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Unit 10
How to Cultivate “EQ”
Background Information:
EQ:
The expression “emotional intelligence” is
used to indicate a kind of intelligence that
involves the ability to perceive, assess and
positively influence one’s own and other
people’s emotions.
Intelligence is the “ability to adapt effectively
to the environment, either by making a change
in oneself or by changing the environment or
finding a new one”. According to this definition,
being intelligent entails much more than having
strong cognitive abilities—the kind of abilities
that are typically measured by an intelligence
test.
Background Information:
Daniel Goleman:
He is a psychologist who for many years
reported on the brain and behavioral sciences
for The New York Times, Dr. Goleman previously
was a visiting faculty member at Harvard.
His book, Emotional Intelligence (1995), argues
that human competencies like self-awareness,
self-discipline, persistence and empathy are of
greater consequence than IQ in much of life,
that we ignore the decline in these
competencies at our peril, and that children
can—and should—be taught these abilities.
Background Information:
IQ:
IQ
isscores
anmodern
abbreviation
“intelligence
Modern
ability
tests
produce
scores
IQ
are field
sometimes
taken
astesting
anfor
The
offor
intelligence
quotient”,
measure
a person’s
intellectual
different aareas
(e.g.
language
fluency,
objective
measure
ofof
intelligence,
and threesince
began
with the
Stanford-Binet
test.
It is
ability
in
relation
to
that
of
the
rest
of
the
dimensional
thinking,
etc.),
with
the
summary
intelligence is notoriously difficult to define,
The following
numbers
apply
towho
IQ It
scales.
population.
It
is
expressed
as
the
ratio
of
worth
noting
that
Alfred
Binet,
created
score
being
the
most
meaningless.
isIQmuch
the definition “intelligence is what the
test
mental
age
toin
actual
multiplied
100, and
more
useful
to
knowage,
which
are the
strengths
the IQ
test
1904,
was
aiming
to by
identify
measures”
has
been
seriously
proposed.
80:
is
isbelow
based
on thespecial
scores
achieved
in encouraged
an
and
weaknesses
of aschooling
person than
to know
However,
IQ
tests
encode
their
creator’shelp in
students
who
could
benefit
from
90
– 110:
average
intelligence
test.
The
two
most
important
that
he/she
beats
n percent
of
theextra
populace in
beliefs
about
what
constitutes
intelligence.
above
125:
“highly
gifted”.
school:
his
assumption
was
that
lower
IQ
scales
for
measuring
IQ
are
the
Standford-Binet
some
“general
intelligence”
measure.
Two
What
various
cultures
dub The
“intelligence”
above
150:
genius.
test
and
the
Weschler
test.
distribution
persons
with
vastly
different
ability
profiles
indicated
the
need for
more teaching,
not of
an
differs.
Most
people
think
that
creativity
IQ
scores
is more-or-less
that
is to
may
score
the
samealso
IQ,Gaussian,
but
may
exhibit
inability to learn.
plays
a significant
in intelligence;
say
it follows
the bell
different
affinity
torole
acurve.
given
task, or may not be
valued equally
intelligent
by other by
people.
creativity
is almost
unmeasurable
tests.
Text Structure Analysis:
Part One (Para. 1-3):
Part Two (Para. 4-8):
According to some new research, EQ,
Part
Three (Para. 9-12):
compared
IQ,
renders
businessmen
Since EQ with
is the
key
to business
success,
Part
Four
(Para.
13):
more
adaptable
andfor
more
able to succeed.
four
skills
are listed
individuals
to
It
is possible
to cultivate EQ through the
Under
the
cultivate
it.changing pressure of the
improvement
of fouritadaptive
skills.
So
long
Without
academic
alone
is
market, EQ,
therefore,
istraining
the hot
ticket
for
as
youless
have
a discipline
for practicing the
worth
and
less.
business
success.
skills, it is actually easier than overcoming a
drug habit.
Summary of the Text
The new research shows that EQ may be
crucial for business success. To cultivate our EQ,
our effort should be aimed at improving four
adaptive skills: raising consciousness; using
imagery; considering and reconsidering events
to choose the most creative response to them;
and integrating the perspectives of others. As
long as we keep at such effort, we can make it,
for they are based on our knowledge about the
mechanisms of the mind. In effect, without EQ,
IQ alone is worth little.
Words and Expressions
a sixth sense
sort through
cultivate
aim at
 on purpose
 set aside
 perspective
 nothing less than
 trigger
 curriculum




