Volgenau School of
BS Cyber Security Engineering
Peggy Brouse, Ph.D.
Cyber Security Initiative
 Cyber security is the body of technologies,
processes and practices designed to protect
networks, computers, programs and data from
attack, damage or unauthorized access
Cyber security engineering is the proactive
engineering design of physical systems with
cyber security incorporated from the beginning
of system development
Peggy Brouse, Ph.D.
Cyber Security Initiative
 Industry, government, and academia increasingly seek individuals who
can use their engineering expertise to solve problems in cyber security
 On 26 February 2014, Governor Terry McAuliffe signed Executive Order
Number 8, which launches a new framework for the Commonwealth’s
cyber security efforts called “Cyber Virginia,” and establishes the Virginia
Cyber Security Commission to bring public and private sector experts
together to make recommendations on how to make Virginia the national
leader in cyber security [1]
 Federal spending for cyber security is estimated to be $13.3 billion by
2015, and the 2012 Department of Defense budget for cyber alone is
$3.2 billion [2]
 Cyber security spending as a whole topped $60 billion globally in 2011
and is expected to grow at a rate of almost 10% every year, over the next
3-5 years [3]
[1] http://technology.virginia.gov/news/newsarticle?articleId=3445
[2] Virginia’s Innovation Ecosystem: The Trusted Leader in Growing Cyber
Peggy Brouse, Ph.D. Security Solutions, Office of Virginia’s Secretary of Technology
[3] http://www.technology.virginia.gov/news/viewRelease.cfm?id=1087
Cyber Security Initiative
 Global Growth and Need
• Despite economic slow down and a tight job market, the
demand for cyber security professionals has grown 3.5 times
faster than the demand for other IT professionals and about 12
times faster than the demand for all other jobs in the past five
years [4]
• Continued growth of mobile platforms, cloud computing,
electronic transfer of secure information, and electronically
operated systems in everything from electricity generation and
stock market trading to keeping up with the latest in social
media has driven a need for these highly coveted cyber
graduates around the world and outside of the
government/defense sectors, which were previously the
primary employers for such
4 Peggy Brouse, Ph.D.
Cyber Security Initiative
 Global Growth and Need [continued]
• In a 2013 Global Information Security Workforce Study, it was
predicted that the demand for cyber security professionals will
experience double-digit, year-over-year percentage increases
over the next five years in the Americas, Asia-Pacific (APAC),
and the Europe, Middle East, and Africa (EMEA) [5]
• This growth worldwide, as well as, increased need in industries
outside of government and defense, which require security
clearances, creates opportunities in cyber security for students
that may not have previously considered the subject because of
their inability to qualify for American work visas or security
5 Peggy Brouse, Ph.D.
Cyber Security Initiative
 Global Shortages
• In the 2013 Global Workforce Study, 56% of the 12,000
information security professionals, including 2/3 of the
executive level respondents with budgetary influence, believe
there is a shortage in their cyber security workforce [6]
• The Wanted Analytics adds, “With hiring growing, these jobs
are likely to be very hard for recruiters and employers to fill.
Currently, our Hiring Scale scores these positions as an 85.
The scores range from 1 (representing less difficulty) to 99
(representing more difficulty). At an 85, it's likely that employers
will experience fierce competition to attract candidates and a
long time-to-fill.” [7]
[7] http://www.wantedanalytics.com/insight/2013/07/10/hiring-trends-forcyber-security-jobs/
Peggy Brouse, Ph.D.
Cyber Security Initiative
 Demand in D.C., Maryland, and Virginia (DMV)
• With DC, Maryland and Virginia requiring a large number of these
cyber specialized employees for the federal government and
defense sectors alone, the ability to find graduates within Virginia
would be advantageous for employers in the DMV region
• The Wanted Analytics analyzed the demand for cyber security
jobs in July 2013. Over a 90 day period there were more than
13,000 jobs available online for jobs that required experience in
cyber security. This is a 24% year-over-year increase when
compared to the same 90-day period in 2012 [8]
• Last year, then Virginia Governor Bob McDonnell rolled out an
initiative to attract more cyber based businesses to join the states
existing 300 [9]
[8] http://www.wantedanalytics.com/insight/2013/07/10/hiring-trendsfor-cyber-security-jobs/
[9] http://www.technology.virginia.gov/news/viewRelease.cfm?id=1087
Cyber Security Initiative
 Demand in D.C., Maryland, and Virginia (DMV)
• As reported in the Washington Post in February 2014 [10], Burning
Glass Technologies conducts daily reviews of job postings across
32,000 online sites. In a report released last month, the company said
that the Washington metropolitan area had more than 23,000 job
postings for cybersecurity positions in 2013, a figure that far
surpasses the number of such postings in any other region
• New York had the second-highest number with just over 15,000. The
San Francisco-San Jose metro area, which includes Silicon Valley,
had more than 12,000
[10] http://www.washingtonpost.com/business/capitalbusiness/report-finds-dc-area-a-hotbed-forcybersecurity-jobs/2014/03/08/1b72ff1e-a560-11e3-8466-d34c451760b9_story.html
Peggy Brouse, Ph.D.
BS Cyber Security Engineering
 The Volgenau School of Engineering proposes a new
undergraduate degree in Cyber Security Engineering
(BS/CYSE) to aid in answering these needs
This program is an interdisciplinary degree that will reside at
the school level
The anticipated start date for this degree is Fall 2014
The program was approved by the GMU Board of Visitors in
September 2013
It is being reviewed by SCHEV for approval in May 2014
Peggy Brouse, Ph.D.
