Sustainable Forest Management 2012 Proposal - US

Project Title; Capacity Building for Establishment of
Criteria and Indicators (C&I) of Sustainable Forest
Management (SFM) in DPR Korea
Forest areas have rapidly decreased during 1990~2005 due to the
shortages of food and energy, and not less forest had been
deforested and degraded.
The form of deforestation /forest degradation
decrease in forest land area is tree stocking, land plant cover,
soil organic matter and field moisture-holding capacity,
serious soil erosion and landslide, soil drying and compaction,
destruction of food chain
The form of deforestation /forest degradation
Decrease of adaptation capability to the abnormal climate
phenomenon due to climate change
The influence of deforestation /forest degradation
Continuation of the loss, segmentation, isolation and qualitative
deterioration of habitats due to degradation /destruction
of forest ecosystems
The main factor of deforestation /forest degradation
the shortage in the capacity for sustainable management of forest
resources and in the financial resource
The Branch of Forest Science (BOF), State Academy of
Science as one and only national organization
responsible for forest science
• The task of Branch of Forest Science
assurance of successful scientific forest policy-making and its
performance nationwide and provision of scientific and technological
information on tree breeding, tissue culture, establishment and
management of economic forests, mechanization of forestry,
afforestation and reforestation, forest protection, forest ecosystem
management and organizing of forest management.
• The composition of Branch of Forest Science
7 central institutions, one doctoral course and 4 local institutions
The Institute of Forest Management (IFM) as an affiliated
organ of BOF
• The composition of IFM
7 departments (nursery, seedling growing, forest
ecosystem management, afforestation/reforestation,
watershed management, reorganizing forest
management and digital forest comprehensive analysis,),
6 pilot forests and 150 members
• The experiences in international corporation
- The run of technical cooperation program
FAO/TCP/DPR/0169(A) as a qualified national expert for
modeling and demonstration of participatory integrated
watershed management under the aid of IUFRO and
- The assessment of mitigation function of forest in
drawing of the second national report on climate change
under the aid of UNEP and the registration of Mt.
Paekdu Biosphere Reserve to International Biosphere
• The topics of IFM
- Development of the strategy for restoration and
management of disturbed/degraded forests
- Building-up a forest management information system,
- Solution of scientific and technological problems rising
in the establishment of scientific and advanced
framework of national SFM strategy
• The problem of IFM
- The research work on the development and adoption
of forest certification scheme, assessment of forest value
and establishment of early-warning system in watershed
level and mitigation methodology is only on the search
- The financial and equipment shortage has been a big
problem in the foundation of new research department
that will take charge of the SFM study and in the doing of
detailed research depending on the advanced approach.
Goal and objective
establishing SFM information center and
making it as a dissemination base to
collect and analyze the advanced world
scientific achievements on SFM as soon
as possible and present scientific and
technical methods for dissemination
Outcome and Action
Outcome 1 Establishing of SFM information center with
powerful brain/hardware capacity in IFM, Forest Science
Branch, SAOS, DPR Korea.
Activity 1.1 30 scientists capable of SFM research to be elected.
Activity 1.2 An office for the SFM research to be supplied with.
Activity 1.3 1st international training to be taken place on the
selection, survey and monitoring of SFM C&I s.
Activity 1.4 Justification of 7 Montreal process Criteria to be
Activity 1.5 Justification and applicability of 67 Montreal process
Indicators to be consulted.
Activity 1.6 100 ha of demonstration site to be selected in the
Taedong county, South Pyongan province, western low-land region
of DPR Korea, in which SFM C&I s are practically measurable.
Activity 1.7 Equipments necessary for SFM C&I measurement to
be procured
Activity 1.8 1st national workshop to be taken place for the
development of SFM C&I s.
Outcome 2 SFM C&I s to be surveyed, and demonstration
base to be established in the demo-site for the SFM in the lowland region, and the guideline to be made
• Activity 2.1 Assessment of biomass in the project site tobe
• Activity 2.2 Assessment of greenhouse gas sequestration and
emission in the pilot site to be conducted in accordance with the
IPCC guideline on the forest soil and biomass respectively, and
errors by forest kind to be corrected through on –the-site survey,
and guideline to be made.
• Activity 2.3 Biodiversity assessment to be conducted and
conservation and management measures to be taken in the site.
