Brussels meeting, 8-2-2013

The renewed European Neighbourhood
Christina MOLDT
Information and Communication Officer
Neighbourhood Directorate
DG Development and Cooperation – EuropeAid
Brussels, 08 February 2013
Structure of the Presentation
1. Development Aid in Figures
2. Delivering Aid in Practice
3. EU Assistance to the Neighbourhood Region
4. The renewed European Neighbourhood Policy
Development aid in figures
EU the biggest donor in the world
The EU is not one donor but 27 Member States and the
• together responsible for more than 50% of all
development aid
• to compare: USA provides 24%
European Commission on its own:
• second largest donor of
humanitarian aid
• second largest donor of
development aid (13%, after USA)
• present in 150 countries
Geographical distribution of funds (2012)
In M€
* Without Thematic Programmes
* ACP including South Africa, Bananas and Sugar
Aid in practice
EuropeAid’s external assistance
Geographical coverage:
• Mediterranean & Eastern Europe: European
Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument (ENPI)
• Africa, Caribbean, Pacific: European Development Fund (EDF)
• Asia, Central Asia, Latin America and the Golf region:
Development Cooperation Instrument (DCI)
Thematic coverage:
• Environment, gender, food security, migration, non-state actors,
local authorities, human safety
• European Instrument for Democracy and Human Rights (EIDHR)
• Instrument for Stability (IfS)
• Nuclear Safety Instrument
Aid delivery methods
 Series of activities aimed at bringing about clearly specified
objectives within a defined timeframe and a defined budget.
Sector Policy Support Programme
 Programmes of the European Commission designed to support the
partner government’s sector programme. Implemented through
sector budget support (SBS), pooled funding or project approach.
General Budget Support
Large money transfer to the national treasury of a partner
country in support of a national development policy. Use of
country procedures. Strict benchmarks agreed with governments.
EU assistance to the
Neighbourhood Region
European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP)
Main objectives:
Create common space of stability, security and
Avoid new dividing lines in Europe
Increase efficiency of external assistance
Greater coherence through unified instruments
Political initiatives for ENP region:
Eastern Partnership (EaP) in the East and Union for
the Mediterranean (UfM) in the South
European Neighbourhood Policy- Who
16 partner countries:
East(6 countries)
• Armenia, Azerbaijan,
Belarus, Georgia,
Moldova, Ukraine, Russia
South (10 countries)
• Algeria, Egypt, Israel,
Jordan, Lebanon, Libya,
Morocco, the Palestinian
Authority, Syria, Tunisia
European Neighbourhood Policy - Funding
Main source of funding: European Neighbourhood and
Partnership Instrument (ENPI)
• Total ENPI budget: €12 billion for the period 2007-2013 (ca.
32% above TACIS and MEDA average)
Additional financial instruments available:
• European Instrument for Democracy and Human Rights (EIDHR)
• Instrument for Stability (IfS)
• Nuclear Safety Co-operation Instrument (NSCI)
• Thematic programmes under the Development Cooperation
Instrument (DCI), tackling environment, gender, food security,
migration, non-state actors, local authorities, human safety
Areas of cooperation
►Dialogue and Reform
►Legislative approximation
►Institution building
► Economic growth
► Equitable social and
► Energy
► Transport
► Justice, Freedom,
► Environment
► Higher education
economic development
► Protection of human
rights and freedoms
► Rule of law and good
► Contribution to MDGs
Overview of programmes
• Bilateral assistance
Channelled through Annual Action Programmes (AAPs)
Tailor-made for each country
Specific project areas / activities and budget
Largest part of ENPI funds
• Regional Programmes East and South
• Initiatives demanding regional approach
• Neighbourhood wide programmes
Cross Border Cooperation (CBC)
Neighbourhood Investment Facility (NIF)
Twinning, TAIEX and SIGMA
Erasmus Mundus and Tempus IV
The renewed Neighbourhood
ENP Review
The review of the European Neighbourhood
Policy triggered by:
• The overthrow of long-standing repressive regimes in
the Southern Mediterranean;
• The military conflict in Libya, and other violent
crackdowns in Middle Eastern countries;
• The continued repression in Belarus;
• The Lisbon Treaty and changes in the institutional
structure of EU foreign policy delivery.
Communication on Southern Mediterranen
adopted on 8 March 2011
• Three key pillars:
1. Democratic transformation and institutionbuilding (focus on human rights, constitutional and
judicial reforms, fight against corruption)
2. Close partnership with the people (support to civil
society, more opportunities for people-to-people
contacts especially between youth)
3. Boost for economic growth, development and job
creation (support to Small and Medium-Sized
New Neighbourhood policy as in ENP Communciation of
25 May 2011
Core principles: differentiation and ‘more-for-more’
 More response for more committment
Core pillars:
 Supporting progress towards ‘deep democracy’
 Intensifying political and security cooperation
 Establishing Mobility Partnerships
 Strengthening the Eastern Partnership and building a
Partnership for Democracy and Shared Prosperity in
the southern Mediterranean
 Supporting progressive integration in the European
internal market
The renewed ENP – Impact on cooperation on
• An increased focus of external cooperation on education;
• Significant additional funding allocated to Erasmus
Mundus and Tempus in 2011 – 2013:
• Neighbourhood South countries received for Erasmus Mundus
partnerships and mobility scholarships an additional amount
of approx. €60 million (€15 million in 2011, €24.5 million in
2012, €19.95 million in 2013)
• Funds for TEMPUS also increased (by €6.25 million in 2012
and by €5.6 million in 2013) to support the modernisation of
higher education in the Southern Mediterranean and to expand
collaboration with EU universities.
New innovative programmes
• SPRING umbrella programme:
 SPRING = « Support for Partnership, Reforms and
Inclusive Growth»;
 Adopted in September 2011, based on the 'more for
more' principle;
 Budget 390 M€ for 2011/2012 (initial budget 350
M€), for 2013 150 M€ foreseen;
 A vehicle for the provision of additional support to
partner countries in the southern Mediterranean
committed to deep and sustainable democracy.
New European Neighbourhood Instrument
Target area: 16 European Neighbourhood countries
• MFF Communication proposes a budget of a total of €18.2
billion (current prices) for the period 2014 - 2020
• Legislative proposal for new ENI regulation has been published
on 07 December 2011; adoption by Council/EP possibly first
half of 2013, depending on the overall EU budget negotiations
Key challenges addressed:
Better alignment of financial aid with policy
Enhanced flexibility and a simplified programming process
Responding better to crisis situations (e.g. Libya, Syria)
Improving coordination with other instruments
For further information
 Communication from the Commission to the Council and
the European Parliament on Strengthening the European
Neighbourhood Policy:
 DG Development and Cooperation - EuropeAid:
 ENPI Info Centre:
 External Action Service (EEAS):
And now….
Questions & Answers
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