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Product Design Bridging Work –
Beginning your AS Coursework.
• Candidates need to identify a problem and carry out the relevant
research. They should do a detailed analysis of the problem.
• Work should be presented on power point and the page should be
set up to A3. You should produce at least 10 detailed pages in this
section and should be handed in as a hard copy in September.
• A maximum font size of 12 should be used for all written work apart
from headings.
• This work will follow a similar format from GCSE but will need to be
in far greater detail.
• Past projects have been, educational toys, storage units, small
coffee tables, iPod docking stations etc.
• When choosing your project theme please consider the time you
have to complete this work and the demands of your other
Description of the problem
A detailed description of the problem.
Client profile
A detailed description of the client.
Client Interview
(Finding out what the client wants)
Relevant questions that will give a clear idea of what the client want.
Full sentence answers.
Summary of the Client Interview
A detailed list of the of the requirements of the client.
Design brief
A statement about what you are going to design and make.
Analysis of the problem
(Breaking down the problem)
A detailed spider diagram showing the all relevant information that must
be researched.
Mood board
(Images that will inspire and direct the
Images of similar products or solution to the problem.
A statement about any trends.
A list of common features
Annotation of important features.
Product Analysis
(Researching similar solution to the
Photos of similar solution to the problem.
A detailed description of each product.
A rating system to show which product is the best solution to the
Product Disassembly
(Research the construction details of similar
products or solutions to the problem)
A photo the product.
An exploded view of the product or close ups of the important features.
Annotation of important features.
Detailed parts table.
10. Ergonomics Factors
(Researching the requirements of the client.)
Information about the ergonomic and anthropometrics requirements
Information about safety requirements.
11. Components
(Research the vital and specialized
A statement about any specialized components.
A photo of the components
The dimensions of the component.
12. Summary of the research
A list of the relevant information gathered during the research.
Explanation how the information will be used.
13. Design Criteria (Specification)
A detailed list of criteria that finished product must meet.
• The following slides show an example of a
high quality design folder.
• You can make the work more concise and use
fewer slides.
Toys with
moving parts
Sensory Object –
Whitgift SNAP
Toys for the
Chest of Drawers
Toys for
Toys & Educational
Garden Storage
Desk Tidy
Jewellery Storage
Control Toys
Toys for
Desk Lighting
Key Storage
The Big Picture
Project Themes
Accent Lighting
Bedside Lighting
Nesting Tables
Kids Furniture
Study Lighting
Mood Lighting
Mood Lighting
Guiding Lights for
children with visual
TV Stand
Storage Lighting
Bedside Tables
Bird Watching
Hobbies/ Interests
Age Appropriate
Laptop Table
After considering potential ideas and
themes for my product I decided to get
a better understanding of current
trends. This will allow me to get a
better picture of what design
movements are in the market
currently and how they may influence
me during the design process.
The furniture industry is worth billions of pounds with big
name corporations such as IKEA and B&Q raking in
millions each year. Furnishings such as beds, coffee tables,
chest of drawers and bedside tables are necessities for our
every day lives – providing both storage and being an
aesthetic focal point. Furniture designers have taken a
leap forward over the last few years, coming up with
innovative designs that will benefit our everyday lives.
Organisations such as IKEA have thrived due to their
modern architecturally designed, ready to assemble ecofriendly furniture and appliances – selling over $23 billion
worth of products. There is still a market for furniture
that, just like IKEA’s is tailored to the worlds demographic.
Furniture such as bedside tables and chests of drawers
used to be simple, lacking much need creativity and
innovation, but now there is a mass market for furniture
that is revolutionary and will change the way the user
interacts with product.
In order to produce a product that is aimed at a specific
person or group I must have a client. Someone who is
looking to buy furniture. The needs of the client will then
in turn dictate what type and style of product I am going
to produce. I will have to be clear on their likes and
dislikes on several areas such as finish, colours and design
inspirations. The lifestyle of the client is also a very
important area that will need to be considered carefully.
Their lifestyle dictates what kind of environment the
product will be used in, whether that is currently or in the
future. It also dictates the budget that they will have
available which I will have to consider when costing the
product. It also dictates what features I will try to include
when designing the product. For example a cluttered busy
lifestyle might benefit from having additional storage to
deal with other user items.
