Presentation Fiammetta Diani - GINA

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for Road Applications
EGNOS and Galileo for efficient road
network management
Fiammetta Diani
GSA - Market Development Officer
Objective of the presentation
Trends
Opportunities
Actions
• Mobility demand and GNSS market in road:
which priorities and market opportunities?
• Why EGNOS (and Galileo) in road
applications?
• Think now about EGNOS and Galileo in road
applications: which support from EC/GSA?
2
Agenda
Trends
• Mobility demand and GNSS market in road:
which priorities and market opportunities?
3
Growing mobility demand and pressure
on budgets
Million vehicle-kilometres
Vehicle usage
in large European countries (2003-08)
2,500,000
2,000,000
1,500,000
France
1,000,000
Germany
500,000
0
UK
2003
2008
Source: GSA/UNECE
1. 10% of Europe’s roads are congested; mobility demand
continues to grow
2. Pressure on national budgets to build or scale up roads
3. Costly economic and environmental externalities
The road infrastructure needs to be better used
4/18
Users have already decided…
SatNav-enabled vehicles in Europe* (2010-30)
400
Stock of Sat-Nav equipped road vehicles (mln units)
Sat-Nav penetration in road vehicles (%)
350
81
83
83
84
85
87
88
90
91
92
93
93
93
93
93
93
100%
90%
>330
80%
76
300
70%
65
250
60%
53
200
150
50%
43
40%
34
30%
100
20%
50
10%
0
0%
2010 11
Source:
GSA-MMFT
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29 2030
A huge market potential for services and applications needs to be exploited…
…Policy makers have a great opportunity
Galileo - Road monetized benefits (Millions of Euros, cumulated 2010-2030)
Benefit for public institutions
Benefit for users
20.520
Social benefit
2.383
1.306
Air
pollution
reduction
CO2
emissions
reduction
202
43.570
Cost
savings
due to
congestion
reduction**
Road Total
7.776
8.505
2.658
219
VAT
Corporate
tax
Fuel
Cost savings
decrease of consumption
injuries*
reduction
Travel
time
reduction
Equivalent to
~93K injuries
~6 bln litres
~30 mln tons
Galileo - Road non-monetized benefits (cumulated 2010-2030)
~ 2.000 lives
saved
~ 14.000
new jobs
High
Which priorities for GNSS in Road
Ability to market
Road Network
Management
eCall
ADAS
Public benefits
Logistics
High
Medium
PPUI
Low
Low
Public transport
Timing to adoption
Slow
Fast
Road Network Management: new
schemes and regulation impact
• EETS: 2004/52/EC + Decision
2009/750
– EETS must be compatible with
both DSRC and GNSS systems,
but GNSS is recommended for
new systems due to its flexibility
• Eurovignette: 2006/38/EC
– Harmonizes taxation of HGVs
>3.5t using TENs
– By 2012 they should be all
tolled
GNSS adopted /decision taken
GNSS under evaluation
8
GNSS customers in road pricing will grow
in Europe
# of GNSS OBUs in EU-27 (millions)
16
17
18
18
17
18
19
20
13
9
6
1
1
2009 10
2
11
3
3
12
13
14
15
16
9
• The new regulatory
framework combined
with the introduction of
new schemes are
expected to push
strongly GNSS
adoption in Europe
Why GNSS in Road Network Management?
1. Flexibility to adapt over time as road networks/ traffic evolve
2. Cost efficiency: no capital-intensive toll gate infrastructure
3. Holistic approach to traffic management (all roads/ specific roads,
all vehicles/ specific vehicle types, e.g. HGVs)
4. Interoperability in pan-European network
5. New business opportunity for Value Added Services
Agenda
Opportunities
• Why EGNOS (and Galileo) in road
applications?
11
EGNOS: early adopters

Most receivers nowadays are EGNOS-enabled and not more
costly as the non EGNOS-enabled ones.

EGNOS OS is for free: therefore, the cost of using EGNOS is
marginal.

Benefits exist now even if they are under demonstration.

You take decisions now for systems to be applied in the
future (technology improves, benefits will be demonstrated).

So, why not using EGNOS together with GPS ?

