The 1965 Immigration Act: Maps and Graphs

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THE IMMIGRATION AND NATURALIZATION
ACT OF 1965:
The Making of Modern American Society
Graphs, Charts & Maps of Foreign-Born Population
(1790-2008)
Teaching American History Project, 2010
Portland State University and the Beaverton
School District
Ethnicity of U.S. Population, 1790
(as a total of nonslave population)
450000
400000
350000
Total Population
300000
Other
250000
German
French
Dutch
200000
Irish
Scots
150000
English
100000
50000
0
CT
ME
MD
MA
NC
NH
NJ
NY
PA
States that Recorded Ethnicity Census Data (1790)
RI
SC
VA
VT
Immigrants Admitted to the United States by Period (1820-2008)
2001-2008
11%
1820-1840
1841-1860
1%
6%
1861-1880
7%
1881-1900
12%
1981-2000
22%
1901-1920
20%
1961-1980
10%
1941-1960
5%
1921-1940
6%
Period
1820-1840
Number
750,949
% of Total
1.1
1841-1860
1861-1880
4,311,465
5,127,015
5.8
6.9
1881-1900
1901-1920
1921-1940
1941-1960
8,934,177
14,531,197
4,635,640
3,550,518
12.0
19.5
6.2
4.8
1961-1980
1981-2000
2000-2008
7,814,991
16,421,117
8,327,610
10.5
22.1
11.2
TOTAL
74,404,679
Illegals Removed (Deported) or Returned by US Authorities, 1892-2008
14,000,000
13,588,193
13,000,000
12,000,000
11,000,000
Total Number
10,000,000
9,000,000
8,316,311
8,000,000
7,000,000
Removals
Returns
6,000,000
5,000,000
3,883,660
4,000,000
3,000,000
2,011,630
2,000,000
946,506
1,000,000
119,769
-
281,464
150,472
Foreign-Born Population in the United States, 1860
(as a percent of total population, by county)
Foreign-Born Population in the United States, 1880
(as a percent of total population, by county)
Foreign-Born Population in the United States, 1900
(as a percent of total population, by county)
Foreign-Born Population in the United States, 1940
(as a percent of total population, by county)
Foreign-Born Population in the United States, 1970
(as a percent of total population, by county)
Foreign-Born Population in the United States, 2000
(as a percent of total population, by county)
Foreign-Born Population in the United States
(as a percent of total population, by county)
1860
1880
1900
1940
1970
2000
Source: U.S. Census
Foreign-Born Population in the United States, 1860
(total population by county)
Foreign-Born Population in the United States, 1880
(total population by county)
Foreign-Born Population in the United States, 1900
(total population by county)
Foreign-Born Population in the United States, 1940
(total population by county)
Foreign-Born Population in the United States, 1970
(total population by county)
Foreign-Born Population in the United States, 2000
(total population by county)
Total Foreign-Born Population in the United States
(by county)
1860
1880
1900
1940
1970
2000
Source: U.S. Census
Persons Obtaining Legal Permanent Resident Status by Region of Origin (data table)
Region
Western Europe
Eastern Europe
China
Japan
SE Asia & Middle East
Mexico
Other Americas
Africa (non-slave)
Other
% of Total Immigrants (per decade)
1850-60
94.9
0.4
1.3
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.6
0.0
2.7
1880-90
87.0
10.6
1.4
0.0
0.1
0.1
0.6
0.0
0.3
Western Europe: Austria-Hungary, Belgium, Denmark, Finland,
France,
Germany, Ireland, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Sweden,
Switzerland, United Kingdom (including Wales and Scotland)
Eastern/Mediterranean Europe: Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia,
Greece, Italy,
Poland, Romania, Russia, Yugoslavia, Other Europe
SE Asia/Middle East: India, Iran, Palestine/Israel, Jordan,
Korea, Philippines, Syria, Taiwan, Turkey, Vietnam, Other Asia
Other Americas: Central America, South America & Caribbean
Oceana: Australia, New Zealand, Micronesia, Polynesia, Indonesia
Note: On the table, other includes Oceana and Not-Specified.
Source: Immigration and Naturalization Service, Statistical
Yearbook (2008).
1900-10
42.6
45.8
0.4
1.4
3.0
3.3
3.1
0.2
0.2
1930-40
52.1
30.7
1.1
0.5
2.0
6.1
6.5
0.4
0.6
1960-70
11.2
9.1
3.3
1.2
30.0
15.3
27.1
1.8
1.0
2000-08
7.8
15.8
10.5
1.4
41.8
3.0
3.6
11.4
4.7
KEY IMMIGRATION LEGISLATION:
Chinese Exclusion Act (1882)
Immigration Act of 1891 (Immigration Service
established)
National Origin Quota Act of 1924
Refugee Act of 1942
Displaced Persons Act of 1948
Immigration Act of 1952
Immigration Act of 1965 (Hart-Cellar Act)
Immigration Control Act of 1986 (amnesty provisions
for illegal aliens)
Immigration Act of 1990 (diversity provisions – lottery)
Department of Homeland Security (established 2002)
Foreign-Born Population in
the United States by county
(1860)
Foreign-Born Population in
the United States by county
(1880)
Foreign-Born Population in
the United States by county
(1900)
Foreign-Born Population in
the United States by county
(1940)
Foreign-Born Population in
the United States by county
(1970)
Foreign-Born Population in
the United States by county
(2000)
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