The Client is a pivotal part of the design process and the
sway they have over the product is huge. It is my aim to
incorporate as much of their needs as possible to produce
a product that not only they like but one that I am proud
to sell to them as well.
Influences and Inspirations
In order for my product to be successful i.e. fulfil the needs of the client, I
must research into what the client is looking for in a product. This requires
me to conduct a survey to find out what inspires them and what they
would consider to be useful in their every day lives. I will have to consider
several areas to ensure that I am influenced by the correct design
movement or designer to produce a product that the user considers
aesthetically appealing. This includes considering colour schemes, finishes
and materials that the user would like to see in their product. In order to
produce a product that is modern and will contribute to the users life for a
long period of time I will have to keep up to do with current trends and
fashions. Considering the success of companies such as IKEA, whose
designs and easy assembly encourage the user to buy their products, will
help me to produce a product that will hopefully appeal to the user. By
considering existing product that have been successful I will be able to get
a clear insight into what is flourishing in the current markets.
Identifying the Problem
A major issue for the consumer when considering
buying products from large companies like IKEA
are that the quality and choice of materials used
in their products isn’t the best. This means that
they may have compromised with the overall
stability of the product. This means the user is
buying a product that may not last as long as they
would like.
Additionally the user may have a specific design
movement that they like or would like a product
designed in that movements specific style.
Although some companies do produce products
that are inspired by movements they may not
have incorporated design features that are
important to the user. In order to combat this I
am going to take into account the users
preferences and try to incorporate what they
consider to be important to them.
Questions asked:
Design Statement:
The client was very specific when explaining to me what he wanted. He is planning on
going to university in a few years time so stressed on the need for something small.
He also is keen that the design of the product isn't compromised. He is interested in
architecture and liked the idea of a product based on a building or taking inspiration
from a building. He also mentioned the work of Rene Mackintosh and expressed an
interest in some of his designs.
Client Profile:
Frequency of use:
Time of Use:
Price prepared to pay:
Choice of materials
Art Deco/Modern/ Mackintosh
650mm high min.
What environment will the
product be used in?
In my bedroom next to my bed.
What finish/colour scheme do
you want?
Natural finish- possibly
varnished if possible within the
budget. I like black/ white colour
Do you have any preference for
I like the natural appearance of
wood but I am open to a variety
of materials.
What is your budget?
I’ve been given around £30 to
spend on a bedside table.
How regular do you want to use
the product?
I would like to use the product
on a regular basis.
Do you have any design
I like the Art Deco Movement
and some of the design work of
Charles Rennie Mackintosh. Also
I have hopes of becoming a
architect so something
architecturally inspired, like
some Ikea designs, would be
So what do you like about
His designs are very sleek with
many featuring long backs. I
quite like the simple ‘hashed’
pattern that features on some of
his designs.
Are you hoping to go to
university? (as it will effect
Yes. The size of the rooms at
university aren’t that big so
something appropriately sized
for a university room would be
Would a multifunctional product
appeal to you?
Yes definitely. As I’m hoping to
go to University a product that
has storage space as well would
be great.
Do you use your laptop in bed?
Have you ever needed a flat
surface to work on whilst in bed?
I have encountered this before!
A small desk or a table feature
on the bedside table would
allow me to work whilst sitting in
& Action Plan
Action Plan
Initially I decided to focus on the theme of furniture as toys, hobbies &
interests, and lighting didn’t appeal to own personal interests and what I
enjoyed designing. Branching off from the furniture theme I considered several
different aspects of furniture, ranging from; coffee tables, chairs, chests of
drawers and wardrobes but finally settling on a bedside table. This type of
furniture further appealed to me as it allowed me to incorporate the Storage
and the Furniture Themes I had researched into earlier. This allowed me to be
inspired by a range of existing products and design themes and fully utilise the
research I had gathered when considering the ‘Big Picture’.
The action plan relates to how I will achieve my stated objectives.
1. Having interviewed the Client and assessed his potential needs
and requirements I will consider them throughout the
manufacturing process. This involves potentially considering his
current and future environments, the prospective amount of
storage he may need and his design interests.
