Energy recovery from waste

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European Union
European Regional Development Fund
European Union
E RDF
Energy recovery from waste in Slovakia
WASTE TO ENERGY
2nd Interregional Seminar
Ľubomír Augustín / Tanzer Consulting Slovakia, s.r.o.
10 March 2011, Bratislava
2nd Interregional Seminar - 10 March 2011, Bratislava
1
Situation in the EU:
Energy recovery from waste

Energy recovery has its place in the hierarchy of waste
management

Waste is considered to be an energy source in the EU

Calorific value of mixed municipal waste is on the level of brown
coal (10 – 13 MJ/Kg)

Currently, there is more than 400 devices for energy recovery in
use in Europe. The overall capacity is more than 67 mil.
tons/year.

Waste incineration, contrary to landfill, prevents emissions of
greenhouse (mostly methane)

Extensive legislation (directives, regulations, strategies for waste
incineration, landfills, air protection, integrated prevention)
2nd Interregional Seminar - 10 March 2011, Bratislava
European Union
E RDF
2
Situation in the EU:
Energy recovery from waste
landfill
recycling
combustion with the use of energy
European Union
E RDF
Zdroj: EEA 2007
2nd Interregional Seminar - 10 March 2011, Bratislava
3
Situation in SR:
Waste management in 2008 (except municipal waste)
European Union
E RDF
11.492.078 t
D1 Skládkovanie odpadov
D2-D10 Ostatné zneškodnenie
9%
D11-D15 Nakladanie s odpadmi
35%
R1 Energetické zhodnocovanie
R2-R11 Materiálové zhodnocovanie
42%
R12-R13 Úprava a skladovanie
4%
5%
2nd Interregional Seminar - 10 March 2011, Bratislava
5%
4
Situation in SR:
Waste management with municipal waste in 2008
1.790.691 t
4%
1% 2%
European Union
E RDF
2%
D1 Skládkovanie odpadov
6%
R1 Energetické zhodnocovanie
R3 Recyklácia alebo spätné získavanie organických
materiálov
9%
R4 Recyklácia alebo spätné získavanie kovových
zlúčenín
76%
R5 Recyklácia alebo spätné získavanie iných
organických materiálov
R12-R13 Úprava a skladovanie
Iné nakladanie
2nd Interregional Seminar - 10 March 2011, Bratislava
5
Situation in SR:
Infrastructure






European Union
E RDF
Incinerators for municipal waste.........2
Incinerators for dangerous waste.......5
Incinerators of hospital waste ...........8
Cement ..............................................4
Biogas ..............................................21
Overall
40
Zdroj: Enviroportal, URSO
2nd Interregional Seminar - 10 March 2011, Bratislava
6
Incinerators of municipal waste
European Union
E RDF
KOSIT
OLO
Source:
Enviroportal,
Zoznam spaľovní a
zariadení na
spoluspaľovanie
2nd Interregional Seminar - 10 March 2011, Bratislava
Operator
ton/year
OLO a.s. Bratislava
125 640,33
KOSIT a.s. Košice
70 637,00
Total
196 277,33
7
Incinerators of hospital waste
>
Kysucké N.Mesto
Prešov
Mojšova Lúčka
Source:
Enviroportal,
Zoznam spaľovní a
zariadení na
spoluspaľovanie
Duslo a.s. Šaľa
Slovnaft a.s. Bratislava
Total
2nd Interregional Seminar - 10 March 2011, Bratislava
Strážske
Incinerator of rendered fat
Bratislava
Šaľa
Operator
European Union
E RDF
Incinerator of hospital waste
Incinerators of dangerous waste
tons/year
6 182,02
4 018,36
10 200,38
Operator
Chemko Light Strážske
Fecupral, s.r.o. Prešov
.A.S.A. Slovensko Žilina
Total
kg/hour.
0,14 - 0,18
0,15
0,31
0,6 - 0,64
8
Cement
European Union
E RDF
Cemmac a.s.
VHS Turňa
PC Ladce
Holcim a.s.
Operator
Source:
Enviroportal,
Zoznam spaľovní a
zariadení na
spoluspaľovanie
2nd Interregional Seminar - 10 March 2011, Bratislava
tons/year
Holcim a.s. Rohožník
Cemmac a.s. Horné Sŕnie
Považská cementáreň a.s. Ladce
VSH a.s. Turňa
Spolu za rok 2009
200.000
9
Biogas plants
Prešov>
Žilina
Ludrová
Horovce
European Union
E RDF
Kapušany
Humenné
Košice
Chynorany
Senica
Bratislava
Ladzany
Hont. Moravce
Veľký Ďúr
Hurbanovo
Biogas plants in SR 2010
Wastewater treatment plant
Source: URSO
BPS
2nd Interregional Seminar - 10 March 2011, Bratislava
Total instaled
capacity (kW )
Number of
permits URSO
3809
13
6042
8
10
Evolution of the number of incinerators
European Union
E RDF
60
50
40
30
20
10
0
2002
2003
2004
2005
2008
2009
Source: SAŽP 2008
2nd Interregional Seminar - 10 March 2011, Bratislava
11
?
European Union
E RDF
Where is the
mistake?
2nd Interregional Seminar - 10 March 2011, Bratislava
12
BARRIERS:
Legislative

