Advanced QTP

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Advanced QTP
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Objectives
S.No.
Topics
Total hours
Working with QTP object model reference
Web objects
Windows objects
Utility objects
Working with dynamic objects
File System Handling
Enhancing Your test using VB Scripts
Creating User defined function/procedure
Working with Associated library files
Registering User-Defined Functions as Test Object Methods
Registering a Function
1
Registering User-Defined Functions as Test Object Methods
6 hours
Enhancing Your Tests using the Windows API
Working with Email application (outlook)
How to access the data from excel
2
XML file handling
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2 hours
2
Object Model Reference
• An object model is a structural representation of software objects
(classes) that comprise the implementation of a system or
application
• An object model defines a set of classes and interfaces, together
with their properties, methods and events, and their relationships
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What is Quick test automation
object model?
• It is a model to represent a real time objects which are there in the
application.
• We can use the objects, its methods and properties to customize our
testing needs
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Example
• In Esupport, to access the user name box the hierarchy is
Browser(“satyam virtual universe”).page(“satyam virtual
unirverse”).webedit(txtusername)
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Web Objects
• Browser- The Web browser. The name of the Browser test object is
the same as the first recorded Page object
• Page - An HTML page
• Webedit - An edit box, usually contained inside a form
• Webbutton - An HTML button.
• Webcheckbox - A check box with an ON and OFF state.
• WebTable - A table containing a variable number of rows and
columns
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Some examples on web objects
• Login to the esupport and viewing the leave balance
• Login to the esupport and opening the power on to view the current
status
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Windows objects
• Dialog – A Windows dialog box
• Window – A standard window.
• WinEdit – A Windows edit box.
• WinCheckBox - A Windows check box
• WinEdit - A Windows edit box
• WinButton - A Windows button.
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Utility objects
• QuickTest reserved objects can be used for testing and result
reporting preferences during a run session.
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Utility objects
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Crypt Object
DataTable Object
Description Object
DotNetFactory Object
DTParameter Object
DTSheet Object
Environment Object
Extern Object
LocalParameter Object
MercuryTimers Object
(Collection)
• MercuryTimer Object
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Parameter Object
PathFinder Object
Properties Object (Collection)
QCUtil Object
RandomNumber Object
Recovery Object
Reporter Object
Repository Object
Services Object
Setting Object
TSLTest Object
XMLUtil Object
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Description object
“Description” - Creates a new, empty description object in which you
can add collection of properties and values in order to specify the
description object in place of a test object name in a step.
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Example
set EditDesc = Description.Create()
EditDesc("Name").Value = "userName"
EditDesc("Index").Value = "0"
Browser("Welcome: Mercury").Page("Welcome:
Mercury").WebEdit(EditDesc).Set "MyName”
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Crypt Object
• Encrypts a string
Syntax
Crypt.Encrypt(value)
Example
x = "mercury"
msgbox Crypt.Encrypt(x)
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Dynamic objects
• Programmatic descriptions enable us to create temporary versions
of test objects to represent objects from our application.
• We can perform operations on those objects without referring to the
object repository.
• For example, suppose an edit box was added to a form on your Web
site. You could use a programmatic description to add a statement in
a user-defined function that enters a value in the new edit box, so
that QuickTest can identify the object even though you never
recorded on the object or added it to the object repository
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Syntax
• TestObject("PropertyName1:=PropertyValue1", "..." ,
"PropertyNameX:=PropertyValueX")
• TestObject—the test object class.
• PropertyName:=PropertyValue—the test object property and its
value. Each property:=value pair should be separated by commas
and quotation marks
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Example
• Browser("Mercury Tours").Page("Mercury
Tours").WebEdit("Name:=Author", "Index:=3").Set "Mark Twain”
• Window("Text:=Myfile.txt - Notepad").Move 50, 50
Window("Text:=Myfile.txt -Notepad").WinEdit("AttachedText:=Find
what:").Set "hello"
Window("Text:=Myfile.txt - Notepad").WinButton("Caption:=Find
next").Click
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File system objects
The FileSystemObject (FSO) object
model allows us to use the familiar
object.method syntax with a rich set of
properties, methods, and events to
process folders and files.