ENI early EGNOS adopter: thanks to an
independent test, ENI is equipping national and
international fleet (1,500 trucks) with EGNOS OBU.
EGNOS integrity: versus a guaranteed
position

Operators (toll chargers, EETS, public authorities, logistic operators)
may need to provide in the future a guarantee of positioning for
GNSS-based road pricing schemes (to prevent or manage claims),
in regulated transport (e.g. dangerous goods) or in co-modal and
just-in-time logistics, ensuring a high service quality.

EGNOS can help providing a guarantee of position, providing a level
of confidence to the user.
Protection
Level
Mentore results:
1 and 2 – nuclear transport by road
 Two vehicles:
Big truck & trailer only extra-urban roads (# 1)
Truck extra-urban & urban roads (# 2)
 On board Unit using EGNOS Open Signal (Signal in Space)
 Protection Level calculated at the Service Centre
Mentore results:
3 – intermodal freight container
 Container rail/ terminal areas (# 3)
 On board Unit using EGNOS Open Signal (Signal in Space)
 Protection Level calculated at the Service Centre
Mentore results:
4 & 5 – urban logistics
 Two vans urban roads:
In the city centre/ inside the LTZ (thus narrow
streets) (# 4)
Outside the LTZ (less narrow streets) (# 5)
 On Board Unit EGNOS Open Signal
 Protection Level calculated at the Service
Centre
 EGNOS corrections assisted function
Mentore:
comparison of results
120,00%
100,00%
80,00%
MITMARCO
Different EGNOS performances
in different operational conditions
MITMARIO
60,00%
ITC01
BO
IP
40,00%
1
2
3
4
5
20,00%
1
0,00%
2
3
4
5
% HPL messages
9,5
9,4
9,3
9,2
9,1
9
MITMARCO
8,9
MITMARIO
8,8
ITC01
8,7
BO
8,6
IP
8,5
8,4
8,3
8,2
8,1
8
1
2
3
average HPL
4
5
Scutum: EGNOS CS/EDAS adoption
and standardisation
Implementing EGNOS CS/EDAS large scale/live
operations of dangerous goods transport in the three EU
countries (Italy, France and Austria), by:
Turning proven demonstration into operation
Leading research into fruition
A technolgy step forward in:
1) Optimization of the processing to further
increase the availability of HPL calculations/
guarantee of position
2) multipath mitigation -> to improve the HPL
solution
Agenda
Actions
• Think now about EGNOS and Galileo in road
applications: which support from EC/GSA?
19
Support from EC/GSA: quantify GNSS
economic benefits
MONETARY
BENEFITS
SOCIAL
BENEFITS
OPEX
– Service Providers (incl. EETS)
– Toll Chargers
– Public Entities
CAPEX
• Different schemes could be
considered, e.g.:
CASH FLOW
STREAM
= INPUT
= OUTPUT
NPV DSRC
WACC
NPV GNSS
(GPS only)
• The cost benefit analysis will
assess GNSS/ EGNOS value
added by player:
NPV GNSS
(GPS + EGNOS)
• Universal/ HGVs only
• Motorways/ Country schemes
• Key Europe-wide examples
have already been assessed
BUSINESS CASES
HGV scheme in France: GNSS shows a
considerably higher NPV than DSRC free flow
Objective: to assess the economics of key road tolling technologies if applied only
to HGVs in a large network formed mainly by motorways
Net benefits by operator (the French case**)
(Mld €)
55
MAIN ASSUMPTIONS
Total OBUs (# Mio – HGV* only)
52
 2010: 0.87 → 2030: 4.5
Road network (k km)
49
50
Traffic volumes (Mld vehicle-km)
11
 2010: 11.2 → 2030: 12.6
45
10
40
 2010: 13 → 2030: 16.5
Stock of vehicles (# Mio)
 2010: 4.2 → 2030: 5.8
Toll fee (€-km)
5
 2010: 0.12 → 2030: 0.30
3
ETC transactions on tolled roads (%)
 2010: 100% → 2030:100%
35
38
36
VAS (Infomobility)
 5.0 €/ month
 Users: 100% HGV
30
GNSS
DSRC Free Flow
Toll Charger
Service Provider
Public Entities
Toll Charger and Service Provider: include
faster adoption and possibility to charge
