Articles in Spanish

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HAZLO AHORA:
1) What is the proper punctuation to use when asking
a question?
2) Create a question/response:
“How old are you?”
“I am ___ years old”
Practice is with your partner.
ARTICLES IN SPANISH
What is an article?


Definite articles (in English, the) are used with nouns
to indicate specific persons, places, or things.
Indefinite articles (a, an) are used with nouns to
indicate non-specific persons, places, or things.
Examples
KEY:
indefinite article
definite article
The boy is a friend.
El chico es un amigo.
Articles in Spanish


In Spanish, articles match nouns in number and
gender.
Here’s how:
 ALL
SPANISH NOUNS, even if they refer to objects, are
either MASCULINE or FEMININE
 Nouns
ending in –o are usually masculine.
 Nouns ending in –a are usually feminine.
Articles in Spanish
Number
Definite
Article
Noun as
Example
Indefinite
Article
Noun as
Example
Masculine
Singular
el
the
chico
boy
un
a
chico
boy
Masculine
Plural
los
the
chicos
boys
unos
some
chicos
boys
Feminine
Singular
la
the
chica
girl
una
a
chica
girl
Feminine
Plural
las
the
chicas
girls
unas
some
chicas
girls
Gender/Number Agreement

REMEMBER! Your sentences must agree in number
and gender - ALWAYS!
Los libros son para la maestra.
The books are for the teacher.
Una chica es una amiga.
A girl is a friend.
Forming Plural Nouns


To form the plural of a noun, add –s to the noun if it
ends in a vowel.
Add -es if a noun ends in a consonant.
EXAMPLES:
estudiante
mujer
estudiantes
mujeres
Practice with Definite Articles
Fill in the blank with the correct DEFINITE articles.
1. ___ perro
2. ___ tortuga
3. ___ gatos
4. ___ hermanos
5. ___ tias
6. ___ pajaro
7. ___ pescado
Practice with Indefinite Articles
Fill in the blank with the correct INDEFINITE articles.
1. ___ libro
2. ___ profesora
3. ___ amigo
4. ___ carpetas
5. ___ puerta
6. ___ gatos
7. ___ pizzas

Independent Practice – Definite Articles
Miguel is describing people. Complete his sentences with the
correct definite article.
1. ___ chicas son atleticas.
2. ___ maestra es inteligente.
3. ___ amigos son simpaticos.
4. ___ chico es pelirrojo.
5. ___ mujeres son artisticas.
6. ___ hombre es guapo.
7. ___ personas son organizadas.
8. ___ amigas son jovenes.
9. ___ estudiantes son bajos.
10. ___ mujer es comica.

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