La diaspora cientifica colombiana en suiza

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“ Engaging diasporas as development partners :

Some good practices ”

Dr. Gabriela Tejada

Workshop in the framework of the

IVth Moldovan Diaspora Congress

Chisinau, 13 October, 2010

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Presentation content

1. Diasporas in the migration and development context

2. Beyond remittances / Identification of diaspora contributions

3. Emerging models to leverage scientific diaspora resources

4. Diaspora Knowledge Networks

5. How can countries of origin promote diaspora linkages and networks

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Diasporas in the migration and development context

Current discourse on M&D nexus focuses on:

Remittances

Return migration and circulation

Opportunities for cooperation with diasporas, engaging them through:

Investments (Chinese abroad)

Transfer of skills, knowledge and technology

Influencing positive policy changes (Rumanian S&T, Indian economic reform)

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Beyond remittances: identifying diaspora contributions

Diaspora recognition: key development actors

Diversity of diaspora should be recognised (low skilled, high skilled, intellectual and scientific, business, second and third generations, etc.)

All types deliver contributions to home countries

The potential positive contributions of skilled diaspora should be promoted:

Skills, know-how, networks (focus of the ASM-EPFL joint project)

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Emerging models to leverage skilled diasporas’ resources

1.

Top-executives model (India)

Indian executives in big multinationals influence investments decisions to outsource knowledge-intensive operations to India (S&T and R&D outsourcing networks)

2.

Knowledge outsourcing model (Armenia, India)

Successful diaspora members send back outsourcing contracts to firms in the home countries (outsourcing networks)

3.

Mentoring / Venture capital model (South Africa, Korea, Taiwan, China,

Israel)

Managers and owners of start-up companies abroad help develop and finance commercially viable projects at home (Venture capital networks)

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Emerging models… (cont.)

4. Diaspora members as investors (China, India)

5. Identification of new opportunities / setting new strategic

direction (Israel, Armenia, India)

Diaspora members identify niches: translate global opportunities into business projects.

6. Return of talent model (Korea, China)

Incentives (like special technology parks in China) for talent to return to the home country (brain circulation networks)

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Diaspora Knowledge Networks (DKN)

Some success stories:

Taiwan (China) – Hsinchu industrial park venture capital & India-Bangalore : both modelled on the Sillicon Valley

Chile Global

-- Emerging example, invloving about 150 sucessfull professionals of Chilean origin in the USA, Canda and Europe

-- Tangible contributions> Co/funding of high/tech firms in Chile (i.e.Interlink)

Global Scott

-- Involving about 1000 high-placed Scots all over the world

-- A part of Scottish Enterprise – Scottish Economic Development Agency

-- High sucessful network of professionals abroad

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Diaspora Knowledge Networks (DKN) (cont.)

Main challenges of DKN:

Diaspora initiatives are easy to start but difficult to keep momentum, unless concrete results materialize

Need for significant technical and financial resources

Need of a strong leadership

Lack of capable counterpart institutions and infrastructure in the home country (Colombia Caldas Network)

Ineffective follow up mechanisms

Institutional change, political instability

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How can countries of origin promote diaspora linkages and networks

Creating special ministries and units

India, Senegal, Mali, Bangladesh...

Give special recognition to diaspora

Africa, China, India, Colombia, Moldova...

Special incentives

Organise annual fora of diaspora

Moldova, India...

Mobilise diaspora members as advisors

Colombia, Rumania, South Africa...

Promote academic and policy making dialogue: bring intellectual rigor into policy making !

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Contact and further information :

Dr. Gabriela Tejada gabriela.tejada@epfl.ch

http://cooperation.epfl.ch

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HANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION

MULTUMESC

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