements critical. Feed ingredients high in
energy / protein preferred
•
Supplementary feeding of grains / oil cakes could be given
twice in a week
•
Feeding of urea as nitrogen source to be avoided.
•
Mineral mixture / Mineral – Molasses blocks to be provided to
overcome loss of reproductive efficiency
Utilization of fodder blocks
•
90
Management Practices to be adopted
• Animals not to be kept under direct sunlight
• Provide proper ventilation in sheds
• Over crowding of animals in shed to be avoided
• Early mornings and late evenings feeding to be followed
• Preferably less hours of grazing and shorter distance
• Ensure availability of drinking water
•
Supplement with mineral mixture and vitamins
•
Providing free ration, Green fodder
•
Medicines and plasma volume expanders like i/v fluids
Management Practices to be adopted (During and
Post Flood)
• Animals are to be shifted to raised platform
• Provide clean drinking water to animals
• Cleaning of animal sheds with disinfectants
91
Contingent Plan for drought mitigation – Livestock
perspective
• Contingent plan for drought mitigation not well developed
• Focus mostly on drought relief measures
• Both short and long term strategies needed for mitigation
92
Long term strategies
Issue
• Large scale migration
Strategy
• Creating additional resources in DPA
• Inclusion of top feeds in cropping systems
• Grazing of poisonous
plants/ toxicity problems
• Inventory of anti-nutritional / toxic
factors
• Creating awareness in farmers for
avoiding nitrate/ nitrite and HCN
poisoning
• Transport of fodder
from normal to DPA
• Establishing feed and fodder banks
• Effective mechanism for distribution of
fodder / feed to productive animals
• Densification/ baling/ briquetting
technologies
93
• Arrangements of Quality Fodder.
• Livestock Strategy.
94
Transportation, storage and densification of dry fodder during drought
period
95
Available options
• Unsown area should be harnessed for taking up cultivation of short
duration crops of sorghum, bajra etc. as fodder
• In sugarcane growing areas Sugarcane tops and dry sugarcane leaves
may be transported, enriched for crude protein content and fed in
scarcity areas.
• Sugarcane baggase and press mud may be treated and transported to
deficit areas for survival feeding.
• Partially damaged wheat and other grains may be diverted for feeding
to save productive animals
• Crop residues shall be utilized as fodder
• Conservation of fodder as silage, hay etc
• Unsown area to be taken up by local bodies for cultivation of fodder
such as Hybrid napier.
96
Required policy changes
• Need for comprehensive drought manual at State level
• Drought relief largely oriented towards organizing cattle relief
camps and providing health protection
• Focus to be given for sustenance of productive animals
• CRF norms needs a relook – productivity loss to be
Compensated
• Establishing a National Feed Grid
(End of Dr. K. S. Ramachandra’s Presentation)
97
Annexure – 10
Inputs on Livestock Management Related
Activities
from
Pilot States
back to slide#5
98
99
ANIMAL HUSBANDRY DEPARTMENT
MAHARASHTRA STATE
100
Maharashtra State Administrative and
Supervisory set-up A.H. Dept.
Commissioner of Animal Husbandry., M.S. Pune.
REGIONS
PUNE
MUMBAI
LATUR
AURANGABAD
NASIK
NAGPUR
AMRAVATI
Pune
Thane
Latur
Jalna
Nasik
Nagpur
Amravati
Sangli
Ratnagiri
Nanded
Beed
Ahmadnagar
Bhandara
Akola
Satara
Raigad
Hingoli
Parbhani
Dhuliya
Chandrapur
Washim
Solapur
Sindhdurg
Osmanabad
Aurangabad
Jalgaon
Gondiya
Buldhana
Kholapur
Mumbal
Nandurbar
Wardha
Yawatmal
Mumbai suburban
5
Districts
6 Districts
Gadchroli
4 Districts
4 Districts
5 Districts
6 Districts
5 Districts
Each region is monitored by a Regional Joint Commissioner of A.H. & every
district has a District Dy. Commissioner of A.H.
LIVESTOCK RESOURCES – CURRENT STATUS
(FIG IN LAKHS)
Livestock
2003
2007
Breedable Cows
37.75
51.88
Breedable exotic &
Crossbred cows
14.65
16.92
Breedable buffaloes
35.03
34.86
Sheep & Goats
136.24
133.00
Poultry
345.09
647.45
SERVICE PROVIDING INFRASTRUCTURE OF THE
A.H. DEPT.
Sr.No.
Name Of The Institution
Number
Veterinary Services and Animal Health coverage
Veterinary Polyclinics
29
Veterinary Mini Polyclinics
171
Veterinary Dispensaries grade-I
1671
Veterinary Dispensaries grade-II
2853
Mobile Veterinary Clinics
65
Total no. of service outlets
4789
Prevention and Control of Livestock Diseases and Disease Diagnosis
Institute of Vety. Biological Products
1
Disease Investigation Section
1
(WRDDL )
Regional Diseases Investigation Labs.
7
Check posts
13
Sr. No. Year
Milk Production Eggs Production Meat Production Wool Production
Milk
Growth Eggs
Growth Meat Growth Wool
(000MT) Rate (%) (Crores) Rate (%) (000MT) Rate (%) (MT)
1
Growth
Rate (%)
99-2000
5706
1.73
304
1.67
207
1.97
1610
0.88
2000-01
5850
2.52
310
1.97
211
1.93
1628
1.12
3
2001-02
6093
4.15
320
3.23
215
1.9
1645
1.04
4
2002-03
6251
2.59
329
2.81
218
1.4
1659
0.85
5
2003-04
6377
2.02
336
2.13
225
3.21
1674
0.9
6
2004-05
6567
2.98
344
2.38
230
2.22
1620
-3.23
7
8
2005-06
2006-07
6769
6977
3.08
3.09
352
340
2.33
-3.4
236
243
2.61
2.97
1640
1667
1.23
1.65
9
10
2007-08
2008-09
7210
7455
3.32
3.4
346
355
1.66
2.6
250
256
2.89
2.4
1677
1707
0.6
1.79
2