Absence of legal definition of energy recovery from waste.

Waste Act

Ministry of Environment Decree number 53/2004 as amended by Decree number
102/2005, they set up conditions for the quality of fuels – there are not any
alternative solid fuels.

Waste as an energy source is not mentioned in any Slovak strategic
material (Energy policy, Energy Efficiency Act, Law on the promotion of RES –
European Union
E RDF
there is a biomass, POH SR – is vague).

It is necessary to connect the waste energy management with other
departmental concepts (energy, agricultural, etc.)

Absence of integrated waste management systems on the regional level.

Competence of local governments in the field of municipal waste.
2nd Interregional Seminar - 10 March 2011, Bratislava
13
BARRIERS:
Economic

Prices for the waste disposal in landfills

Capital intensive projects

Absence of mandatory collection of heat
European Union
E RDF
Investors

Absence of energy recovery in strategic materials

Public is not informed about the investor intention

Unprofessional approach
Public

Negative attitude of non-governmental organizations

Excessive caution of local and regional politicians

Poor awareness about the energy recovery of waste
2nd Interregional Seminar - 10 March 2011, Bratislava
14
Energy policy of EU
Main goals
European Union
E RDF
 Increase of the security of supply

Ensuring of competitiveness of European economies
and the availability of affordable energy

Promoting of environmental sustainability and
combating the climate change
2nd Interregional Seminar - 10 March 2011, Bratislava
15
Energy policy of Slovakia

Slovakia imports 90 % of primary energy sources
(Russia)

Electricity consumption increased by 3 % in last
three years.

Energy intensity in Slovakia is:
2x higher than the OECD average and
4x higher than the EU 27 average
2nd Interregional Seminar - 10 March 2011, Bratislava
European Union
E RDF
16
Environmental and energy policy SR
European Union
E RDF
Waste = energy
1.800.000 t KO = 18 mil. GJ
Average calorific value KO 10 MJ/kg
2nd Interregional Seminar - 10 March 2011, Bratislava
17
Goal for WMP SR for 2010
1.800.000 tons
Municipal waste (330 kg/area/year)
European Union
E RDF
20% ERW
360.000 tons
Lack of infrastructure
2nd Interregional Seminar - 10 March 2011, Bratislava
18
Potential for 2020
2.750.000 tons
Municipal waste (500 kg/area/year)
European Union
E RDF
20% ERW
550.000 tons
40% ERW
1.100.000 tons
2nd Interregional Seminar - 10 March 2011, Bratislava
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Potential for regional projects
European Union
E RDF
Žilina
Cemmac a.s.
Holcim a.s.
PC Ladce
Horná
Nitra
Kosit
BBSK
VHS Turňa
OLO
Projects with the capacity between 80
– 150.000 t KO
2nd Interregional Seminar - 10 March 2011, Bratislava
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Conclusion
European Union
E RDF

Resolving the energy recovery from waste in SR
(energy waste management in SR, strategic materials
in this field)

Remove of legal and economic barriers in ERW

Discussion about advantages and necessity of ERW

Use of time and sources of OPE

Support for the projects on ERW in SR
2nd Interregional Seminar - 10 March 2011, Bratislava
21
European Union
E RDF
Thanks for your attention!
Ing. Ľubomír Augustín
TANZER CONSULTING SLOVAKIA, s.r.o.
Bohrova 1, 85101 Bratislava
Tel.: +421 2 4342 2151
E-mail: [email protected]
2nd Interregional Seminar - 10 March 2011, Bratislava
22
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