Cue for Treason English 9 Novel Unit What is Cue for Treason about? Look at the novel covers that follow. Jot down ideas you have about the novel based on the pictures. Vocabulary cue – anything said or done, on or off stage, that is followed by a specific line or action: An off-stage door slam was his cue to enter. treason – 1.the offense of acting to overthrow one's government or to harm or kill its sovereign. 2.a violation of allegiance to one's sovereign or to one's state. 3.the betrayal of a trust or confidence; breach of faith; treachery. Novels Novel – a fictitious prose narrative of considerable length and complexity. The novel is a unique genre with its own unique features (like short story, play, and poetry). Within those features, there is much room for variation. All of the elements of the short story are present, but there are many more characters in many more situations, many more and various conflicts, and probably many themes (although there tends to be one central theme or message). The word “novel” means “new” (from latin: nova). In the 18th Century, the novel emerged as a new form of writing. Note that the following are NOT novels: novellas (a sort of very short novel, or long short story); novelizations (when a screenplay is turned into novel form). Cue for Treason Background information Feudalism European history is characterized by three related systems: monarchy, primogeniture, and feudalism. Monarchy is the political system whereby the monarch – the king, or if there is none, the queen – is the head of state. Primogeniture is the system of inheritance or succession by the firstborn son (or daughter if no sons are present). Feudalism was a political and economic system in which land was given by a monarch to a lord. History Topics Overview Great Britain England, Scotland, and Wales The Tudors Henry VIII, Mary I Henry VIII Henry VIII was a Catholic king who wanted a male heir. There was no authority above his regarding matters of state. The Pope was the head of the Catholic Church, the main religion in England. There was no authority above the Pope regarding matters of religion. This is called “the separation of church and state”. The Union of Church and State When Henry VIII’s first wife produced no such heir, he looked for another way to have one. He requested that the Pope, the head of the Catholic church, allow him to divorce his wife and marry another. The Pope refused the request; divorce was not allowed, even for a king. Henry needed a solution… The Union of Church and State Henry effectively created his own religion: Anglicanism. Under Anglicanism, Henry was the head of both church and state, and was the ultimate authority for both. So, he could determine the rules regarding marriage and divorce. The transition from Catholicism to Anglicanism was made easier because Anglicanism shares most of the same aspects as Catholicism. Also, most of England’s political enemies – France and Spain in particular – were strongly Catholic nations, and this worked with Henry’s ideas for a stronger state unified under his rule. Catholicism remained a powerful force in England, and in Scotland in particular, and this led to many difficulties for Henry and his successors. Elizabethan Times An overview Divine Order: The Great Chain of Being God Angels Man Animals Birds Fish Plants Minerals Elements Divine Order: The Great Chain of Being Divine Order: The Divine Right of Kings God Angels King/Queen Man Animals Birds Fish Plants Minerals Elements English Society King (1 person; ultimate rule; amount they worked varied by ruler) Upper Class (A few hundred people; didn’t work much, if at all) Middle Class (A growing group of businessmen; worked for profit) Lower Class (Everybody else; worked for survival) English Society King Aristocracy Gentry Merchant Class Poor/Peasants English Society King Aristocracy Gentry Merchant Class Poor/Peasants The Great Chain of Being MAN -----------WOMAN This arrangement is from the Bible. God made Adam in His image; Eve was made from Adam, and so is one step further removed from God. The social roles taken on by men and women respectively reflect this. Elizabeth I Elizabeth I was a unique ruler. She defied the ideals of womanhood of her age by being strong, independent, and a sole monarch. Elizabeth never took a husband. There are many theories why this was so, but most agree that she probably did not want to lose power, and taking a husband would guarantee that; as long as she was the sole monarch, she was the highest authority in Great Britain. Elizabeth I Elizabeth I did not expect to be queen. As a direct result of the conflict over church and state in Great Britain, Elizabeth was often targeted for assassination. Her political enemies were in constant contact with the King of Spain, a Catholic. Spain had a huge fleet of ships called the Spanish Armada. Elizabeth sent her fleet against them, and English forces annihilated the Armada. As a result, England ruled the seas virtually undisputed for the next 200 years, and built the greatest empire the world has ever known. Elizabeth loved the theatre, and often had plays performed at Westminster Palace for her and her subjects. Part of Shakespeare’s success was owed to the Queen’s admiration of his plays. The Chamberlain’s Men performed for her on several occasions. She was generally considered to be a good ruler by her subjects, and left a huge mark on history. The Elizabethan Theatre An Elizabethan Theatre – The Swan The Globe Theatre Cue for Treason Background – Great Britain External Enemies Ongoing project – Chapter Summaries After each chapter, you will be expected to write a