Figures Calculated Approximately From 2009-10 to 2011-12
2009-10
7716
404.94
289
1779
2010-11
8025
434.23
306
1797
2011-12
8434
460.28
324
1815
Technical Manpower Available
Sr.
No.
Man power
Sanctioned
Posts
Vacant
Posts
1
Additional Commissioner
2
2
2
Joint Commissioner
12
1
3
Deputy Commissioner
52
5
4
Assistant Commissioner
367
213
5
Livestock Development Officer (LDO)
2543
636
6
Assistant Livestock Development Officer (ALDO)
258
51
7
Livestock Supervisor
774
159
MAHARASHTRA LIVESTOCK DEVELOPMENT BOARD, AKOLA






As per the guidelines of the Government of India, Maharashtra Livestock
Development Board, Akola a state implementing agency has been
established on 12.9.2003 .
National Project for cattle & Buffalo Breeding Programme is
implemented through Maharashtra Livestock Development Board, Akola.
The Centrally Sponsored Schemes namely P.M. Package for suicide-proan
districts of the State and national insurance scheme phase-I & II. is
implemented through MLDB.
Livestock insurance – 50% c.s scheme
A.I. Delivery scheme through Rkvy
The Government of Maharashtra has recently established Maharashtra
Animal Identification and Recording Authority under Maharashtra Livestock
.
Development Board

The State has recently formulated area-specific Breeding policy for cattle &
buffaloes considering every block as a unit.
Main objectives


Extension of breeding coverage up to 80% breedable cattle and
buffalo through AI and natural services.
Delivery of improved AI service to the doorsteps of farmers by
engaging NGO’s / Dairy co-operative societies.

To
identify
and
propagate
superior
germ
plasm
for
genetic

improvement using networking of progeny testing programme
Training and retraining of professionals and AI workers as a integral
.
part of the scheme.




To conserve the indigenous breeds .
To promote optimum capacity utilization in institutional
infrastructure.
To identify and propagate superior germ plasm for genetic
improvement using networking of progeny testing programme.
Training and retraining of professionals and AI workers as a integral
part of the scheme.
Breeds of Maharashtra registered with NBAGR
Cattle
Buffaloes
Sheep
Goats
Khillar
Deoni
Dangi
Red Kandhari
Gaolao
-------------Pandharpuri
Nagpuri
Marathwadi
-------------Deccani
Madgyal
-------------Osmanabadi
Sangamneri
108
MAHARASHTRA ANIMAL IDENTIFICATION AND RECORDING
AUTHORITY (MAIRA)





The Government of Maharashtra has recently established Maharashtra
Animal Identification and Recording Authority under Maharashtra
Livestock Development Board.
It is Unique Identity System of Animal like AADHAR Card.
The main objectives of the Authority are to regulate premises
registration, implement animal identification system and performance
recording management in the state.
The long-term objectives are ensuring traceability and genetic
improvement. This is an important step towards livestock productivity
improvement and control of public health importance animal diseases.
The Government of Maharashtra has recently taken up an important
step by establishing ‘Maharashtra Animal Identification and Recording
Authority (MAIRA) vide G. R. dated 27th Jully 2010
MAIRA has following broad objectives.
1. Encourage farmers and all other organizations involved in animal
keeping (even for a transitory period) voluntary premises
registration which can be interfaced with GPS to ensure rapid
identification and accessibility .
2. Encourage farmers to adapt unique animal identification so as
to enable traceability and develop rules and guidelines for
unique identification, devices, methods and database .
3. Develop state animal health information system for public /
consumer accessibility and integrate the state system with
national animal health information system.
PUNYASHLOKA AHILYADEVI MAHARASHTRA MENDHI VA
SHELI VIKAS MAHAMANDAL LTD., PUNE

Punyashloka Ahilyadevi Maharashtra Mendhi VA Sheli
Vikas Mahamandal Ltd., Pune was established in 1978.
Objectives