1. a sixth sense: an ability to know sth.
without using the five senses of sight, hearing,
smell, touch and taste (Para. 1)


He had a sixth sense that the train was
going to crash.
他有一种直觉,这列火车将发生车祸。
A sixth sense warned her that he was
deliberately trying to infuriate her.
一种直觉在警告她:他是故意在激怒她。
2. sort through: look for sth. among a lot of
similar things, esp. when one arranges these
things in order (Para. 3)


She found the ring while sorting through
some clothes.
她在整理衣服的时候发现了那枚戒指。
In the age of information explosion, it is
wealth itself to sort through masses of
sources and sort out the needed.
在信息爆炸的时代,能从大量信息中找出所需信息,
这本身就是财富。
3. cultivate: v. try to acquire or develop a
relationship, an attitude, etc. (Para. 4)


They cultivated the virtues of hard work
and celebrated the advantages of
competition.
他们培养勤奋学习的美德,并且宣扬竞争的好处。
Throughout his life he cultivated and
maintained the confidence of his African
colleagues.
他毕生致力于帮助他的非洲同事们培养和保持信心。
4. aim at: intend or plan to do or achieve sth.
(Para. 5)


The government’s campaign is aimed at
influencing public opinion.
政府开展这场运动的目的是为了影响公众舆论。
We are aiming at a higher production level.
我们的目标是提高生产水平。
5. on purpose: intentionally, not accidentally
(Para. 5)


He went there on purpose to see what had
happened.
他特地去那儿看一下发生了什么事。
Did you hurt him by accident or on purpose?
你是无意还是故意伤害他的?
6. set aside: save sth. for a special purpose
(Para. 6)


We try and set aside a bit of money every
month.
我们试着每月省下一点钱。
Some villas had several rooms set aside
just for sleeping in.
有些别墅有好几间房留出来作卧室。
7. perspective: n. a particular way of
considering sth.


(Para. 8)
Her attitude lends a fresh perspective to
the subject.
她的态度提供了看待这一问题的一个新视角。
The battle is of great significance when
viewed in the perspective of the progress
of the war.
从战争进展的角度来看,那次战役意义重大。
8. nothing less than: the phrase is used
to emphasize how great or extreme sth. is
(Para. 8)


His negligence was nothing less than a
crime.
他的疏忽简直就是犯罪。
Their dream was nothing less than a
revolutionary project.
他们的梦想简直就是一项革命性的工程。
9. trigger: v. cause (sth.) to start (Para. 10)


Some people find that certain foods
trigger their headaches.
有些人发现某些食物会引起他们头痛。
It may trigger off a wave of protests
throughout the country.
这可能会引发全国性的抗议浪潮。
10. curriculum: n. the group of subjects
studied in a school, college, etc. (Para. 13)


They are planning to redesign their college
curriculum.
他们正在计划重新设计学院课程。
Is Russian on the curriculum at your
school?
你们学校课程设置中有俄语吗?
Questions for Discussion:
1. What must a business do to survive?
2. What is your own argument about EQ? Do
you think that EQ can be developed?
Writing:
Diagnoses of the Problem with Sb./Sth.
1.某人/事中存在的问题是······
2.根据问题的特征说明其成因。

(因果关系说明文)
写作模式(1)

1) A preliminary diagnosis of sb./sth. can
find that sb./sth. is cursed/troubled mainly
with the problem of... 2) As his/its specific
symptoms, he/it is subject to…, apt to…,
and therefore almost always at the mercy
of... 3) A deeper probe/research/insight
into the problem, however, can reveal
something worthy of our careful
consideration.
写作模式(2)
4) To the best of my insight/knowledge/
understanding, he/it is the product of... (成
因说明I) 5) It turns out that... 6) …, for
example,… while… 7) He/It is also a good
mirror of… (成因说明II) 8) He/It reflects
faithfully, but in expanded dimensions,…阐
述)
写作模式(3)
9) And above all, he/it is the victim of... (成
因说明III) 10) According to the experts
concerned,… 11) As a result of this,… 12)
Clearly, an effective cure/remedy for the
problem rests/lies much with…
Writing Assignment:

Diagnoses of the Problem with the
College Student

1) 我国大学生中存在的主要问题是······
2)根据问题的特征说明其成因。

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