2. In order to manufacture a high quality product I will have to use
materials that are sourced from high quality places. Having
considered the Clients needs the product will be designed
appropriately by trying to incorporate many of the details he
specified during the Client Interview. Furthermore I will consider
existing products to try and get a better insight into the current
Bedside Table market. This will allow me to hopefully differentiate
the product in the overall market and manufacture a product that
is commercially viable.
3. During the design process I will consider the dimensions of a
variety of sized objects and evaluate the objects of the Client to
design a product that meets their needs.
4. To create a high quality, professional finish I will evaluate
potential finishes, converse with the Client and produce test
pieces to fully exhaust all options and chose a finish that the Client
is happy with.
5. During the design process I will look at and be inspired by design
movements and existing products.
6. Throughout the manufacturing of the product I will attempt to use
resources sustainably as well as purchase materials from costeffective sources without compromising on quality.
7. During the design process I made sure to consider what
equipment the school could provide me with. This allowed me to
use my time effectively as I didn’t have to rely on outside sources
for equipment and processes.
8. I will design a product that will have features I haven’t worked
with before to stretch me and encourage me to experiment with
new methods and processes.
9. I will plan to use my time effectively and converse with teachers
and the technician on the most efficient way to manufacture the
product as well as maintaining the written side of the Project.
I have decided to focus on storage in particular for the bedroom. I chose this
environment as, from my own personal experience and the Clients interest, this
particular area can become quite cluttered. By focusing on designing a product
that will fit into a bedroom environment and provide adequate storage I hope
to prevent this issue occurring for the Client.
Another aspect that I have to consider is the commercial viability of the
potential product. As I am designing a bespoke product for the potential client it
should meet the needs of the Client. However this doesn’t restrict me from
designing a product that is viable and would be successful in ‘Bedside Table’
Primarily to design a product that fulfils a need. In this case storage for a
hectic, cluttered bedroom.
To design and manufacture a high quality product that meets the needs of
the Client and has the potential to compete on the product market.
Provide adequate storage for a variety of sized items.
To manufacture a product with a high quality, professional finish.
To consider current and previous design trends during the designing
To design a product that is cost-effective and is environmentally
sustainable, both in the materials and during the manufacturing process.
To manufacture a product that can be produced from school equipment.
To design and manufacture a product that challenges me and exposes me
to new manufacturing tools and methods.
To complete the Project by February 2014.
Bedside Console
Based on the needs of the client and what they told me during our meeting they were looking for a
product to use in the bedroom for storage to be used near his bed. He was keen to have something
architectural inspired and liked the idea of a design movement inspired product. He also is planning on
going to University in the next few years so is interested in a product that is size appropriate but also
has storage potential. This in turn suggested he would like something that is easily transportable. He
liked the idea of a product being multi-faceted.
Storage Unit
Charing Point
Clean finish
Laptop Table
Cost of
Metal Hinges
Bedside Console
Stainless Steel
Student size
size for a
enough to
have some
Laptop Table
Art Deco
enough to
Bed height
Clean finish
Building Based
Possible design
movement link
Moving top
Current Environment
On the right I have included a plan of the Clients current bedroom. As
he isn’t going to University for another two years his current living area
is my main priority. As the product will be used on a regular basis it
needs to be adequately sized. As there is already large furniture in the
room there is a limit to the space available. I have highlighted two
potential areas one of which is ideal.
The aim of my project is to produce a product that will
appeal to the needs of my Client. The Client was very
specific in his likes, dislikes and requirements which makes
the design process ever more important. It have to design
a product that will have a long life as well as something
that is aesthetically pleasing and appeals to his sense of
style. To achieve this I have created several mood boards
and given them to the client in order to achieve a product
he would like. I am also researching into Mackintosh,
Architecture and architecturally inspired products in order
to design something that is appropriate for the Client. I
will analyse several existing product that might appeal to
the user stating their benefits and their downfalls when
considering the Clients criteria. I will show these to the
Client to gain a clearer idea on the kind of product he is
looking for. The Client is looking for a product that is multifaceted so my research into existing product and the
appealing features they have will allow me to design a
product that has appropriate features. I will research
Mackintosh and other design movements in order to get a
clearer vision on the design features to produce something
that is accurately inspired.