brief summary – two sentences or so. Use the summary sheet provided to do your work. Keep track of keywords on the left, then write the summary on the right using the keywords. The summary sheets will be due on the day of the final Cue for Treason test. How to write a Chapter Summary Taking brief notes as you read is called active reading. Write your keywords here. A good idea is to keep track of them as you read. Write your summary here. Summaries should be no more than a few sentences. You should aim for two sentences only to summarize the plot. Also note any other things that you consider significant, e.g. about setting, characters or character development, etc. Vocabulary pike (p. 13) – spear beadle (p. 14) – an official of the church fells (p. 14) – hills beck (p. 15) – stream crag (p. 15) – steep part of a cliff gentry (p. 16) – upper-middle class person in England Malignant – hateful or harmful yeoman (p. 16) dale derision cavalcade moor tarn precipice Peel Larches Heather Chapter One: Dawn is Dangerous 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Who is the narrator? Who is the protagonist? Predict who is the antagonist. Describe the narrative point of view. What is the setting of the novel? In which county is this chapter set? Why are they leaving the house when it is still dark? Chapter One: Dawn is Dangerous 8. What is a beck? 9. Why was dawn so dangerous according to Peter? 10. How is Peter able to warn the men of an impending attack? 11. Explain how Peter narrowly escapes death. 12. What does Peter say at the end of the chapter that hints that he and his family may be in trouble? Chapter Two: Escape 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. At what time of day did school begin for Peter? Describe Nathaniel. Why was Peter convinced that the old people envied his journey to school? Why did George Bell go looking for Peter? When did Peter realize he was in serious trouble? Why does Mr. Brownrigg insist that his son cannot remain at home? Why is Peter happy about leaving home? Chapter Three: Peril at Penrith 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. What type of games did Peter and his friends play at the Stronghold when they were younger? What is a peel? How far was it from the Stronghold to Penrith? Penrith had very narrow streets that led to a very large and spacious square in the centre of town. Why had the town been designed this way? Who met Peter unexpectedly at the market? Chapter Three: Peril at Penrith 6. What news did Peter receive about Sir Philip Morton? 7. What happened when Peter asked the travelling merchants if they needed a boy to help them? 8. How did Peter decide to take his mind off his homesickness? 9. Peter was shocked to see someone coming through the archway. Who was it? 10. Where did Peter choose to hide? Chapter 4: There is Safety in Coffins 1. Describe Peter’s very first stage appearance. 2. What does Peter plan to do when he discovers that Sir Philip has set a watch or guard at all roads leading out of Penrith? 3. How is the second part of his plan foiled? Chapter Five — Vocabulary suffocate – to kill by cutting off an oxygen supply troupe – a group of actors thimbleful – a very small quantity stammer – pauses in speaking interjected – to break into a conversation tethered – used a rope (or something) to restrict movement bracken – an area overgrown with ferns vagabond – a vagrant, drifter, bum motto – a phrase that expresses a goal or principle Chapter Five: Someone Was Watching 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Why were they unable to reach Kendal that night? How did the group of actors react when they discovered Peter? Why did William Desmond ask Peter if he could sing? Explain what happened when the men on horseback discovered Peter hiding in the wagon. How did the Desmonds react when Peter was discovered? What happened to Christopher (Kit) Marlowe? Chapter Six – Vocabulary Gizzard Mocking Farthing Dagger Sluicing Meddle Chapter Six – Vocabulary retorted curtsy inquisitive vacancies contradict Chapter Six: Rivals on the Road 1. 2. 3. 4. What does Kit Kirkstone say that he would like to do? Why does Peter think that Kit is lying about his name? What is the significance of the title of this chapter? What address did Peter notice on Kit’s envelope? Chapter 7 – Vocabulary prejudiced – biased (pre+judge) plague – a pestilence pillion – pad or cushion denounce – gist pauper Chapter 7 – Vocabulary aloof doleful anxieties destitute barbarous parapet Chapter Seven: Who is Kit Kirkstone? 1. 2. 3. 4. What did the acting company have to secure in each town before they could perform? Why did Peter say that Kit Kirkstone has spoiled things for him? Give evidence that Kit remained aloof from the other boys. What is a cockfight? Chapter Seven: Who is Kit Kirkstone? 5. What reasons did half of the company give for wanting to finish the tour of Abingdon? 6. Explain the Poor Law. 7. What company did the Desmonds intend to join in London? 8. On what condition did Kit Kirkstone accept employment with Mr. and Mrs. Desmond in London? Chapter Eight: The Man from Stratford Chapter Nine: Re-enter Danger! 1. 2. 3. 4. What clues were there in the preceding chapters that indicated that Kit might have been a girl? What did Kit believe would happen if Mr. Desmond discovered her true identity? Explain why Kit and Peter decide to go on alone to London without the Desmonds. Who was the man from Stratford? Chapter Eight: The Man from Stratford Chapter Nine: Re-enter Danger! 5. Why was Shakespeare able to feast Peter and Kit that evening? 6. Who did Shakespeare refer to as pirates? 