Traceability Problems
Drazenka Tubin-Delic
Deputy Head of Incidents Branch
Food Standards Agency
TAIEX Workshop on Incident Management – RASFF, traceability,
withdrawal and recall procedures, Zagreb 6-7th June 2011
• Rationale for traceability
• Case Studies: feed incident
meat incident
EC exercise
• Interests of stakeholders: consumers government
and industry
• Consumers; protect food safety by effective
products recalls, avoidance of specific foods/food
• Government; protect public health, control of
zoonotic diseases, help prevent food fraud
• Industry; comply with legislation, prompt action,
minimise the impact, protect brand reputation,
consumer confidence
Practical Problems
No specific requirements
Global nature of the food chain
Complex nature of the food chain
Case Study 1: Salmonella in brewer’s yeast
• Involved 2 batches of brewer’s yeast contaminated
with 2 different strains of Salmonella (Virchow and
• Used as an ingredient for animal feed prefixes
• Notified by UK distributor – following testing by its
• Product originated from Portugal
• 20 tones consignment – distributed to various animal
Case Study 1: Salmonella in brewer’s yeast
• Risk Assessment: due to potential patogenicity all
animal feed premixes to be quarantined and tested
• UK supplier very cooperative
• Traceability was detailed and clear throughout
distribution chain
• All of animal feed mixes and blends – pelleted and
heat treated blends were tested (all negative,
remained on sale)
• One blend for horses was not heat treated and
pelleted, tested positive and was recalled
• Two pet products were also recalled
• FSA informed the EC via RASFF
Case Study 1: Salmonella in brewer’s yeast
– Excellent traceability records throughout the
distribution chain
– Prompt action
– Minimal quantities recalled
Case Study 2: Milk and meat from cloned
animal offspring
• An article in USA (29/09/2010) reported that
unnamed UK dairy farmer claimed to be including milk
from an offspring of the cloned cow into the food
• EC asked for assurances from the UK that neither
meat nor milk from the cloned offspring was entering
the food chain
• Traceability exercise involved tracing 2 cattle
embryos from a cloned cow in the USA imported into
the UK in 2006 and their offsprings
Case Study 2: Milk and meat from cloned
animal offspring (cont)
• Food from cloned animals is treated as a novel food
Reg EC 258/97 – can only be legally marketed if
formally authorised
• No concerns about the safety of the milk/meat from
healthy offspring of cloned animals
• EC did not consider that the novel food legislation
Case Study 2: Milk and meat from cloned
animal offspring (cont)
• FSA worked closely with Defra (responsible for
legislation on importing of cloned embryos)
• Investigations revealed that three animals have
entered the food chain
• No milk entered the food chain
Case Study 2: Milk and meat from cloned
animal offspring (cont)
• DIAGRAM from one of the farm
V7 – 6/8/10
4/8/10 10AM
Import of embryos
Imported early 2006
Remainder of
herd sold at
8 embryos from
cloned animal
Farm A
Bull – A
Born 3/3/07
Bull - B
Born 5/12/06
Sold 28/2/08
Farm B
Female – B
Born 2/12/06
Female A
Born 24/4/07
Sold 27/2/08
Died 17/5/07
38 progeny of
Bull B
58 progeny of
Bull A
Still on farm
Not being milked
(all female)
10 have died
Farm C
Daughter of Female B
Born 16/4/09
Female B
Moved 29/7/10
Still on Farm C
Slaughterhouse A
Bull A
disposed of
as Category
Daughter 2 of Female B
(Same owner as above)
Bull B
Meat gone
Still on farm
Milk not
entering food
Son* of Female B
Born 5/8/09
Sold 25/11/09
Farm C
Being fattened
for slaughter. Not
used as sire
* - calf from implanted embryo – not considered a novel food
Case Study 2: Milk and meat from cloned
animal offspring (cont)
• Intensive media coverage and number of interviews
given by CEO
• Collaborative working with Defra and devolved offices
• Scoping and stakeholders meetings held
• Correspondence with EC , local authorities, briefings
for Ministers
Case Study 3: EC exercise – RASFF
traceability 2010
• EU-wide exercise to test traceability systems and
the use of RASFF by EU Member States
• Held in September 2010
• Began with purchase of a pork product from London
• Product ‘contaminated’ with an unauthorised
veterinary medicine product
Case Study 3: EC exercise – RASFF
traceability 2010 (cont)
• Tracing the batch of pork used in production of the
product back to the farm of origin
• Identifying any other recipients of the batch in
• Identifying all products manufactured with the batch
in question
Case Study 3: EC exercise – RASFF
traceability 2010 (cont)
Information provided;
‘XYZ’ brand – Extra trimmed un-smoked back bacon
Use by date
Pack size
Producer code (UK company)
Case Study 3: EC exercise – RASFF
traceability 2010 (cont)
Action Taken:
• LA for the UK producer contacted to establish
traceability (backwards and forwards)
• UK producer supplied 5 UK retail chains
• UK producer sourced pork from Spain and Belgium via
2 UK intermediaries (RASFF issued)
• Identified that pork in question originated from a
Spanish supplier able to identify the limited number
of potential farms of origin
Lessons Learnt
• The implementation of traceability varies between
businesses and sectors
• It comes with cost
• But the cost of not having it or having insufficient
systems may be severe for consumers, individual
companies, governments
Thank you very much
Hvala na paznji
Drazenka Tubin-Delic
Incidents Response Branch
Food Standards Agency
[email protected]
Related flashcards

Animal diseases

20 cards

Pork dishes

78 cards


22 cards

Animal diseases

26 cards

Bird anatomy

11 cards

Create Flashcards