I am going to design a Bedside Console with the aim of meeting the
Clients needs which are:
Ideal position for
• A Bedside Console with storage capabilities
Bedside Console
• Small enough to fit in University Student Accommodation
• Designed which is inspired by Architecture and/or Mackintosh
• Features some form of surface to allow work/eating to be done
whilst in bed.
potential area
As the client is keen on Architecture and is likely to
study a degree that is design based whether its
architecture or interior design he will be doing a lot of
drawing or using his laptop. This means he will require a
flat surface. A possible idea is a feature that extends
from his bedside console to provide a flat surface
whilst in bed, or a removable section that fulfils the
same function. Even if he doesn’t pursue a career that
requires a lot of drawing not having an appropriate
surface to work on whilst in bed is a common issue.
On the topic of materials I have been given leeway as he has
only specified using products that are sturdy. It is now down
to my discretion to pick materials that provide the
appropriate tensile strength to meet his needs. When
considering materials options I must evaluate:
• The strength of the material so that the product has
some longevity
• Materials that will compliment the environment the
product w ill be used in
• Products that are relatively inexpensive, readily
available and environmentally friendly
• Materials that are workable and can be easily
manipulated so can be adequately shaped for the
design process.
The dimensions of the product weren’t specified but the
user is intending to go to University so the product needs to
be appropriately sized. When choosing appropriate
dimensions I must consider:
• The size available in a University room
• Anthropometric measurements
• Appropriate size for being lifted
The user has specified that he is willing to spend up to £30
on a bedside table. This gives me a budget of less than £30
in order to make a profit. Budgets can limit the design and
manufacturing process. I will need to consider:
• Costs of materials, components, manufacturing
methods, finishes and equipment
The ergonomic factors of the design will influence customer
satisfaction and therefore is a key area that needs to
considered if the product is going to be successful in the
market. For my product to be ergonomically successful I
need to consider;
• Material properties, Anthropometric measurement and
construction methods
The client has given me a list of requirements when I conducted a questionnaire. It is
my aim as the designer and producer of the product to meet his specification as much
as possible to produce a product that is suited to his needs and meets his design
The product needs to be suited to the environment it will be used in as
well as compliment other products in the surrounding area. To
accomplish this I must consider:
• Existing products already in the area
• Appropriate materials to suit the environment
• Colour schemes and the personal taste of the client, this
information will be taken from the Client Questionnaire.
In order for the product to be successful and useful to the client it
needs to designed in a way that will suit his needs. In order to do this I
must consider:
• Style/ Design Preferences-taken from the Client Questionnaire
• Current Trends and complimentary colours/materials
User Requirements
The users requirements i.e. likes and dislikes will have a huge impact on
the design process of making the product. In order to meet his
requirements I must:
• Use information taken during the Client Questionnaire to design
something he would like (Architecturally Based)
• Include additional features that the user will like
• Design something to fit his needs and meet his specific dimension
Health and Safety
When designing the product I must consider the health and safety
aspects such as:
• Finish of the product is safe for use.
• The product is designed to be use safely by the client
• The materials used are appropriate for use.
The function is the most important part to consider during the design
process. In order for this to be successful I must consider:
• Appropriate materials that are suited to effectively fulfilling the
function of the product.
• Materials that fulfil the needs of the user and are appropriate for
the environment
• Dimensions of the product are appropriate for use
• Quality Control Checks- to ensure the product is fulfilling its aims
throughout the design process.
Product 1
• The main material in this product is oak veneer. This is
a sturdy material which means that it is ideal for the
• This product only has one basic feature of storage. At
£70 this product lacks any additional features to
suggest such a high price. This product also wouldn’t
allow him to work on the table whilst in bed.
• The product is advertised on the IKEA website which is
a major retailer so it must be a popular product.
However it doesn’t meet the needs of my Client so I
don’t think the design is appropriate.
Product 2
• The main material in this product is oak. The oak is
varnish finished which give it its dark brown attractive
• The product doesn't’t feature any storage space
however it is architecturally linked which might appeal
to the Client.
• The product does seem to be popular amongst the
consumer however the lack of storage space would and
will continue to deter potential buyers.
