patriarch

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Ancient Latin Stems, Lesson III
VITA means life. Something is vital if it
is full of life. Vitamins keep us alive;
and to revitalize a neighborhood is to
fix it up and bring it back to life!
VID means look. We look at videos;
evidence is brought out to look at, and
we provide for the future by looking
(vid) forward (pro)!
PATER means father. Paternal
behavior is fatherly, a patriarch is
the male head of the family, and
to be an expatriate is to live
outside the fatherland!
MATRI means mother. Maternal
means motherly, a matriarch is a
female head of the family, and
matrimony is marriage!
POP means people. You are
popular when people like you; the
population is the people, and a
populous region is full of people!
Advanced Word: Patriarch
The word patriarch (PAY-tree-ark) contains the
Latin stems patri (father) and arch (rule). A
patriarch is a fatherly figure who rules a family.
Sometimes a family has a matriarch instead of
a patriarch, and in that case the family leader is
a female, such as a strong grandmother.
Ancient Latin Stems,
Lesson III
stem
vita
meaning
(life)
examples
vital, vitamin, revitalize
vid
(look)
video, evidence, provide
pater
(father)
paternal, patriarch,
expatriate
matri
(mother)
maternal, matriarch,
matrimony
pop
(people)
popular, populations,
populous
Analogies
VITAL: MORBID::
a. patriarch : matriarch
b. populous : people
c. evidence : courtroom
d. matrimony : mother
Analogies
VITAL: MORBID::
a. patriarch : matriarch
b. populous : people
c. evidence : courtroom
d. matrimony : mother
Solve.
EXPATRIATE : COUNTRY ::
a. paternal : attitude
b. revitalize : dilapidated
c. abandon : ship
d. provide : neglect
Solve.
EXPATRIATE : COUNTRY ::
a. paternal : attitude
b. revitalize : dilapidated
c. abandon : ship
d. provide : neglect
Caesar’s Antonyms: Find the
best opposite.
REVITALIZE
a. raze
b. revive
c. improve
d. review
VITAL
a. revived
b. vilify
c. vivacious
d. moribund
Caesar’s Antonyms: Find the
best opposite.
REVITALIZE
a. raze
b. revive
c. improve
d. review
VITAL
a. revived
b. vilify
c. vivacious
d. moribund
Caesar’s Context: Find the best
word to complete the sentence.
Ovid fled Rome and lived as an ______ far
away, never to return.
a.
b.
c.
d.
exception
anarchist
patriarch
expatriate
Caesar’s Context: Find the best
word to complete the sentence.
Ovid fled Rome and lived as an ______ far
away, never to return.
a.
b.
c.
d.
exception
anarchist
patriarch
expatriate
The venerable Cicero was the honored
________ of his family.
a.
b.
c.
d.
patriarch
expatriate
population
advocates
The venerable Cicero was the honored
________ of his family.
a.
b.
c.
d.
patriarch
expatriate
population
advocates
Gradually, the dilapidated areas were
________ under the new policy.
a.
b.
c.
d.
adapted
adhered
transferred
revitalized
Gradually, the dilapidated areas were
________ under the new policy.
a.
b.
c.
d.
adapted
adhered
transferred
revitalized
The Grammar of Vocabulary:
expatriate, a noun or a verb.
In his last years, Ovid was an expatriate in Tomis.
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