- (EPD) Evidence-Based Healthcare Professional

From professional development
to continuous guided development
A small gap
with large consequences
Jarir P Zughbi
Consultant and trainer
Assistant clinical professor
Taif, KSA
The basic question:
What is CPD?
• It is the means by which people maintain their
knowledge and skills related to their professional lives.
• CPD obligations are common to most professions.
Many professions define CPD as a structured approach
to learning to help ensure competence to practice,
taking in knowledge, skills and practical experience.
CPD can involve any relevant learning activity, whether
formal and structured or informal and self-directed.
Wikipedia the free
encyclopedia August 2014
Other definitions
• The Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors (UK) define CPD as a
commitment by members to continually update their skills and knowledge
in order to remain professionally competent and achieve their true
• This approach emphasizes:
• continuing, because learning never ceases, regardless of age or seniority;
• professional, because it is focused on professional competence in a
professional role; and
• concerned with development, because the goal is to improve personal
performance and enhance career progression, which arguably is much
wider than just formal training courses.
"About RCIS: What we do: Continuing professional development (CPD)". Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors.
Retrieved 9 August 2014.
Medical professionals
CPD is defined as the education of physicians following
completion of formal training. CPD consists of any educational
activity which helps to maintain, develop or increase knowledge,
problem-solving, technical skills or professional performance
standards all with the goal that physicians can provide better
health care. CPD includes 'formal' activities, e.g. courses,
conferences and workshops, as well as self-directed activities such
as preceptorship and directed reading.
Wikipedia the free encyclopedia August 2014
In the United Kingdom CPD is defined as: The
systematic maintenance and improvement of
knowledge, skills and competence throughout a
professional's working life. It is about
maintaining and improving standards of
competence and professionalism. The focus is
on the learner to take responsibility for
developing and directing their own career.
"Training and CPD: CPD". Chartered Institute of Logistics
and Transport. Retrieved 9 August 2014.
European Federation of National
Engineering Associations
FEANI defines CPD as the acquisition of knowledge,
experience and skills, as well as, the development of
personal qualities. It contains both the acquisition of
new skills, to broaden competence, and the
enhancement of existing skills to keep abreast of
evolving knowledge
What are my needs or objectives?
What have I learned?
Has this met my needs and
What have I done
What /when/ where
What am I going to do?
When am I going to review
Planning your CPD
Q1: how do you identify your learning and
professional development needs ?
Q2: what are the three main areas or topics you
wish to develop in the next 12 months and how
will you achieve these ?
Planning your CPD
Q3: What are the key differences that you plan
to make to your
role/organization/clients/customers in the next
12 months ?
Q4: when will you next review your professional
development needs ?
Reflecting back
Q1: what do you consider were the three most
important things (planned or unplanned) that
you learned last year? Please also briefly
describe how they were learned.
Reflecting back
Q2: please summarize the value you’ve added to
your organization/clients/customers over the
last 12 months through your professional
Reflecting back
Q3: What have been the tangible outcomes of
your professional development over the last 12
months and what aspects of your work have
changed as a result? Please give a brief
explanation of why you’ve chosen to comment
on these specific activities
Reflecting back
Q4: who else has gained from your professional
development and how?
CPD domains
CPD is identified in four main sources
1. Learning through work-based activities
2. Attendance at courses, seminars and
3. Personal activities outside work
4. Self-directed and informal learning
Continuing CPD while on a career
These activities can broaden your knowledge
and understanding of many issues relating to
people management. Here are some examples
of CPD activities that one might want to
Continuing CPD while on a career
• A range of public duties-such as being a school
governor, or member of an industrial tribunal.
• Voluntary work. Involvement with
voluntary/charitable organizations can be an
enriching experience and a source of learning.
Continuing CPD while on a career
• Organizing social or sports events, or helping
in the management of a club or society. This
offers opportunities to develop your
organizational skills.
• Providing assistance to family members or
friends who have job or career problems or
who run their own business.
Continuing CPD while on a career
• Writing and lecturing. This will help you
develop your communication and
presentation skills.
• Travelling- route planning, budgeting personal
finances and developing interpersonal skills.
• Job hunting- completing job applications,
signing on with recruitment agencies and
updating CVs.
Self-directed and informal learning
The subject matter and methods of personal
studies which are relevant for CPD purposes can
be much wider than those directly related to
your work. Examples of self directed learning
Continuing CPD while on a career
• Taking language courses.
• Courses about running your own business,
which would assist in a career plan to start a
• Various types of self-development courses
which may give you a deeper insight into your
own personality, strengths, weaknesses and
Continuing CPD while on a career
• Personal reading plans.
• Reading professional and research
publications, including people management,
coaching at work and other information
• Self-teaching DVDs and CD-ROM materials.
Continuing CPD while on a career
• Attending exhibitions, courses and
• Information gathering e.g. childbirth, caring
for the sick, coping with redundancy and
employment law updates.
• Developing knowledge of caring for the
Continuing CPD while on a career
• Entertaining students from overseas can help
you learn about people management and
practices in other cultures.
• Attending CPD branch meetings and events.
• Reading HR books.
From CPD to GPD
CPD is self focused but when we need to do a
continuous development for an institution the
we must start thinking in broader terms.
Namely GPD: guided professional development.
Do we really need
Every institution or organization or business
should have a “vision”.
To reach the goal of that vision we need GPD
GPD planning
First we need to say that this is an organizational
Then we need a situational analysis to know
exactly “where we are today”?
Then we need to mark a goal and attach a time
stamp to it: “where do we want to go”?
and when do we expect to reach these
GPD planning
A specialized office will take care of GPD.
This office will be run by people with vision and
who specialize in PR and HR
GPD planning
Then a need assessment will be performed to
know the status of every worker and the
strongpoints and his/her weaknesses - including
the people working in the GPD area and in the
GPD planning
Each worker will be directed first to the areas
where weaknesses are noted, then on a second
level of intervention to the areas of excellence in
order to reinforce these areas.
GPD planning
Many workers will themselves be part of the
GPD program as they will participate in teaching
and in skill advancement for other workers.
Thank you
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