Although these joints
are difficult to cut
they would provide a
sturdy product which
would be ideal as the
client is looking for
something that is
Sketch up version of an
image below shows an
exploded view of the
product with the drawer
and the bracings.
As the joint is
hidden away it
has an excellent
aesthetic quality
which appeals to
the users style
and taste.
Images showing the
joining methods used
on the tables. The
bracings are joined
mortise and tenon
joint. These joints are
and give the product
Product 3
• There two materials used in the product are glass and
stainless steel. The stainless steel is a good choice of
material as it doesn’t rust so will maintain its aesthetic
appearance. The glass allows the user to see the
structural work below.
• Once again this product does lack appropriate storage
but I think the uniqueness of the design and the
architectural link to the Tower of Babel in the Olympic
Park would appeal to the user.
• The quality of material means that the product does
have a high price tag which does deter a lot of potential
users but contrastingly the unique design will draw a lot
Product 4
• The materials used in this product are pine and glass.
Pine is a sturdy strong material with a high tensile
strength. The glass also allows the woodwork to be
shown off.
• This product does feature storage and has a
Mackintosh design that the Client likes. It is also small
enough to fit inside his potential university
• This product is very popular in the market due to its
Mackintosh design. It is also small in size but still has
adequate storage. However it doesn't’t feature
something that allows the Client to work whilst in bed.
Based on Existing product 4 I was inspired to look at the work of
Mackintosh as the motif was Mackintosh inspired. This directly relates
to the Client Requirements as he mentioned an affinity to
design style. The motif’s feature roses and curving lines. In some cases
the roses aren’t clearly distinguishable and may appeal to the Client
The curving lines of the rose and the ornate nature of the way that
the motif is applied to the product may appeal to and ensure the
longevity of its use. The motif creates an air of affluence which may
appeal to the user and encourage or sway his attraction to the
I have experimented and taken samples from a variety of Mackintosh
inspired designs to see how the rose motif varies. Several of the
products I have viewed feature a less prominent motif. This may
appeal to the clients masculinity as the rose is quite a feminine design.
Furthermore a design that isn’t as complex as some of Mackintosh’s
designs may be easier to apply to my product. On a large scale I can
see that a motif that isn’t as complex still be as effective as the more
detailed, intricate designs.
A main design feature of Mackintosh designs
are cut-outs. I have shown a few examples on
this page. Cut-outs could become an important
design feature in my Ideas as the Client
mentioned his fondness for Mackintosh designs.
However when working with wood it can be
quite difficult to have cut outs and may weaken
the overall stability of the structure. With
practice I should be able to replicate my own
Mackintosh cut-out so the User gets a product
he likes.
However by trying to incorporate both the cutouts and a similar rose style motif it may be
detract from the overall aesthetic appearance
of the product. I will have to consult with the
user to ensure that he would like me to attempt
My personal opinion is that the combination of
both design styles would, coupled with the
difficulty of cut-out and the potential of
weakening the wood, not be beneficial to the
product as a whole – however it is the users
opinion that will shape the final design of the
Product 5
• This product features both pine and metal for the
hinges. The pine is finished with paint. Pine is a sturdy
material which will ensure the longevity of the product.
• This product features a moveable top. Perfect for the
Clients desire to work or use his laptop whilst in bed. It
also has plenty of storage space but lacks the
Architectural inspiration that the client is so interested
• This product would be very popular not only with the
Client but with the public as well. The feature of the
moveable top would appeal to many customers as they
can use it as desk space or to have breakfast on.
Product 5
• This product is made out of pine and finished in a glossy
black paint on parts. The structural strength of pine will
ensure that the product lasts a long time.
• The product has 4 storage compartments and its slim
accommodation. Furthermore the appealing Art Deco
aesthetic makes the product stand out.
• I feel that this product would be popular with the
Client- although it doesn’t have a specific architectural
influence a lot of famous structures are built in an Art
Deco style. The storage and sleek design would also
appeal to the Client.
Art Deco was a fashionable design movement from 1920
to 1939. It was an influential design movement that first
appeared in France. Art Deco included zigzagged,
trapezoid and geometric shapes, jumbled shapes as seen
in some of Clarice Cliff’s work, stepped block forms,
sunburst motifs and chevron patterns. He origins of Art
Deco lie with a group of French Artists who formed the
organisation called La Societe des Artistes Decorateurs.
