Unit 6: Nonfiction, Autobiography, & Biography Readings: from An American Childhood by Annie Dillard “Nolan Ryan” by William W. Lace “No Gumption” by Russell Baker Nonfiction Terms to Know Nonfiction-writing based on real people or events Chronological Order-putting events in the order in which they occurred Fact vs. Opinion-a fact is provable while an opinion is one’s viewpoint Editorial-letter written to a newspaper or magazine to express an opinion on a current event Nonfiction Examples Biography Essay Editorial Article Interview Chronological Order First, you read the assigned reading. Second, you use the transitional words as clues. Third, you determine the time order of the events. Finally, you number the events in chronological order. Fact vs. Opinion Facts: Ball Jr. High is located in Anaheim. Ball students use planners daily. Ball maintains a rotating schedule. Opinions: Ball is the best school in America. Ball students are all geniuses. Ball’s rotating schedule is confusing. Editorials Strategies: Read the letter to determine the author’s purpose and main point. Look for details that support the author’s main point. Distinguish facts vs. opinions. Biography Terms to Know Biography-story of a person’s life told by another Autobiography-story of a person’s life told by that person Biographer-writer of a biography Journal/Diary-daily account of what happened Letter-written message from one person to another Memoir-story written from personal experience Biography/Autobiography “Eleanor Roosevelt was born in a fine townhouse in Manhattan.” ~from a biography by William Jay Jacobs “My chief objective, as a girl, was to do my duty. This had been drilled into me as far back as I could remember.” ~from an autobiography by Eleanor Roosevelt Journal/Diary/Letter 7 May - I have had a long talk with the Count. I asked him a few questions on Transylvania history, and he warmed up to the subject wonderfully. ~ from Jonathan Harker’s journal in Dracula 24 August My Dearest Lucy, I know you will be anxious to hear all that has happened since we parted at the railway station at Whitby. . . . I must stop, for Jonathan is waking – I must attend to my husband. Your ever-loving, Mina Harker ~a letter between 2 characters in Dracula Memoir Whose memoirs would you most like to read in 50 years? Point of View Terms to Know Point of View-perspective from which a story is told First-Person-the narrator is a character in the story (I/me) Third-Person-the narrator is outside of the story (he/she/they) Limited-Third-Person-the narrator relates the inner thoughts of only one character (he/she) Omniscient-Third-Person-the narrator knows what each character thinks and feels (he/she/they) Point of View Examples Mrs. Philip writes . . . First-Person When I was in 6th grade, I became Police Chief of Anaheim for a day. Because I crafted a winning essay, my class received a free field trip to the police station. As part of my prize, I was able to sit in the helicopter to have my photo taken for the newspaper. A great day for me! Third-Person When Mrs. Philip was in 6th grade, she became Police Chief of Anaheim for a day. Because she crafted a winning essay, her class received a free field trip to the police station. As part of her prize, she was able to sit in the helicopter to have her photo taken for the newspaper. A great day for her!