To establish, extend to reorganize Sheep Breeding Farms of
Exotic/Local/Cross-breed Sheep in the State.
To multiply such units at location convenient to sheep
rearing.
To import, export & sell the sheep & sheep products.
To take crossbreeding programme for up gradation of local
sheep.
To establish, or reorganize sheep extension centers in
collaboration with the State Government.
To finance, promote, establish & administer & assist
institutions run by Government, Co-operatives.
PUNYASHLOKA AHILYADEVI MAHARASHTRA MENDHI
VA SHELI VIKAS MAHAMANDAL LTD., PUNE


Infrastructure
Corporation has 9 sheep and goat development farms with 2326 Hectares land. Of
this, 171.87 Hectares is under cultivation.
5183 indigenous sheep and goat of valuable germ plasm available with the
corporation.
Total carrying capacity of 9 farms is 8,000 sheep & goats. 42 technical personnel
with 268 unskilled labourers.
4 wool weaving training cum production centers.




Punyashloka Ahilyadevi Maharashtra Sheep & Goat Development
Corporation Ltd, Gokhalenagar, Pune-16
Punyashloka Ahilyadevi Sheep & Goat Development Farm, Ranjani, Dist.
Sangali
Punyashloka Ahilyadevi Sheep & Goat Development Farm,Padegaon, Dist.
Aurangabad.
Punyashloka Ahilyadevi Sheep & Goat Development Farm, Mahud, Dist.
Solapur
Sheep and Goat Management training centers at all farms

& the Head Office, Pune.
7 shearing machines: Ranjani, Mahud & Padegaon Farms.
INSTITUTE OF VETERINARY BIOLOGICAL PRODUCTS, PUNE


IVBP lab set up in Pune in year 1947
Institute of Veterinary Biological Products ,Aundh, Pune –7 is the only veterinary
vaccine plant in the entire state under government sector to meet the basic vaccine
requirements for protecting the health of the 6.2 crores of livestock and poultry. It
produced 4.5 to 5.00 crores doses of bacterial and viral vaccines of 16 types.

Strengthening and modernization of Institute Of veterinary biological Products, Pune
as per GMP and FDA norms has been taken up.

The production of bacterial vaccines using fermenter technology is expected to be
started within a short span.

The strengthening will increase the Vaccine production qualitatively and
quantitatively [ approx four times ].



It will meet the present and future increased vaccine demands of the state and will
also serve as a National vaccine facility to meet the vaccine demands of the
neighboring states in times of emergency
It will also provide increased revenues to the farmers , state and to the country
through increased exports and service charges.
State will have a center of excellence with state of art facility for vaccine and
Research & Development. State of art lab, online requirement of vaccine from field.
Development of inventory management of vaccine.
REGIONAL DISEASE DIAGNOSTIC LABORATORY
(WESTERN REGION)
For expert diagnosis of various diseases and ailments of livestock and poultry; The
Disease Diagnostic Laboratory is
functioning at Pune as a state level laboratory.
The Disease Diagnostic Laboratory is functioning at Pune as a state level laboratory.
This laboratory has been accredited as Referral Laboratory for five States
(Maharashtra, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh and Goa of the Western Zone
by Government of India.
This laboratory undertakes the work of expert disease diagnosis and also imparts
training and guidance to the farmers as well as veterinarians. Besides this, the task
of disease forecasting and guidance for prevention of disease outbreaks is also being
carried out by this institution
Under ASCAD programme of Central Govt, organization of training programme is
implemented in the State from 10th five year plan. There another scheme which is
Animal Disease Forecasting and surveillance helps to prevent and control various
animal diseases in the State to avoid mortality and economic loss.
The DIS co- ordinates the activities of disease diagnosis as well as monitoring and
surveillance with the seven regional disease investigation labs. functioning in the
state.
MAFSU

MAFSU formally notified on 17th November 2000 was established under the State
Act No. 1998 (Mah XVII of 1998) on 3rd December 2000.

The University has been carved out of the four Agricultural Universities in the
State by transferring five Veterinary colleges, one postgraduate Institute and one
dairy technology college, a dairy technology institute and a diploma institute.

It is envisioned that by year 2025, the MAFSU would be a globally recognized
University of Excellence, specializing in animal, veterinary, dairying and fishery
sciences and technologies.
CYBER EXTENSION & USE OF
I.T. TOOLS







I.T. Hub for the Animal Husbandry Department, Maharashtra
state has been established at Pune.
Website of the Animal Husbandry Department has been
developed and the address is www.ah.adfmaharashtra.in .
Online reporting system has been developed by IT Hub
Online reporting is done from the Block, District & Regional
Level
In the initial phase technical reports are made online
In the second stage financial, administrative & other reports
will made online.
e-Tendering system has been adopted by the Department of
Animal Husbandry.
116
ONLINE REPORTING PATTERN
State
7 Regions
33 Districts
352 Blocks
117
NATIONAL ANIMAL DISEASE
REPORTING SYSTEM







100% Centrally sponsored scheme.
Animal disease outbreaks, vaccination, epidemic & plain
vaccination is reported online.
352 blocks, 33 districts, 7 regions, WRDDL, 7 RDDL & office
of the Commissioner of Animal Husbandry are interlinked
394 Computers have been made available upto block level.
Computers are provided with BSNL Broadband connectivity.
Disease outbreaks & vaccinations is being monitored
online.
Presently this portal is used for disease reporting only.
118
ECONOMIC & MARKET INTELLIGENCE CELL IN AHD

Gathering information and intelligence on livestock and livestock products
is extremely essential for enhancing livestock productivity and for
facilitating greater volumes of trade in the sector.

