Contractor workshop by David

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Contractors Management Workshop
Mpumalanga Region
Mine Health and Safety Review
David Msiza
Mine Health and Safety Inspectorate
16 February 2005
Department of Minerals and Energy South Africa
for Development and Prosperity
1
Presentation Outline
1. Registered Mines
2. Mine Employee Statistics
3. Occupational Safety Review
4. Occupational Health Review
5. Challenges
6. Strategies for significant improvement
Department of Minerals and Energy South Africa
for Development and Prosperity
2
Registered mines
Type of Mine
Total
Underground Coal
42
Opencast Coal
28
Gold
Platinum
Other (Chrome, Crushers, Vanadium,
Sandworks, brickworks, Quarries,
Lime, Granite,Manganese)
12
2
90
Department of Minerals and Energy South Africa
for Development and Prosperity
3
Mine employee statistics
Commodity
No. of Employees
Coal
42156
Gold
9099
Other
5629
TOTAL
56884
Department of Minerals and Energy South Africa
for Development and Prosperity
4
Occupational Safety Milestones
ZERO RATE OF FATALITIES AND
INJURIES
1. Gold sector
2. Coal, Platinum, and other mines
Department of Minerals and Energy South Africa
for Development and Prosperity
5
Mpumalanga region
Coal mines
Fatality rates 2002 - 2008
0.50
0.47
0.45
0.45
0.43
0.41
0.40
0.35
0.35
0.30
0.36
0.35
0.29
0.25
0.36
0.30
0.24
0.20
0.15
0.10
0.05
Mpum alanga fatality rates
T
L
C
O
JU
L
20 CT
08
JA
N
A
PR
O
JU
L
20 CT
07
JA
N
A
PR
O
JU
20
T
04
JA
N
A
PR
JU
L
O
20 CT
05
JA
N
A
PR
JU
L
O
20 CT
06
JA
N
A
PR
L
C
O
JU
L
20 CT
03
JA
N
A
PR
O
JU
PR
A
20
02
JA
N
0.00
RSA fatalitym ilestones
Department of Minerals and Energy South Africa
for Development and Prosperity
6
Mpumalanga region
Coal mines
Injury rates 2002 - 2008
5.00
4.50
4.38
4.00
3.81
3.67
3.50
3.8
3.63
3.78
3.96
3.45
3.00
2.50
2.00
1.50
1.00
0.50
Mpum alanga injury rates
T
L
C
O
JU
L
20 CT
08
JA
N
A
PR
O
JU
20
T
07
JA
N
A
PR
L
C
O
JU
20 CT
06
JA
N
A
PR
L
O
JU
L
20 CT
05
JA
N
A
PR
O
JU
L
20 CT
03
JA
N
A
PR
JU
L
O
C
20
T
04
JA
N
A
PR
O
JU
PR
A
20
02
JA
N
0.00
RSA injury m ilestones
Department of Minerals and Energy South Africa
for Development and Prosperity
7
Fatality Rates per Commodity
Commodity
Year
Fatality
Rate
Persons
Killed
Gold
2003
0,66
6
2004
0,32
3
50
2003
0
0
0
2004
0
0
0
Platinum
Department of Minerals and Energy South Africa
for Development and Prosperity
%
year/year
8
Fatality Rates per Commodity
(cont’d)
Commodity
Year
Coal
2003
0,43
18
2004
0,36
15
2003
0,71
4
2004
0,89
5
Other
mines
Fatality Rate Persons Killed % year/year
Department of Minerals and Energy South Africa
for Development and Prosperity
17
- 25
9
Mpumalanga region
%
of fatalities by main contributor
45%
45%
40%
35%
30%
27%
25%
20%
15%
14%
14%
10%
5%
0%
FOG
TM
General
Other
2004
Department of Minerals and Energy South Africa
for Development and Prosperity
10
Mpumalanga region
% of fatalities by employment status
64%
70%
60%
50%
36%
40%
30%
20%
10%
0%
Contractor
Employee
2004
Department of Minerals and Energy South Africa
for Development and Prosperity
11
Fall of Ground
2003
2004
Commodity
Deaths
Rate
Deaths
Rate
Gold
5
0,55
0
0
Platinum
0
0
0
0
Coal
5
0,12
3
0,07
Other Mines
0
0
1
0,18
Total
10
0,18
4
0,07
Department of Minerals and Energy South Africa
for Development and Prosperity
12
Mpumalanga region
Coal mines