BS Cyber Security Engineering
 This undergraduate program prepares its graduates for a
successful career in cyber security engineering
 Cyber attacks can affect not only computer systems but the
physical systems that they are often integrated with and
embedded in, including power plants and power distribution
systems, manufacturing operations, transportation and
navigation systems, health care systems, and many others
 This program is designed to prepare students for the
proactive engineering design of physical systems with cyber
security incorporated from the beginning of system
Peggy Brouse, Ph.D.
BS CYSE – Curriculum
 The proposed curriculum has four sets of
requirements totaling 126 credit hours. They
meet or exceed the following requirements:
University General Education (42 hours)
Math and Engineering Courses (19 hours)
Program-specific courses (56 hours)
Electives (9 hours)
 The additional 6 credit hours will not impede the
four year graduation time
Peggy Brouse, Ph.D.
BS CYSE – Curriculum –
University General Education
Foundation Requirements
Written Communication
ENGH 101 English Composition
ENGH 302 Advanced Composition
Oral Communication
COMM 100 Introduction to Oral Communication
Information Technology
CS 112 Computer Science I
ENGR 107 Engineering Fundamentals
Quantitative Reasoning
MATH 113 Anal Geometry & Calculus I
Core Requirements
Literature elective
Fine Arts elective
Western Civilization/World History
HIST 100 History of Western Civilization, or HIST 125 Introduction to World History
Social and Behavioral Science
ECON 103 Microeconomics
Global Understanding
Global Understanding elective
Natural Science
PHYS 160 University Physics I
PHYS 161 University Physics I Laboratory
PHYS 260 University Physics II
PHYS 261 University Physics II Laboratory
Total: 42
BS CYSE – Curriculum –
Math, Science and Engineering Course Requirements
MATH 113 Analytic Geometry & Calculus I (counted in University General Requirements)
MATH 114 Analytic Geometry & Calculus II
MATH 213 Analytic Geometry & Calculus III
MATH 203 Linear Algebra
MATH 214 Elementary Differential Equations
CS 112 Introduction to Computer Programming (counted in University General
CS 222 Computer Programming for Engineers
ENGR 107 Introduction to Engineering (counted in University General Requirements)
PHYS 160 University Physics I (counted in University General Requirements)
PHYS 161 University Physics I Lab (counted in University General Requirements)
PHYS 260 University Physics II (counted in University General Requirements)
PHYS 261 University Physics II Lab (counted in University General Requirements)
STAT 344 Probability and Statistics for Engineers and Scientists
Total 19
BS CYSE – Curriculum –
Cyber Security Engineering Course Requirements
CYSE 101 Introduction to Cyber Security Engineering
CYSE 205 Systems Engineering Principles
CYSE 211 Operating Systems & Lab
CYSE 220 System Modeling
CYSE 230 Computer Networking
CYSE 301 Digital Systems
CYSE 325 Discrete Events Systems Modeling
CYSE 330 Introduction to Network Security
CYSE 411 Secure Software Engineering
CYSE 421 Industrial Control Systems (ICS) Security
CYSE 425 Secure RF Communications
CYSE 430 Critical Infrastructure Protection (seminar)
CYSE 445 Systems Security and Resilience
CYSE 450 Cyber Vulnerability Lab
CYSE 465 Transportation Systems Design
CYSE 470 User Experience Engineering (seminar)
CYSE 475 Cyber Physical Systems
CYSE 491 Engineering Senior Seminar
CYSE 492 Senior Advanced Design Project I
CYSE 493
Ph.D.Design Project II
Total 56
BS CYSE – Curriculum –
 It is expected that "concentrations" will be developed to allow students to
gain special expertise in selected areas of cyber security engineering.
Concentrations will require 9 hours selected from the following electives:
CYSE 424 – Embedded & Real Time Systems
CYSE 460 – Power Systems & Smart Grid
CYSE 461 – Power Grid Security
CYSE 462 – Mobile Devices and Networks Security
CYSE 467 – GPS Systems
CYSE 476 – Cryptography and Computer Network Security
CYSE 477 – Intrusion Detection
CYSE 478 – Security Testing and Audit
CYSE 479 – Methods of User Authentication
Ph.D. Software
CYSE Peggy
480 –Brouse,
and Hardware
BS CYSE – Curriculum –
Capstone Experience
 CYSE 492 Senior Advanced Design Project I and CYSE 493
Senior Advanced Design Project II are the capstone courses for
the degree
• In CYSE 492, students apply knowledge they have gained to a complex
real-world problem in a group project. During this first capstone class,
students conduct concept definition and requirements analysis. A Project
Plan for carrying out the project is developed, culminating in a proposal
presented to faculty and corporate sponsors at end of the semester
• In CYSE 493, students design a cyber-physical security system, write
required software, assemble hardware if needed, conduct experiments or
studies, test the complete system and make recommendations to their
sponsor. As in CYSE 492, the students present their results to faculty
and corporate sponsors
• The faculty and corporate sponsors complete evaluation sheets at the
end of presentations in both classes
Peggy Brouse, Ph.D.
Contact Information:
Peggy Brouse, Ph.D.
(703) 993-1502