# Number 6 - Ratio - School ```GCSE
Mathematics
Number
Unit 6 Ratio
Can you…
If not you need
TOP: Review simple ratios
Practice 1: Cancelling ratios and
finding missing parts
•Find parts of a ratio
•Share an amount in a ratio
Try a test
Practice 2: Sharing an amount in a
given ratio
TAIL
TOP:
Solve these simple ratio questions
(1)
Bob has 7 pens and Sarah has 14 pens. Write this as a ratio in its
simplest terms.
(2)
Joanne has 12 kittens and Louie has 3 kittens. Write this as a ratio
in its simplest terms.
(3)
Write these ratios in their lowest terms:
(a) 5 : 35
(b) 28 : 14
(c) 18 : 36 : 42
(d) 40cm : 1m
Lesson
Practice 1:
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
(5)
Cancel the following ratios into their lowest terms:
15 : 20
35 : 40
10 : 35
8 : 24
120 : 150
Using the given ratio, find the missing part in the second ratio in each
question.
(6) 3 : 4
(7)
3:7
(8)
z:5
x : 12
12 : y
15 : 20
(9)
12 : 15
a:3
Lesson
(10)
8:4
32 : b
(11)
2:5
9:c
Practice 2:
Solve the following ratio problems:
(1)
Malika's father won &pound;128. He shared the &pound;128 between his three
children in the ratio 6:3:1. Malika was given the biggest share. Work
out how much money Malika received.
(2)
Bill gave his three daughters a total of &pound;32.40. The money was
shared in the ratio 4:3:2. Jane had the largest share. Work out how
much money Bill gave to Jane.
(3)
Georgina split &pound;26 between her children Fred and Sue in the ratio
3:1. How much did each child get?
(4)
Catherine bought 150 cakes to be split between her three maths
classes 11A, 11B &amp; 11C. They were split in the ratio 5:6:4. Work
out how many cakes each group got.
Lesson
TAIL
(1) In a recipe that makes 8 cakes, I use 200g flour, 200g
butter, 100g sugar and four eggs. How much of each
ingredient will be needed for
(a) 16 cakes
(b) 12 cakes
(1) (a) 400, 400, 200, 8
(b) 300, 300, 150, 6
(c) 900, 900, 450, 18
(c) 36 cakes?
(2) Bronze is made from copper and tin. The ratio of the
weight of copper to the weight of tin is 3:1.
(2) (a) 36  3 = 12,
(a)
What weight of bronze contains 36 grams of copper?
(b)
Work out the weight of copper and the weight of tin
in 120 grams of bronze.
(3) Kylie went to Paris and changed &pound;200 into euros. The
exchange rate was &pound;1 = 9.6 euros.
(a) Work out the number of euros Kylie got.
When Kylie came home she bought back 25 euros.
The exchange rate was &pound;1 = 10 euros.
(b) Work out how much she had got in pounds.
Lesson
12 + 36 = 48
(b) 120 4 = 30
30  3 = 90
30  1 = 30
(3) (a) 200  9.6 = 1920€
(b) 25  10 = &pound;2.50