Livestock and livestock product market information is vital, is a key input
for planning and decision- making by livestock farmers who are the
market participants.

Establishment of Export facilitation Zone under one window concept.

Training to farmers, Dept. staff, Entrepreneurs and exporters.
BENEFITS OF THE EMIC

The farmers, entrepreneurs and exporters who are engaged with sale/
trade of animal origin products viz. milk, egg, meat as well as value added
animal origin products will ultimately be benefited through the knowledge
of market led information .

Subsequent upon this when such market potential will be tapped and
utilized by the producers, they will receive premium price for their
products.

When the farmers and producers will get premium price of their livestock
and livestock products, they will be inclined to under take more and more
animal husbandry practices, which will in turn help to achieve the targeted
growth rate.
BENEFITS OF THE EMIC

The export facilitation centre will promote export of animal origin products
to the new destination which will give farmers / producers remunerative
prices as well as add to the country’s foreign exchange earning.

A useful and comprehensive information database will be available as an
effective tool under market intelligence.

The cell will extend all possible help and facilities for establishing
animal origin product brands which in turn will help in generating
premium price to the producers / farmers.
122
Implementation of Centrally sponsored Fodder scheme in 2010-11
Sr.
No.
1
2.
Name of the
Scheme
Establishment
of Fodder Block
Making Unit
Grassland
Development
Including grass
Reserve
Name of the
Institute
Unit
Amount utilized
Rs. In Lac
Central
Share
Sate
share
Total
Mangalwedha
Dry Fodder
Research ,
Dist Solapur
1
63.75
21.75
85.00
Janaseva
Pratithan, Vita,
Dist.
Aurangabad
1
42.00
00.0
42.00
Goshala &
Panjarpol
24
139.75
--
139.75
STRATEGY AND METHODOLOGY FOR IMPLEMENTING EGOVERNANCE IN LIVESTOCK MANAGEMENT





Establishment of AH call centers at 33 district head
quarters.
En-mass communication through e-mail / SMS alerts/CUG.
Effective use of electronic and print media (television,
radio, newspapers, bulletins etc.) for livestock management
in normal conditions and also in natural calamities.
Conversion and knowledge sharing between the Animal
Husbandry Department, MAFSU & SAUs through effective
co-ordination.
Evolving VLLWs, CIGs, FIGs & SHGs in extension work in
livestock management.
124
EXPECTATIONS FROM E-GOVERNANCE











Implementation of progeny testing programme through introduction of
hardman software.
For IVBP under inventory management online demand of vaccines from
field.
Use of GIS for livestock census data.
Use of GIS for fodder management & estimation of fodder production.
Computerization of polyclinics & taluka veterinary dispensaries for record
modernization.
Video conferencing from regional & district level
Computerization of MLDB & Sheep & goat corporation for daily arrivals in
livestock markets from APMCs.
Introduction of sample process monitoring system in DIS.
Introduction of sample process monitoring system in Goregaon quality
control laboratory.
MAFSU- introduction of knowledge sharing system- lab to land programme.
Poultry- online registration of poultry farms.
125
EXPECTATIONS FROM E-GOVERNANCE
EMIC NADARAS-dedicated line;use of existing
medium
 Online reporting-IT Hub
 cyber extention

