China, Mongolia, and Taiwan

China, Mongolia, and Taiwan
Chapter 27
Section 1 Objectives
 Identify the major landforms in
this region.
 Describe the climates in this
 List the main natural
China is the 3 rd
largest country in
Himalayans located in
the Southwest
Mongolia is landlocked/ Gobi Desert
in North China/ Taiwan island are
Tectonically active
 Two major climates divide the China with Arid
climates to the Northwest and Warm Humid
climates in the Southeast.
 This causes distinct vegetation in these areas:
 NW Grasslands
 SE Tropical Rainforest
Panda/ Chinese Alligator/ Chinese
These are exclusive to China
Natural Resources
 Hydroelectric Power 
Three Gorges Dam
(World’s Largest)
 Agriculture
 10% of land is arable
 Rice is the most
heavily grown crop in
 World’s Leading
producer of:
 Coal
 Lead
 Tin
 Tungsten
Section 2 Objectives
 Examine some important events in the
early history of the region.
 ID the major political events that have
affected the region’s modern history
 Describe some features of Chinese
 SHANG 1ST dynasty from 1700-1100 B.C.
 QIN 1st Emperor started Great Wall (can be seen from space)/
1st Imperial Dynasty/ “China” comes from this dynasty/ 1100-202
 HAN  202BC-220AD/ Cities, arts, & architecture flourished/
after this dynasty China would not be unified until 618AD
 TANG & SUNG  China becomes the more advanced during this
 Mongols would invade and control this area within 80 years.
Modern History of China
 China becomes popular due to trade done via the
“Silk Road”
 During the 1800’s the British take control of Hong
Kong (1842-1990) & Taiwan goes to Japan in 1895
 1912AD Sun Yat-sen overthrows the last dynasty
and forms Republic of China. He would be
succeeded by Chiang Kai-Shek
Communism in China
 Communists took control &
form People’s Republic of
China under Mao Zedong
Farms become government
Women = Men
1 child/family enforced to
limit population growth
New China under Deng Xiaoping
 Modernized technology/
agriculture/ & industry
 Changed China to a market
 Responsible for Economic
growth, but no political
 China still has very strict
limitations on its citizens
Chinese Culture
 Population is over 1.3 billion people, close to 20% of
the world’s population, Largest in population
 70% speak Mandarin Chinese, making it the most
spoken language in the world
 Buddhism and Taoism are the major religions here
 Confucianism was started in China
 66% of the population lives in the East near water,
this has caused rapid urbanization
Section 3 Objectives
 ID China’s major regions.
 Describe Mongolia
 Discuss Taiwan’s relationship with
China’s Regions
 Called the “Rice Bowl”
 Large percentage of the
population lives here
 Highly industrial with
Shanghai and Hong Kong
located here
 SEZ Special Economic
Zones. Area around Hong
Kong where factories are
 Where China’s culture 1st
 Very densely populated
 Beijing is located here
Once contained “The
Forbidden City”, was used
to house the Emperor
China’s Regions
 Manchuria located here
 Resource rich area
Harsh environment 
Dry/Cold/High altitude
Tibet located here  Palace of
the Dalai Lama was here prior
to Chinese occupation
The official Chinese name for
Tibet is Xizang
Large Muslim population in
 Nomadic herding can be
found here
2X the size of Texas
Least densely populated country in the
Food and Water Scarce
Communist controlled till 1990,
suppressed religion
This is the birth place of Genghis Khan 
Leader of the Mongols
One of Asia’s richest & most industrialized
Exports many goods
Controlled by Chinese nationalists for 38
years under martial law
Both Taiwan and China believe that their
government controls the other
They do trade with China, but political views
cause tension between the two countries
Put the country with its capital
 1. China
 A. Ulaanbaatar
 2. Tibet
 B. Beijing
 3. Mongolia
 C. Lhasa
 4. Taiwan
 D. Taipei
1. B
2. C
3. A
4. D