Potential of convergence with NREGS and Inland fishery in rainfed area By: Neelkanth RRA Network Area Profile: • Tikamgarh district in Madhya Pradesh State • There are total of 1395 ponds all in this district as per government records, with 612 ponds being under fishery and 100 being irrigation ponds. • More than 60 new ponds under NREGS scheme Central objective or theme for planning: • In 2008 , MP state Govt. initiated “Meenakshi Yojna”- as aprt of NREGA program like “Kapildhara yojna” , “Nandan Falodyan”, “Sahatradhara” , “Bhumi shilpa” • Planning at individual level farmers Resources and program for fishery: A. NREGA fund • Tank deepening, desiltation, drainage, repairing of traditional chandela tank , etc. • Meenakshi yojna: -Construction of small pond for fishery purpose - Fishery department is the monitoring and technical agency -Implemented through Gram panchayat. - Plan endorsed through Gram sabha - During last two year project is cleared for 27 pond, 6 ponds completed - Maximum project size of Rs.5 lac , for pond area of 1 Hectare B. RKVY fund: • Fish seed rearing nursery through RKVY. • Budget limit 1 Lac for each rearing point • component of 50% Grant:50% Bank loan Another example: Governance pattern for convergence in West Bangal/ Burdwan • Convergence with fishery (under water conservation and water harvesting, Renovation of traditional water bodies • Formation of district resource group (DM, District NREGA officer, DFO, KVK, Agri. Officer,Irrigation dept, Sericulture etc. • Formation of block resource group (of BDO, BLDO, AO, SGSY , NREGA officer etc.) • Regular meeting with PIA and Fishery dept. • KVK as technical node for Fishery , Hariyali, SGSY and Animal husbandry • SGSY Group members trained, linked with fishery prog. Limitation: • Fishery department has role of only monitoring and providing technical guidance • Pond design and implementation is responsibility of Engineering staff and Gram Panchayat • Irregular fund disbursal • Fishery department officials and fishing communities are not involved in planning, implementation and maintenance process • Panchayat and engineering staff consider pond as water bodies , not as productive and economic resources for fishery activities • Involvement of other technical institutions like KVK, Agri. university, Private operators, training institutions etc are not made part of plan • Institutional and governance arrangement • Convergence with different scheme and institutions require innovative approaches Potential arrangements: • Fishery department need to be involved as important stakeholder in NREGA planning, implementation and monitoring process • NREGA has potential to be utilised for: - Developing small pond as fish seed rearing farm , converge this component with RKVY etc. - Develop Block level Small hatchery,( link this with NREGA, NABARD and Panchayat ) - Support for indivisual, private operator in construction of Seed farm as well as hatchery. - Construct village level tank for day to day use as well as for fishery purpose , these tank should not be used for irrigation purpose. - Construction of panhayat or Block level market yard, infrastructure etc. • The revenue generated through these initiatives need to be shared with producer group and panchayats. Thank You!