126
LIVESTOCK MANAGEMENT SERVICES FACILITATORS
ANIMAL
HUSBANDRY
DEPARTMENT
ATMA Training
programmes
MAFSU
LIVESTOCK
FARMER
Expert Advice/
Knowledge
Management
through AH
Call centers
SAUs
NGOs
127
128
INFORMATION AND EXPERT ADVISORY ON
DROUGHT CIRCUMTANCES
•Information on available nearest sources of feed
and fodder.
•Information on available sources of drinkable
water.
•Information on available sources of succulent
fodder and market prices.
•Types of fodder to be fed to the livestock.
•Information on housing and sanitation system.
•Information on vaccination and medicament.
129
INFORMATION AND EXPERT ADVISORY IN
FLOOD CIRCUMTANCES
•Information on vaccination livestock and birds against
various diseases before onset of monsoon.
•Information on available sources of feeds and fodder.
•Information on locally available grass and fodder.
•Information on treatment of water for drinking purpose.
•Information on sanitation.
•Information on feed supplement (Vitamins & Minerals) to
be incorporated with feeds.
130
Inputs from Pilot District Jorhat (Assam)
 Livestock is an important enterprise in the district. The main
commodities are cow, bullock, swamp buffalo, goat, pig, poultry and
duck.
 Jorhat district also has many swamp buffalo pockets, situated along
the southern bank of river Brahmaputra and its tributaries.
 Livestock management can be broadly divided into following categories‐
• Breeding Management like breeding with High grade varities, Artificial
Insemination.
• Health Management like Food & Nutrition, Hygiene and vaccination.
• Disease Control & Management.
• Marketing options in nearby areas and demand & prevailing rate of various
livestock products.
• Waste Management and Fodder Management
• Training to livestock farmers.
• Information on composite farming techniques.
131
Commodities wise Livestock management is divided into following services
1. Cattle & Buffalo Management
2. Duck & Poultry Management
3. Piggery
4. Goatery
Business process flow –
1. Information Collecting Department/Agency, method of data/information
collection and type of information collected:
At present there is no structured method of colleting data except the
animal census carried out in every four years.
2. Work flow of information/data (for each component of sub service,
wherever applicable) with respective responsibilities at each level of
information flow
132
Livestock Breeding (Artificial Insemination Service): The farmer informs
the Vety. Surgeon and AI is done at the farmer’s residence.
Vaccination: Process Map of Vaccination Process
133
Work flow of Fodder Seed Distribution:
134
• Means of disseminating the information to the Stakeholders
Information is generally disseminated in pamphlets/brochure/Radio
Talk, TV , KVK and ATIC centre at AAU.
• Fee Structure, if any, for each component of the sub service, (e.g.
Registration fee, Application Fee etc): There is no fee except Rs 26.00
charged as cost of the semen straw for AI.
• Contents already available (with respect to each component of sub
service, wherever applicable) and type of contents (Textual, Audio,
Video) – There is no Audio Video component at present. This may be
created under this project. Textual information in format of
pamphlets/booklets is available.
• Existing resources available with the department (Application
Software /Databases etc related to the sub service). No application
running. Only Animal Census data is available. Spatial Database on
Flood affected areas, Grazing Reserves
135
• Interaction and data flow with other institutes (Universities,
Departments, KVK’s etc.) ‐No direct interaction at District Level
between Vet Department and Agri University.
• Grievance Redressal mechanism (for each component of the
service, wherever applicable) – The aggrieved farmer approach the
nearest Vet. Officer or the VFA. Action is taken by the Vet Officer if
satisfied.
• GAP’s and expert advisory related to sub service (wherever
applicable) – Farmers can approach the nearest Vet officer for advice.
Online dissemination of GAP/Success stories and expert advisory
may be made available online through this project.
• Infrastructure availability (such as hardware, connectivity etc.). - At present
there is no computer hardware available at district and block level except the
hardware supplied under NADRS project.
•For connectivity Broadband connection from BSNL may be used. CSCs are
distributed through out the District and these can be used as point of contact.
136
Problems in Existing System:
 Decisions are mostly made at state Level and generally District level
officers are asked to implement the decisions.
 Decision making process is quite time consuming as there is no online
workflow based system.
 Farmers have to heavily depend on the Vet officers for every
information/advice as there is no alternate source.
 Vet Officers may not have up‐to‐date information which in turns affects the
farmers.
Business Process Re-engineering required :
 In some process like Fodder Seed distribution/ vaccination etc farmers
may be included in the planning stage.
Their need/requirement may be collected through an online system and on
the basis of these data planning needs to be done.
 A workflow based intranet system required which will speed up decision
making process and ensure timely delivery of various inputs
137
Suggestions –
 A workflow based online system involving all the stakeholders for speedy
decision making.
Online Information sharing by the stackholders for quickly dissemination.
Farmers are mostly interested in following information. These information may
be made available to farmers through SAP.
•Availability of High grade breed and its price.
•Marketing options, Demand and rate in nearby areas.
•SOP on rearing/health management
•Availability of fodder and its price
•Bank loan/Insurance scheme.
•Various Government schemes
•Waste Management
• Making these information available to them in time.
• Proper monitoring of Govt. schemes/ Fund not in terms of just statistics but
final outcome.
• Comparative analysis of Govt. schemes among the districts of a state.
• Use of Audio/video based information dissemination method through
community centers as most of the farmers are still not very comfortable to
access online system.
138
Inputs
from
Himachal Pradesh
Submitted By
Pankaj Gupta, DIO Shimla
Akshay Mehta, DIO Chamba
139
LIVESTOCK MANAGEMENT
Scenario
 Himachal Pradesh has about 91 per cent rural population that depends
directly or indirectly upon animal husbandry, agriculture and horticulture.
 The state has a total livestock population of 50.46 lakh.
 The cattle constitute 43.53 per cent of total livestock population.
 Livestock sector plays an important role in the economy of the state, as
livestock rearing provides regular income and employment to the rural
folk especially to the small and marginal farmers.
 Improvement in the productivity can be brought about through a
coordinated approach of improved animal breeding, feeding,
management and better animal health care.
140
 Breeding:
•
Local Desi Cow Up gradation by Artificial Insemination
•
Cross Breeding through Artificial Insemination
•
Natural Service
 Feeding: For a cow
•
Green Fodder kg per day =30-40 kg /day
•
Dry Fodder (wheat straw) kg/day= 5-7 kg per day
•
Concentrate Ration or feed=1kg/2.5 litres of milk
•
Minerals (mineral mixture)=30-50 grams per day
•
Vitamins = 5 ml per day
•
Feeding of a Calf
•
Feeding of Pregnant Animals
•
Adopt Principal of Feeding.
 Animal Health Care
•
Haemorrhagic Septicaemia and Black Quarter Vaccination- annual vaccination
•
Foot and Mouth Vaccination- twice in a year
•
Endoparasiticidal Medication -3-4 times a year.
•
Ectoparasiticidal Medication-Hygiene, Dipping and spray.
•
First Aid of Animals
141
Care of Cow during Advance Pregnancy and during Parturition
 Do not allow pregnant animals to walk long distance particularly on uneven grounds
 Feed liberally on scientific basis with kind treatment.
 Provide adequate nutritive diet for need of dam and foetal growth.
 Normal gestation period of a cow is 283 days. Knowing expected date of calving is a
must for taking all future care of pregnant cows.
 Symptoms of that animal is about to calve include swelling of udder, swelling of vulva,
and drooping away ligaments around tail head.
 If labour pains prolong for more than 4 hours then provide veterinary aid to animal.
 After parturition wash exterior of cow, flank and tail should be washed.
 Milk the cow within 3-5 hours after calving irrespective of leaving the placenta by the
cow.
 Placenta will normally leave the cow within 2-4 hours. If it is not expelled between 8-12
 hours apply manual help by veterinarian.
 Be alert that cow must not suffer from milk fever and mastitis.
 Feed laxative diet to cow.
142
Availability of Feed & Fooder
During Drought Circumstances:
 Preserve feed and fodder.
 Adopt improved method of feeding.
 Adopt silage making and hay making.
 Adopt water harvesting.
 Adopt concentrate feeding practice.
 Utilisation of tree leaves e.g.bamboo, banyan, ohi, karal, khirak,
bieul, shatoot, pipal,babul, lucenia, jharberi, katcnar, bel etc.
 Feeding of root crops and grazing in pastures.
 Cultivate fodder crops and perennial grasses.
 Enrichment of Wheat Straw With Urea and Molasses
 Conversion of Low Quality Fodder into High Quality Fodder.
 For any guidelines any farmer can call the kishan call centretoll free number 1800-180-1551
143
Information & Expert Advisory on Livestock Management during the year.
The availability of feed & fodder in H.P. is taken care of by:















Under Normal Circumstances:Grassland development.
Distribution of improved variety of fodder seed.
Introduction of land driven & power driven chaff cutters.
Establishment of Area Specific Mineral Mixture/Feed.
Feed Manufacturing Units.
During Drought Circumstances:Preservation of feed & fodder in the shape of hay & silage. Although these two
preservation methods are used in normal circumstances as well.
Adopting concentrate feeding practice.
Cultivating perennial grasses like Napier, Setaria etc.
Feeding wheat straw enriched with urea-molasses or even if wheat straw is scarce
then scientific feeding of urea-molasses liquid feed.
Utilization of locally available tree/fodder tree leaves.
Establishment of fodder bank/fodder store of at least 200 Quintals capacity in each
Sub-Divisional Headquarter of the State for drought management strategy.
The fodder stored can be sold on payment to livestock owners even in normal
circumstances to avoid spoiling by long storing.
Fodder banks/stores should be replenished on regular basis so that an adequate
quantity is always available during the crises period
144
Availability of feed and fodder
 Wheat Straw from wheat crop
 Paddy Straw from paddy crop.
 Maize Fodder- from maize crop
 Cereals Straw- from cereal crops.
 Wheat Grain
 Maize Grain
 Soyabeen
 Gram
 Rice Bran
 Wheat Bran
Fodder Conservation
 Silage Making
 Hay Making
145
Fodder Production
 Sowing of Maize, Jowar, bajra, cow pea, charri, sudan grass in kharif
season and
 Barseem, lucern, barley and oat during Ravi season
 Growing of perennial fodder crops- plantation of Napier grass roots,
Settaria grass roots, Para Grass and Guinea Grass.
 Plantation of Fodder Plants like Bieul, shatoot,
Principles of Feeding:
 How to start new feed and fodder feeding to animals i.e. wheat straw
feeding, new feed or new grass,
 Start feeding with very small quantity and increase the quantity day by
day and observe the effect of feed on animal
 if there is indigestion or reduction in milk yield then stop feeding and
take advice from Veterinary Officer of that area.
146
Availability of Fodder :The requirement and availability of fodder in the State is as under