• Activity 2.4 Forest value of the pilot site to be assessed and the
guideline to be made.
• Activity2.5 Advanced management system on the sustainable
management approach to be established in the pilot and its proposal
to be submitted.
• Activity 2.6 The report to be made on the current state and priority of
SFM in the pilot site.
Outcome 3 collection and analysis to be conducted of
worldwide advanced science and technology information for
solving fuels and food necessary for livelihood of rural people,
while restoring and managing forest ecosystem, and the report
to be made.
Activity 3.1 2nd international training to be taken place on the
advanced approaches to the restoration of forest ecosystem.
Activity 3.2 reasonable ecosystem restoration models to be
developed on the principle of silvo-agro, silvo-herb linkage to meet
the need of forest ecosystem restoration and the inhabitants.
Activity 3.3 tree species to be selected and planted according to the
reasonable silvo-agro, silvo-herb model in the pilot site.
Activity 3.4 the reasonable management method to be selected and
the management to be implemented according to the model in the
pilot site.
Activity 3.5 2nd national workshop to be held and the report to be
submitted on the restoration of forest ecosystem in the western lowland region.
Outcome 4 capacity-building for the international approaches to
the establishment of early-warning system for disaster
prevention in the watershed, to the adoption of forest
certification scheme, and to the assessment of forest
ecosystem value to be enhanced.
• Activity 4.1 3rd international training to be held on the advanced
model for the forest ecosystem value assessment that has recently
been used worldwide.
• Activity 4.2 advanced SFM technologies to be propagated and
awareness-raising activities to be enhanced through local research
bodies and technology propagating bodies and publications.
Sustainability of the action
The role
es, stakeholders
of all stakeholders
• Development of SFM C&I s and Establishing
assessment system
• Establishing early-warning system against
natural disasters and demonstrating mitigation
• Developing and renewing of forest value
assessment models
• Dissemination and technical guidance of
advanced eco-friendly techniques
• Capacity building and writing for awareness
Forest management
Indirect final
Consulting and organizing to apply results in
action site
State Academy of
Organizing to implement the action under the
close connection with the government
Risk analysis
• The action could be successfully implemented under the
following assumption.
– The action will be approved.
– The close contact between applicant, partners and subcontractors will be provided.
– The research capacity for the new technology will be enhanced.
– Financing activities of donors to be determined for the successful
implementation of the project.
– The equipments for the action performance will be offered and
technical training and study tour etc. are carried out through the
steering instrument.
– The equipments and buildings will be provided to beneficiaries
and assure the action sustainability.
• There would be some risks for action implementation:
- Physical risks;
Weak technical capacity and physical capacity to O&M
new equipment and to supply some spare parts for the
action sustainability.
- Environmental risks;
- Political risks;
- Economic risks;
The finance, manpower, material and equipments may be restricted
without preceded planning.
Difficult to purchase all the equipments and materials at the action
Difficult to keep the delivery date of equipment and materials from
- Social risks;
Difficult to ensure the action sustainability without providing
purchased equipments and buildings to associates
Weaken connection with education, publication, reporting and
technique diffusion organizations as to be attention of performance
in the action site
Measures for risk mitigation and sustainability
• To minimize the physical/economic risks;
Performed activities for capacity building of researchers based on
the pre-planning
• To minimize the environmental risks
• To minimize the political risks;
• To minimize the social risks;
- Arrangement of O&M team responsible and their capacity
building should be included in the action.
- Ensure to transfer ownership of purchased equipments and
buildings to associates and final beneficiaries
- Planning the data collection and edition for guideline on new
applied techniques and site reporting, introducing widely the
achievement/experience through all kinds of publications, academic
symposium and visit, and express these on policy making as form of
- Expect that unwilling contents including natural disaster, the
assumptions, risks, and measures mentioned in the sustainability
can be controlled by the action applicant, associate and
stakeholders and have enough possibility for implementation.
- The unexpected aspects in the concept not can be revised and
supplemented while developing the detained action document.
Estimated Budget
Human resource
Equipment and supplies
Local office
Other costs, services
Sub-total direct eligible cost of the Action(1-6)
Provision for contingency reserve(maximum 5% of 7,
subtotal of direct eligible costs of the Action
Total direct eligible costs of the Action(7+8)
Administrative costs(maximum 7% of 9, total direct eligible
costs of the Action)
Total eligible costs(9+10)
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