WebFOCUS STYLESHEET Exposed

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STYLESHEET Exposed
Bob Zinn
WebFOCUS Specialist
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro
Agenda
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Concepts of WebFOCUS StyleSheet
Internal Cascading StyleSheet
Identifying Selected Report Components
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Columns
Data
Total and Subtotal Rows
Column Titles
Headings and Footings
Conditional Styling
Drill-Down
Concepts
• StyleSheet enables you to format and produce
attractive reports that highlight key information.
• StyleSheets allow you to specify various
characteristics of your report and format report
components individually.
• StyleSheets may be internal or external to the report
request
– Internal - when you need to apply a StyleSheet to only one
report
– External - as a separate file. This enables you to apply one
StyleSheet to multiple reports
Concepts
Use a StyleSheet to:
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Format report individual components
Incorporate graphical elements
Format data that meets specified conditions
Create dynamic hyperlinks
Create macros that enable you to streamline your
formatting specifications
• Use external Cascading StyleSheets
Internal CSS for HTML Reports
• Internal Cascading Style Sheet are created with:
ON TABLE SET HTMLCSS {ON|OFF}
where:
• ON - Generates an internal Cascading Style Sheet in the
HTML report to control most aspects of the report's
appearance.
• OFF - No generation of an internal Cascading Style
Sheet. Formatting tags are placed in each HTML table
cell used to create the report.
Internal CSS for HTML Reports
• Improves performance by reducing the size of the HTML
file which decreases transmission bandwidth. Result large reports display more quickly.
• Provide more formatting options for your HTML report
• Internal Cascading Style Sheets enable HTML support
for the UNITS, BOTTOMMARGIN, TOPMARGIN,
LEFTMARGIN, RIGHTMARGIN, SIZE, POSITION,
WRAP, and PAGECOLOR attributes.
• Enables addition and removal of underlines from most
report components and specify the starting position and
size of an image
Sample Report
TABLE FILE CAR
PRINT COUNTRY
ON TABLE SET PAGE-NUM OFF
ON TABLE NOTOTAL
ON TABLE PCHOLD FORMAT HTML
ON TABLE SET HTMLCSS ON
ON TABLE SET STYLE *
UNITS=IN,
LEFTMARGIN=0.500000,
RIGHTMARGIN=0.500000,
TOPMARGIN=0.500000,
BOTTOMMARGIN=0.500000,
SQUEEZE=ON,
ORIENTATION=PORTRAIT,
$
$ StyleSheet comment
TYPE=REPORT,
GRID=OFF,
FONT='ARIAL',
SIZE=9,
COLOR='BLACK',
BACKCOLOR='NONE',
STYLE=NORMAL,
TOPGAP=0.013889,
BOTTOMGAP=0.027778,
$
-* Dialogue Manager comment
Sample Report
TYPE=TITLE,
STYLE=BOLD,$
TYPE=TABHEADING,
SIZE=12,
STYLE=BOLD,$
TYPE=TABFOOTING,
SIZE=12,
STYLE=BOLD,$
TYPE=HEADING,
SIZE=12,
STYLE=BOLD,$
TYPE=FOOTING,
SIZE=12,
STYLE=BOLD,$
TYPE=SUBHEAD,
SIZE=10,
STYLE=BOLD,$
TYPE=SUBFOOT,
SIZE=10,
STYLE=BOLD,$
TYPE=SUBTOTAL,
BACKCOLOR=RGB(210 210 210),$
TYPE=ACROSSVALUE,
SIZE=9,$
TYPE=ACROSSTITLE,
STYLE=BOLD,$
TYPE=GRANDTOTAL,
BACKCOLOR=RGB(210 210 210),
STYLE=BOLD,$
ENDSTYLE
END
Identifying Report Section
Identify the report section
TYPE=section
REPORT
DATA
TITLE
TEXT
ACROSSVALUE
ACROSSTITLE
UNDERLINE
SKIPLINE
PAGENUM
HEADING
SUBHEAD
TABHEADING
FOOTING
SUBFOOT
TABFOOTING
RECAP
SUBTOTAL
GRANDTOTAL
Identify Subtype – Additional attributes such as COLUMN, LINE,
OBJECT, or ITEM, to identify a specific component.