Green Fodder
Dry Fodder
:-
Requirement
Availability
43.40 lakh ton
40.30 lakh ton
16.80 lakh ton
29.85 lakh ton
The deficient fodder is mostly procured from the neighbouring states like Punjab and
Haryana.
147
Drawbacks and Suggestions thereof:
Low milk production - Provision of good quality animals, encourage
farmers to open commercial dairy farms, large scale milk production
on Punjab, Gujarat pattern.
Presence of low milk producing cows- Up-grading desi animals,
through A.I.
Shortage of quantity and quality of fodder – growing more fodder
Shortage of cowsheds – motivation for construction of cowsheds.
Shortage of fodder stores- motivation for construction of fodder
stores.
Lack of quality sheds, bad environment leads to low milk
production of high quality animals- motivation for preparing quality
cowsheds.
Lack of manger / pucca floor inside and outer premises of cowsheds
which leads to wastage of fodder and feed- motivation for manger
construction
Lack of motivation for production of more milk, preparation of milk
by -product, sale of milk – motivation and training
148
GIRIDIH AS NODAL DISTRICT( Jharkhand)
PROVIDING INFORMATION ON LIVESTOCK MANAGEMENT
OBJECTIVE








To provide protection mechanism to the farmers and cattle rearers against
any eventual loss of their animals due to death
To demonstrate the benefit of the insurance of livestock to the people and
popularize it with the ultimate goal of attaining qualitative improvement in
livestock and their products.
Crossbred and high yielding cattle and buffaloes were insured at maximum
of their current market value
The funds under the scheme are utilized for payment of premium subsidy,
Payment of honorarium to the Veterinary Practitioners for their services
under the scheme and publicity campaign for creation of awareness
among the target groups
Crossbred and high yielding cattle and buffaloes were insured at maximum
of their current market value
50 percent of premium of the insurance is to be paid by the beneficiaries
and the rest being born by the Central Government.
Payment of claim amount to the beneficiaries.
LIVESTOCK MANAGEMENT FACILITATES
BREEDING
DISEASE
CONTROL
FEEDING
LIVESTOCK
MANAGEMENT
HOUSING
EXTENSION
ORGANIZATION
LIVESTOCK POPULATION IN DISTRICT
INFORMATION AND EXPERT ADVISORY










Establishment of Fodder Block Making Units.
Grassland Development including Grass Reserves.
Fodder Seed Production and Distribution.
Strengthening of Feed Testing Laboratories.
Introduction of hand driven and power driven chaff cutters;
Establishment of silage making Units.
Demonstration of Azolla cultivation and production units.
Establishment of by-pass protein production units and
Establishment of Area Specific Mineral Mixture / Feed
Pelleting/ Feed manufacturing Units.
GIRIDIH DISTRICT AT A GLANCE
Year of Establishment
4.12.1972
Total Geographical Area
493217 ha
Net Cultivable Area
138412 ha
• ha
Forest
159152 ha
Barren & Uncultivable
40545 ha
Non Agriculture land
23790 ha
Permanent Pasture land
10976 ha
Total Irrigated land
35841 ha
Av. Land Holding
0.81 ha
Cropping Intensity (%)
123
No. of Blocks
13
No. of Panchayats
358
No. of Villages
2727
Total Population of district
1495347
Rural Population
1388019
Urban Population
107328
Literacy rate
45.19 %
SCHEMES RUNNING IN CURRENT YEAR

Rastriya Krisi Vikas Yojana(RKVY):
o
o
o

Mukhyamantri Kisan Khushali Yojana(MKKY)
o
o
o
o






Animal Health Camp
Goat Development Scheme
Pig Development Scheme
Goat Development Scheme
Pig Development Scheme
Backyard Poultry Farming
Urea Treatment of Dry Fodder
Assistance to States for Control of Animal Disease(ASCAD)
AI training programme
Infertility camp
Fodder Seed Distribution
Vaccination, Treatment & Castration
Awareness programme through seminar & other activities
DEPARTMENT OF ANIMAL HUSBANDARY, GIRIDIH





Total no. of Vet. Doctors :
Total no. of Para Vets :
Total no. of4th grade staff :
Total no. of blocks in Giridih :
Total no. of Veterinary Hospital :
o
o
State Veterinary Hospital :
Class-I Veterinary Dispensary :
15
06
50
13
01
25
Note: Out of 25 Dispensaries only 20 have proper Building structure
o
District Animal Husbandry Office along with one meeting Hall
KERALA - A GLIMPSE









1.13 % geographic area of the country
Total literacy
92 % cross bred cattle
SF, MF and AL
Increasing per capita consumption of
livestock products
Increased market potential
Peoples plan programme
Wide coverage of veterinary institutions
Poor land availability
CHALLENGES











Decreasing productivity
Increased cost of production
Food safety issues
Constraints in feeding and management
Increased labor cost
Decreasing land availability
Decreasing returns from livestock farming
Frequent outbreaks of diseases
Market threat from nearby states
Constraints in livestock products marketing
Environmental issues
EXTENSION APPROACHES –LIVESTOCK SECTOR
CURRENT SCENARIO









Decentralized and centralized planning
Awareness programmes at State, District, Taluk,
Block and Panchayath levels
Panchayath level training programmes for farmers
Farmer training programmes through training
institutions
Training programmes for SHG women
Entrepreneurship development programmes
Investors’ meet to promote commercial farming
AH information centres
ATMA
CONTD..








