CBRNE Resilience Strategy
and Action Plan for Canada
Pierre Trudel
October 20, 2011
● International Safety and Security Landscape
● Overview of CBRNE policy and programs in Canada
● Scientific Support to CBRNE Resilience
● CBRNE Resilience Strategy and Action Plan for Canada
● Federal CBRNE Plan
● Federal Nuclear Emergency Plan (FNEP)
● All-Hazards Risk Assessment
- Canada’s multi-jurisdictional/multi-disciplinary approach
● International CBRNE Cooperation
International Safety and Security Landscape
● Complex, interconnected global challenges
- Global Nuclear Safety
- CBRNE Resilience
- Critical Infrastructure Protection
- Pandemics
- Aviation Security
- Radicalization and counter
violent extremism (CVE)
… Domestic:
● Resilience of the economy
● Secure flow of people and goods
● Arctic and the North: sovereignty and border security
CBRNE Domestic Landscape
2005 - Chemical, Biological, Radiological and
Nuclear Strategy of the Government of
The Building Blocks
Canada-United States CBRNE Working Group
CBRNE Resilience Strategy and
Action Plan for Canada
2010 G8 & G20 Summits
2010 Vancouver Winter Games
Auditor General of Canada Report (Fall 2009)
Capabilities – What are we talking about?
Regulatory, experts,
assessment, forensics
Consequence Management
Health Canada – Lab;
Radiological/Nuclear experts
National Emergency Stockpile
Natural Resources Canada –
Deployable field hospital
Environment Canada –
Medical stockpile
Emergency Response Team
Public Health Agency of
Canada – labs
National CBRNE Response
Overview of CBRNE Policy and Programs in
Canada 2011
Guiding Principles
● Support emergency management activities
● Contribute to individual and community safety and security through
science and technology for CBRNE, interoperability policies,
programs and partnerships:
prepare for
respond to
recover from
natural disasters, man-made crises, criminal acts, and
terrorist attacks
Centre for Security Science (CSS)
● Part of Defence Research and Development Canada (DRDC)
- provides Public Safety Canada with science and technology advice
● Evolved from the post 9/11 global security landscape. 3 main areas:
- CBRNE Research and Technology Initiative (CRTI)
- Public Security Technical Program (PSTP)
- Canadian Police Research Centre (CPRC)
● CRTI funds science and technology projects for public safety and
security for multiple federal departments and agencies:
- enhanced S&T coordination and collaboration across government,
industry and academic sectors
- sizeable improvement in Canada’s CBRNE response capabilities
- accelerating the delivery of technology into the hands of first
- building federal laboratory capability within the CBRNE realm
CBRNE Resilience Strategy for Canada
● Federal/Provincial/Territorial Ministers Responsible for Emergency
Management approved (January 2011):
- The Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear and Explosives
Resilience Strategy for Canada
- The Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear and Explosives
Resilience Action Plan for Canada
● Purpose: To guide the creation and maintenance of sustainable
Canadian CBRNE policies, programs, standards, training, plans and
concepts at the international, federal, provincial and territorial levels
All CBRNE materials
An integral part of the Strategy
Full spectrum of emergency
preparedness, response,
Sets out actions and timelines
over a five-year period
Reviewed annually
Acts as a report card for all
contributors to measure progress
13 tasks to be completed in the
first year with shared
coordination by
Prioritization of Second Year
projects underway
Exists in an all hazards
Key Accomplishments for 2011
● CBRNE Resilience Action Plan outlines 13 key deliverables in Phase 1 to
be completed in 2011
● Phase 1 key deliverables led by Federal partners from the CBRNE
Resilience Action Plan include:
- Identification of Provincial/Territorial CBRNE leads/emergency
management planners
- Revised scope of CBRNE working groups
- Federal CBRNE Plan
- Engagement in international fora to inform domestic CBRNE
- List of current CBRNE assets and equipment
- Guidance on capability-based planning
- CBRNE lexicon
- CBRNE exercises
- Set-up of CBRNE virtual centre of expertise for information sharing
(SharePoint site)
Key Accomplishments for 2011 (cont’d)
● Phase 1 key deliverables led by Provincial/Territorial (P/T) partners
from the CBRNE Resilience Action Plan include:
- CBRNE emergency managers toolbox (NS)
- Identify criteria for engaging additional resources at the domestic
level (BC)
- Define leadership, ownership, and participation in the risk
management process in each jurisdiction (NB)
- Enhance processes to ensure the timely and effective exchange of
information, including indicators and early warnings, amongst
contributors (ON)
Focus for 2012
● Work on the following Phase 2 action items will begin in 2012:
- Development of risk assessment methodologies specific to CBRNE
- Refine CBRNE training delivery (at individual level)
- Develop core requirements for a National CBRNE Plan
Federal CBRNE Plan
● Aim
- provide the necessary direction, coordination and support for
integrated federal actions
● Scope
- all four components of emergency management
- coordinate with Federal Nuclear Emergency Plan (FNEP) revision
- builds on Federal Emergency Response Plan (FERP) and Emergency
Support Function (ESF) responsibilities
Federal Nuclear Emergency Plan (FNEP)
● FNEP initially written in 1984 and last major update was in 2002
- before Emergency Management Framework for Canada
- before Federal Emergency Response Plan
● Major revision underway led by Health Canada (HC) –
Radiation Protection Bureau (RPB)
- multi-departmental/multi-jurisdictional in scope
- coordinated with Federal CBRNE Plan development
All-Hazards Risk Assessment
● Public Safety Canada is leading a federal process to develop a whole-
of-government risk picture:
- Purpose: Support effective emergency management planning in
federal institutions
- Scope: Support Ministers in meeting their legislative responsibility
under the Emergency Management Act to identify risks within or
related to their mandate and develop emergency management
plans in respect of those risks
- All Hazards Approach: A mechanism for comparing and rating all
hazards risks (malicious or non-malicious)
- Integrated Approach: Provides a Government of Canada picture
rather than an individual perspective from each department
International Engagement
● PS has recently commenced development with United States (U.S.)
partners of a Canada-United States CBRNE Working Group
● PS is engaging with the North Atlantic Treaty Organization’s (NATO) Civil
Emergency Planning centre to leverage ongoing CBRNE planning efforts
and examine the potential for Canadian participation in NATO CBRNE
related activities
● PS is working with the Global Initiative to Counter Nuclear Terrorism
(GICNT) with an exercise to validate GICNT’s strategic plan
Canada – United States Cooperation
Canada-United States CBRNE Working Group to focus on preventing/
mitigating, preparing for, responding to, and recovering from CBRNE
events. From a Canadian perspective, key deliverables are:
CBRNE Mutual Assistance Plan:
- evaluate each country’s capabilities and the most efficient crossborder deployment
- develop protocols to ensure rapid U.S. assistance to Canada and vice
provide a greater alignment in the CBRNE domain between the two
countries as each country learns more about:
the other’s capabilities, roles and responsibilities
the ability of each country to assist the other during critical periods
of CBRNE events
to be validated through exercises and adjusted to reflect lessonslearned
links science & technology, policy, and plans:
operational communities will support and inform each other