Identifying Attributes
Identify report attributes
ATTRIBUTE
FONT
SIZE
COLOR
BACKCOLOR
PAGECOLOR
STYLE
JUSTIFY
TITLETEXT
GRID
WRAP
WHEN
IMAGE
BACKIMAGE
BORDER
POSITION
BORDER has several formats:
– BORDER [-POSITION]
values include TOP, BOTTOM, LEFT, RIGHT
– BORDER [-POSITION] –STYLE
values include SOLID, DOUBLE, DASHED, DOTTED, etc
– BORDER [-POSITION] –COLOR
values include color or RGB(r g b)
Identifying Subtype
TYPE=REPORT, subtype=value
Where subtype identifies:
• COLUMN specifies
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a sort column (generated by BY),
a display column (generated by PRINT, LIST, SUM, or COUNT)
a computed column (generated by COMPUTE)
a column of row totals (generated by ROW-TOTAL).
• ACROSSCOLUMN specifies every instance of a column that
is repeated across a horizontal sort (ACROSS) row.
Identifying Subtype
COLUMN=value
Identifying report columns using values:
• Nn - Identifies a column by its position in the report. To determine
this value, count vertical sort (BY) fields, display fields, and ROWTOTAL fields, from left to right, including NOPRINT fields.
• Pn - Identifies a column by its position in the report. To determine
the value of n, count vertical sort (BY) fields, display fields, and
ROWTOTAL fields from left to right. Do not count NOPRINT fields.
• Cn - Identifies a display column by its position in the report. To
determine the value of n, count only display fields from left to right.
Identifying Subtype
COLUMN=value
• FIELD - Identifies a column by its field name. When a field occurs
more than once, use field(n) to select a particular occurrence or
field(*) to select all occurrences of the field.
• ROWTOTAL - Identifies a column of row totals generated using
ROW-TOTAL. When used with ACROSS and multiple display
commands, ROWTOTAL generates multiple total columns. Use
ROWTOTAL(n) to select a particular total column. Use
ROWTOTAL(field) to select the row total column for a particular
field.
• Use ROWTOTAL(*) to select all row total columns in the report.
Identifying Total or Subtotal
Identify an Entire Total or Subtotal Row
TYPE=section, [BY=sortcolumn]
TYPE identifies a subtotal or total:
• GRANDTOTAL - a grand total (generated by COLUMN-TOTAL,
SUBTOTAL, SUB-TOTAL, RECOMPUTE, or SUMMARIZE).
• SUBTOTAL - a subtotal (generated by SUBTOTAL, SUB-TOTAL,
RECOMPUTE, or SUMMARIZE).
• RECAP - a subtotal calculation (generated by ON sortfield RECAP
or ON sortfield COMPUTE).
BY=sortcolumn identifies the subtotal commands when there are
multiple subtotal statements. Use either Bn or fieldname as the
identifier.
Identifying Data
Identify All Data
TYPE = DATA
Identifies all report data except totals, grand totals,
subtotals, and ACROSS values.
Identify a Data Column
TYPE=DATA, COLUMN=column
Where column identifies the column.
Example:
TYPE=DATA, Size=10,$
Identifying Column Title
Identify All Column Titles
TYPE=TITLE
Identify a Specific Column Title
TYPE=TITLE, COLUMN=column
Where column identifies a specific column title.
Example:
TYPE=TITLE, STYLE=BOLD+UNDERLINE,$
Identifying Heading or Footing
TYPE=section, [BY=sortcolumn]
TYPE=section identifies any of the following:
– TABHEADING - report heading. Appears at the beginning of the
report. Generated by ON TABLE SUBHEAD statement.
– TABFOOTING - report footing. Appears at the end of the report.
Generated by ON TABLE SUBFOOT statement.
– HEADING - page heading. Appears at the top of each report
page. Generated by HEADING statement.
– FOOTING - page footing. Appears at the bottom of each report
page. Generated by FOOTING statement.