additional roads
Public Entities: include environmental
impact
Note: * > 3.5t ; ** The simulation is based on estimates on the eco-tax (GNSS or DSRC Free Flow systems to be applied to a large network of non-conceded
motorways and local roads). To make the simulation comparable with other cases some elements are different from the actual bid: there is not a bonus/ malus
scheme for the TC (but revenues from tolling instead) and the SP is in charge of fraud costs (as opposed to the actual bid, where they are sustained by the
Public authority)
BUSINESS CASES
All-vehicles all roads scheme in the Netherlands
Objective: to assess the economics of a universal country-wide RUC scheme
based on GNSS
MAIN ASSUMPTIONS
Net benefits by operator (the Dutch case*)
(Mld €)
52
48
30
Road network (k km)
 2012: 124.5 → 2030: 156
Traffic volumes (Mld vehicle-km)
15
40
 2012: 7 → 2030: 9.9 (LV/ PC)
 2012: 1 → 2030: 1.8 (HGV*)
60
50
Total OBUs (# Mio)
15
 2012: 13.8 → 2030: 18.5 (LV/ PC)
 2012: 6.3 → 2030: 8.5 (HGV*)
6
2
Stock of vehicles (# Mio)
 2012: 7.8 → 2030: 9.9 (LV/ PC)
 2012: 1.2 → 2030: 1.8 (HGV*)
Toll fee (€-km)
20
31
31
10
 2012: 0.03 → 2030: 0.2 (LV/ PC)
 2012: 0.06 → 2030: 0.4 (HGV*)
GNSS transactions on tolled roads (%)
 2012: 90% → 2030: 100%
0
VAS (Infomobility)
Base case
Toll Charger
VAS case***
Service Provider
Public Entities
 0.5 €/ month (LV/ PC)
 1.0 €/ month (HGV)
 Users: 100% LV/PC and HGV
Note: * The simulation is based on estimates on the ABvM case (GNSS system will be applied from 2012 in all existing roads); ** > 3.5t ; *** 2.5 €/month
for PC/ LV and 5 €/ month for HGV for VAS (including infomobility)
Support from EC/GSA: demonstrate
EGNOS benefits
• Several EGNOS trials
and initiatives
• GSA/EC encourage
Toll Chargers/ Service
Providers to trial on
the field EGNOS value
added
• DG ENTR recently launched: “The Assessment of
the utilization of EGNOS in the road transport
domain”. Expected results in second half 2011
Support from EC/GSA: business
development to identify VAS opportunities
Services based on the
vehicle
 Location based
services without driver
interaction
Navigation
SOS
Location and
tracking (also
dangerous
goods)
Stolen vehicle
recovery
Off board
navigation
PAYD /
PPU
Concierge
Weather
Services based on the
user
 Use of HMI for
information exchange
with the driver
POI
Fleet
management
Map/POI
update
Usage report
Intelligent
maintenance
(RVD)
Real time
traffic Info
Special
maps
Access
management
Georeferenced
services
E-call
24
Infomobility and
sustainable
mobility
 Services related
to strong political
relationship with
institutions
Seize first-mover advantages
Don't be overtaken!
www.egnos-portal.eu
[email protected]
Back up
What is EGNOS?
Technology




Accuracy
GPS
10m
GPS + EGNOS
corrections
2m
Improvement
Increased accuracy +
Integrity
EGNOS is the first European SatNav system
EGNOS improves the accuracy of position measurements by
transmitting signals that correct GPS data and provide information
on its reliability
EGNOS is composed of transponders aboard three geostationary
satellites and a ground network of about 40 positioning stations
and four control centres.
EGNOS is available and free of charges
EGNOS Services – EDAS
EGNOS data (real-time):
• RIMS raw observations
• SBAS messages
EGNOS Data Access Server - EDAS
Value-added
service provider
User-specific
information


Phase 1 “prototyping”:
 Beta test users
 Freely available to all, after registration
 Service Definition phase
 Experimental service until end of 2010
Phase 2: Service Provision (as from 2011)
End users
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