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The Mountain Men
Unit 3: Chapter 4
The Great Encounter
This is a no gum class.
Please dispose of it
properly!
Bell Activity
Your words are “pelt” and “cache”
Find the word on your yellow study guide and
complete the following information for the word.
Find the definition using a glossary.
Use your own knowledge and experience to
complete the rest of the definition.
Then work on questions 13-17, 29-31
Where should your backpack be?
Does your work look something like
this?
Word:
pelt
My Understanding: 4 3 2 1
Definition:
Draw a picture of it:
Sentence:
Synonym/
Example:
Antonym/NonExample:
Does your work look something like
this?
Word:
pelt
My Understanding: 4 3 2 1
Definition: an animal skin with the fur Draw a picture of it:
still on it
Sentence: Mountain Men trapped
animals, like beaver, for their pelts.
Synonym/
Example: skin,
fur, hide
Antonym/NonExample:
meat, leather
Does your work look something like
this?
Word:
cache
My Understanding: 4 3 2 1
Definition:
Draw a picture of it:
Sentence:
Synonym/
Example:
Antonym/NonExample:
Does your work look something like
this?
Word:
cache
My Understanding: 4 3 2 1
Definition: a hiding place in the ground Draw a picture of it:
Sentence: Mountain Men hid their
supplies in holes in the ground called
caches.
Synonym/
Example: hoard,
storage
Antonym/NonExample:
exposed, not hidden
Today we will learn…
• History Objective –
•
We will examine the
role the Mountain Men
(fur trappers) played in
exploring Utah & the
contributions they made.
Language Objective –
We will listen for
important information
to include in our
notes.
• Behavior Objective – Work ethic: Stay on-task
during the lesson and take good notes.
Around the time when…
• Dominguez and Escalante
are exploring Utah, a
trade is growing in
popularity and profitability
in the East.
• Many fur trappers were
exploring the interior of
the North America hunting
for more pelts.
Who were the Mountain Men?
• These fur trappers come
from a variety of
backgrounds.
–
–
–
–
–
–
English
French
Spanish
Indian
African Americans
Etc.
• As the animals they
hunted became more
scarce in the East, they
moved west into the
Rocky Mountains where
they become known as
Mountain Men.
Fur Trappers
• Some trappers were
traders, who bartered
with the Native
Americans for pelts.
• Others worked for trading
companies, like the
Hudson Bay Company.
• Still others were
independent trappers,
who sold their pelts at
rendezvous.
Surviving in the Wilderness
• About 3,000 men, and
a few women & kids,
went west to trap.
• They dressed like and
often lived with Native
American tribes.
• It was not an easy
life.
Caches
• The trappers would
tend their traps in the
fall, winter, and
spring.
• If they had too many
furs, they would bury
them in a cache.
• Cache Valley was a
popular place to
deposit furs &
supplies.
Cache
• This is a
reconstruction of a
cache at a
museum.
Rendezvous
• During a rendezvous
a trapper would sell
his goods and get
supplies for the
coming year.
• It was also a time to
cut loose and have
fun.
• One of these
rendezvous was held
in Cache Valley.
Trapper-Indian Conflicts
• Sometimes the trappers
would get along well with
Native tribes.
• Many spent the winter
with the local Indians, and
even married Indian
women.
• However, the trappers
were disturbing the
Natives way of life and
sometimes would attack
them and take their
supplies.
•Historians used to say that
the Mountain Men were a
positive influence in the west.
Now they take a more
balanced approach, noting
how they benefited the
colonies but hurt the Indians.
Reading for Important
Information
• We are going to read
about several famous
mountain men who
worked or traveled
through Utah.
• After reading about
each mountaineer,
discuss him with your
group and decide
what is the most
important and
memorable thing
about that person.
• Write that information on your
study guide. (You will be
quizzed on this information so
take your time.)
• Jedediah Smith
• Peter Skene Ogden
• Jim Bridger
• James Beckwourth
• Etienne Provost
• Antoine Robidoux
• Joseph R. Walker
Jed Smith
• 1)
• 2)
• 3)
• 4)
• 5)
Jed Smith
Jed Smith
• 1)
• 2)
• 3)
• 4)
• 5)
Fur Trappers in Utah
• Read each of the biographies of the other
trappers who lived and worked in Utah.
• Discuss what you read with your table
group. Pick the three most important and
unique details about that trapper.
• Narrow your choices down to the top two,
then write your answers on your study
guide for question 22.
Mountain Men
Peter Skene Ogden
• 1)
Jim Bridger
• 1)
• 2)
• 2)
• 3)
• 3)
Mountain Men
James Beckworth
• 1)
Etienne Provost
• 1)
• 2)
• 2)
• 3)
• 3)
Mountain Men
Antoine Robidoux
• 1)
Joseph Walker
• 1)
• 2)
• 2)
• 3)
• 3)
Mountain Man Review
Match the explorer to the deed.
1. ___ Fathers Dominguez
and Excalante
2. ___ Peter Skene Ogden
3. ___ Jedediah Smith
4. ___ William H. Ashley
5. ___ Etienne Provost
6. ___ Joseph R Walker
7. ___ Antoine Robidoux
8. ___ Jim Bridger
9. ___ John C. Fremont
10. ___ James Beckworth
11. ___ John Gunnison
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F
G.
H.
I.
J.
K.
This is a no gum class.
Please dispose of it
properly!
Bell Activity
Your words are “barter” and
“rendezvous”
Find the word on your yellow study guide and
complete the following information for the
word.
Find the definition using a glossary.
Use your own knowledge and experience to
complete the rest of the definition.
Where should your backpack be?
Does your work look something like
this?
Word:
barter
My Understanding: 4 3 2 1
Definition:
Draw a picture of it:
Sentence:
Synonym/
Example:
Antonym/NonExample:
Does your work look something like
this?
Word:
barter
My Understanding: 4 3 2 1
Definition:
Draw a picture of it:
Sentence:
Synonym/
Example: trade,
bargain, haggle
Antonym/NonExample: buy or sell
Does your work look something like
this?
Word:
rendezvous
Definition:
Draw a picture of it:
Sentence:
Synonym/
Example:
My Understanding: 4 3 2 1
Antonym/NonExample:
Does your work look something like
this?
Word:
rendezvous
Definition: a gathering place where
trappers sold furs, bought supplies, and
socialized.
Sentence: The second rendezvous held
in the Rocky Mountains took place in
Cache Valley.
Synonym/
Antonym/NonExample: party; Example: solitary,
meeting, gathering alone; small group
My Understanding: 4 3 2 1
Draw a picture of it:
This is a no gum class.
Please dispose of it
properly!
Bell Activity
• Read the selection in the yellow
folder titled “The Difference
Between a Hired and a Free
Trapper” in the yellow folder. Then
answer question 20 on your study
guide.
• If you finish early, work on another
incomplete part of your study guide.
Where should your backpack be?
Agenda
• Finish reading and writing about the Mountain
Men in Utah (76-77). Complete question 21 on
your study guide.
• Work with your group to read pages 74, 78-79.
Then answer questions 13-19 and 22-28. Then
answer 29-31 using the Fact or Opinion
reading.
• Finish any other incomplete sections of the
questions with your notes and/or book. You will
be turning in your notes today so use them
before you lose them!!
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