New Production of Knowledge Mode 1

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GLAMURS workshop
Brussels, 19 November 2014
Co-producing knowledge for supporting
transitions to sustainable lifestyles
and green economy in Europe
Domenico ROSSETTI di VALDALBERO
European Commission, DG RTD*
[email protected]
* Personally speaking
1
New Production of Knowledge

Mode 1 : Academic monopoly of knowledge production
Discipline based

Mode 2 : Co-production of knowledge
Problem-orientated and trans-disciplinary
Impact: - Positive societal and/or economic difference
- More likely if research coproduced
But: Academic promotion linked to top journals controlled by
disciplines – Potential changes with Open Access?
2
Source: H. Nowotny, A. Alsop
Stronger interfaces
Mutual respect

Man - Nature


Humanities - Engineering


Respect – Exploitation
Design of a car - Efficiency of the combustion engine
Social habits - Technological developments

User friendliness – OS capacity of a smart phone
SSH and STEM should work together!
Source: D. Rossetti
3
Socio-ecological transition
A European foresight expert group "The World in
2025 – Rising Asia and socio-ecological transition"
4
Source: European Commission
EU unsustainable trends

The EU energy bill amounted to € 400 Billion in 2012

The EU is importing 55% of its energy needs

A car is parked 92% of its life cycle

The average speed of an international freight train in the
EU is 18km/h

40,000 people die each year in road traffic in the EU
Source: D. Rossetti selection from EC Communications
5
EU targets
40% by 2030
20% by 2020 EU GHG reductions
20% by 2020 EFFICIENCY improvements
20% by 2020 RENEWABLES
E-ELECTRICITY
BIOFUELS
27% by 2030
27% by 2030
HEATING
AND COOLING
NATIONAL TARGETS and ACTION PLANS
6
Source: European Council, 23/10/2014
CO2 emissions – Old and new actors
49%
51%
2000
2050
USA & Canada
23%
12%
Enlarged EU
14%
8%
Russia & CIS
8%
5%
Japan
4%
2%
S-E Asia - China
20%
27%
South Asia - India
7%
13%
Africa
7%
15%
Latin America
7%
9%
Others
10%
9%
27%
73%
7
Source: EC, DG ENV/CLIMA
EU oil consumption and production
Source: Grande Reportagem
8
Some EU actions and proposals




A resilient Energy Union with a forward-looking
climate change policy (JC Juncker at EP, 15/7/14)
EU mainstreams climate action across policy
areas and commits itself to making 20% of its
2014-20 budget climate-relevant (i.e. € 180 B)
Towards a circular economy: a zero waste
programme for Europe (COM(2014)398
R&I as sources of renewed growth (COM(2014)339
9
Source: European Commission
Innovation

Product innovation

Process innovation

Marketing innovation

Organisational innovation

Social innovation
10
Source: Oslo Manual and EC
Acting on lifestyles
11
The risk transition
Tobacco
Physical inactivity
Obesity
Traditional risks
Risk size
Urban air quality
Road traffic safety
Occupational risk
Undernutrition
Indoor air pollution
Water, sanitation
and hygiene
Modern risks
Time
Source: WHO
12
Valuing the time
2 hours
13
From Proprietas to Usus




Unifying power of Internet & smart phones
New economy and younger generation
Less ownership (purchasing)
More access (renting, sharing, swapping)
14
Source: D. Rossetti
EU RTD Framework Programme (FP7)
Socio-economic Sciences and Humanities
Two research Topics launched in 2011:

Analysis of the impacts of global changes –
GLOBAL-IQ coordinated by TSE (€ 2.7 M)

Creating and adapting jobs in Europe in the
context of a socio-ecological transition –
NEUJOBS coordinated by CEPS (€ 8 M)
15
Source: European Commission
EU RTD Framework Programme (FP7)
Socio-economic Sciences and Humanities
Two research Topics launched in 2012:

Beyond GDP - Measuring economic performance
and social progress – E-FRAME coordinated by
ISTAT

Europe moving towards a new path of economic
growth and social development – WWWforEurope
coordinated by WIFO
16
Source: European Commission
EU RTD Framework Programme (FP7)
Socio-economic Sciences and Humanities
Three research projects launched in 2013:

End user integration, innovation &
entrepreneurship – EU-INNOVATE coord. by TUM

European post-carbon cities of tomorrow –
POCACITO coordinated by ECOLOGIC

Green lifestyles, alternative models and
upscaling regional sustainability – GLAMURS
coordinated by Universidad La Coruña
Source: European Commission
17
Commonalities of these projects

Forward-looking dimension

Quantitative and qualitative methods

Ambitious but realistic in 21st century

Innovation-oriented

B-GOT: Beyond GDP
Beyond Oil
Beyond Tangibles
Source: D. Rossetti
18
Conclusion: Sobriety vs. excess

Lagom

Negawatt

Genuine Progress
Indicator (GPI)

Against planned or
wished obsolescence

European way of life
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Source: D. Rossetti
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