– SUBHEAD - sort heading. Appears at the beginning of a BY sort
group. Generated by ON sortfield SUBHEAD statement.
– SUBFOOT - sort footing. Appears at the end of a BY sort group.
Generated by ON sortfield SUBFOOT statement.
Identify Heading or Footing Objects
Identify a Object in a Heading or Footing
TYPE=type, [LINE=line_number], [OBJECT=[TEXT,FIELD], [ITEM=item_number]
TYPE=type identifies TABHEADING, TABFOOTING, HEADING, FOOTING, SUBHEAD,
SUBFOOT.
Note: LINE, OBJECT, and ITEM are optional
LINE=line identifies a line by its position. Only need when specific identification is
required.
OBJECT=TEXT,FIELD identifies the object as text or a field.
ITEM=item identifies an item by its position in a line.
Heading With Line and Object
TABLE FILE CAR
"Vehicle <+0>Profile <+0>Per <+0>Country"
"<COUNTRY"
SUM DCOST RCOST
COMPUTE MARGIN/D6.2% = RCOST/DCOST*100;
BY COUNTRY PAGE-BREAK
BY CAR
ON TABLE SET STYLE *
TYPE=HEADING, LINE=1, OBJECT=TEXT, ITEM=3, COLOR=RED, STYLE=BOLD,$
TYPE=HEADING, LINE=2, STYLE=BOLD,COLOR=BLUE,$
END
Heading With Line and Object
Conditional Styling
DEFINE FILE CAR
PROFIT/D9.2 = RCOST-DCOST;
END
TABLE FILE CAR
HEADING
"Vehicle Profit"
" "
SUM DCOST RCOST
PROFIT
-*COMPUTE PROFIT/D9.2 = RCOSTDCOST;
BY HIGHEST PROFIT NOPRINT
BY COUNTRY
BY CAR
BY MODEL
ON TABLE SET BYDISPLAY ON
ON TABLE SET PAGE-NUM OFF
ON TABLE SET STYLESHEET *
TYPE=REPORT, GRID=OFF, $
TYPE=DATA, BACKCOLOR=AQUA, STYLE=BOLD,
WHEN=PROFIT GT 5000, $
TYPE=DATA, BACKCOLOR=YELLOW,
STYLE=BOLD, WHEN=PROFIT GT 2000, $
TYPE=DATA, BACKCOLOR=PINK,
STYLE=ITALIC, WHEN=PROFIT LT 1000, $
TYPE=DATA, COLUMN=C3, BACKCOLOR=AQUA,
COLOR=RED, STYLE=BOLD+ITALIC,
WHEN=PROFIT GT 6 000, $
TYPE=DATA, BACKCOLOR=SILVER,
FONT='Arial', $
TYPE=HEADING, FONT='Arial', STYLE=BOLD,
SIZE=11, $
ENDSTYLE
END
Conditional Styling
Drill-Down Example
TABLE FILE CAR
"Bob's Auto Sales"
SUM DEALER_COST/D10.2!e
RETAIL_COST/D10.2!e
SALES/D12.2!e
BY
COUNTRY
BY
CAR
BY
MODEL
ON TABLE SET ONLINE-FMT HTML
ON TABLE SET PAGE OFF
ON TABLE SET STYLE *
TYPE=DATA,COLUMN=MODEL,FONT='ARIAL',
COLOR='RED',FOCEXEC=CARDRLL2(VAR=MODEL),TARGET='_blank',$
TYPE=DATA, BACKCOLOR=('WHITE' RGB(210 210 210)),$ alternate background
TYPE=HEADING, IMAGE=carlogo.gif,$
TYPE=HEADING, OBJECT=TEXT, STYLE=BOLD, SIZE=24,$
ENDSTYLE
END
Drill-Down Example
Drill-Down Example
TABLE FILE CAR
PRINT COUNTRY CAR MODEL SEG.BODYTYPE
WHERE MODEL EQ '&VAR';
END
Drill-Down Example
StyleSheet Exposed
Summary
• Understanding the StyleSheet command allows for
display control of the report
• Additional details may be found in the WebFOCUS
Creating Reports Manual
• Experiment
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