Deborah Young Director of the Center for Integrated Pest Management Colorado State University Colorado State University Community Readiness for Improved Indoor Air Quality OUR TEAM Susan Colorado State University Tungate, Director of Field Education Program, School of Social Work, Colorado State University Ryan Davis, Insect Diagnostician, Utah State University Kristen Carman, M.S.W. student, School of Social Work, Colorado State University Esther Chapman, M.S.W. student, School of Social Work, Colorado State University OUTCOMES OF THIS PRESENTATION increase Colorado State University awareness of pests, pest allergens and pesticides as they affect indoor air quality introduce stakeholder interviews as tool to determine community readiness suggest strategies to influence policy and social change FUNDING U. Colorado State University S. Environmental Protection Agency Colorado State University Utah State University U. S. Department of Agriculture INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT (IPM) Colorado State University a sustainable approach to managing pests by combining biological, cultural, physical and chemical tools in a way that minimizes economic, health, and environmental risks Colorado State University to improve health and safety by reducing exposure to pesticides, pest-related allergens and other environmental agents PARTNERS Colorado Colorado State University State University Utah State University National Environmental Health Association U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Colorado & Utah Departments of Agriculture Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment, Utah Department of Health Colorado Department of Education school districts private pest control professionals HEALTH RISKS IN SCHOOLS & HOUSING Cockroaches Colorado State University and mouse urine are associated with increased asthma. Wasp stings and black widow spider bites may be life-threatening to susceptible individuals. Children are more susceptible to pesticides and deserve special protection from exposure. COMMUNITY READINESS MODEL -- MODIFIED designed Tri-Ethnic Center for Prevention Research at CSU Colorado State University to create community-specific and culturally-relevant interventions PROCESS FOR CONDUCTING COMMUNITY READINESS ASSESSMENT (1) two •Define the “community” • Conduct key respondent three interviews Colorado State University one •Identify issue PROCESS FOR CONDUCTING COMMUNITY READINESS ASSESSMENT (2) five six •Develop strategies • Change! Colorado State University four •Determine community readiness METHODS USED 1. 3. 4. Colorado State University 2. 2012 survey of school districts in Colorado and Utah Pilot schools and pest audits Stakeholder interviews Training and education SURVEY – IDENTIFY ISSUE Colorado State University → what are current pest management practices employed by public school districts in Colorado and Utah? COMMON PESTS Colorado State University TOP REASONS THAT SCHOOLS USE IPM Colorado State University PILOT SCHOOLS Colorado State University SCHOOL AUDITS Common Colorado State University problems Pest vulnerable conditions Pest management practices STAKEHOLDERS IN SCHOOLS Custodians and facility managers Teachers Kitchen/nutrition Grounds Nurses and health aides Pest control professionals Students/parents Colorado State University Principals/administrators STAKEHOLDERS IN HOUSING Custodians and facility managers Residents housing authority Grounds managers Community health workers Pest control professionals Special interest groups Others? Colorado State University Owners/ TELEPHONE INTERVIEWS Ten Colorado State University pest management professionals (PMP) Faculty and staff from six school districts in Colorado and Utah 50+ interviews INTERVIEW QUESTIONS – EXAMPLE Colorado State University On a scale of “1” to “5”, with “1” indicating you’ve never heard of Integrated Pest Management and “5” indicating that you know and understand IPM, how familiar are you with IPM? STAKEHOLDER INTERVIEWS TELL US - how Colorado State University communication flows or is impeded where decisions are made information and training needs potential obstacles approaches to provide support for integrated pest management ANALYZE DATA By Colorado State University dimension (A – F) By readiness score (1 – 9) EACH QUESTION RELATED TO ONE OR MORE KEY DIMENSIONS A. Current efforts E. Knowledge of issue/topic B. Knowledge of efforts C. Support of leadership D. Community climate Colorado State University F. Resources 1. No awareness 2. Denial/resistance 3. Vague awareness 4. Preplanning 5. Preparation 6. Initiation 7. Stabilization 8. Confirmation/expansion 9. High level of community ownership Colorado State University Nine stages of readiness STAGES OF READINESS 3. Vague awareness -- a few community members have heard about local efforts, but know little about them. 4. Preplanning -- some community members have at least heard about local efforts. 5. Preparation -- most community members have at least heard of local efforts. 6. Initiation -- most community members have at least basic knowledge of local efforts. DATA ANALYSIS By job title and by school district Significant differences among groups PEST CONTROL PROFESSIONALS Professionals Colorado State University who have contracts with school districts Very familiar with IPM on a scale of “1” to “5”) AVERAGE READINESS SCORE: PMP PMPs Most are aware of IPM but know little about the details. Perceive that PMPs have greater IPM knowledge than school districts. PMP community more ready to practice IPM than districts. 4.9 PEST CONTROL PROFESSIONALS How • Zero • Pretty illiterate • Not very – pulling teeth to teach IPM approaches Colorado State University knowledgeable is leadership, or those you coordinate with in the school district, with regard to integrated pest management approaches? SCHOOL DISTRICTS Districts According to PMPs, most school districts are aware of IPM but know little about the details. PMP community more ready to practice IPM than districts. 3.4 TO IMPROVE ADOPTION OF IPM Focus education programs on administrators and facility managers Conduct pilot programs to show success Base bid process on approach (and money), not just the bottom line PMP STRATEGIES Increase educational efforts to clientele; educate housing managers or school districts to allow PMPs to properly do their job Create an urban IPM certification license category Provide more hands-on training for PMPs CUSTODIANS & FACILITY MANAGERS IPM was a somewhat familiar concept to most, but they were “not experts.” Current effort = 6 STRATEGIES FOR CUSTODIANS & FACILITY MANAGERS Wide range of expertise – training and education Colo rado State Univ ersit y NURSES & HEALTH WORKERS Have never heard of IPM. They speculate on what it is, but are not familiar with its implementation. Knowledge of issue = 2 (denial or resistance) NURSES/HEALTH STRATEGIES Importance cost communication government red tape Colorado State University of health and safety Provide training about pests and pesticides Obstacles to implement IPM ADMINISTRATORS/PRINCIPALS Knowledge of issue = 2.73; knowledge of efforts = 3.23 Pest issues are on a need to know basis Not on their radar STRATEGIES FOR ADMINISTRATORS Connect IPM to Academic achievement Economics -- responsibility for public funds Child safety issues Colo rado State Univ ersit y IMPROVE COMMUNICATION FLOW PRINCIPAL CUSTODIAN DISTRICT PARENT/STUDENT NURSE Colorado State University TEACHER KITCHEN DELIVERY Keep in short o Different message for different audiences o Connect to learning outcomes o Connect to health & safety o Colorado State University USE MULTIPLE APPROACHES Colorado State University Be sure to include face to face training! Colorado State University FOR MORE INFORMATION Colorado Center for Integrated Pest Management Colorado State University Fort Collins, CO 80523-1177 970-491-1377 firstname.lastname@example.org http://ipm.agsci.colostate.edu/ Colorado State University Deborah J. Young, Ph.D.