Falls of ground fatality and injury rates
2002 - 2008
0.90
0.80
0.79
0.74
0.73
0.70
0.72
0.65
0.60
0.63
0.58
0.50
0.49
0.45
0.57
0.52
0.5
0.40
0.30
0.20
0.16
0.13
0.10
0.10
0.09
0.07
0.09
0.07
Mpum alanga fatality rate
RSA coal m ilestones
Mpum alanga injury rate
T
C
L
O
JU
20 CT
08
JA
N
A
PR
L
O
JU
L
20 CT
07
JA
N
A
PR
O
JU
L
20 CT
04
JA
N
A
PR
JU
L
O
20 CT
05
JA
N
A
PR
JU
L
O
C
20
T
06
JA
N
A
PR
O
JU
L
20 CT
03
JA
N
A
PR
O
JU
PR
A
20
02
JA
N
0.00
RSA coal m ilestones
Department of Minerals and Energy South Africa
for Development and Prosperity
13
Mine Equipment Accidents
2003
Commodity
2004
Deaths
Rate
Deaths
Rate
Gold
1
0,11
1
0,11
Platinum
0
0
0
0
Coal
9
0,21
7
0,17
Other Mines
4
0,71
2
0,35
14
0,25
10
0,18
Total
Department of Minerals and Energy South Africa
for Development and Prosperity
14
Mpumalanga region
Coal mines
Machinery, transportation and mining accidents
Injury rates 2002 - 2008
2.00
1.80
1.69
1.60
1.67
1.54
1.52
1.43
1.40
1.32
1.27
1.20
1.12
1.00
0.80
0.60
0.40
0.20
Mpum alanga injury rate
T
L
C
O
JU
L
20 CT
08
JA
N
A
PR
O
JU
L
20 CT
07
JA
N
A
PR
O
JU
20 CT
06
JA
N
A
PR
L
O
JU
L
20 CT
05
JA
N
A
PR
O
JU
L
20 CT
04
JA
N
A
PR
O
JU
L
N
20 CT
03
JA
N
A
PR
O
JU
A
20
02
JA
PR
0.00
RSA injury m ilestones
Department of Minerals and Energy South Africa
for Development and Prosperity
15
TOTAL ACCIDENTS PER YEAR PER MAIN CONTRIBUTOR
JAN 1999 – DEC 2004
200
177
180
172
134
140
134
121
120
106104
100
80
160
156
160
89
86
71
100
87
85 83
71
65
60
32
40
30
19
20
31
26
25
0
1999
2000
Fall of ground
2001
T&M
2002
General
2003
2004
Machinery
Department of Minerals and Energy South Africa
for Development and Prosperity
16
TOTAL ACCIDENTS PER YEAR PER MAIN CONTRIBUTOR
COAL MINES: JAN 1999 – DEC 2004
80
75
74
70
70
57
60
60
58
53
50
50
43
30
49
42
38
40
33
29
31
20
19
20
62
27
22
20
14
12
13
10
0
1999
2000
Fall of ground
2001
T&M
2002
General
2003
2004
Machinery
Department of Minerals and Energy South Africa
for Development and Prosperity
17
DISTRIBUTION OF ACCIDENTS
JAN 2004 –DEC 2004
Struck by object
handled by worker
5%
Slipping and Falling
18%
Overbalancing
4%
Gravity - Face
6%
Gravity - Hanging
wall
20%
Manual handling of
material
10%
Rolling rock (mineral)
10%
Coupling /
Uncoupling
7%
Transporters - Shuttle
Car
6%
Transporters - LHD
Fall of material
5%
9%
Department of Minerals and Energy South Africa
for Development and Prosperity
18
Mpumalanga region
% of t ot al accident s by commodit y
48%
45%
50%
45%
40%
35%
30%
25%
20%
7%
15%
10%
5%
0%
Coal
Gold
Other
2004
Department of Minerals and Energy South Africa
for Development and Prosperity
19
Mpumalanga region
% of t ot al accident s by locat ion
74%
80%
70%
60%
50%
40%
19%
30%
20%
7%
10%
0%
Underground
Surface
Opencast
2004
Department of Minerals and Energy South Africa
for Development and Prosperity
20
Mpumalanga region
% of total accidents by size of mine
76%
80%
70%
60%
50%
40%
19%
30%
20%
5%
10%
0%
0-199 Employees
200-649 Employees
650+ Employees
2004
Department of Minerals and Energy South Africa
for Development and Prosperity
21
Mpumalanga region
% of total accidents by working experience
60%
54%
50%
40%
26%
30%
20%
20%
10%
0%
0-4 years
5-9 years
10+years
2004
Department of Minerals and Energy South Africa
for Development and Prosperity
22
Occupational Health Milestones
1. Elimination of Silicosis

