Agriculture and Livestock

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Sustainable
Agriculture and Livestock production
for Food Security
Dr Anup Kalra, CEO, Ayurvet Ltd
Agriculture and Livestock- The inseparable
components of the Rural Agricultural Household
Farmer’s joint family (at least 2 generations)
Farm land
Grains and
cash crops
Major means of
sustenance
Crop
residues
manure
Livestock wealth
Milk, Meat, Eggs, fuel, and
Draught power
Supplements income
and nutritional needs
Optimum resource utilization and value creation
Integrated Sustainable Growth
Need of the hour
•
1% of world forest
2% land & 4% water
Sustainable Development
Largest Milk producer
18% population of world
Agri production?
Population on Inc
In India, Food demand likely to nearly double from ~440 in 2007 to ~850
million metric tons in 2020
Demand Situation
• The world has to double food production by 2030
• Increasing income levels and educational levels raising
demand for better food
• The current high prices are an indicator
• Meat consumption expected to increase rapidly (1 unit
needs 5 units of crop output)
Estimation of food demand
Million metric tonnes
1.5x
235.3
156.9
Cereals
1.8x
202.2
109.8
Choice to increase production of food, fibre and feed to meet
demand?
Vegetable & Fruits
2.6x
•
•
•
•
•
Bring more land under cultivation
Reduce wastages – Storage & transportation
Develop & deliver suitable improved agronomic practices
Improve per unit of resources i.e. land & Water
Integrate livestock & Agriculture
5
SOURCE: Working paper no. 209; ICRIER; NSSO; interviews
270.2
111.1
Milk
30.1
2.8x
11.6
Meat/Fish/eggs
GAURDIAN OF INDIAN PROTIEN
Dairy
Production
Inland Aquaculture
Market Size
(Volume)
Protein
Conversion
Nutritional
Protein (MT)
112.5 million MT
of milk
3.5%
39.4 lakh MT
20.0%
9.8 lakh MT
4.9 million MT
fish/shrimp
of
62.2 lakh MT of
protein
Meat
Production
Egg
Production
4/8/2015
4.0 million MT
meat
of
59.8 billion
eggs
21.0%
8.4 lakh MT
14.0%
4.6 lakh MT
Animal Health for Higher Production Effeciency
Source: Ministry of Agriculture, CSO
6
HEALTH
NUTRITION
Disease
4/8/2015
Animal Health for Higher Production
Effeciency
7
4/8/2015
Animal Health for Higher Production
Effeciency
9
Increase the intrinsic power
4/8/2015
Animal Health for Higher Production
Effeciency
10
Strong Base
The first step towards productivity…..
4/8/2015
Animal Health for Higher Production
Effeciency
11
Technologies : Livestock
• Sexed Semen
The productivity of milch animal is only about 1500 kg
per lactation as against the world average of 2300 kg.
• Balanced feeding and Hydroponics
The reproduction efficiency would help in calf a year
programme.
• TMR feed blocks
Total mixed rations would improve milk production
• Processing of food and designer milk
Value addition is being created for milk etc
4/8/2015
Animal Health for Higher Production
Effeciency
12
Ayurvet Hydroponics feed
Grown in a soil less medium and controlled
environment
A novel initiative for green
Referred to as feed because
of its higher protein
content when compared
to conventional fodder
feed
Technologies : Poultry
• Cholesterol Free egg
The consumption would go up further
• Feeding for special quality chicken meat
The economic gains are higher
• Improvement in FCR
Brings in better returns to farmers in less time
• Processing of food
Value addition is being created for meat etc
4/8/2015
Animal Health for Higher Production
Effeciency
15
Health index?
HEALTH
DISEASE
The natural way to produce safe food
Technologies: Agriculture
•
New Varieties and Hybrids
 Low seed replacement rates in Food crops like Wheat, Jowar, Oilseeds and Pulses etc
•
Integrated Nutrition Management
 Optimum fertilizer application and soil fertility management
•
Integrated Pest Management
 Pest resistant varieties, Judicious application and residue elimination
•
Extension education & training
Evolving new media and farmers awareness for delivering customized advisories
•
Farm Mechanization
 Covering entire gamut of sowing till harvest and post harvest activities for all
crops
Relinking the inter-related issues..
..For sustainable development
Total Resource Management
Optimum
utilization of
resources
Improve animal and
soil health and food
situation
Benchmarks to be set
Assessment to be made on present and
past (5years back) production levels to decide
future targets
Identification of key changes that have led
to improved production and areas that offer
potential for drastic improvements in
production efficiency
Identification of lacunae in our system that
have to be removed to tap the huge Export
Opportunities that exist for Animal food
products
Animal Health for Higher Production
4/8/2015
Effeciency
20
“No one dares to be rude
To a nation that has ample food”
To see ourselves as a developed
nation in the next 20 years Food Basket of Asia
4/8/2015
Animal Health for Higher Production
Effeciency
21
Thanks
YURVET LIMITED
6th Floor , Sagar Plaza,
Distt. Centre Laxmi Nagar,
Delhi- 110 092
www.ayurvet.com
4/8/2015
Animal Health for Higher Production
Effeciency
22
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