7. Whose eyes did Peter find himself looking into when he lifted his head? 8. Do you think this was a good way to end the chapter? Why or why not? Chapters 10-12 – Vocabulary fellside – hillside or mountainside delude – to deceive the mind taut – pulled tight conspiracy – a secret agreement to perform an act haven – a place of sanctuary (i.e. safety) hovel – a small, miserable dwelling bung – a stopper in a cask or container incriminate – to involve in an illegal act Chapters 10-12 – Vocabulary sycamore – a tree squall – a sudden, violent windstorm confederates – accomplices fetter – to shackle or restrain anarchy – political disorder and confusion sodden – soaked abyss – a bottomless pit scree – a slope at the base of a cliff strewn with rock debris rapier – a slender two-edged sword Chapter Ten: Sir Philip is the Man Chapter Eleven: The House of the Yellow Gentleman Chapter Twelve: Treason on Thames-side 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Why did Peter think that his voice might reveal his true identity? Whose appearance has upset Burbage? Who saves Kit from a thrashing? Why? Why had Kit run away from her home? What is Kit’s real name? Describe Katherine’s feelings about Sir Philip Morton. Chapter Ten: Sir Philip is the Man Chapter Eleven: The House of the Yellow Gentleman Chapter Twelve: Treason on Thames-side 7. Who is the yellow gentleman? Why does Peter give him that name? 8. Why does Peter need a half a dozen daggers? 9. Whose name does Peter hear being discussed by the yellow gentleman? 10. What was Peter excited to see half hidden under a stack of letters? 11. Kit suspects treason. What evidence supports her claims? Chapters 13-15 – Vocabulary crestfallen – dejected greensward – turf that is green with grass prophesied – predicted damsel – young woman berth – safe distance treble – triple (three times) Chapters 13-15 – Vocabulary tumult – commotion muddle – confuse quill – a writing instrument made of a feather vouch – to give personal assurance ferret – to search about Chapter Thirteen: The Clue of the Sonnet Chapter Fourteen: Secret Agents Chapter Fifteen: The Lonely Tower 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. How does Sir Francis Bacon decipher the code of the sonnet? What is the significance of the message? Who was Robert Cecil? What warning does Mrs. Brownrigg offer to Boyd and the two apprentices? Where did they decide to leave their horses? What is a perspective glass? Chapter Thirteen: The Clue of the Sonnet Chapter Fourteen: Secret Agents Chapter Fifteen: The Lonely Tower 7. Why did Tom refer to watching with the phrase, “This is like fishing”? 8. What evidence did Tom find that someone had been at the peel recently? 9. What was one of the men carrying on his fist? Chapter Sixteen: The Heart of the Secret Chapter Seventeen: Held for Questioning Chapter Eighteen: Striding Edge Chapter Nineteen: Besieged 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. What was the “patch of water” at the bottom of the stairs? When does Peter realize that the two men in the tower are talking about Tom? What incredible plot does Peter overhear while listening to the two men? What happens to Peter at the end of chapter 16? Describe Peter’s situation at the beginning of chapter 17. What does Peter discover when he attempts to run away from Duncan? How does Peter manage to free himself? Chapter Sixteen: The Heart of the Secret Chapter Seventeen: Held for Questioning Chapter Eighteen: Striding Edge Chapter Nineteen: Besieged 8. How does the wind keep Peter a prisoner? 9. What does Peter do to Anthony Duncan before leaving the islet in chapter 18? 10. What thought keeps Peter going during the swim? 11. How does Snap react at the sight of Peter? 12. Who comes to the house looking for Peter? 13. Describe what Peter and Kit intend to do after their escape through the narrow window. Chapters 20-25 – Vocabulary besiege – to surround with aggressive intent morass – a low-lying bog or marsh salvo – a simultaneous discharge of firearms tyrant – an oppressive ruler visage – the facial expression of a person sovereign – a king or queen ermine – valuable white fur (from a type of weasel) chasm – a crack in the earth’s surface Chapters 20-25 – Vocabulary sentinel – a guard placid – calm conjure – to create or summon magically gallivanting – wandering ruse – an action meant to confuse hubbub – loud, confused noises cambric – white linen fabric centaur – a man/horse creature from Greek mythology Chapters 20-25 – Vocabulary cuirass halberd Chapters Twenty to Twenty-five 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. What led Kit to believe that the magistrate was allied with Sir Philip? What was their plan of action once they discovered that there was no one in authority they could trust? What does Peter think of Kit’s suggestion that they sell one of the horses? What route does Peter suggest they take to London to avoid detection? What was the Wool Pack? Chapters Twenty to Twenty-five 6. Describe the incident in chapter 22 when Peter and Kit encounter the four men. 7. Who interrupts the four attackers? 8. What does Peter mean in chapter 23 when he states that he thought they would owe their lives to Sir Philip? 9. How do the actors manage to apprehend Sir Philip and his men? 10. What piece of bad news does Desmond relay to Peter and Kit about the performance of the play in London? Chapters Twenty to Twenty-five 11. There is a narrative shift: Peter is no longer telling the story. Why not? Describe the new narrative point of view. 12. Who is John Somers? 13. Why are Kit and Peter introduced to Queen Elizabeth I? 14. What happens to Sir Philip? 15. What happens to Kit and Peter?