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Creating file system object
Dim fso
Set fso = CreateObject("Scripting.FileSystemObject")
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File operations
Dim fso, f1
Set fso = CreateObject("Scripting.FileSystemObject")
Set f1 = fso.CreateTextFile("c:\testfile.txt", True)
Set f1 = fso.opentextfile("C:\test",2)
‘1 – Reading , 2 – Writing, 9 - Appending
f1.writeline "hai you are good"
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Copying file
Dim fso
Set fso = createobject("Scripting.FileSystemObject")
fso.copyfile "C:\test","C:\test1“
‘copyfile source,destination,true or false
‘true – if file exists, overwrites
‘false – if file exists, does not copy
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Methods
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Add Method (Dictionary)
Add Method (Folders)
BuildPath Method
Close Method
Copy Method
CopyFile Method
CopyFolder Method
CreateFolder Method
CreateTextFile Method
Delete Method
DeleteFile Method
DeleteFolder Method
DrivesExists Method
Exists Method
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• FileExists Method
• FolderExists Method
• GetAbsolutePathName
Method
• GetBaseName Method
• GetDrive Method
• GetDriveName Method
• GetExtensionName Method
• GetFile Method
• GetFileName Method
• GetFileVersion Method
• GetFolder Method
• GetParentFolderName Method
• GetSpecialFolder Method
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Methods
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GetTempName Method
Items Method
Keys Method
Move Method
MoveFile Method
MoveFolder Method
OpenAsTextStream
Method
• OpenTextFile Method
• Read Method
• ReadAll Method
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ReadLine Method
Remove Method
RemoveAll Method
Skip Method
SkipLine
Write Method
WriteBlankLines Method
WriteLine Method
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Demo on file system
• Counting no of lines in a file
• File existence check
• Comparing text files
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RegisterUserFunc utility
• Enables us to add new methods to test objects or change the
behavior of an existing test object method during a run session
• When we use this statement, QuickTest uses our user-defined
function as a method of a specified test object class for the
remainder of a run session, or until we unregister the method.
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Syntax
• RegisterUserFunc TOClass, MethodName, FunctionName,
SetAsDefault
Argument
Type
Description
TOClass
String
The test object class for which you want to register the
method.
MethodName
String
The method you want to register.
FunctionName
String
The name of your user-defined function. The function can
be located in your action or in any library file associated
with your test or component.
SetAsDefault
Boolean
Indicates whether the registered function is used as the
default method for the test object.
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Example
• The following example uses the RegisterUserFunc method to
create a new Copy method for the WinEdit test object that copies all
the text in an edit box to the Windows Clipboard.
• Sub Copy (edit)
Edit.Click 3, 3
Edit.SetSelection 0, Len(Edit.GetROProperty("text"))
Edit.Type micCtrlDwn + "c" + micCtrlUp
End Sub
RegisterUserFunc "WinEdit", "Copy", "Copy"
' Now you can call the new method
Dialog("Login").WinEdit("Agent Name:").Copy
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Working with API functions
• Extern object – It enables us to declare calls to external procedures
from an external dynamic-link library (DLL).
• Declare Method - Declares references to external procedures in a
dynamic-link library (DLL).
• Once we use the Declare method for a method, we can use the
Extern object to call the declared method
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Syntax
• Extern.Declare(RetType, MethodName, LibName, Alias [,
ArgType(s)])
Argument
Type
Description
RetType
String
Data type of the value returned by the method.
MethodName
String
Any valid procedure name.
LibName
String
Name of the DLL or code resource that contains
the declared procedure.
Alias
String
Name of the procedure in the DLL or code
resource.
String
A list of data types representing the data types of
the arguments that are passed to the procedure
when it is called.
ArgType(s)
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Example
'Declare FindWindow method
Extern.Declare micHwnd, "FindWindow", "user32.dll", "FindWindowA",
micString, micString
'Declare SetWindowText method
Extern.Declare micLong, "SetWindowText", "user32.dll",
"SetWindowTextA", micHwnd, micString
'Get HWND of the Notepad window
hwnd = Extern.FindWindow("Notepad", vbNullString)
if hwnd = 0 then
MsgBox "Notepad window not found"
end if
'Change the title of the notepad window
res = Extern.SetWindowText(hwnd, "kuku")
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Working with outlook express
• QuickTest Professional does not have special support for the
Outlook application, so there is no built-in method that will locate an
e-mail and allow you to view the attachments.
• However, Microsoft does have an Object Model for Outlook that can
be used to automate many of the features.
• You can refer to "Microsoft Outlook 2000 Object Model" for a
complete listing of Outlook methods and properties that can be used
within a QuickTest Professional (QTP) script.
