Chapter 5

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Chapter 5
The Cardiovascular System
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Overview of Structures,
Combining Forms, and Functions
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Heart
• Primary Function
– Pumps blood into the arteries.
• Related Combining Forms
– card/o, cardi/o
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Anterior External View of the
Heart
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Anterior Cross Section
of the Heart
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Blood Vessels
• Primary Function
– Transport blood to and from all areas of the body.
• Related Combining Forms
– angi/o, vas/o
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Arteries
• Primary Function
– Transport blood away from the heart to all body parts.
• Related Combining Form
– arteri/o
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Capillaries
• Primary Function
– Permit the exchange of nutrients and waste products between
the blood and the cells.
• Related Combining Form
– capill/o
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Veins
• Primary Function
– Return blood from all body parts to the heart.
• Related Combining Forms
– phleb/o
– ven/o
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Blood
• Primary Functions
– Brings oxygen and nutrients to the cells.
– Carries away waste.
• Related Combining Forms
– hem/o, hemat/o
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Major Fluid and Formed
Components of Blood
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Animations
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The Blood: An Overview
Click Here to play Blood animation
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Electrical Stimulation
of the Heart
Click Here to play Electrical
Stimulation of the Heart animation
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Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery
Click Here to play Coronary Artery
Bypass Surgery animation
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Answers to Learning Exercises
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Chapter 5 Answers
Matching Word Parts 1
5.1. aort/o
5.2. arteri/o
5.3. ather/o
5.4. angi/o
5.5. brady-
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Matching Word Parts 2
5.6. -emia
5.7. cardi/o
5.8. -crasia
5.9. erythr/o
5.10. ven/o
Chapter 5 Answers
Matching Word Parts 3
5.11. leuk/o
5.12. phleb/o
5.13. tachy5.14. thromb/o
5.15. hem/o
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Definitions
5.16. leukocytes
5.17. sinoatrial node
5.18. coronary arteries
5.19. eosinophils
5.20. mitral
Chapter 5 Answers
Definitions
5.21. right ventricle
5.22. thrombocytes
5.23. embolus
5.24. left ventricle
5.25. neutrophils
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Matching Structures
5.26. heart
5.27. myocardium
5.28. epicardium
5.29. endocardium
5.30. pericardium
Chapter 5 Answers
Which Word?
5.31. lipoprotein
cholesterol
5.32. bradycardia
5.33. ventricular
5.34. systolic
5.35. duplex ultrasound
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Spelling Counts
5.36. aneurysm
5.37. hypoperfusion
5.38. arrhythmia
5.39. Raynaud’s
5.40. cardioverter
Chapter 5 Answers
Abbreviation Identification
5.41. coronary artery
disease
5.42. electrocardiogram
5.43. hemoglobin
5.44. myocardial
infarction
5.45. ventricular
fibrillation
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Term Selection
5.46. septicemia
5.47. beta-blocker
5.48. megaloblastic
5.49. antihypertensive
5.50. endocarditis
Chapter 5 Answers
Sentence Completion
5.51. serum
5.52. thrombocytopenia
5.53. carotid
endarterectomy
5.54. valvular prolapse
5.55. nitroglycerin
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Word Surgery
5.56. aneurysm/o,
-rrhaphy
5.57. a-, plast -ic
5.58. electr/o cardi/o,
-graphy
5.59. poly-, arter, -itis
5.60. valv/o, -plasty
Chapter 5 Answers
True/False
5.61. False
5.62. True
5.63. True
5.64. False
5.65. True
Clinical Conditions
5.66. hemangioma
5.67. thrombosis
5.68. varicose
5.69. angina
5.70. orthostatic
hypotension
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Chapter 5 Answers
Clinical Conditions
5.71. myelodysplastic
syndrome
5.72. electrocardiogram
5.73. cardiopulmonary
resuscitation
5.74. thrombolytic
5.75. ischemic
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Which Is the Correct
Medical Term?
5.76. atheroma
5.77. hemostasis
5.78. phlebitis
5.79. dyscrasia
5.80. aneurysmectomy
Chapter 5 Answers
Challenge Word
Building
5.81. arteritis
5.82. angiectomy
5.83. phlebostenosis
5.84. pericardiectomy
5.85. cardiorrhaphy
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5.86. phleborrhexis
5.87. angiorrhaphy
5.88. cardiorrhexis
5.89. pericardiorrhaphy
5.90. angionecrosis
Chapter 5 Answers
Labeling Exercises
5.91. vena cava
5.92. atrium
5.93. ventricle
5.94. artery
5.95. veins
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5.96. semilunar
5.97. tricuspid
5.98. aorta
5.99. aortic
5.100. mitral
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