By December 2008, 95% all exposure measurement results will
below the occupational exposure limit for respirable crystalline of
0,1 mg/m3 .

After December 2013, using present diagnostic techniques, no new
cases of silicosis will occur among previously unexposed
individuals.
[Previously unexposed individual = Individual unexposed prior 2008
(i.e equivalent to a new person entering the industry at 2008)]
Department of Minerals and Energy South Africa
for Development and Prosperity
23
(Continued)
2. Elimination of Noise Induces Hearing Loss

After December 2008 the hearing conservation programmes
implemented by industry must ensure that there is no deterioration
in hearing greater than 10% amongst occupationally exposed
individuals.

By December 2013 the total noise emitted by all equipment installed
in any workplace must not exceed a sound pressure level of
110dB(A) at any location in that workplace.
Department of Minerals and Energy South Africa
for Development and Prosperity
24
SAMODD DISEASES REPORTED
400
350
300
2003
250
2004
200
200
100
256
150
290
356
120
28
14
22
23
39
55
57
50
0
NIHL
CRTB
PNEU
Silicosis
COAD
Asbestosis
Department of Minerals and Energy South Africa
for Development and Prosperity
25
Challenges
 Inspectorate as Employer of Choice
 Change in Legislation/ Compliance:
-
Awareness
-
Change Management
-
Lack of Accountability
 Increase of Small Scale Miners
Department of Minerals and Energy South Africa
for Development and Prosperity
26
Challenges (Cont.)
 Elimination of Recurring Accidents:
+ Inadequate Health and Safety Management Systems- Culture
- Risk Management
- Lack of effective training
- Improper Mine Accident Investigations
- Effectiveness of health and safety representatives
 Informal/Illegal Miners
Department of Minerals and Energy South Africa
for Development and Prosperity
27
28
Strategies to eliminate/reduce
reportable accidents and ill health
 Awareness campaigns:
- Discussions with Executive/mine management/Unions
- Health and safety workshops
- Newsletters and Newsflashes
Department of Minerals and Energy South Africa
for Development and Prosperity
29
Strategies (cont.)
 Enforcement: Visibility by Inspectors
Coal
Gold
Other
Total
166
28
49
243
Inspections 438
100
134
672
Total
128
183
915
Audits
604
Department of Minerals and Energy South Africa
for Development and Prosperity
30
Strategies (cont.)
 Enforcement: Mines/working areas stoppages
Sector
Section 54 Section 55 Total
Mine Safety
83
30
113
Mine Equipment
227
9
236
Occ. Hygiene
38
63
101
Occ. Medicine
3
26
29
Total
351
128
479
Department of Minerals and Energy South Africa
for Development and Prosperity
31
Strategies (cont.)
 Enforcement: Administrative Fines
No of
Mines
31
Total Amount
(R’000)
810
 Commend Mine’s Health and Safety Achievements
Department of Minerals and Energy South Africa
for Development and Prosperity
32
Thank You !!!
Department of Minerals and Energy South Africa
for Development and Prosperity
33
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