Gosuraksha programmes
Knowledge dissemination services at district level
Strategic vaccination programmes to control FMD, PPR, RD
and DP
Media awareness programmes through print and electronic
media
Farm publications
Programmes through AIR and Television
TNA formulation
IT intervention
INSTITUTIONAL LINKAGES
There should be a coordinated linkage with L.S.G.
Institutions, Banks, Government departments,
Boards and cooperatives, Insurance corporations,
community
based
organizations,
N.G.O.,
Universities and local bodies like KILA.
 Identification of target groups like farmers to
entrepreneurs, Expert group, L.S.G. Functionaries,
Bankers, Facilitators. Banks needs to improve
transparency especially SLBC

KEY CHALLENGESHOW RESEARCH DERIVED INFORMATION CAN BE
TRANSFORMED IN TO FARMER KNOWLEDGE?
HOW GAPS IN FARMER KNOWLEDGE CAN BE ADDRESSED
BY RESEARCH?
EXTENSION STRATEGIES
TO CREATE AWARENESS
TO GAIN KNOWLEDGE ON SCIENTIFIC FARMING
TO CONSTANTLY PERSUADE /MOBILIZE / ENCOURAGE
GROUP ACTIVITY
SKILL ORIENTED PROGRAMMES
NON FORMAL EDUCATION
DEMONSTRATING THE BENEFITS
COMMUNICATION STRATEGIES
INFORMATION SUPPORT
INTERPERSONAL CHANNELS
APPROPRIATE MEDIA MIX
TRADITIONAL MODE OF COMMUNICATION
FOLLOW HOMOPHILY PRINCIPLE
COMMUNICATION METHODS
INDIVIDUAL CONTACT METHOD
GROUP CONTACT METHOD
MASS CONTACT METHOD
MASS METHOD
FARM PUBLICATIONS
MASS MEETINGS
CAMPAIGNS
EXHIBITIONS
NEWSPAPER
RADIO
TELEVISION
TECHNOLOGICAL STRATEGIES
SCIENTIFIC TECHNOLOGIES
BLENDING OF INDIGENOUS KNOWLEDGE AND SCIENTIFIC
PRACTICES
LOCATION BASED TECHNOLOGIES
DIFFUSION OF TECHNOLOGIES THROUGH PROPER
CHANNELS
Input from Kerala Veterinary and Animal Sciences
University
LIVESTOCK BASED MANAGEMENT SYSTEM
Dr.T.P.Sethumadhavan
Directorate of Entrepreneurship
Kerala Veterinary and Animal Sciences University
Mannuthy, Thrissur
SUSTAINABLE LIVESTOCK DEVELOPMENT







Under privileged families-landless, marginal
and small farmers
Different production systems
Livestock ownership-ruminants and small
ruminants
Small holder livestock production systems
Choice/preference of animals
Arid, semi arid/hill areas
Traditional farming systems
LIVESTOCK PRODUCTION SYSTEMS







Mixed farming
Low external input-low output and highly
internationalized system
Extensive grazing with limited supplementary
feeding
Rearing of local breeds
Improved breeds if organizational support is
available
Traditional systems of rearing
Low out put-daily income to family-women
involvement is high
FACTORS INFLUENCING PRODUCTION SYSTEM
Agro-climatological
 Stages of overall development of the
area
 Farming situation
 Market demand
 Organizational support
 Resources of farmers
 Social factors

IMPACT OF LIVESTOCK DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMMES
Poverty alleviation
 Labour intensive
 Sustained growth in demand of livestock
products
 Equitable income distibution

PROXIMATE CAUSES AFFECTING CATTLE BIODIVERSITY
Lack of awareness
 System of rearing
 Economic benefits
 Breeding policies
 Shrinkage of grazing land
 Human population inflation
To improve yield and economic benefits
 Replacement of local breeds
 Mechanization
 Cross breeding with exotic stocks
 Poor germ plasm identification

CONSEQUENCES OF MANIPULATION OF CATTLE
GENETIC BIODIVERSITY
Poor production performance
 Loss of indigenous genetic resources, local
breeds
 Shrinkage of grasslands
 Disturbed grass land ecosystem

INTEGRATED CROP LIVESTOCK FARMING SYSTEM
Vegetable-Pig-Fish culture System
 Dairy cum crop farming system
 Pigs-Chicken-Vegetable garden-Fish Pond in
Thailand
 Livestock under plantation crops( Coconut/
Oil palm in Malaysia)

CROP LIVESTOCK INTERACTIONS
Availability and use of feed resources
 Use of draught animal power on small farms
 Nutrient cycling in crop livestock systems
 Genesis of Crop-Animal Systems

Download
Related flashcards

Corporate governance

32 cards

Create Flashcards