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How to open outlook thru QTP?
Set myOlApp = CreateObject("Outlook.Application")
‘to create an object
Set myNameSpace = myOlApp.GetNameSpace("MAPI")
‘to create an name space
Set myFolder= myNameSpace.GetDefaultFolder(6)
‘to open inbox (inbox is the sixth folder)
myFolder.Display
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Outlook methods
• Items.count - To display the total mails in
the Inbox
Set myOlApp = CreateObject("Outlook.Application")
Set myNameSpace = myOlApp.GetNameSpace("MAPI")
Set myFolder= _
myNameSpace.GetDefaultFolder(6)
myFolder.Display
msgbox myfolder.items.count
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Sending Mails
Set myOlApp = CreateObject("Outlook.Application")
‘ to create object for outlook
Set mail = myOlApp.CreateItem(0)
‘to click on the new message
mail.to = "chandrasekar_venkata“
‘to edit the mail id
mail.body = "Hai user, Welcome“
‘to edit the subject
mail.display
‘to display the outlook
mail.send
‘to send the mail
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Displaying how many unread mails
are there
Set myOlApp = CreateObject("Outlook.Application")
Set myNameSpace = myOlApp.GetNameSpace("MAPI")
Set myFolder= myNameSpace.GetDefaultFolder(6)
myFolder.Display
msgbox myFolder.UnReadItemCount
‘for displaying how many items are unread till now
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Working with Excel
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Opening workbook
Opening worksheets
Reading data from Excel sheet
Writing data to Excel sheet
Saving data to Excel sheet
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Opening workbook
Set xl = CreateObject("Excel.Application")
‘to create object for the excel object
xl.workbooks.open "c:\template.xls“
‘to open file
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Opening worksheets
Set xl = CreateObject("Excel.Application")
xl.workbooks.open "c:\template.xls“
xl.sheets("sheet1").activate
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Reading data from Excel
Set xl = CreateObject("Excel.Application")
xl.workbooks.open "c:\template.xls“
xl.sheets("sheet1").activate
msgbox xl.sheets("sheet1").cells(2,2)
xl.quit
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Writing data to Excel
Set xl = CreateObject("Excel.Application")
xl.workbooks.open "c:\template.xls“
xl.sheets("sheet1").activate
xl.sheets("sheet1").cells(2,2) = "mercury123"
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Saving file
Set xl = CreateObject("Excel.Application")
xl.workbooks.open "c:\template.xls“
xl.sheets("sheet1").activate
xl.sheets("sheet1").cells(2,2) = "mercury123“
xl.Save
xl.quit
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Working with XML object
QuickTest provides several scripting
methods that we can use with XML data.
We can use these scripting methods to
retrieve data and return new XML objects
from existing XML data.
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XMLUtil
The object used to access and return XML objects.
Syntax
Set Object = XMLUtil.CreateXML()
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Loading XML file
Set XMLObj = XMLUtil.CreateXML()
XMLObj.LoadFile("C:\XML\BookStore.xml")
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Example
Code for replacing the value in XML file using XML Object:
Set doc = XMLUtil.CreateXML()
doc.LoadFile "C:\Documents and Settings\ss21189\Desktop\mails.xml"
Set root = doc.GetRootElement()
Set children = root.ChildElements()
if children.Count() <> 0 then
Set firstChild = children.Item(1)
firstChildName = firstChild.ElementName()
Set sameNameChildren = children.AllItemsByName(firstChildName)
msg = "My first child name is " + firstChildName + " and I have " +
FormatNumber(sameNameChildren.Count(),0) + " of them."
End If
msgbox msg
set firstChild=root.ChildElements().Item(2)
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Example
Set child2 = firstChild.ChildElements().Item(2)
Msgbox child2.Value()
child2.SetValue("replacement")
firstChild.AddChildElementByName "Value", "replacement"
Dim fso, MyFile
Set fso = CreateObject("Scripting.FileSystemObject")
Set MyFile = fso.OpenTextFile("C:\Documents and
Settings\ss21189\Desktop\mails.xml")
MsgBox MyFile.ReadAll
MyFile.Close
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Summary
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Object Model Reference
Utility objects
Dynamic objects
File system
Registering user defined functions
Working with Win32 API functions
Working with outlook object
Working with Excel application
Working with XML application
© Satyam Computer Services Limited
46
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