CBIN Results Meeting March 18-19, 2013, Ottawa Title: The Canadian Wood Pellet Industry Speaker: Pierre-Olivier Morency, Director, Market Access and Promotion, Wood Pellet Association of Canada (WPAC) Evolution of the Canadian Wood Pellets Industry - 60,000 tonne/year annual production prior to 1997 - First export shipment 1998 – 5,000 tonne - Production today exceeds 2 million tonne/year Strong support by NSERC, NRCan, NRC - Projected growth 25-30% per year (export/domestic) Continued strong support by NRCan, EnvCan - Enormous potential for domestic market dominance Federal policy - Copenhagen Accord (COP 15) Canadian market 5-8 million tonne/year by 2017 Coal replacement and heating market. A wide range of research areas Contribution to several milestone documents (IEA) Torrefaction, Pellet Handbook, Sustainability issue Development of ISO classification and testing standards Leading edge research on safety and health Development of guidelines for large scale logistics Development of IMO Safety Code Regulations Development of industry wide MSDS Pioneering ocean transportation of wood pellets WPAC triggering the use of pellets for power/heat (EU) Introduction of Plant Safety Certification Importance of Funded R&D What advantage(s) were provided by partnering with the federal government to conduct your R&D (science advancement, industry development, economic development of the sector) ? From 0 to 2 M tonne/year ! Significant knowledge and expertise Financial support Credibility: partners and collaborators, other countries, customers, etc. Some Key Achievements The Pellet Handbook (2010) International Standards Development (in progress) Some Key Achievements A voice at the International Energy Agency (IEA) IEA was founded in 1973 and has 28 member nations Task activities: 32 Combustion and Co-firing 33 Gasification 34 Pyrolysis 36 Photovoltaics 37 Solar Resource Management 39 Liquid Biofuels 40 Sustainable Bio-energy Trade 6 Some Key Achievements Development of IEA Pellet Handbook (IEA Tasks 29/31/32/40) Supporting funding from NRCan and WPAC Most comprehensive document available (600 pages) 30% authored by Canada Used as the “pellets industry bible” around the world Physico-chemical characterization, Standards, Safety and health, Production and Logistics, Combustion, Cost analysis, Market projections, Research, Case studies Some Key Achievements Development of IEA Status Overview Torrefaction Technologies (IEA Task 32) - Supporting funding from NRCan and WPAC - Most comprehensive document available (53 pages) - 30% authored by Canada - Used as a reference document around the world Physico-chemical characterization of torrefied materials Comparative technology assessment, Safety and health, Production and Logistics, Cost analysis, Market projections, Research Some Key Achievements Development of IEA Health and Safety Aspects of Solid Biomass Storage, Transportation and Feeding (IEA Tasks 32/36/37/40) - Supporting funding from NRCan and WPAC - Most comprehensive document available (132 pages) - 30% authored by Canada - Used as a reference document around the world Hazards from self-heating Hazards from off-gassing and oxygen depletion Risk of dust and gas explosions Biological health risks Occupational hazards during handling and storage Some Key Achievements International Standards Development Continued support by NRCan and WPAC Supporting funding from NRCan and WPAC ISO Technical Committee 238 Solid Biofuels - Canada founding member in 2008 34 nations participate World leading edge researchers and large users of biofuels Extensive drafting, consensus building, round robin lab testing Inventory and evaluation of over 600 standards worldwide Liaison with OECD, IMO, IEA, all Standards Institutes worldwide 10 Some Key Achievements International Standards Development (Canada Leader for Working Group #4) Supporting funding from NRCan and WPAC ISO Technical Committee 238 Solid Biofuels WG #1 Terminology, definitions and descriptions WG #2 Fuel specifications and classes WG #3 Fuel quality assurance WG #4 Physical and Mechanical Test Methods WG #5 Chemical Test Methods WG #6 Sampling and Sample Preparation 11 SOLID BIOFUEL STANDARDS & CERTIFICATION DEVELOPMENT US PFI STANDARDS US NATIONAL STANDARDS US PFI STANDARDS SUPER PREMIUM PREMIUM STANDARD UTILITY ASTM ASABE/ASAE ISO/TC 238 SOLID BIOFUELS PREMIUM STANDARD UTILITY ISO XXXXX NONEUROPEAN STANDARDS ISO5XX AGRO/HORTI/FRUIT/AQUA AS JIS EN14XXX EN15XXX CEN 14XXX CEN 15XXX Testing Methods Classification Quality Assurance EUROPEAN NATIONAL STANDARDS DIN D SS S ÖNORM AU DK DK SFS SF NTA NL NT NORDIC CTI I BS GB WG1 TERMINOLOGY (1) WG2 CLASSIFICATION (7) PART 1 GENERAL PART 2 PELLETS PART 3 BRIQUETTES PART 4 WOOD CHIPS PART 5 FIRE WOOD PART 6 NON-WOODY PELLETS PART 7 NON-WOODY BRIQUETTES WG3 QUALITY ASSURANCE (2) WG4 PHYS & MECH TEST (34) WG5 CHEMICAL TEST (6) WG6 SAMPLING + PREPARATION (2) ISO/TC 248 CEN/TC 335 SOLID BIOFUELS WG1 TERMINOLOGY WG2 SPEC & CLASS, QUAL WG3 SAMPL + PREP WG4 PHYS & MECH TEST WG5 CHEMICAL TESTWood SUSTAINABILITY CRITERIA FOR BIOFUELS FSC SFI PEFC PelletCSA Association of NATIONAL QUALITY CERTIFICATION USA PFI QUALITY CERTIFICATION ENplus A1/A2/B Enplus I1/I2 ENagro ENagro A/B PFI PREMIUM PFI STANDARD PFI UTILITY Canada ISO9001 2005 2008 MIL-1-45208 M3-05 2012 12 Some Key Achievements ISO TC 238 Physical and Mechanical Testing Standards In preparation for publishing Moisture, ash, bulk density, particle size distribution, particle density, calorific value, volatile matter, durability of pellets /briquettes, length /diameter of pellets, disintegrated pellets, fines content Under development - Off-gassing, Self-heating, Dust explosibility (ISO/ASTM/EN & sampling & sample preparation) - Hygroscopicity, absorbicity, freezing characteristics (for torrefied pellets) - Ash melting temp - Grindability of pellets 13 - Angle of repose, angle of drain, bridging, permeability, impact resistance Some Key Achievements ISO Technical Committee ISO Project Committee 248 Sustainability Criteria for Bioenergy – (ISO 13065) Definition of Principles, Criteria and Indicators involved throughout the bioenergy supply chain involving all Economic Operators (EO) - Process Standard WG 1 – Terminology and Cross-cutting Issues WG 2 – GreenHouseGas (GHG) Balance (LCA perspective) WG 3 – Social, Economic and Environmental Aspects (LCA perspective) WG 4 – Indirect Effects (secondary effects) 14 Some Key Achievements International Standards Development Direct benefits of ISO/TC238 Standards Development Elimination of national standards worldwide (trade barriers) Level playing field (quality, performance evaluation) Foundation for international sustainability criteria Foundation for quality certification Worldwide commodity trading with standard contracts Clarity in defining safety and health guidelines Clarity in defining environmental performance (e.g. emission factors) 15 Next Steps Wood Pellet from Canada : a renewable source of energy ! Our industry is based on the facts that it is a great solution for: energy independence, local economy, clean air, fight against climate change, reduce the consumption of fossil fuels We need to continue to invest time, efforts and R&D on the sustainability issue and on emissions studies. We wish to thanks NRCan for their support.