Due to affordable travel tickets available to the wider
population people were influenced by first hand
experiences of foreign cultures. A main influence in the
Art Deco movement was Egypt and the discovery of
Tutankhamens tomb in 1922. It is obvious how this
discovery influenced design work as stepped forms of the
Aztecs, streamline styling, tall spires and sun-burst
patterns. Also vibrant colours were often used in Art Deco
design work which was inspired by the vibrancy seen in
the tombs of Egypt. Furthermore Egyptian motifs and
images such as lotus flowers, hieroglyphics, scarabs and
pylons. During the Art Deco movement these motifs
covered everything from fine books to biscuit tins. Art
Deco products were seen to be ultra modern and
functional unlike designs from the Memphis group seen
later on in the century. There are many surviving models
of Art Deco inspired architecture, the most famous being
the Chrysler Building spire. The building was built in the
peak of the Art Deco Movement and the spire has some
key features that are typical of that period. The spire
exhibits sun burst features as well as having a conical
shape very similar to that of the pyramids.
Art deco has inspired me produce a product that is not
only memorable but fashionable and is reminiscent of
architectural designs shown throughout the world.
impressed with the variety of
products that I have looked
at for inspiration. He was
keen on 3 of the Existing
Products in particular. He
said he liked Product 1,
Product 4 and Product 5
stating that each product
included aspects of his ideal
Bedside Console.
The client was impressed
with the storage and the
sturdy design of Product 1
and the pillar effect. He
inspired table and the use of
the glass top. The client was
especially impressed with
the folding top design of
Product 5. He thought the
idea was very clever and that
he could picture himself
using the product to
complete work or use his
laptop on. However he
thought the product lacked
the same creativity as the
I will now use these Existing
Product as inspiration for my
own Design Ideas.
Product Purpose
and Function
The product will be a bedside console with adequate storage and other functions. ‘The Client specified a product with storage and a product that is multifaceted’. The product should be suited to a variety of environments and appropriately sized I have researched into the clients current accommodation as well as
looked to the future and designing something that would fit into a university environment.
The product should be designed to meet the design specification of the user ‘The Client requested a product that has an Architectural/ Mackintosh/ Art Deco
inspiration’. The product should have another feature including storage ‘The Client is looking to make the most out of the product so a design that includes
several features would be ideal’.
The materials used should be user friendly and efficiently used. The Client has an affinity for woods, however would be open to a variety of materials.
Market and User
The product should be multifaceted and have several features in order to ensure the Client is satisfied with the pricing. Research into existing products has
shown me that products with several features do sell the best. The product should be compatible with the Clients specification and fit into his environment In
order to produce a product that is appropriate for the Client I must base my designs on his requirements and include as many of his preferences as possible.
The product will be strong, tough and durable. The Client requested a product that is sturdy and will last a long time. As the Client said he will be using the
product regularly it needs to be adequately designed to suit the amount of use.
As the product is a unique one of product it wont be mass produced at the moment. This however may change depending on the demand for the product.
I will use appropriate tools and equipment to achieve a high quality finish to the product. The most successful products when looking at existing products have a
high quality finish. This fits in with the needs of the Client also as he requested a high quality finish in order to achieve longevity.
I will manufacture my product with as much care as possible to ensure it stays within the tolerance ranges. The user expect s a high quality products and I must
respect and aim to try and meet them with as much precision as possible. To ensure this I have placed in tolerant ranges to ensure high quality is maintained. This
will help me produce a perfect product that follows my designs.
Time, Resources
I will aim to complete my product in the 3 month time period which is 60 hours of lesson time. Due to the limited time that I have I will aim to complete the
product in as less time as possible. I will plan my time ahead to ensure I complete everything on schedule. I will aim to use materials from the workshop and aim
to spend more than £35 on materials.
I am aiming to make as much profit as possible therefore I will restrict my expenses.
The product should be as aesthetically pleasing as possible whilst keeping waste to a minimum. Wasting materials is environmentally unfriendly therefore
should be kept to a minimum, as well as aesthetically pleasing to be socially acceptable.
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